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  • Balode, Ineta
    et al.
    Lettlands Universitet.
    Balode, Ineta
    Lettlands Universitet.
    Ekström, Kristin
    Fedosova, Jekaterina
    Velichko, Olena
    Hennius, Samira
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation.
    Jansson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation.
    Krakopolskaja, Natalia
    Lingvistiska universitetet i Moskva (MGLU).
    Mamchur, Hanna
    Ivan Frankouniversitetet i Lviv.
    Orehovs, Ivar
    Lettlands Universitet.
    Ryzmakova, Olga
    Centret för svenska studier i Minsk.
    Vanjashkin, Sergej
    Lingvistiska universitetet i Moskva (MGLU).
    Svenska som främmande språk i olika klassrum: En projektrapport2012Report (Other academic)
  • Sumbu, Sonata
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Sumbu, Sonata
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Företagets kärnvärden i en grafisk profil: Utformandetav en grafisk profil till ett e-handelsföretag med afrikansk inriktning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sanke is a new company which, through its website will sell products produced in northern and western Africa. Competition between companies createsendless choices for customers, which becomes a problem for the companies that want to reach their customers through the media noise. Therefore, the goal of this project was to provide Sanke a consistent graphical look to increase awareness and recognition of the company and its brand. This was done by designing a visual identity that reflects the company's core values. The company's core values wereestablished through an interview with Sanke. The core values were then used to create nine different proposals for visual identities that the target group through a web survey provided feedback on.

    The result of the target group’s feedback became Sanke’s visual identity. The visual identity contained a logotype, colours and typefaces as well as guidelines for handling the elements and their interactions. It was concluded that the fact that the core values and colour connotations may have different meanings for different individuals may have complicated the assessment of the proposals. But the target group had in a sense, a common understanding.

  • Lagroix Kronlund, Suzanne
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Lagroix Kronlund, Suzanne
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    Le débat entre le coeur et le devoir dans: La Princesse de Clèves 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work addresses the debate between heart and duty as well as the various influences that led to the famous question : Why doesn't the princess marry the Duke of Nemours when all barriers are removed ? All things considered, we cannot conclusively answer this enigma to which only Madame de La Fayette holds the key, therefore we focused on the influences that urged the princess to sacrifice her heart to her duty. The method of research used is the intellectual biography approach. It is apparent that the life of the author tinged the contents of her work and the soul of her heroine. We were also inspired by the sociological criticism method as to the influences and movements of this particular era. In order to simplify the collection and organization of this research, we combined the influences into three main categories : personal, internal and external. This study has shown that the characteristics in La Princesse de Clèves, mirror the society of the seventeenth century. Each presented influence forms the picture of a princess hiding, within herself, the secret of her renunciation of love.

  • Ericsson, Stina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Art Education.
    Ericsson, Stina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Art Education.
    Varför väljer du bild?: En kvalitativ studie över elevers syn på bildämnet i årskurs 9 och årskurs 1 på gymnasiet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien syftar till att ta reda på vad elever i årskurs 9 och årskurs 1 på gymnasiet anser om bildämnet. Intresset för de olika åldrarna kommer av att eleverna i årskurs 9 läser bild som ett obligatoriskt ämne medan eleverna i årskurs 1 har gjort ett aktivt val för att läsa bild, och studien önskar att belysa eventuella skillnader i elevernas uppfattningar om bildämnet på grund av detta. Studiens utgångspunkt tar avstamp i det sociokulturella perspektivets syn på lärande, estetiska ämnens betydelse för identitetsskapande, skolans uppdrag genom läroplanernas övergripande syften och mål och elevers egna åsikter om ämnet. Genom dessa perspektiv presenteras bildämnets bakgrund i samhället och tidigare forskning inom området, vilket sedan ställs mot elevernas egna utsagor om bildämnets betydelse. Studien bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer där eleverna har intervjuats i mindre grupper och har diskuterat och reflekterat över bildämnets betydelse. Resultatet visar att eleverna menar att bildämnet har störst betydelse som en kreativ paus bland annan undervisning, men att bildämnet också har en viss betydelse för annat lärande, personligt uttryck och som grundläggande kunskaper i framtiden.

  • Carling, Kenneth
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Carling, Kenneth
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Meng, Xiangli
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    The effect on CO2 emissions of taxing truck distance in retail transports2017In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To finance transportation infrastructure and to address social and environmental negative externalities of road transports, several countries have recently introduced or consider a distance based tax on trucks. In competitive retail and transportation markets, such tax can be expected to lower the demand and thereby reduce CO2 emissions of road transports. However, as we show in this paper, such tax might also slow down the transition towards e-tailing. Considering that previous research indicates that a consumer switching from brick-and-mortar shopping to e-tailing reduces her CO2 emissions substantially, the direction and magnitude of the environmental net effect of the tax is unclear. In this paper, we assess the net effect in a Swedish regional retail market where the tax not yet is in place. We predict the net effect on CO2 emissions to be positive, but off-set by about 50% because of a slower transition to e-tailing.

  • Edenberg, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Edenberg, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Lärares syfte med laborativt arbete i NOundervisningen i årskurs 1-3: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om sex lärares syfte med laborativt arbete i NO-undervisningen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie var att undersöka lärares syfte med laborativt arbete i

    årskurs 1-3 i NO-undervisningen samt vilka svårigheter som lärarna beskriver med det

    laborativa arbetssättet i NO-undervisningen. Studien har genomförts med hjälp av

    kvalitativa intervjuer av sex lärare som är verksamma i årskurserna 1-3. Alla tre

    årskurserna finns representerade i studien.

    De resultat som framkommit i studien är att lärare har flera olika syftet med det

    laborativa arbetet i NO-undervisningen. De syften som framkom var att öka förståelsen

    för naturvetenskapliga fenomen hos eleverna, öka elevernas motivation och intresse för

    naturvetenskap, erbjuda elever att uppleva naturvetenskap med händerna, erbjuda

    eleverna en möjlighet att träna på läroplanens mål, erbjuda eleverna en undervisning

    som utgår från varje elevs förutsättningar.

    Studiens frågeställningar berör även hur de intervjuade lärarna använder sig av laborativt

    arbete samt vilka svårigheter som lärarna uppger finnas med arbetssättet. Studien visar

    då att lärarna främst arbetar laborativt utomhus främst med biologi och att den

    svårigheten som flest lärare påpekade var avsaknaden av material.

  • Carling, Kenneth
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Carling, Kenneth
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Li, Yujiao
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    The Power of the Synthetic Control Method2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthetic control method (SCM) is a new, popular method developed for the purpose of estimating the effect of an intervention when only one single unit has been exposed. Other similar, unexposed units are combined into a synthetic control unit intended to mimic the evolution in the exposed unit, had it not been subject to exposure. As the inference relies on only a single observational unit, the statistical inferential issue is a challenge. In this paper, we examine the statistical properties of the estimator, study a number of features potentially yielding uncertainty in the estimator, discuss the rationale for statistical inference in relation to SCM, and provide a Web-app for researchers to aid in their decision of whether SCM is powerful for a specific case study. We conclude that SCM is powerful with a limited number of controls in the donor pool and a fairly short pre-intervention time period. This holds as long as the parameter of interest is a parametric specification of the intervention effect, and the duration of post-intervention period is reasonably long, and the fit of the synthetic control unit to the exposed unit in the pre-intervention period is good.

  • Ädel, Annelie
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Ädel, Annelie
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    "Not one word of it made any sense": Hyperbolic Synecdoche in the British National Corpus2016In: Nordic Journal of English Studies, ISSN 1654-6970, E-ISSN 1654-6970, Vol. 15, no 4, 1-23 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A distinct metonymic pattern was discovered in the course of conducting a corpus-based study of figurative uses of WORD. The pattern involved examples such as Not one word of it made any sense and I agree with every word. It was labelled ‘hyperbolic synecdoche’, defined as a case in which a lexeme which typically refers to part of an entity (a) is used to stand for the whole entity and (b) is described with reference to the end point on a scale. Specifically, the speaker/writer selects the perspective of a lower-level unit (such as word for ‘utterance’), which is quantified as NOTHING or ALL, thus forming a subset of ‘extreme case formulations’. Hyperbolic synecdoche was found to exhibit a restricted range of lexicogrammatical patterns involving word, with the negated NOTHING patterns being considerably more common than the ALL patterns. The phenomenon was shown to be common in metonymic uses in general, constituting one-fifth of all cases of metonymy in word. The examples of hyperbolic synecdoche were found not to be covered by the oftquoted ‘abbreviation’ rationale for metonymy; instead, they represent a more roundabout way of expression. It is shown that other cases of hyperbolic synecdoche exist outside of word and the domain of communication (such as ‘time’ and ‘money’).

  • Gradén, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology. Uppsala universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Gradén, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology. Uppsala universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Storskalig vindkraft i skogen: Om rationell planering och lokalt motstånd2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The global climate threat has intensified Sweden’s ambitions to build wind power stations. This thesis explores the planning of, and opposition to, wind power in the inland rural and forest regions of Sweden. It is in these autonomous communities that the plans are implemented and the aim of the thesis was to, from a local perspective, understand and analyse the planning and acceptance challenges that large-scale wind power development faces in places that are both sparsely populated and have good wind conditions.

    This thesis is based on qualitative methods and was conducted as two studies. The case study area comprises four municipalities in Dalarna County. The first study analyses the planning and establishment process in three municipalities using interviews and an analysis method called process tracing. The second study analyses one wind power establishment, in which the interviews form the basis for a discourse analytical approach.

    One striking finding highlights the relationship between the global and the local. Global environment and energy aspects are absent in the local process, and wind power becomes a technical land issue that clashes with other local land interests. Another finding of the study reveals that planning for wind power establishment follows a rational planning tradition. The feelings and memories of the individual – different views regarding the landscape – play a background role in the formal permit process, while measurable observable conditions have a more prominent role. Wind power developers thereby acquire a more significant position than what they probably would have had if the planning had included local residents’ views on wind power in the landscape at an early stage.

  • Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet.
    Olson, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work. Stockholms universitet, Högskolan i Skövde.
    Ana's tragedy - and Europe's a contemplation over Romani, belonging and citizenship making in a Europe of migration2016In: European Journal of Futures Research, ISSN 2195-4194, E-ISSN 2195-2248, Vol. 4, no 16, 1-10 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the notion of belonging in today’s multi-ethnic Sweden and hints at perpectives of future European identity-building. On the basis of Frantz Fanon’s understanding of colonialism and the colonized mentality as theoretical, the article deals with the situation of Roma in Sweden – and Europe. With the story of a young Roma woman that has migrated to Sweden from Hungary as point of departure, the article addresses the situation for Romani people, but also for other migrants in Europe, with particular focus on who are allowed to belong to the community of Swedish and European citizens, and who are not

  • Nordin, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society.
    Nordin, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society.
    The quality of the physical environment and its association with activities and well-being among older people in residential care facilities2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The physical environment can influence older people’s health and well-being, and is often mentioned as being an important factor for person-centred care. Due to high levels of frail health, many older people spend a majority of their time within care facilities and depend on the physical environment for support in their daily life. However, the quality of the physical environment is rarely evaluated, and knowledge is sparse in terms of how well the environment meets the needs of older people. This is partly due to the lack of valid and reliable instruments that could provide important information on environmental quality. Aim: The aim of this thesis was to study the quality of the physical environment in Swedish care facilities for older people, and how it relates to residents’ activities and well-being. Methods: The thesis comprises four papers where both qualitative and quantitative methods were used. Study I involved the translation and adaptation of the Sheffield Care Environment Assessment Matrix (SCEAM) into a Swedish version (S-SCEAM). Several methods were used including forward and backward translation, test of validity via expert consultation and reliability tests. In Study II, S-SCEAM was used to assess the quality of the environment, and descriptive data were collected from 20 purposively sampled residential care facilities (RCFs). Study III was a comparative case study conducted at two RCFs using observations, interviews and S-SCEAM to examine how the physical environment relates to older people’s activities and interactions. In study IV, multilevel modeling was used to determine the association between the quality of the physical environment and the psychological and social well-being of older people living in RCFs. The data in the thesis were analysed using qualitative content analysis, and descriptive, bivariate and multilevel statistics. Results: A specific result was the production of the Swedish version of SCEAM. The instrument contains 210 items structured into eight domains reflecting the needs of older people. When using S-SCEAM, the results showed a substantial variation in the quality of the physical environment between and within RCFs. In general, private apartments and dining areas had high quality, whereas overall building layout and outdoor areas had lower quality. Also, older people’s safety was supported in the majority of facilities, whereas cognitive support and privacy had lower quality. Further, the results showed that environmental quality in terms of cognitive support was associated with residents’ social well-being. Specific environmental features, such as building design and space size, were also noted, through observation, as influencing residents’ activities, and several barriers were found that seemed to restrict residents’ full use of the environment. Conclusions: This thesis contributes to the growing evidence-based design field. The S-SCEAM can be used in future research on the association between the environment and people’s health and well-being. The instrument could also serve as a guide in the planning and design process of new RCFs.

  • Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Barnmorskor i Bangladesh går nätbaserad masterutbildning på Högskolan Dalarna2016In: Jordemodern, ISSN 0021-7468, no 11, 20-21 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Bangladesh is Launching the First Ever Net Based Master’s Programme in Asia for Midwifery Faculty MembersJournal of Asian Midwives2016In: Journal of Asian Midwifes, Vol. 3, no 2, 5-6 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Iyengar, Kirti
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Iyengar, Kirti
    Karolinska institutet.
    Klingberg-Allvin, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet.
    Iyengar, Sharad
    Action for Reserach in Health (ARTH).
    Paul, Mandira
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Gemzell-Danielsson, Kristina
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Essen, Birgitta
    Uppsala Universitet.
    “Who wants to go repeatedly to the hospital?”: Perceptions and experiences of simplified medical abortion in Rajasthan, India2016In: Global Qualitative Nursing Research, ISSN 2333-3936, Vol. 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Eldh, Ann Catrine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Eldh, Ann Catrine
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Almost, Joan
    DeCorby-Watson, Kara
    Gifford, Wendy
    University of Ottawa.
    Harvey, Gill
    University of Adelaide.
    Hasson, Henna
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Kenny, Deborah
    Moodie, S
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Yost, J
    Clinical interventions, implementation interventions, and the potential greyness in between - a discussion paper2017In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 17, no 1, 16- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Lindholm Olinder, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Lindholm Olinder, Anna
    Uppsala University.
    Fischier, Johan
    Uppsala University.
    Fries, Jenny
    Uppsala University.
    Alfonsson, Sven
    Elvingson, Veronika
    Uppsala University.
    Eriksson, Jan W
    Leksell, Janeth
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Uppsala universitet.
    A randomized wait-list controlled clinical trial of the effects of acceptance and commitment therapy in patients with type 1 diabetes2015In: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 14, no 61Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Osman, Fatumo
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet.
    Osman, Fatumo
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet.
    Flacking, Renée
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Klingberg-Allvin, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet.
    Effectiveness of parenting support to Somali parents on children’s mental health: A randomized controlled trial2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • de la Barre, Suzanne
    et al.
    de la Barre, Suzanne
    Maher, Patrick
    Dawson, Jackie
    Hillmer-Pegram, Kevin
    Huijbens, Edwards
    Lamers, Machiel
    Liggett, Daniela
    Müller, Dieter
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Stewart, Emma
    Tourism and arctic observation systems: Exploring the relationships2016In: Polar Research, ISSN 0800-0395, E-ISSN 1751-8369, Vol. 35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Arctic is affected by global environmental change and also by diverse interests from many economic sectors and industries. Over the last decade, various actors have attempted to explore the options for setting up integrated and comprehensive trans-boundary systems for monitoring and observing these impacts. These Arctic Observation Systems (AOS) contribute to the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of environmental change and responsible social and economic development in the Arctic. The aim of this article is to identify the two-way relationship between AOS and tourism. On the one hand, tourism activities account for diverse changes across a broad spectrum of impact fields. On the other hand, due to its multiple and diverse agents and far-reaching activities, tourism is also well-positioned to collect observational data and participate as an actor in monitoring activities. To accomplish our goals, we provide an inventory of tourism-embedded issues and concerns of interest to AOS from a range of destinations in the circumpolar Arctic region, including Alaska, Arctic Canada, Iceland, Svalbard, the mainland European Arctic and Russia. The article also draws comparisons with the situation in Antarctica. On the basis of a collective analysis provided by members of the International Polar Tourism Research Network from across the polar regions, we conclude that the potential role for tourism in the development and implementation of AOS is significant and has been overlooked.

  • Jakobsson, Ann-Charlotte
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Jakobsson, Ann-Charlotte
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Högläsningens betydelse i undervisningen: Intervjuer med åtta lärare2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna empiriska studie var att granska hur lärare motiverar och använder högläsningen i undervisningen. För att kunna besvara studiens frågeställningar genomförde jag åtta intervjuer med lärare. Studien vilade på det sociokulturella perspektivet och dess syn på hur vi människor förvärvar kunskap. Studiens frågeställningar var: Hur ser lärarna på högläsning i undervisningen och vilken betydelse tillmäter de högläsningen för elevernas läs- och skrivinlärning? Vilka förmågor i ämnet svenska vill lärarna att eleverna ska tillägna sig genom högläsningen? Resultatet av studien pekade på att högläsningen är ett viktigt pedagogiskt verktyg i undervisningen. I resultatet framkommer dessutom hur viktigt det är att följa upp med diskussioner och att låta barnen få uttrycka sina erfarenheter estetiskt efter högläsning. Tidigare forskning framhåller bland annat att ordförrådet och hörförståelsen utökas, samt att läsintresset kan väckas till liv och barnens ordigenkänning förbättras. Informanterna ansåg att högläsningen är mycket viktig för elevernas läs- och skrivinlärning. Barn som fått ta del av högläsning har ett starkare ordförråd, ordförståelse, ökad fantasi och har enklare för att skapa egna meningar. Det hörda skriftspråket skapar också nyanser i den egna läsningen och eleverna bör få lyssna till texter de är intresserade av. Detta gör att barnen blir intresserade och motiverade till att läsa och vad de själva kan förmedla genom sin läsning. Arbetet pekade på möjligheter till vidare forskning i ämnet. Till exempel vore det intressant att undersöka vad eleverna tycker om högläsningen. Ett annat uppslag vore att göra klassrumsobservationer för att undersöka om högläsningen skiljer sig åt mellan klasserna.

  • Möller, Peter
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography. Örebro universitet.
    Möller, Peter
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography. Örebro universitet.
    Young adults in rural tourism areas2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how tourism affects conditions for young adults in rural areas. Such a study lies at the intersection of research about tourism impacts, adult transition, and rural areas. The aim is to examine how largescale tourism affects the opportunities for young adults living in rural areas; their perception of place and the perceived opportunities and obstacles that tourism provides.

    The thesis utilizes a mixed method approach. A quantitative study based on micro-data on individuals identifies the patterns and magnitudes of the mechanisms by which tourism affects population change among young adults. Interview methods are used in the case study area, Sälen, to investigate these mechanisms in depth. Finally, the rural–urban dichotomy is explored in a conceptual study that asks how tourism affects the perception of a local village as either rural or urban. Young inhabitants in rural areas are rarely considered in tourism research; therefore, the main contribution of this thesis is that it illuminates how tourism affects conditions for young adults in rural areas.

    The thesis reveals a substantial impact on the adult transition, mainly due to easier access to the labor market and a good supply of jobs during the high season. Further, the large number of people passing through creates flows of opportunities to make friends, get a job, or just meet people. All of these factors contribute to high mobility in these places, and to the perception of them as places where things happen. The high mobility in Sälen implies that fixed migrant categories (such as stayers and leavers) are largely insufficient. The tourism environment creates a space that is always under construction and continually producing new social relations mainly perceived as opportunities. Conceptualizing this as a modern rurality is a way to move beyond the often implicit notions of urban as modern and rural as traditional.

  • Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Carers in the welfare state: on informal care and support for carers in Sweden2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    The general aim of this dissertation is to describe and analyse patterns of informal care and support for carers in Sweden. One specific aim is to study patterns of informal care from a broad population perspective in terms of types of care and types of carer. A typology of four different care categories based on what carers do revealed that women were much more likely than men to be involved at the ‘heavy end’ of caring, i.e. providing personal care in combination with a variety of other caring tasks. Men were more likely than women to provide some kind of practical help (Study I).

    Another aim is to investigate which support services are received by which types of informal caregiver. Relatively few informal caregivers in any care category were found to be receiving any kind of support from municipalities or voluntary organizations, for example training or financial assistance (Study II).

    The same study also examines which kinds of help care recipients receive in addition to that provided by informal carers. It appears that people in receipt of personal care from an informal caregiver quite often also receive help from the public care system, in this case mostly municipal services. However, the majority of those receiving personal, informal care did not receive any help from the public care system or from voluntary organizations or for-profit agencies (Study II).

    The empirical material in studies I and II comprises survey data from telephone interviews with a random sample of residents in the County of Stockholm aged between 18 and 84.

    In a number of countries there is a growing interest among social scientists and social policymakers in examining the types of support services that might be needed by people who provide informal care for older people and others. A further aim of the present dissertation is therefore to describe and analyse the carer support that is provided by municipalities and voluntary organizations in Sweden. The dissertation examines whether this support is aimed directly or indirectly at caregivers and discusses whether the Swedish government’s special financial investment in help for carers actually led to any changes in the support provided by municipalities and voluntary organisations. The main types of carer support offered by the municipalities were payment for care-giving, relief services and day care. The chief forms of carer support provided by the voluntary organizations were support groups, training groups, and a number of services aimed primarily at the elderly care recipients (Study III).

    Patterns of change in municipal carer support could be discerned fairly soon. The Swedish government’s special allocation to municipalities and voluntary organisations appears to have led to an increase in the number of municipalities providing direct support for carers, such as training, information material and professional caregiver consultants. On the other hand, only minor changes could be discerned in the pattern of carer support services provided by the voluntary organizations. This demonstrates stability and the relatively low impact that policy initiatives seem to have on voluntary organizations as providers (Study IV).

    In studies III and IV the empirical material consists of survey data from mail questionnaires sent to municipalities and voluntary organizations in the County of Stockholm.

    In the fields of social planning and social work there appears to be a need to clarify the aims of support services for informal carers. Should the support be direct or indirect? Should it be used to supplement or substitute caregivers? In this process of reappraisal it will be important to take the needs of both caregivers and care recipients into account when developing existing and new forms of support. How informal caregivers and care recipients interact with the care system as a whole is undeniably a fertile field for further research.

  • Teledahl, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Mathematics Education. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Teledahl, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Mathematics Education. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Knowledge and writing in school mathematics: a communicational approach2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about young students’ writing in school mathematics and the ways in which this writing is designed, interpreted and understood. Students’ communication can act as a source from which teachers can make inferences regarding students’ mathematical knowledge and understanding. In mathematics education previous research indicates that teachers assume that the process of interpreting and judging students’ writing is unproblematic. The relationship between what students’ write, and what they know or understand, is theoretical as well as empirical. In an era of increased focus on assessment and measurement in education it is necessary for teachers to know more about the relationship between communication and achievement. To add to this knowledge, the thesis has adopted a broad approach, and the thesis consists of four studies. The aim of these studies is to reach a deep understanding of writing in school mathematics. Such an understanding is dependent on examining different aspects of writing. The four studies together examine how the concept of communication is described in authoritative texts, how students’ writing is viewed by teachers and how students make use of different communicational resources in their writing. The results of the four studies indicate that students’ writing is more complex than is acknowledged by teachers and authoritative texts in mathematics education. Results point to a sophistication in students’ approach to the merging of the two functions of writing, writing for oneself and writing for others. Results also suggest that students attend, to various extents, to questions regarding how, what and for whom they are writing in school mathematics. The relationship between writing and achievement is dependent on students’ ability to have their writing reflect their knowledge and on teachers’ thorough knowledge of the different features of writing and their awareness of its complexity. From a communicational perspective the ability to communicate [in writing] in mathematics can and should be distinguished from other mathematical abilities. By acknowledging that mathematical communication integrates mathematical language and natural language, teachers have an opportunity to turn writing in mathematics into an object of learning. This offers teachers the potential to add to their assessment literacy and offers students the potential to develop their communicational ability in order to write in a way that better reflects their mathematical knowledge.

  • Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Institutet för gerontologi.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Institutet för gerontologi.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Institutet för gerontologi.
    Sundström, Gerdt
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Institutet för gerontologi.
    Anhöriga äldre angår alla!2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Anhörigomsorg är del av en komplex väv med olika nivåer, individuella, familjemässiga och övergripande samhälleliga, där åtminstone de senare har begränsade resurser. Denna rapport presenterar och diskuterar kunskapsläget inom svensk och internationell forskning om anhöriga till äldre. Vi sätter den svenska anhörigomsorgen i ett större sammanhang genom resonemang om demografiska förutsättningar, historiska tillbakablickar och internationella utblickar. Nutid belyses med aktuella undersökningar och vi tror att framtiden kan klaras tack vare den allt större överlappning vi redan ser mellan många olika former av hjälp, service, omsorg och vård. Vi ställer frågan om dessa mönster kanske förbises i de ofta dystra, rent demografisk-ekonomiska framskrivningarna. Rapporten redovisar många svenska undersökningar av anhörigomsorg, både i befolkningen i stort och bland äldre. Det förefaller klart att det skett en faktisk ökning av anhörigomsorgens omfattning från 1990-talet och början av 2000- talet, något som flera studier visar. Resultat från en europeisk undersökning med gemensamma frågor och svarsalternativ tyder på att anhörigomsorg är vanligare i Nordeuropa än i Sydeuropa vilket nog strider mot gängse föreställningar. Kanske är det i Norden vanligare att vara hjälpgivare men inte med lika omfattande engagemang eller lika länge och man bor sällan tillsammans. Då fördelas nog omsorgen på fler händer. I Sverige angav mindre än 1 procent att de gav omsorg på heltid, i Spanien 5 procent. Sammantaget har, i Sverige liksom i övriga Europa, mer än 4 av 10 i befolkningen en aktuell eller tidigare personlig erfarenhet av att ge omsorg, och på befolkningsnivå är anhörigomsorgen klart större än den offentliga. De flesta svenska studier visar att det är ungefär lika vanligt bland kvinnor och män att vara givare av anhörigomsorg. Kvinnor ger dock oftare personlig omvårdnad och de ger fler timmar omsorg än männen. De flesta omsorgsgivare ger ganska få hjälptimmar, men timinsatserna ökar med stigande ålder och är högst bland de äldsta. I genomsnitt ger omkring 30 procent av omsorgsgivarna daglig hjälp, men den andelen stiger till nästan 40 procent för anhörigvårdare i 65–80 årsåldern och till 80 procent för dem som är ännu äldre. Äldre utgör således 30 procent av alla som ger omsorg, oftast till andra äldre, men utför ungefär 4 av 10 omsorgstimmar. Äldre personer är inte bara mottagare av omsorg utan minst lika ofta också givare. De flesta givare av anhörigomsorg ger ”lättare” former av insatser (skjutsning, passning, tillsyn etc.), insatser som många gånger säkerligen är viktiga och kan vara avgörande för mottagaren. Det är viktigt att se det stora spektret av anhörigomsorg och att det också finns grupper av anhöriga (ofta äldre personer) som gör omfattande insatser som kan påverka såväl egen hälsa som arbetsliv. Vid små hjälpbehov – fallet för de flesta – får man lite hjälp främst av anhöriga, vid större behov mer hjälp och då av både anhöriga och av kommunen. Delat ansvar är vanligt och även vad omsorgsgivare och mottagare önskar. Få önskar bära ansvaret ensamma och få önskar att ansvaret helt ligger på det offentliga. Historiskt utgör barn och andra anhöriga en viss trygghet på ålderdomen, något som inte tillhör det förflutna, utan snarare kommer att få större betydelse framöver. Anledningen är demografisk: allt fler har nära anhöriga i form av en egen familj. Familjens relativa betydelse har ökat, inte minskat som man ibland föreställer sig. Detta accentueras av att den offentliga omsorgen visserligen är väl utbyggd i Sverige, men tycks ha nått gränsen för vad den kan uträtta, praktiskt och finansiellt. Anhörigomsorgen har även socialpolitiska aspekter. Den som är eller varit anhörigvårdare vill helst inte själv vara mottagare av omfattande anhörigvård, utan hellre få huvuddelen av omsorgen från det offentliga. Man kan nog förutse ännu strängare ransonering av offentliga tjänster i framtiden, där anhöriga och marknadsbaserade tjänster är alternativen, möjligen tillsammans med växande insatser från ideella organisationer.

  • Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Anhörigstöd: en uppföljningsstudie av kommuners och frivilliga organisationers stöd till äldres anhöriga2002Report (Other academic)
  • Sivertsen, Therese R.
    et al.
    Sivertsen, Therese R.
    Åhman, Birgitta
    Steyaert, Sam M. J. G.
    Rönnegård, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Frank, Jens
    Segerström, Peter
    Støen, Ole-Gunnar
    Skarin, Anna
    Reindeer habitat selection under the risk of brown bear predation during calving season2016In: Ecosphere, ISSN 2150-8925, E-ISSN 2150-8925, Vol. 7, no 11Article in journal (Refereed)
  • von Essen, Johan
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    von Essen, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Svedberg, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialvetenskap.
    Folk i rörelse: medborgerligt engagemang 1992-20142015Report (Other academic)
  • Jegermalm, Magnus
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Sundh, Kenneth
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Social mobilisering i frivillig regi: en studie av Svenska Röda korsets arbete med lokala utsatthets- och kapacitetsstudier2005Report (Other academic)
  • Svedberg, Lars
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Svedberg, Lars
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    von Essen, Johan
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Enheten för forskning om det civila samhället.
    Svenskarnas engagemang är större än någonsin: insatser i och utanför föreningslivet2010Report (Other academic)
  • Rudholm Feldreich, Tobias
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Uppsala universitet.
    Rudholm Feldreich, Tobias
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Uppsala universitet.
    Urinary osteopontin predicts incident chronic kidney disease, while plasma osteopontin predicts cardiovascular death in elderly men2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and objectives The matricellular protein osteopontin is involved in the pathogenesis of both kidney and cardiovascular disease. However, whether circulating and urinary osteopontin levels are associated with the risk of these diseases is less studied.

    Design, setting, participants and measurements A community-based cohort of elderly (Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men [ULSAM; n=741; mean age: 77 years]) was used to study the associations between plasma and urinary osteopontin, incident chronic kidney disease, and the risk of cardiovascular death during a median of 8 years of follow-up.

    Results There was no significant cross-sectional correlation between plasma and urinary osteopontin (Spearman rho=0.07, p=0.13). Higher urinary, but not plasma osteopontin, was associated with incident chronic kidney disease in multivariable models adjusted for age, cardiovascular risk factors, baseline glomerular filtration rate (GFR), urinary albumin/creatinine ratio, and inflammatory markers interleukin 6 and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (Odds ratio for 1-standard deviation (SD) of urinary osteopontin, 1.42, 95% CI (1.00-2.02), p=0.048). Conversely, plasma osteopontin, but not urinary osteopontin, was independently associated with cardiovascular death (multivariable hazard ratio per SD increase, 1.35, 95% CI (1.14-1.58), p<0.001, and 1.00, 95% CI (0.79-1.26), p=0.99, respectively). The addition of plasma osteopontin to a model with established cardiovascular risk factors significantly increased the C-statistics for the prediction of cardiovascular death (p<0.002).

    Conclusions Higher urinary osteopontin specifically predicts incident chronic kidney disease while plasma osteopontin specifically predicts cardiovascular death. Our data put forward osteopontin as an important factor in the detrimental interplay between the kidney and the cardiovascular system. The clinical implications, and why plasma and urinary osteopontin mirror different pathologies, remains to be established.

  • Möller, Peter
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Möller, Peter
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Young adults’ perceptions of and affective bonds to a rural tourism community2016In: Fennia, ISSN 0015-0010, E-ISSN 1798-5617, Vol. 194, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many rural areas, in Sweden and worldwide, experience population decline where the young leave for education and work in urban areas. Employment has declined in several rural industries, such as agriculture, forestry, and fishing, while growing in other industries are often located in urban areas. Politicians and organizations have put much hope in tourism as a tool of rural development, but can tourism help reverse the rural out-migration trend among young adults? This paper explores how tourism affects young inhabitants’ perceptions of and affective bonds to a rural area in Sweden, the ski resort of Sälen. Students from the 1993–1995 elementary school graduating classes were interviewed about their migration history, childhood, and view of and ties to Sälen. The respondents experience that tourism contributes to a more vital community incorporating influences from elsewhere, but without eliminating the positive aspects of rural life. The regular flow of people – tourists, seasonal workers, and entrepreneurs – passing through Sälen presents opportunities to extend one’s social network that are widely appreciated by respondents. The high in and out mobility constitutes a key part of Sälen’s character. Contributions from tourism – such as employment, entertainment, leisure, and opportunities to forge new social relationships – are available during the adult transition, the life phase when rural areas are often perceived as least attractive. Even though out-migration occurs in Sälen, and some respondents still find Sälen too small, tourism has clearly increased the available opportunities and contributed significantly to making Sälen more attractive to young adults.