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  • Winkel, Per
    et al.
    Jakobsen, Janus Christian
    Hilden, Jørgen
    Jensen, Gorm
    Kjøller, Erik
    Sajadieh, Ahmad
    Kastrup, Jens
    Kolmos, Hans Jørn
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Karolinska institutet.
    Gluud, Christian
    Prognostic value of routinely available data in patients with stable coronary heart disease. A 10-year follow-up of patients sampled at random times during their disease course2018In: Open heart, E-ISSN 2053-3624, Vol. 5, no 2, article id 000808Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective To characterise the long-term prognosis of patients with stable coronary artery heart disease by means of ‘standard predictors’ defined as demographic, clinical and biochemical quantities routinely available in general practices and ascertained at an interview not prompted by renewed cardiac complaints.Methods This is an observational study based on data from 2199 Copenhagen placebo patients from the ‘clarithromycin for patients with stable coronary heart disease’ trial of patients with stable coronary heart disease. In the trial, we compared the effects of 14 days of clarithromycin treatment versus placebo. The predictors were based on the interview forms and blood samples collected at entry, along with demographic information from hospital files.We studied ‘standard predictors’ of a composite outcome (myocardial infarction, unstable angina, cerebrovascular disease or all-cause death) and of all-cause death. Using Cox regression, we compared predictions of status at 3, 6 and 9 years without and with the use of ‘standard predictors’ and used receiver operating characteristic statistic.Results Few ‘standard predictors’ were associated (p<0.01) with the composite outcome or with all-cause death. When no ‘standard predictors’ were included, 63.2% of the model-based predictions of the composite outcome and 79.9% of death predictions were correct. Including all ‘standard predictors’ in the model increased the figures to 68.4% and 83.4%, respectively. C indices were low, except when all-cause death was assessed as a single outcome where C was 0.79.Conclusion ‘Standard predictors’ routinely available in general practices contribute only modestly to risk assessment in consecutively sampled patients with stable coronary heart disease as ascertained at a contact not prompted by renewed cardiac complaints. Novel biomarkers may improve the assessment.Trial registration number NCT00121550.

  • Nigrisoli Wärnhjelm, Vera
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Zurlini, Fabiola
    The Case of Queen Christina of Sweden in Medical Historiography: A Historical Reconstruction and a Perspective For New Sources: II caso della storiografia medica sulla Regina Cristina di Svezia: ricostruzione storica e prospettiva per nuove fonti di ricerca2018In: 39th International Conference on History of Medicine and Science  - Book of Abstracts: XXXIX TORNATA - Conferenza lnternazionale di Storia della Medicina e della Scienza / [ed] Vesprini A., Zurlini F., Scendoni P., Fermo, 2018, p. 45-47Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Agyeiwaa Owusu, Jacqueline
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Raul Aguirre Gonzalez, Victor
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS WHICH INFLUENCE THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF SMEs: A Case Study from a Ghanaian SME. 2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:

    The purpose of this research is to develop an in-depth understanding on the environmental factors that influence the internationalization of SMEs in an emerging African market environment.

    Methods:

    The study was conducted by using a qualitative research design. To fulfil the purpose of this research, the researchers adopted the use of a single case study to explain the different aspects of the topic being studied within the emerging market context. The research was supported with primary data obtained directly from the company through interviews and also with secondary data in order to support and compare the results obtained from this research. Results were analyzed using thematic analysis with the use of the NVivo software to represent data collected.

    Results:

    The main findings of this research indicate the internationalization process of financial SMEs in an African country like Ghana is heavily influenced by the socio-cultural factors in their home market environment and the technological factors in their host markets. Again, it was realized that the internal resources of the firm, particularly the competitive advantage, remained highly relevant and influential in the internationalization process on both markets. Furthermore, it was found that the internationalization process was not only influenced by the firm’s resources or the environmental factors but also by the firm’s organizational internal processes, international activities, level of foreign experiences and firm identity.

    Conclusions:

    Environmental factors have both positive and negative influence on the internationalization process of financial SMEs in an emerging economy like Ghana. Some factors have more impact on the home market than on the host market and vice versa. In addition, the internationalization process of financial SMEs in Ghana can mostly be initiated and successful when the firm has a market gap or foothold strong enough to sustain competitive advantage in the long run on both host and home markets. More importantly, this unique edge must be buttressed by ample firm resources.

  • Isebrink, Linnea
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    En grafisk profilering för Falu Ju-jutsuklubb2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work was conducted in collaboration with Falu Ju-jutsuklubb which was in need of a graphical profile and a website. The purpose of this study was to find out how the graphical profile and website should be made to make current members proud and make it easier to recruit new members.

    A semi-structured interview was conducted with the president P. Ankarbåge to gain understanding of how they want to be perceived and what they want for the future. Through a visual content analysis understanding was gained of how ju-jutsu organizations in Sweden profile themselves and how their websites are built. Through contact with the board and members valuable information was gained, this information then was the foundation of how their new graphical profile was to be designed. The graphical profile was designed with help from Sless’ model for informationdesign.

    The result of this work was a graphical profile digest in a graphic manual complete with guidelines för logo, font, graphical elements and image manners. A mockup for their website was also made consisting of mockups for desktop and mobile usage. The response from the board and members concluded that the new material mediated their core values

    self-defence, workout and joy and that it was well suited for Ju-jutsu Swedens’ catchwords "ju-jutsu is for everyone".

  • Samuelsson, Martina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Hur ser skrivundervisningen ut i skolan?: Att undervisa i skrivandet för hand med digitaliseringen på ingång2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att ta reda på lärarens perspektiv på digitalisering och hur viktigt de anser att det är att eleverna kan skriva för hand. Genom sju intervjuer har svar från lärare i årskurserna F-6 samlats in och sammanställts. Studien behandlar vad lärare anser om digitaliseringen samt hur viktigt det är för elever att kunna skriva för hand.

    Studien visar att lärare på skolan anser att skrivning för hand är viktigt men åsikterna skiljer sig åt angående hur ofta och hur mycket de anser att eleverna behöver fortsätta skriva. Enligt informanterna är digitaliseringen viktig med tanke på hur samhället ser ut idag och hur det kommer att se ut i framtiden.

  • Hjort, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Lärares mål med undersökande arbetssätt och arbete medelevers dokumentation som stöd i arbetssättet: En kvalitativ studie om hur systematiska undersökningar i NOundervisningeni årskurs 4–6 kan utformas för att uppfylla läraresmål2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har syftat till att undersöka hur lärare i årskurs 4–6 arbetar med undersökande

    arbetssätt i NO-undervisningen för att uppfylla sina mål, samt undersöka hur lärarna använder

    elevers dokumentation som ett verktyg i arbetssättet för att stödja elevernas lärande i

    naturvetenskap. Undersökningen genomfördes som en kvalitativ metod med semistrukturerade

    intervjuer där fem naturvetenskapslärare i årskurs 4–6 medverkade. I resultatet av det

    analyserade materialet visade det sig att lärarnas mål med det undersökande arbetssättet var att

    det skulle främja intresse och nyfikenhet hos eleverna, samt stödja förståelsen för

    naturvetenskapliga begrepp, modeller och teorier. Ett annat framträdande mål var att eleverna

    skulle utveckla sin färdighet att planera och genomföra undersökningar, samt utveckla ett

    kritiskt, systematiskt och vetenskapligt förhållningssätt. Flera lärare beskrev också att de hade

    som ett mål att eleverna skulle ta ett med tiden gradvis ökat eget ansvar i att planera och göra

    val i genomförandet av undersökningar. Elevernas vana och förtrogenhet med arbetssättet i

    förhållande till lärarens förmåga att stötta och vara tillgänglig beskrevs som förutsättningar för

    att elevernas skulle kunna arbeta mer självständigt med planering och genomförande. Elevernas

    dokumentation beskrevs också som ett viktigt verktyg eller komplement för att stötta elevernas

    lärande och måluppfyllelsen i det undersökande arbetssättet. Samtidigt beskrevs vikten av att

    lärare synliggör och diskuterar dokumentationens syfte och utformning för att uppnå uppsatta

    mål med undersökande arbetssätt i NO-undervisningen.

  • Sandberg, Marielle
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Lärares uppfattning om läsförståelse: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna intervjustudie är att undersöka hur lärare motiverar sin undervisning i läsförståelse. Syftet är också att utifrån denna studies teoretiska utgångspunkter undersöka lärarnas syn på hur de anser en undervisning i läsförståelse ska bedrivas. Anser lärarna likt Vygotskij och det sociokulturella perspektivet att det är genom kommunikation och interaktion med andra som vi tillägnar oss nya kunskaper där den med större kunskap leder den med mindre kunskap eller anser lärarna likt Dewey och det pragmatiska perspektivet att det är skolan och dess undervisning som bland annat ska ge eleverna de redskap de behöver för att deras kunskap ska kunna växa? För att kunna följa upp mitt syfte har jag intervjuat sju verksamma lärare i ämnet svenska för grundskolans lägre åldrar.

    I tidigare forskning och utifrån resultaten i senaste PIRLS-undersökningen (Skolverket, 2016b) betonas det att den svenska skolan behövde bli bättre i sin undervisning med läsförståelse. Skolverket (2016a) påpekade också att läsförståelse inte bara var viktigt för en elev och dennes tillgodogörande av kunskap i ämnet svenska utan det var minst lika viktigt i alla skolans ämnen. Det framkom också att hur lärare bedrev sin undervisning i läsförståelse var betydelsefullt för elever och speciellt för de elever som ännu inte utvecklat de grundläggande och språkliga förutsättningarna som behövdes (Bråten, 2008).

    De flesta lärarna som ingår i denna studie var överens om hur en undervisning i läsförståelse bör vara och vilka faktorer som var viktiga att tänka på i undervisningen med läsförståelse samt att läsförståelse ska gå in i alla ämnena. Det framkom också att lärarna tyckte det var svårt att undervisa i läsförståelse och att det hade varit enklare att undervisa i läsförståelse om eleverna redan i förskoleklass hade förberetts med att kunna läsa och skriva så att de kunde läsa och skriva lite när de började årskurs 1.

  • Byhlin, Ida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    "Vi gör ju bedömningar hela tiden…": En studie av förskollärares uppdrag i bedömningsprocesser2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien handlar om bedömning och dokumentation i förskolan. Syftet är att problematisera frågor om bedömning i relation till förskollärarnas uppdrag i bedömningsprocesser. I studien deltar 15 förskollärare och de har, i mindre grupper, samtalat om dokumentation och bedömning utifrån att den är planerad och att den genomförs med någon form av underlag. Det empiriska material som förskollärarna i studien bidragit med har analyserats utifrån grundtanken att fenomen i samhället är socialt konstruerade och att de är påverkade av den kultur som råder. Hur och varför bedömning är relevant eller vad som värderas i bedömning är influerat av den kontext vi lever i. I analysen har Foucaults teori om makt och styrningsmentaliteter fungerat som verktyg för att få syn på förskollärarnas uppdrag i bedömningsprocesser. Fokus i studien är på hur förskollärarna styr och blir styrda. Förskollärarna i studien är å ena sidan kritiska till vissa sätt att dokumentera och bedöma och i den här studien är ett exempel på det ålder. Å andra sidan kan jag i deras samtal också utläsa att de är med och skapar den formen av bedömning som efterfrågar ålder som något att mäta mot. De styr då genom att efterfråga något att mäta mot och blir samtidigt styrda i valet av underlag att dokumentera och bedöma utifrån. Deras uppdrag är, utifrån analysen, inte styrd i traditionell mening utan de är själva med och påverkar hur styrningen ter sig.

  • Tyrbjörn, Carolina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Visuell identitet ifloristbranschen: Skapandet av logotyp och grafisk profil tillBlomAnn’s Buketter och Binderier AB2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This survey is conducted in collaboration on the client and the Florist company

    BlomAnn's Buketter och Binderier AB. The purpose of the survey is to make

    the brand consistent and convey the company's values, flexibility, originality

    and environment. In the survey, a logo and graphic profile will be created that

    results in a visual identity to BlomAnn's.

    A visual content analysis was conducted with the purpose of determining how

    other florist companies are profiling. A survey was conducted with the

    company's target group to gain views on the visual identity. Through a focus

    group, further views on the visual identity could be seen. The different data

    collection methods provided the basis for the development of the visual identity

    that would best convey BlomAnn's values.

    From the survey it has been found that it is important to convey a company's

    values through the visual material. The choice of color, typography, shape and

    choice of channels is important in communicating company values to the

    audience. The definitive visual identity shows consistency and it also

    communicates BlomAnn's values, flexibility, originality and environment,

    which was the target of the survey.

  • Pavlović, Katarina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Vägen till styrkelyftarens grafiska profil: Framtagning av logotyp och grafiskprofil för Järfälla Atletklubb2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report has been conducted in cooperation with Järfälla Atletklubb. The

    club needed help with guidelines in their graphic expressions as well as an

    updated version of their logo. Järfälla Atletklub reached out to Dalarna

    University and the writer got the assignment to work with the club. The purpose

    of the work is to create a new logo and a graphic profile for the club, compiled

    in a graphical manual. The purpose of the logo as well as the profile is also to

    reflect the athletic club's core values, strength, community and joy.

    The study has used Sless information design process as a method and strategy.

    By gaining an idea of the organization, the competitors and the club's values, a

    new graphic profile was developed. For this study, a survey was also conducted,

    as well as an experiment in which Järfälla Atletklub had to test the userfriendliness

    of the manual. The experiment was conducted with three of the club

    members. The survey was aimed at investigating how both members and the

    club's target group perceive the new graphical profile as well as whether it

    represents the club and its values.

    The survey confirmed that the generated logo represents the core values that

    Järfälla Atletklubb stands for.

    With the result of the experiment, the graphical profile/manual should only

    include a basic concept about logo, color, font and image. The manual was

    designed with a combination of text and explanatory graphics to make it as

    user-friendly as possible.

  • Nyström, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Könsstereotyper i musikbranschen: En analys av skivomslag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gender stereotypes exists in all cultures and affects both men and women from

    an early age. The music industry is not an exception and stereotypes can be seen

    and heard in everything from lyrics to music videos. However, very little seems

    to be written about gender stereotypes on album covers.

    Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze and compare how album

    covers for female and male artists differ, with focus on gender stereotypes. The

    purpose was also to examine whether a change over time have occurred when it

    comes to gender stereotypes present on album covers. Additionally, this study

    examined how gender stereotypes takes form in different cultures and genres.

    A visual analyze were made on 100 album covers. Half of them were released

    in 2006/2007 and the other half was released in 2016/2017. The number of male

    and female artist were equally divided across the different years.

    The result showed that some of the gender stereotypes that normally occur

    when males and females are photographed, also occurred on album covers.

    Other gender stereotypes were uncommon on album covers. Some changes

    could be seen over the ten-year period. Moreover, the result showed some

    differences when comparing Swedish and American artists’ album covers, and

    when comparing different genres.

    The conclusions that could be drawn from the result was that there are

    differences in how male and female artists are portrayed on their album covers.

    However, album cover pictures differ to a certain extent from how males and

    females are photographed in other situations.

  • Kumlin, Frida
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Evaldsson, Michaela
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Restaurangwebbar som ger restaurangvibbar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish internet users use Internet today to search information for time tables news and which restaurant they want to visit. In order to reduce competition on the Internet it is important that they quickly find the information they search on the websites. For a company, a website can be used to build a professional brand. The purpose of the thesis was to investigate what gave restaurant feel to restaurant websites. The survey was conducted through a visual content analysis to map the content of the websites. Thereafter, a web survey was created where the respondents were allowed to decide what they considered created restaurant vibes for them.

    Analysis showed that the restaurant web sites used few colors and images where the images took a big place on the sites. This to let the pictures speak and the visitor can focus on the message that the restaurant wants to convey. The respondents from the web site thought that the size of the images was not critical, but it was the pictures that had links to food and restaurant environments that determined a restaurant feeling.

  • Yachin, Jonathan Moshe
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies. Mid-Sweden University.
    The ‘customer journey’: Learning from customers in tourism experience encounters2018In: Tourism Management Perspectives, ISSN 2211-9736, E-ISSN 2211-9744, Vol. 28, p. 201-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For micro-tourism firms, customers are a readily-accessible and highly important knowledge source that often remains unutilised. This study explores firm–customer encounters along the customer journey as learning opportunities. Based on data collected through participant observations, interviews and a review of user-generated content, this case study provides an in-depth look into the customer journey, with a Swedish micro-tourism firm. The findings suggest that the possibility to generate knowledge about experiential purposes is conditioned by the firm's ability to bestow encounters with an experience-like quality and promote the customers' transformation into participants. This is facilitated by involving customers, adopting an experiential discourse and utilising in-situ supporting moments to socialise. Firms can also learn about customers' subjective perception of value from user-generated content. The study concludes that in the context of learning from customers, small size provides micro-tourism firms with an opportunity to engage in personal relationships with their customers.

  • Backollas, Sofia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Färgassociationer i Västvärlden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are quite a few articles that addresses the area of colour associations. Where some focus on what associations certain colours has, while others write about colour combinations or cultural and geographical differences when it gets to colour associations. Then there are articles concerning marketing and colour importance as well.

    The aim for this thesis was to create an overview of colour associations, because there is quite a bit of literature to be found about this subject. Also, to see which colours that are linked to certain associations, and to highlight the importance of colour in marketing. Eight articles concerning this subject, both scientific and experience-based articles were selected. Thereafter they were analysed and compiled into a table containing the colours associated to certain association. These tables were sorted by positive, negative and gender associations.

    The conclusion is that an association can contain multiple colours and a single colour can contain multiple associations. Black is often associated with something negative, whereas there are other colours such as orange and green that are solely positive. Something that is important to consider about marketing and colour associations is that colour is dependable in which context it is used. Which means you shouldn’t focus too much on what a single colour is associated with, but instead have in mind what context said colour are to be used in.

  • Bakker, Barbara
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Arabic.
    Arabic dystopias in the 21st century: A study on 21st century Arabic dystopian fictionthrough the analysis of four works of Arabic dystopian narrative2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Dystopian fiction as intended in the Western literary tradition is a 20

    th century phenomenon on

    the Arabic literary scene. This relatively new genre has been experiencing an uplift since the

    beginning of the 21

    st century and many works that have been defined dystopias have been

    published and translated into English in the last 10 – 15 years. In order to find out their main

    features, Claeys’s categorization of literary dystopias is applied and a thematic analysis is

    carried out on four Arabic dystopian works of narrative, written by authors from different parts

    of the Arabic world. The analysis shows that 21

    st century Arabic dystopias are political

    dystopias, with totalitarianism as their main variation. Rather than on society, their focus is on

    the individual, and more specifically on personal freedom. The totalitarian constraints are

    mainly caused by religious fundamentalism and bureaucratic procedures. Surveillance and

    control over population are implemented by means of religious precepts and bureaucratic

    constructions, together with, in some instances, control over language and technological

    devices. Political totalitarianism regardless of a specific political ideology is identified as main

    theme. The thesis suggests that a Western-based classification framework is only partially

    suitable for Arabic dystopian fiction of the 21

    st century and that further research, including but

    not limited to a specific classification theory for Arabic dystopian fiction, is necessary to

    properly investigate this new literary trend in Arabic literature.

  • Grenholm, Anton
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Grenholm, Simon
    Grön ekonomi: genom grön tillväxt eller minskat tillväxtberoende?2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Dimenäs, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Natural Science.
    Science teaching - scientific literacy in a school perspective2018In: International Journal of Advance Research in Education and Literature, ISSN 2208-2441, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article highlights professional teachers' understandingsof what they see as the mostimportant contentin science education. The study is based on conversations with professional teachers andexplorehow they understand what isthe most central contentin science education. Their understandingsare related to the importance of science in the society and to the language's importance to students' learning opportunities. The resultsof the study's interviews are analyzed usingBasil Bernstein's concept of the horizontal and vertical discourseas a framework, which demonstrates the opportunities for pupils toapproachscientific content based on a contextual understanding. How science is taught is an important question in the aspect of students comingfrom different socioeconomic conditions and withdifferent conceptions of the outside world and the science schooldiscourse. In the present study professional teachersstressthe importance of a holistic understanding of the content in science, the methodical aspects in science educationandtheconsequencesof science and technology developmentin particular. Tobe science literatein a classroomcontext means that the students will get the capacity to use scientific knowledge, to identifyquestions and to draw evidencebased conclusions in order to understand and help make decisions about the natural world and the changes made to it through human activity.

  • Dimenäs, Jörgen
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Natural Science.
    Teaching in action: A model to understand the complexity of teachers´decisions in teaching mathematics2018In: International Journal of Advance Research in Education and Literature, ISSN 2208-2441, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 10-24Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Zhang, Xingxing
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Lovati, Marco
    Vigna, Ilaria
    Widén, Joakim
    Han, Mengjie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Gál, Csilla V
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Feng, Tao
    A review of urban energy systems at building cluster level incorporating renewable-energy-source (RES) envelope solutions2018In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 230, p. 1034-1056Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The emergence of renewable-energy-source (RES) envelope solutions, building retrofit requirements and advanced energy technologies brought about challenges to the existing paradigm of urban energy systems. It is envisioned that the building cluster approach—that can maximize the synergies of RES harvesting, building performance, and distributed energy management—will deliver the breakthrough to these challenges. Thus, this paper aims to critically review urban energy systems at the cluster level that incorporate building integrated RES solutions. We begin with defining cluster approach and the associated boundaries. Several factors influencing energy planning at cluster scale are identified, while the most important ones are discussed in detail. The closely reviewed factors include RES envelope solutions, solar energy potential, density of buildings, energy demand, integrated cluster-scale energy systems and energy hub. The examined categories of RES envelope solutions are (i) the solar power, (ii) the solar thermal and (iii) the energy-efficient ones, out of which solar energy is the most prevalent RES. As a result, methods assessing the solar energy potentials of building envelopes are reviewed in detail. Building density and the associated energy use are also identified as key factors since they affect the type and the energy harvesting potentials of RES envelopes. Modelling techniques for building energy demand at cluster level and their coupling with complex integrated energy systems or an energy hub are reviewed in a comprehensive way. In addition, the paper discusses control and operational methods as well as related optimization algorithms for the energy hub concept. Based on the findings of the review, we put forward a matrix of recommendations for cluster-level energy system simulations aiming to maximize the direct and indirect benefits of RES envelope solutions. By reviewing key factors and modelling approaches for characterizing RES-envelope-solutions-based urban energy systems at cluster level, this paper hopes to foster the transition towards more sustainable urban energy systems.

  • Hofverberg, David
    Prifloat Consulting AB.
    Studentenkät 2018: Högskolan Dalarna2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Nej, vi bör inte höja trösklarna för arbetskraftsinvandring och asylsökande – utan snabba på integrationen2018In: Dalarnas Tidningar (DT), , p. 1article id 2018-09-05Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Holmberg, Lina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Effekten av chunking och association vid inlärningen av kinesiska tecken2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Learning Chinese characters is challenging for many people, especially for those who were not born in Chinese-speaking countries. Applying the theory of chunking, constructing stories containing compound characters as mnemonic techniques to form associations within the learners, this study examines if this method can facilitate immediate learning and retention of Chinese characters. A case study strategy is adopted and a native language teaching class of Chinese in Sweden with six pupils is chosen as the case. Six participants were divided into an experimental group and a control group. The participants in the experimental group learned Chinese characters with the method of chunking and association, while the control group learned characters with the stroke order. The tests results indicated that the experimental group received better results than the control group, especially in the character tests. The experimental group used chunking, radicals and associative interpretations as strategies in the character and meaning tests. The control group on the other hand passed the meaning tests very well. Surprisingly, the control group also used associative interpretation and only scored lower than the experimental group by a small margin in the meaning tests. The experimental group experienced that chunking a character into its corresponding chunks and radicals facilitates the memorization of characters. Consequently, this case study concludes that the method of chunking and association is beneficial for the understanding and learning of Chinese characters. This case study also concludes that the knowledge of the method of chunking and association can improve the learning of the meaning of characters.

  • Nilsson, Joanna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Talrädsla ur ett elevperspektiv: En kvalitativ undersökning om elevernas erfarenheter av talrädsla och klassrummets maktstruktur2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har min egen studie,

    När kommunikationen brister (Nilsson, 2018) bakom sig i vilken fokus läggs på forskningens skillnader mellan å ena sidan pedagogiskt å andra sidan psykologiskt sätt att se på talrädsla som ett problem för den didaktiska praktiken i svenskämnet. Denna undersökning av talrädslan intar ett elevperspektiv med syfte att se till elevernas erfarenheter av sin talrädsla samt hur eleverna tycker att läraren utövar makt i det pedagogiska klassrummet och svenskundervisningen. Det teoretiska ramverket består av Maurice Merleau-Pontys teori om kroppens fenomenologi för att analysera elevernas erfarenheter av talrädsla och Michel Foucaults teoretiska tankar om makt, vilket innebär att det inte finns kunskap som är oberoende av makt eller makt som är oberoende av kunskap. Resultatet av studien visar talrädslans mångfacetterade uttryckssidor och elevernas erfarenheter tyder på didaktiska och pedagogiska problem när det kommer till övning för att uppnå jämvikt mellan kropp och medvetande. Resultatet visar också på vilket sätt maktstrukturer påverkar de elever som lider av talrädsla då eleverna söker empati och trygghet i klassrummet samt förmåga att anpassa muntliga framträdanden till mindre grupper. För att eleverna ska kunna uppnå jämvikt mellan kropp och medvetande efterfrågas lärarens utövning av makt för en inordnad och disciplinerad undervisning.

  • Franke, Franziska
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, French.
    L’enseignement des stratégies de communication dans les langues étrangères en cadre scolaire2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore existing teaching methods for communication strategies in foreign language teaching in schools. The literature review shows that teaching methods are based on the concepts of awareness, exemplification and application / training. There are several factors that influence the development of communicative competence (including strategic competence): authentic and real task types, target language as the primary means of communication and metacognition.

  • Carlsson, Alexandra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Tängerfors, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Framtagning av Rockmotion Films visuella identitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of moving pictures has become far more common. Since more people

    use moving pictures it has become more important for film producers to

    distinguish themselves from their competitors with a visual identity. This study

    has been conducted in collaboration with Rockmotion Film HB, a company

    specialized in making videos for music and entertainment businesses. Since the

    beginning Rockmotion Film have been missing a complete visual identity

    which for a company is necessary to be seen as serious.

    The purpose with this study was to create a new visual identity and redesign the

    existing logotype based on Rockmotion Film’s core values and vision. The

    study began with a semi-structured interview with the company to gather

    necessary information about the company. In addition, a visual content analysis

    was made to gain perception of the competitors' visual identities. Through

    surveys and a focus group, the produced material has been tested to obtain a

    final suggestion.

    The result of this thesis is a simple and catching visual identity that complies

    with the core values, personal, youthful and professional as well as the client's

    vision of the visual identity.

  • Newstam, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Widlert, Annika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Visuell identitet åt Café Forsnäs – ett arbetsintegrerande socialt företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This survey is conducted in collaboration with Café Forsnäs. The purpose of the

    survey was to find out how the visual identity of Café Forsnäs work integration

    social enterprise should look to convey their value and vision, humanity.

    The study starts with a semi-structured interview with Café Forsnäs for a deeper

    insight into the company's value and vision. A visual observation was performed

    with the purpose of gaining an overview of how other work integration social

    enterprises choose to profile themselves. A semi-structured interview was

    conducted with an already established company with social goals with the

    purpose of finding out how other social enterprises look at their visual identity.

    A further semi-structured interview was conducted with employees in a

    company with social goals. The purpose was to find out if the visual expression

    of a company was a decisive factor in the search for an internship or workplace.

    A survey was conducted with the aim of exploring how Café Forsnäs vision was

    best served: a charitable, organic café in the country. Based on the survey,

    design work began in close cooperation with the client.

    From the survey it has been found that companies with social goals usually do

    not prioritize their visual identity. It also emerged that it is very important for a

    work integration social enterprise to appear structured and serious towards

    authorities and partners. Research shows that a clear visual identity contributes

    to a serious impression and the conclusion that can be drawn is that a work

    integration social enterprise should therefore have a visual identity that clearly

    communicates the company's vision.

    The visual identity was created on the basis of the visual sentiment of the

    questionnaire and on the basis of discussions with the client.

  • Mikhaylov, Nikita
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Russian. Uppsala University.
    The Route Instrumental: A Historical Perspective, On the Use of Bare Instrumental Of Space in Eighteenth-Century Russian2013In: Slovo: Journal of Slavic Languages, Literatures and Cultures , ISSN 2001-7395, Vol. 54, p. 74-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the use of the bare Instrumental case as a means of expressing spatial semantics in Russian literary sources from the eighteenth century. In modern Russian, the function of such Instrumental is somewhat limited to expressing a route or, rather, a physical setting through which a trajectory of motion lies. In the meantime, analysis of caseusage in works written during the period of transition from Middle Russian to the modern literary language makes it possibleto determine those spheres in which the bare Instrumental regularly appeared but has since grown obsolete. Major differences with the present-day situation are revealed, while the numbers demonstrate which uses of the bare Instrumental of space remained a language norm in the 1700s and also which competing case forms provide for syntactic variation.

  • Larsson, Jenny
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Kreativ svacka ur en grafisk designers perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A definition of creativity can be described as an ability to find solutions to

    problems that do not yet have an answer. To provide an ability is to know how

    to go about it and such can be developed through practice and training, you only

    must know how. A problem usually appears while in a process and in a state of

    ignorance, it may even seem that no solution is good enough. Graphic designers

    are dependent on their creative thinking and it would be damaging, career wise,

    if this ability would disappear. The question then is how graphic designers takes

    themselves out of a creative dip? When the ability to find a solution is not

    sufficient and when the creative way of thinking is blocked, how do you handle

    it, when in doubt, and what general proceedings is there to embrace? These are

    questions answered in my work based on collected facts. The interviews and

    analyzes carried out from the basis for the results and are presented here in form

    of 6 different themes: Training, Time, Pause, Help, Fight and Self-awareness.

  • Henriksson, Magdalena
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Framtagning av en reklamkampanj för att få fler tjejer att börja spela ishockey2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to design an advertising campaign to get more

    girls to start playing ice hockey. The study investigated how an advertising

    campaign could be designed and what channels it should be marketed in to

    reach girls aged 12–20 years.

    A survey was conducted to understand what ice hockey players thought about

    ice hockey. The result of the survey was the basis for the campaign idea. A

    research on the target group and a visual content analysis was performed to get

    knowledge of which campaign units and design elements that could be used in

    designing the campaign. The advertising campaign was made after Sless’ model

    measuring information design.

    The result of the study was a step-by-step process in the creation of an

    advertising campaign. The study also resulted in a complete advertising

    campaign to recruit more girls to play ice hockey in Falun. The respondents’

    answers showed that the campaign material largely suited to attract girls to start

    playing ice hockey.

  • Frisk, Liselotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Korsell, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Stier, Jonas (Editor)
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Förtroendevaldas trygghet i Ludvika kommun2018Report (Other academic)
  • Blomberg, Helena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Båtefalk, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Stier, Jonas (Editor)
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Extremistisk ideologi i den retoriska kampen om sanningen: fallet Nordiska motståndsrörelsen på sociala medier och i lokalpress2018Report (Other academic)
  • Söderling, Linnea
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Mechanical Engineering.
    Minimering av resursanvändning för ett CIP-system: Undersökning med faktorförsök2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this degree project is to explore the possibility of reducing the use

    of resources in performing a so-called clean-in-place cleaning. The work answers

    questions about the possibilities that are available to streamline the process or to

    reduce media consumption by shortening rinse times in the cleaning process. The

    main method on which the work is based is factor attempts through trial planning.

    This is a method of structuring trials with several correlating factors. The factors

    that have been altered, with the goal of making resources use more efficient, are a

    reduction of the caustic temperature for cleaning, using different amounts of

    additives in the caustic solution and a shortened time for the last cold water rinse

    in the cleaning process. The analysis shows that approved results for cleaning are

    also obtained after changes have been made. A large part of the work has been

    focused on understanding the system's structure and function. Recycling waste

    water to a greater extent and using a lower caustic concentration could possibly

    allow to further reduce resource consumption.

  • Norman, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Tyst i klassen?: En systematisk litteraturstudie om tysta och blyga elevers klassrumsarbete2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vissa elever i svenska skolan väljer att sitta tysta i klassrummet. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att utröna vad aktuell forskning säger om "tysta elever" och vilka konsekvenser denna tystnad kan få för dessa elevers prestationer i klassrummet. De frågor som ställdes för att besvara studiens syfte var: ”Varför väljer vissa elever att vara tysta?” och ”På vilket sätt påverkas tysta elevers prestationer i ämnet svenska?”. En systematisk litteraturstudie genomfördes och fyra studier användes för att besvara syftet och de ställda frågorna. Resultatet visar att det finns många anledningar till varför elever väljer att vara tysta. Exempel på dessa anledningar kan vara blyghet, talängslan, ointresse, tidspress och mobbing. Resultatet visar också till viss del att tysta och blyga elever riskerar att få svårt att utveckla de färdigheter som målen i svenska kräver. Denna studie belyser också vikten av att fler studier inom detta område görs i Sverige.

  • Huq, Asif
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    How does accounting and auditing regulations affect firm growth and cost of capital?2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis provides an understanding of how new audit regulation affect firm growth and how audits affect the cost of capital. To investigate the effect of audit reforms on employment growth, we exploited a Swedish reform made in November 2010 that gave certain firms the option to opt out of previously imposed statutory audits. We find that firms which fulfilled the requirements for voluntary auditing, compared to a control group of similar firms that did not, increased their employment growth rate by 0.39%. Furthermore, the reform was also exploited to investigate if audited financial statements add value for firms in the private debt market. We find that firms with audited financial statements, on average, save 1.26 percentage points on cost of debt compared to firms with unaudited financial statements. Thus, the reform creates a possibility for firms that have the ambition to grow in employment to do so by not auditing, and those who want to grow by investments in capital to do so by reducing the cost of such investments by auditing. However, the current ceiling of the reform is also likely to force some firms to operate at sub-optimal levels, those without having the option to opt out of audit even though they might not accrue any benefit from auditing, at least in the short-run. One can argue that is partly due to how institutions evolve, generally slower than other actors in the society do.

  • Ivert, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Malmström, Håkan
    Hammar, Niklas
    Carlsson, Axel C
    Wändell, Per E
    Holzmann, Martin J
    Jungner, Ingmar
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Karolinska Institutet.
    Walldius, Göran
    Cardiovascular events in patients under age fifty with early findings of elevated lipid and glucose levels - The AMORIS study2018In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 8, article id e0201972Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The long-term trajectories of lipid and glucose levels in subjects who experience a major cardiovascular (CV) event at a young age has not been well studied. Our objective was to investigate lipid, lipoprotein, apolipoprotein (apo), and glucose levels in individuals experiencing a CV event before 50 years of age.

    METHODS AND FINDINGS: A first CV event [non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), coronary revascularisation, or CV related death] before age 50 was recorded in 2,939 (cumulative incidence 1.2% in males and 0.3% in females) of 361,353 individuals included in the prospective Swedish AMORIS (Apolipoprotein-related MOrtality RISk) study with health examinations 1985-1996 and follow-up through 2011. In a nested case-control analysis, cases with a CV event were matched to randomly selected controls. Population risk factor trajectories were calculated up to 20 years prior to an event. Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and glucose levels were higher in cases than in controls as early as 20 years prior to the event with differences increasing over time. Low density lipoprotein, apoB, and the apoB/apoA-1 ratio were higher and increased over time, while HDL and apoA-1 were lower in cases compared to controls. The odds ratio was 2.5 (95% confidence interval 1.6-3.7) for TC ≥5 mmol/L and TG ≥1.7 mmol/L in cases versus controls. The adjusted population-attributable fractions including lipids, glucose, diabetes, smoking, hypertension, and obesity indicated that about 50% of CV events before age 50 may be associated with elevated lipid and glucose levels.

    CONCLUSIONS: Elevated TC, TG, LDL, apoB, and glucose levels and high apoB/apo A-1 ratio documented two decades before a CV event in subjects younger than 50 years may account for about half of CV events before age 50, which calls for early recognition and possibly treatment of modifiable CV risk factors in young individuals.

  • Li, G.
    et al.
    Tang, L.
    Zhang, Xingxing
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Dong, J.
    Xiao, M.
    Factors affecting greenhouse microclimate and its regulating techniques: a review2018In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2018, Vol. 167, no 1, article id 012019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews factors affecting greenhouse microclimate and its regulating techniques towards upgrading the greenhouse applications in the area of southeast China which have little or very basic technology integration. The microclimate of greenhouse is apparently influenced by the shape and its orientation, the wind direction, the property of covering material, and the use of insect-proof screen as they eventually affect the total solar radiation, the thermal characterises, and the flow pattern inside. The natural ventilation and sun block are the most common method to cool the greenhouse, but more efficient evaporative cooling such as pad-fan system, misting/fogging system and roof sprinkler are required with extreme temperatures. The earth to air heat exchanger and the heat storage using phase change material may be used for heating or cooling throughout the year which are more economic and energy-saving than other traditional thermal technologies. The reviewed knowledge provides insights into upgrading greenhouse applications in Ningbo area towards more sustainable and efficient greenhouse farming.