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  • Recensioner2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 4, 90-94 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Gustafsson, Rolf Å
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Sagan om det stora skeppet Sverige och de sociala vetenskaperna2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 4, 86-89 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Johansson Dahre, Ulf
    Lunds universitet.
    En skön ny värld - genteknologi och social poliarisering i det postmänskliga samhället2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 4, 63-85 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the debate concerning the social consequences of biotechnology. The development of the post-human society challenges ideas and foundations of the liberal democracy. Both utopian and dystopian views of the posthuman society are challenged. The article also shows that market mechanisms direct, which increases the social polarization between Gene Rich and Natural classes of humans. This seems like science-fiction, but the article shows that the factors of the post-human society already influences relations between people and groups and not the least, what human life really is.

  • Heidengren, Carl-Göran
    Lunds universitet.
    Livstil och livsföring i Simmels och Webers klassiska sociologi2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 4, 39-62 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Like the concepts ”Gemeinschaft” and ”Gesellschaft”, the concepts ”Lebensführung” and ”Lebensstil”belongs to the sociological tradition. However, due to certain problems of translation the two latter concepts has in English language sociology more or less coalesced into one: ”lifestyle”. The article traces the introduction of the concept of ”Lebensstil” in a sociological context back to Simmels Philosophie des Geldes from 1900, and reconstructs Webers use of the concepts ”Lebensführung” and ”Lebensstil” in Die protestantische Ethik und der ’Geist' des Kapitalismus from 1904-05 and in his later writings. In the final section some suggestions are made concerning possible ways to use the two concepts in a present day sociological context. The underlying hypothesis of the articleis that it might prove to be valuable to uphold a conceptual distinction in Swedish between ”livsföring” and ”livsstil”, instead of under the influence of English language sociology letting the two coalesce into one concept.

  • Repliker2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 4, 35-38 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Annaniassen, Erling
    NOVA.
    Korporatisme og boligregimer - en begreppsanalyse2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 4, 27-34 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Berg, Lars-Erik
    Göteborgs universitet; Högskolan i Skövde.
    Om en konferens2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 4, 19-25 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Månsson, Per
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Socialpsykologi - tunneln som aldrig blir färdig?2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 4, 11-17 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Eisele, Per
    Lunds universitet.
    Socialpsykologi i Sverige ur ett pyskologiskt perspektiv2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 4, 3-9 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Hjerm, Mikael
    Umeå universitet.
    Svensk socialpsykologi2004In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, no 4, 2- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Hjerm, Mikael
    Umeå universitet.
    Sociologisk Forskning 2004:42004Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Hodacs, Hanna
    Centrum för vetenskapshistoria, Kungl. vetenskapsakademien.
    "Little Brother Carl" – the Making of a Linnaean Naturalist in Late Eighteenth Century Sweden2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • Lo Martire, Riccardo
    et al.
    Gladh, Kristofer
    Westman, Anton
    Äng, Björn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. Karolinska Institutet.
    Neck muscle EMG-force relationship and its reliability during isometric contractions2017In: Sports medicine - open, ISSN 2199-1170, Vol. 3, no 1, 16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Susceptible to injury, the neck is subject to scientific investigations, frequently aiming to elucidate possible injury mechanisms via surface electromyography (EMG) by indirectly estimating cervical loads. Accurate estimation requires that the EMG-force relationship is known and that its measurement error is quantified. Hence, this study examined the relationship between EMG and isometric force amplitude of the anterior neck (AN), the upper posterior neck (UPN), and the lower posterior neck (LPN) and then assessed the relationships' test-retest reliability across force-percentiles within and between days.

    METHODS: EMG and force data were sampled from 18 participants conducting randomly ordered muscle contractions at 5-90% of maximal voluntary force during three trials over 2 days. EMG-force relationships were modeled with general linear mixed-effects regression. Overall fitted lines' between-trial discrepancies were evaluated. Finally, the reliability of participants' fitted regression lines was quantified by an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and the standard error of measurement (SEM).

    RESULTS: A rectilinear model had the best fit for AN while positively oriented quadratic models had the best fit for UPN and LPN, with mean adjusted conditional coefficients of determination and root mean square errors of 0.97-0.98 and 4-5%, respectively. Overall EMG-force relationships displayed a maximum 6% between-trial discrepancy and over 20% of maximal force, and mean ICC was above 0.79 within day and 0.27-0.61 between days across areas. Corresponding SEM was below 12% both within and between days across areas, excluding UPN between days, for which SEM was higher.

    CONCLUSIONS: EMG-force relationships were elucidated for three neck areas, and provided models allow inferences to be drawn from EMG to force on a group level. Reliability of EMG-force relationship models was higher within than between days, but typically acceptable for all but the lowest contraction intensities, and enables adjustment for measurement imprecision in future studies.

  • Hodacs, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Norbert Götz. “The Good Plumpuddings’ Belief: British Voluntary Aid to Sweden during the Napoleonic Wars.”  The International History Review 37:3 (June 2015): 519-5392016In: H-Diplo Article Reviews, no 612, 1-3 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Fernström, Richard
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Genus och sexuell läggning i ett urval av religions-läroböcker för gymnasiet: Hur framställs genus och sexuell läggning inom kristendomen i utvalda religionsläroböcker?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur genus och sexuell läggning framställs i ett urval av religionsläroböcker på gymnasiet. Studien utgår från frågeställningarna: Hur presenteras/gestaltas/konstrueras genus och sexuell läggning? Vilka mening-ar/innebörder lägger lärobokstexten/bilden i relation till genus och sexuell läggning? Hur beskrivs begreppen explicit? Samt om det finns resonemang som överskrider stereotyper? Metoden i studien är hermeneutisk ansats och visuell textanalys. Resulta-tet är att mannen framställts utifrån ett antal stereotypa könsroller, och då även kvin-nan. Mannen som Gud, skapar, konung och krigare och då ofta avbildade i inklude-rande perspektiv där makt ges till den avbildade. Mannen gestaltas oftast som en äldre man med skägg. Kvinnan framställs och konstrueras som en moder, och inom mindre sammanhang i den kristna traditionen. Kvinnan är oftast avbildad i exklude-rande perspektiv, och då som en ung kvinna. Sexuell läggning däremot presenteras nästan inte alls, utan enbart två av de utvalda läroböckerna rör vid ämnet. Dock finns det resonemang som kan tolkas överskrida stereotyper, samt explicita avsnitt som belyser både genus och sexuell läggning. Men det finns ändå en problematik kring läroboken som bör uppmärksammas om man ska kunna följa läroplanen för relig-ionskunskap 1 samt skolans värdegrund.

  • Public defence: 2017-04-28 10:00 TDB
    Gyhlesten Back, Jessica
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology. Luleå tekniska universitet, Material- och solidmekanik.
    Modelling and Characterisation of the Martensite Formation in Low Alloyed Carbon Steels2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The current work contains experimental and theoretical work about the formation of martensite from the austenitic state of the steel Hardox 450. Simulation of rolling and subsequent quenching of martensitic steel plates requires a model that can account for previous deformation, current stresses and the temperature history, therefore dilatometry experiments were performed, with and without deformation. Two austenitization schedules were used and in the standard dilatometry the cooling rates varied between 5-100 °C/s, in order to find the minimum cooling rate that gives a fully martensitic microstructure. Cooling rates larger than 40°C/s gave a fully martensitic microstructure. The cooling rate of 100 °C/s was used in the deformation dilatometry tests where the uniaxial deformation varied from 5-50 %. The theoretical work involved modelling of the martensite formation and the thermal/transformation strains they cause in the steel. Characterizations were done using light optical microscopy, hardness tests and electron backscatter diffraction technique. The parent austenite grains of the martensitic structure were reconstructed using the orientation relationship between the parent austenite and the martensite. Kurdjumov-Sachs orientation relationships have previously been proven to work well for low-carbon steels and was therefore selected.

    The standard implementation of the Koistinen-Marburger equation for martensite formation and a more convenient approach were compared. The latter approach does not require the storage of initial austenite fraction at start of martensite formation. The comparison shows that the latter model works equally well for the martensite formation. The results showed that the use of martensite start and finish temperatures calibrated versus experiments for Hardox 450 works better when computing thermal expansion than use of general relations based on the chemistry of the steel.

    The results from deformation dilatometry showed that deformation by compressive uniaxial stresses impedes the martensite transformation. The simplified incremental model works well for deformation with 5 % and 10 %. However, the waviness in the experimental curve for deformation 50 % does not fit the model due vi to large barrelling effect and the large relative expansion for the material that the sample holders are made of.

    Crystallographic reconstruction of parent austenite grains were performed on a hot-rolled as-received reference sample and dilatometry samples cooled with 60 °C/s and 100 °C/s. The misorientation results showed that the samples match with the Kurdjumov-Sachs orientation relationship in both hot rolled product and dilatometry samples. When misorientation between adjacent pixels are between 15° and 48°, then the boundary between them was considered as a parent austenite grain. The austenitic grain boundaries of the sample cooled at 100 °C/s is in general identical with the hot rolled sample when considering high angle boundaries (15°-48°). The results from the hardness tests showed that the rolled product exhibits higher hardness as compared to samples cooled by 100 °C/s and 60 °C/s. This can be attributed to the formation of transition-iron-carbides in the hot rolled product due to longer exposure of coiling temperature.

  • Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Victim, Mother, or Untapped Resource? Discourse Analysis of the Construction of Women in ICT Policies2017In: Information Technologies & International Development, ISSN 1544-7529, Vol. 13, no 2017, 72-86 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the construction of women in national ICT policies in South and Southeast Asia. The aim is to unravel the role ascribed to women in these policies and how this affects suggested measures. The research is based on critical discourse analysis and shows that women are mainly constructed as victims, mothers, or an untapped resource. We argue that if women are speciªcally targeted in policies, careful attention should be given to how they are portrayed. Our analysis also shows that in most cases the suggested solutions on how to include women in the ICT society only deal with the symptoms of gender inequality rather than the structures that prevent equal opportunities. We conclude by discussing implications for research and practice.

  • Pashkevich, Albina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Processes of reinterpretation of mining heritage: the case of Bergslagen, Sweden2017In: Almatourism, ISSN 2036-5195, Vol. 8, no 7, 107-123 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [ru]

    Mining heritage is often used as a powerful tool in maintaining a sense of place and national identity and Sweden is not different in this respect. Another important underlying motive for the revival of the mining past is an opportunity of the economic revitalisation of the space marked by the deindustrialisation process. The aim of this paper is to investigate how the mining heritage is interpreted and used for the goals of tourism destination development based on the five provinces in the middle part of Sweden – area called Bergslagen. The first decade of 2000s was characterised by the prevailing top-down approach to the regeneration process of mining landscape of Bergslagen, as it was led by the cultural elite. Thus, resulting in the absence of a diverse and innovative thinking in terms of touristic development of these destinations. Municipalities in the region ended up with the multiple mining sites trying to attract visitors with the similar types of experiences based on limited representations of regional mining heritage. Furthermore, it is suggested that enhancing communication between managers of the mining sites and other tourism experiences would help to improve visitation. Additionally, the alternative representations of the heritage may allow for a wider representation of local people, as well as an awareness of local or regional heritage of Bergslagen. 

  • Cleeve, Amanda
    et al.
    Faxelid, Elisabeth
    Nalwadda, Gorette
    Klingberg-Allvin, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Abortion as agentive action: reproductive agency among young women seeking post-abortion care in Uganda.2017In: Culture, Health and Sexuality, ISSN 1369-1058, E-ISSN 1464-5351, 1-15 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Unsafe abortion in Africa continues to be a major contributor to the global maternal mortality which affects young women in particular. In Uganda, where abortion is legally restricted and stigmatised, unsafe abortion is a major public health issue. We explored reproductive agency in relation to unsafe abortion among young women seeking post-abortion care. Through in-depth interviews we found that reproductive agency was constrained by gender norms and power imbalances and strongly influenced by stigma. Lack of resources and the need for secrecy resulted in harmful abortion practices and delayed care-seeking. Women did not claim ownership of the abortion decision, but the underlying meaning in the narratives positioned abortion as an agentive action aiming to regain control over one's body and future. Women's experiences shaped contraceptive intentions and discourse, creating a window of opportunity that was often missed. This study provides unique insight into how young women negotiate and enact reproductive agency in Uganda. Health systems need to strengthen their efforts to meet young women's sexual and reproductive health needs and protect their rights. Enabling young women's agency through access to safe abortion and contraception is paramount.

  • Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine .
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Young People’s Attitudes to Attractive Work, During and After Upper Secondary School2017In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 7, no 1, 55-68 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Dahlberg, ER
    et al.
    Spets, E
    Svedbo Engström, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg.
    Larshans, M
    Leksell, Janeth
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University.
    Experiences of Hypoglycaemia in Adults with Diabetes Mellitus2017In: Journal of Diabetes and Treatment, ISSN ?, J111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: To describe adults’ experiences of hypoglycaemia in diabetes mellitus, and the consequences of hypoglycaemia in daily life.

    Methods: This study was conducted using qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. It was performed as a secondary analysis of semi-structured interviews. A total of 29 people participated in the study: 15 with type 1 diabetes and 14 with type 2 diabetes.

    Results: The theme that emerged was: Hypoglycaemia is an ever-present risk that manifests itself in different ways. The following categories were identified: Symptoms of hypoglycaemia can appear like a bolt from the blue. Knowledge comes from life experiences. Training and exercise today often have consequences tomorrow. Self-management may be perceived as a feeling of not being free. Family support can provide security in the illness.

    Conclusion: Hypoglycaemia is perceived as an ever-present risk that can come like a bolt from the blue, which in turn causes fear and problems in the daily life of people with diabetes. Better support, help and information from specialist nurses is needed. Family members should also be given more knowledge and information, in order to reduce the fear and discomfort of hypoglycaemia.

  • Pollack, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Lärares kunskap och inställning kring begreppen arbetsminne och arbetsminnesträning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka lärares kunskap och attityd gällande begreppen arbetsminne och arbetsminnesträning utifrån ett sociokulturellt och didaktiskt perspektiv. Metoden som har använts är en kvalitativ intervjustudie, med givna frågor och öppna svarsalternativ. De intervjuade lärarna arbetar på en högstadieskola och resultatet visar att alla de intervjuade har olika inställning till begreppen, dess förekomst och orsaker samt träning av arbetsminne. Flertalet av respondenterna känner sig inte säkra på begreppen och effekten av träningen. Flertalet av respondenterna anser dessutom att man till viss del kan skylla på skolan och samhället i stort när arbetsminnet sviktar då skolan idag inte fokuserar på vad respondenterna kallar utantill/innantillkunskap längre, och därmed inte tränar elevernas förmåga till att minnas på samma sätt som tidigare. Ur ett sociokulturellt och didaktiskt perspektiv kan vi då konstatera att dessa stora skillnader påverkar elevers undervisning.

  • Svensson, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Hållbar utveckling i biologilitteraturen: En innehållsanalys av läroböcker som används inom biologiundervisning på gymnasienivå2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I styrdokumenten och inom den aktuella politiken förordas lärande för hållbar

    utveckling (LHU), men tidigare forskning tyder på att begreppet är svårdefinierat

    och inte tar den plats i undervisningen som efterfrågas på grund av en osäkerhet

    hos de yrkesverksamma lärarna kring vad begreppet egentligen innebär. Denna

    studie använder sig av en innehållsanalys för att studera hur begreppet hållbar

    utveckling behandlas samt vilket utrymme det ges i läroböcker som används i

    gymnasieskolans kurs Biologi 1. Dessutom studeras om någon läromedelsutveckling

    skett med avseende på hållbar utveckling genom en jämförelse mellan

    olika upplagor. Resultatet av studien visar hur hållbar utveckling upptar i

    genomsnitt en femtedel av biologiläroböckernas totala innehåll. Dock gestaltas

    endast delar av begreppet och då en förklarande/konstaterande framställningstyp

    är den mest frekventa främjas inte lärande för hållbar utveckling. Begreppet utgör

    inte heller något genomgående perspektiv i de studerade titlarna utan återfinns till

    största del i ett par separata avsnitt, vilket går emot vad forskningen förespråkar.

    Någon väsentlig läromedelsutveckling på området kan ej noteras. En konsekvens

    av dessa resultat skulle kunna bli att lärare som känner sig osäkra kring undervisning

    om hållbar utveckling inte heller finner särskilt mycket stöd i någon av de

    läroböcker som studerats.

  • Stolt Tranback, Birgitta
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Elevers vilja att kommunicera på engelska i årskurs 4-6: En empirisk studie om vad som motiverar elever till att prata på engelska i klassrummet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Motivation i kombination med elevens självkänsla är två viktiga delar inom språkinlärning. Om den ena delen saknas uteblir ofta den språkliga aktiviteten hos eleverna. Uppsatsen är framtagen genom en empirisk studie i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer med lärare och en enkätundersökning med elever. Studiens forskningsfrågor fokuserar på vad som motiverar elever till att tala på engelska samt vad lärare kan göra för att motivera elever till att kommunicera i klassrummet. Tidigare forskning förespråkar att lärare använder målspråket i sin undervisning. Detta anses vara en nyckelfaktor eftersom eleverna hör språket vilket motiverar till muntlig aktivitet. Undersökningen visar bland annat att användning av målspråket i undervisningen och en trygg lärmiljö är viktiga aspekter för lärare som vill skapa ett kommunikativt klassrum på målspråket och stödja elever till ett språkligt självförtroende. Undersökningen utgår från Vygotskys sociokulturella perspektiv samt MacIntyres teori om Willingness to communicate (WTC). Resultatet visar att de flesta elever är positiva till engelska som ämne och majoriteten av eleverna tycker att det är roligt att lära sig ett nytt språk. Studiens resultat stämmer överens med tidigare forskning men för att dra generella slutsatser behövs mer forskning inom området.

  • Hägglund, Patricia
    et al.
    Olai, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Uppsala universitet.
    Ståhlnacke, Katri
    Persenius, Mona
    Hägg, Mary
    Andersson, Maria
    Koistinen, Susanne
    Carlsson, Eva
    Study protocol for the SOFIA project: Swallowing function, oral health, and food intake in old age2017In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 17, no 1, 78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Extensive studies have shown that older people are negatively impacted by impaired eating and nutrition. The abilities to eat, enjoy food, and participate in social activities associated with meals are important aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and recovery after illness. This project aims to (i) describe and analyze relationships between oral health and oral HRQoL, swallowing ability, eating ability, and nutritional risk among older individuals admitted to short-term care; (ii) compare the perceptions that older individuals and staff report on care quality related to oral hygiene and eating; and (iii) study the feasibility and effects of a training program for people with impaired swallowing (i.e., dysphagia).

    METHODS/DESIGN: This project consists of two parts, which will be performed in five Swedish counties. It will include approximately 400 older individuals and 200 healthcare professionals. Part 1 is a cross-sectional, descriptive study of older people admitted to short-term care. Subjects will be assessed by trained professionals regarding oral health status, oral HRQoL, eating and nutritional risk, and swallowing ability. Swallowing ability will be measured with a teaspoon test and a swallowing capacity test (SCT). Furthermore, subjects and staff will complete a questionnaire regarding their perceptions of care quality. Part 2 is a cluster randomized intervention trial with controls. Older participants with dysphagia (i.e., SCT <10 ml/s, measured in part 1) will be recruited consecutively to either the intervention or control group, depending on where they were admitted for short-term care. At baseline, all subjects will be assessed for oral health status, oral HRQoL, eating and nutritional risk, swallowing ability, and swallowing-related QoL. Then, the intervention group will receive 5 weeks of training with an oral screen for neuromuscular training focused on orofacial and pharyngeal muscles. After completing the intervention, and at six months post-intervention, all assessments will be repeated in both study groups.

    DISCUSSION: The results will make important contributions to rehabilitation knowledge, including approaches for improving swallowing function, oral health, and food intake and for improving the quality of oral care for older people.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was retrospectively registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, on July 4, 2016, identifier: NCT02825927 .

  • Persson, Ulrika
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Teknik 200 timmar – möjligheter och utmaningar för teknikundervisningen i grundskolan år 7-9: Ur några skolledares och tekniklärares perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Utbildningsdepartementets promemoria om en stadieindelad timplan för grundskolan,

    där teknikämnet skulle garanteras 200 timmar i år 1-9, låg till grund för detta

    examensarbete. I studien undersöktes vilka eventuella utmaningar och möjligheter

    detta skulle innebära genom semistrukturerade intervjuer av fem tekniklärare och

    fyra skolledare. För att få en mer heltäckande bild av teknikundervisningen undersöktes

    även informanternas uppfattningar om teknikämnet och målet med dagens

    teknikundervisning. Intervjuerna transkriberades och en innehållsanalys inspirerad

    av fenomenografin genomfördes. Resultatet visade på att det bland tekniklärare

    och skolledare fanns många gemensamma uppfattningar om såväl teknikämnet

    som de möjligheter och utmaningar föreliggande promemoria skulle innebära.

    Uppfattningarna om målet med dagens teknikundervisning uppvisade en större

    variation mellan skolledare och tekniklärare och här avspeglades gruppernas olika

    perspektiv på ett tydligt sätt. De största utmaningarna som både grupper framhävde

    var bristen på utbildade samt risken för att andra ämnen skulle drabbas negativt.

    Möjligheterna att få mer tid att undervisa utifrån elevernas intressen lyftes fram av

    flera tekniklärare. Gemensamt för både skolledare och lärare var en önskan om en

    debatt om vad som ska åstadkommas med förändringar av denna typ. Med emfas

    tryckte flera informanter på att bilden av läraryrket måste förändras i syfte att

    vända trenden med lärarbrist överlag.

  • Namakula Joy, Rachel
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Comparative Literature.
    "Du skall icke fråga!": Opålitligt berättande i Doktor Glas av Hjalmar Söderberg2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka om doktor Glas i Hjalmar Söderbergs roman med samma namn är en opålitlig berättare. Detta görs genom att undersöka varför, hur och vad han skriver. Metoden är att först definiera dagboksromanen, och sedan analysera pålitlighet genom användandet av främst James Phelans narratologi, i samband med Vera Nünning och Uri Margolin. Analysen visar att Glas rapporterar händelser korrekt och gör det han säger att han ska göra, men han är oärlig om sina tankar, känslor och motivationer. Glas opålitlighet som berättare visar sig främst i att hans tolkningar och utvärderingar av situationer och personer inte alltid är riktiga eller rimliga.

  • Skogs, Julie
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Students' questionnaire-based views on teacher feedback on their writing2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A large part of what instructors to at university is give feedback on the written work of students. This is particularly true for those teaching languages and the process of reading and responding in writing a time-consuming process. The feedback given can concern aspects of language proficiency, sentence structure, grammatical correctness and lexical choice. Feedback is often given on content and textual issues such as paragraphing, effectiveness of arguments and level of critical analysis. As teachers, we hope that he feedback will result in an improvement in the student's revised work but also other subsequent written work. This paper investigates how one cohort of ESL univeristy students experience teacher feedback. The responses of this questionnaire-based survey show that students appreciate the feedback they get but do not always understand what it is they are expected to to.

  • Redaktionens tack: Granskare 2013–20162017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, 157-158 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Recensioner2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, 135-155 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Holmberg, Tora
    et al.
    Sjöstrand, Glenn
    Sociologförbundet har ordet: Sociologförbundets arbete med ämnes-/gymnasielärarutbildningen2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, 133-134 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Muftee, Mehek
    Jönköpings universitet.
    Vidarebosättning, Sverigeprogram och föreställningen om den ”passiva flyktingen”2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, 111-132 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Resettlement, Swedenprogram, and the notion of the "passive refugee"

    This study analyzes discourses of refugees as manifested in a part of the Swedish resettlement work called the Swedenprogram. The aim of the programs is to, through dialogue; actively involve refugees in their resettlement. The program can be situated within an overall increased emphasis on activating refugees and asylum seekers in order for them to take responsibility for their integration. Video observations were carried out of nine Swedenprograms that were held in Kenya and Sudan. The information provided by the delegations is based on the notion of ideal citizen as active, responsible, and engaged in self-fulfillment. However, the study also shows that the information given to the youth positions them as potentially lacking these traits. The idea of the passive refugee permeates the information in different ways and includes a gender aspect. The study also shows how the youths navigate and sometimes resist the stereotype positioning of themselves.

  • Behtoui, Alireza
    Södertörns högskola; Stockholms universitet.
    "Främlingen" bland svensk "Homo Academicus"2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, 91-110 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ”stranger” among Swedish ”Homo Academicvs”

    This paper is about individuals with immigrant background among the Swedish academic elite, i.e. those who have a PhD and work at Swedish universities. The aim of the study is to understand how factors other than academic qualifications, such as gender and a migrant background, may impact on the individual’s ability to get a job and pursue a successful career in Swedish higher education. The data used for this study is obtained from the Longitudinal Database of Education, Income and Occupation (LISA) administered by Statistics Sweden.When compared to the reference group (individuals born in Sweden with at least one Swedish-born parent), the results show that given the same work experience individuals born in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and South America are more likely to be unemployed. Among those who have a job, those

  • Wimark, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Hedlund, Daniel
    Stockholms universitet.
    Samlevnad som ideologi i migrationslagstiftningen2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, 69-90 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cohabitation as ideology in migration law

    In this study we study how homosexuality has legally gone from exclusion to inclusion in migration law and what ideological understandings that underpin this inclusion. The data corpus of the study consisted of the preparatory work concerning same-sex sexuality, cohabitation and migration. Data was coded for patterns concerning the public administrative understandings of same-sex sexuality as described in the preparatory works. The coding was theoretically driven by critical and Marxist approaches to ideology. Conducting a thematic analysis, four themes were identified in the data. The overall finding is that the preparatory works give precedence to sexuality in terms of disposition (läggning) when it is linked to identity and intensions to engage in a long-term relationship. This means that alternative sexual identities and practices not compatible with the ”heterosexual matrix” have been excluded from the ideological lens. The ideological focus in the preparatory works could be seen as a reflection of the capitalist system, where some social categories are viewed as desirable to include in a capitalist society.

  • Bergnehr, Disa
    Jönköpings universitet.
    Omsorg för dagen och fostran för en framtid: Irakiska mödrars strategier för att skapa tillhörighet i Sverige2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, 51-68 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Caring in the present and fostering for the future: Iraqi mothers’ reconstruction of belonging during resettlement in Sweden

    The present study explores Iraqi women’s mothering strategies for protecting, nurturing, and training their child, as well as how they use different approaches to (re)construct feelings of belonging during the process of resettlement. It is qualitative in design and based on individual interviews as well as focus groups discussions with a total of 27 women. Narrative method has inspired the analysis. The results show a child-centred motherhood with everyday practices aimed at creating a sense of safety and belonging for the child. Belonging to the family is central. The child’s societal and future belonging is connected to educational achievement, with prospects of employment and upward mobility. Accordingly, the mothers apply strategies aimed at promoting such a life trajectory. However, aspirations for belonging in the future can sometimes conflict with belonging at the present. In addition, striving to create belonging for the child can be in conflict with the parents’ sense of belonging.

  • Coelho, Rita
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Honour killings: a thematic analysis within European newspapers2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Honour killings are considered by the perpetrators the only path to maintain theirs and their family honour, preventing other's to follow behaviours that move away from traditional patriarchal values. With the aim of exploring how honour killings are characterised, a qualitative study within three European newspapers, in three different languages, was conducted. The findings showed that often the victims are characterised as young women and girls that want to live independently from their birth cultures or that acted in a way considered to be a dishonour to their family culture. Perpetrators are often described as family members, mostly males to whom honour is worth more than life. However, some of the news articles launch the debate of the thin line that divides honour crimes and domestic violence making this not a cultural problem but a widespread cross-cultural reality.

  • Lagerstedt, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    (O)lika för alla: En undersökning om likvärdigheten i bedömningen av det nationella provets skriftliga del i engelska 62017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att ur ett likvärdighetsperspektiv undersöka den

    summativa bedömningen av det nationella provets skriftliga delprov i engelska 6. Fem

    lärare med olika lång erfarenhet av undervisning och bedömning i engelska har fått ge ett

    betyg på samma fem elevtexter. Texterna skrevs av elever i årskurs två på gymnasiet

    utifrån instruktioner till ett exempel på hur en uppgift i Focus: Writing kan se ut. Det

    analyserade resultatet har visat att lärarnas summativa bedömningar inte kan ses som vare

    sig valida eller reliabla; rätt saker, men nödvändigtvis inte tillräckligt har bedömts; det är

    inte heller säkert att en eventuell återkoppling hade främjat elevernas fortsätta lärande;

    bedömningarna skiljer sig slutligen också orimligt mycket lärarna emellan. Nationella

    proven kan i det här fallet därmed inte heller ses som en garanti för likvärdiga

    bedömningar. Orsaker till detta kan tänkas vara olik yrkeserfarenhet; arbetsplats och

    elevunderlag; ämneskompetens samt det sätt på vilket kunskapskraven och bedömningsanvisningarna är formulerade.

  • Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Fejes, Andreas
    Linköpings universitet.
    Olson, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Rahm, Lina
    Linköpings universitet.
    Sandberg, Fredrik
    Lunds universitet; Linköpings universitet.
    Medborgarskapandets paradoxer: Medborgarskapspositioneringar i berättelser om tillhörighet i migrationens tid2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, 31-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Paradoxes of citizen formation: Citizenship positioning in stories about belonging in an era of migration

    This article analyzes the formation of citizenship in today’s multi-ethnic Sweden with a particular focus on how migration renders visible existing citizenship ideals, defined in terms of similarity and difference on the basis of ethno-cultural background. Analysing three individual stories of women who have migrated to Sweden, with different biographies and stories of how they ended up in Sweden, the article focuses on negotiations of the boundaries and contents of citizenship in multi-ethnic Sweden. The point of departure for the analysis is a post-structuralist and discursive approach. In all, the stories address the crucial question of who should be included into the social community and on what conditions – and who should be left out? This particular question is also at the very centre of the political debate in today’s Europe. On the one hand, there are strong arguments about the ’death of multiculturalism’ and demands for new forms of ethno-culturally graduated citizenship – also in Sweden. On the other hand, in Sweden as well as in other European countries, claims for the development of a new and more inclusive societal community have been raised, expanding the rights of citizens to accommodating also those who have been excluded from them.

  • Khayati, Khalid
    Linköpings universitet.
    Stigmatisering och rasism i det svenska migrationssamtalet och det diasporiska motståndet2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, 11-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stigmatization and racism in the Swedish migration talk and the diasporic resistance

    This article argues that the objectifying and stigmatizing characteristics ascribed to the refugee and immigrant populations in the current Swedish refugee debate and the existing discriminatory and racializing practices in Sweden should be analyzed far beyond the recent refugee problematic and the global terrorism related to the political Islam. This study upholds in that way that the practices of objectification, stigmatization, racialization and exclusion get strength from a broader and deeper political context. In this context, the existence of a race biological institute, the project of the Swedish folkhem and its cultural boundaries, the emergence of a systematic discrimination against refugees and immigrants since the mid-1980s and related acts of violence depict the outlines of a white and (mono)cultural Swedish ”imagined community” which disregards the power, dynamism and subjectivity of immigrant and refugee groups. In this respect, the notion of diaspora, which will be illustrated by the Kurdish diaspora in Sweden, constitutes an important platform of resistance as it claims the political recognition for other ethnicities than the native Swede.

  • Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Eliassi, Barzoo
    Salmonsson, Lisa
    Medborgarskap och tillhörighet i migrationens tid – inledande reflektioner2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, 5-10 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Edling, Christofer
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Eldén, Sara
    Lunds universitet.
    Redaktörerna har ordet2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1, 3- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Edling, Christofer
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Eldén, SaraLunds universitet.
    Sociologisk Forskning 2017:12017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Kitano, Linus
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Onlinespel, ett verktyg för engelskainlärning: En studie om hur svenska gymnasieelevers motivation och lärande inom engelska som andraspråk påverkas av onlinespel2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Digitala spel har blivit alltmer populära och lättillgängliga i dagens samhälle, och nästan alla, särskilt i den yngre generationen, spelar någon typ av spel. Forskning har visat att spel kan ha en positiv inverkan på elevers andraspråksinlärning genom bland annat ökad motivation och bättre receptiv språkförmåga. Speciellt onlinespel ger utmärkta förhållanden att lära sig engelska eftersom spelen oftast är på engelska, samt att kommunikation, som oftast sker på engelska, med spelare från andra länder är nödvändig för att prestera bra i spelen. Den här studien visar med hjälp av en gruppintervju och tre individuella intervjuer, att eleverna själva ser onlinespel ha en övervägande positiv inverkan på deras motivation och lärande inom engelska som andraspråk. Förutom att de upplevde att de lärde sig mer naturlig engelska i spelen berättade de att engelskan i skolan blev roligare eftersom de kunde följa lektionerna lättare.

  • Hellqvist, Amanda
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Betydelsen av skönlitteratur för unga vuxnas kunskapsutveckling: En kvalitativ undersökning genomförd med sex djupintervjuer2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att genom djupintervjuer kartlägga sex olika svensklärares syn på skönlitteraturens betydelse för unga vuxnas kunskapsutveckling. Undersökningen bygger på en kvalitativ metodansats som bygger på semistrukturerade intervjuer. På en allmän nivå presenterar denna studie både likheter och skillnader i svensklärares syn på skönlitteratur som undervisningsmoment och hur skönlitteratur nyttjas i undervisningskontext, detta presenteras i relation till ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Således finns det en bred variation i hur svensklärare beskriver hur skönlitteratur kan användas i undervisningssammanhang men det finns en omedveten överenskommelse om att sakinnehållet i skönlitteratur är av betydelse för unga vuxnas kunskapsutveckling. I denna process visar studien tydligt att i dagens skola finns en ambition att använda skönlitteratur som ett kunskapsutvecklande instrument men att det finns stora skillnader i hur skönlitteratur verkligen används i undervisningssituationer. Detta resulterar i slutsatser som bygger på att sakinnehållet i skönlitteratur har en positiv inverkan på unga vuxnas kunskapsutveckling men att eleverna inte får ta del av ett enhetligt svenskämne samt att dagens kursplan erbjuder en bred tolkningshorisont.