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  • Forsberg, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Intersektionalitet och religionskunskap: En litteraturstudie om begreppet intersektionalitet och dess användning i relation till religionskunskapens ämnesplan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka begreppet intersektionalitet samt föra en diskussion kring användningen av detta begrepp i relation till ämnesplanen i religionskunskap på gymansienivå. Studien utgår ifrån tre frågeställningar; Hur ser den historiska utvecklingen för begreppet intersektionalitet ut? Hur används begreppet intersektionalitet inom den samtida svenska forskningen samt hur kan det intersektionella perspektivet i ämnesplanen tolkas i relation till den aktuella forskningen?

    I studien har litteratur sökts och valts ut dels utifrån dess relevans i relation till studiens frågeställningar. Litteratursökningen resulterade i 16 olika artiklar och bokkapitel som på olika sätt behandlar begreppet intersektionalitet.

    Studien är indelad i tre delar, där varje artikel presenterats separat. Varje del i undersökningen avslutas med en jämförande analys vars syfte är att hitta likheter och skillnader i artiklarnas framställning av begreppet intersektionalitet och det intersektionella perspektivet. Studien avslutas med en diskussion där resultatet från undersökningen sätts i relation till Skolverkets framställning av det intersektionella perspektivet i ämnesplanen för religionskunskap på gymnasienivå samt dess kommentarmaterial.

  • Kurdia, Ali
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Consequences of Nordic Conditions on the Performance of Large-Scale Building Applied PV Installations2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aimed for a better understanding of the Nordic weather conditions in terms of snow induced soiling on the performance and production of an established photovoltaic plant located on the roof of Økern nursing home, Oslo.

    In order to realize the main aim, several steps had to be done in preparation of the main analysis, these steps in fact are as important to this thesis as the main deliverable.

    The search for appropriate meteorological data proved to be not an easy task because of the scarcity of ground measurement stations, and the high inaccuracies in satellite observations.

    After analyzing all the sources with available data for the region of Oslo, three sources of data were chosen based on comparisons to an onsite set of reference measurements, these are the Blindern meteo station, the NASA SSE satellite derived observations, and the STRANG data base.

    A model of the actual system was created in PVsyst, exceptional attention to the level of detail was exercised in order to approach the case of eliminating any source of variation in the simulated models other than the required study parameter, the soiling.

    Simulations of many system variants ultimately resulted in the aggregation of a soiling loss profile to be used in conjunction with each of the meteo sources to predict the snow induced soiling consequences on the system.

    The soiling loss profiles were tested and the results compared to actual system production measurements, and it was successful in introducing the correction the model needed to simulate the system closely to reality.

    However, absolute change in production figures is relatively small, therefore, this study and any future continuation of it is oriented into research and improvement as it possess minimal impact on a commercial application.

  • Lundberg, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Toward a New Social Contract? The Participation of Civil Society in Swedish Welfare Policymaking, 1958–20122017In: VOLUNTAS - International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, ISSN 0957-8765, E-ISSN 1573-7888, 1-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In contribution to current debates on the changing roles and responsibilities of civil society in welfare state arrangements, I examined the participation of various types of civil society organizations in national welfare policymaking in Sweden between 1958 and 2012. Drawing upon an extensive dataset of over 1400 civil society, state, and for-profit organizations, I tested three claims related to the role and responsibility of civil society in the governance of welfare: the changing balance between corporatist and welfare organizations, the shift from voice to service, and another shift from nonprofit organizations to FPOs. My results revealed weak but emerging trends aligned with changing patterns of corporatism and the marketization of Sweden’s welfare system. However, support for any shift from voice to service remains uncertain.

  • Graefenhain, Marcus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Energy Yield Simulation Analysis of Bifacial PV Installations in the Nordic Climate2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, commercial softwares for PV system simulation released bifacial extensions. While research laboratories have developed their own simulation tools, in both cases it is imperative to display their applicability, as well as continuously assess their accuracy and/or limitations in practice, i.e. for different bifacial PV systems and field conditions. This paper presents a design and energy yield simulation study of two bifacial PV systems installed and operating in Nordic climate conditions, i.e. in Vestby, Norway (

    System 1) and in Halmstad, Sweden (System 2). The aim of this study is:

    • • To validate and compare the accuracy of two bifacial PV simulation tools newly featured in the software platforms of PVsyst and Polysun respectively, against real-field energy yield data.

    Each investigated system is modeled and analyzed with both simulation tools, resulting in four individual case stu

    dies. Further details on the systems’ monitoring set-up, the data input, modeling steps, and the involved uncertainties are presented in this paper.

    The results of the four case studies show higher percent deviations (both monthly and hourly data) between simulated energy results and real energy results during winter periods compared to summer periods. System 1 had a lower bifacial gain (around 2%) than System 2 which ranges from 2% in summer periods to 25% during winter.

    The collected field data had too high of an uncertainty to determine whether the bifacial PV simulation extensions are accurate within a certain tolerance. The reason for higher simulation inaccuracy in the winter is due to: lower production, higher uncertainty in albedo, and more diffuse irradiation.

    It is recommended for the bifacial PV simulation extensions include options for considering a variable albedo. The bifacial gain in System 2 was higher in the winter because of the higher albedo value given whereas in System 1, the albedo value was kept constant. Further parametric studies should be conducted on the bifacial gain using vertical mounted bifacial PV modules oriented east and west for Nordic climate conditions.

  • Korde, Anukool
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Assessment of a Solar PV Re-Powering Project in Sweden Using Measured and Simulated Data2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Re-powering solar PV plants is an upcoming discussion on the global stage. Although the respective component warranties indicate the time to change the system machinery, the methodology and justification for carrying this out are two aspects that need further study.

    The rooftop solar PV system on top of Dalarna University was re-positioned in 2014. Prior to installing the system in its new position, the system arrays were reconfigured and new inverters were installed.

    This thesis aimed to compare and analyze two sections of the solar power plant to understand which amongst them performs better. Graphs depicting energy, current, voltage and other parameters were formulated to ascertain the efficacy of the array configurations for this Nordic latitude.

    Thereafter, PVsyst and SAM were used to compare the simulated results with the actual output from the system.

    It was found that the measured energy output from one section of the solar power plant was higher than that of the other during 2014. On an annual basis, this difference was 21.5 kWh or 2%. On closer inspection, this contrast was attributed to a difference in yield early in the morning.

    Further, PVsyst simulated the annual energy with a deviation of less than 1% than what was measured, whereas SAM measured a deviation in energy measurement of 2.5% higher than the actual measured energy. These values were obtained using the detailed design options for both softwares. A point to keep in mind is that prior experience of working with both these softwares is recommended prior to carrying out the simulations on these softwares.

    An underlying point to note in this study is its limitations. This study is valid in the northern latitudes, such as the Nordic climates, since other regions would not have such low (sub-zero) temperatures to account for while sizing the inverter. In regions of high irradiance, a system re-powered in a way such as the system in this case would have higher clipping losses.

    Relevant previous studies and related topics have been visited, summarized and cited.

  • Fredriksson, Jessica
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Att läsa eller icke läsa, det är frågan: Högstadieelevers läsvanor och attityder till fiktionstexter2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den kvantitativa studien är att undersöka högstadieelevers läsvanor och attityder till fiktionstexter. Mot bakgrund av olika synsätt på svenskämnet, läroplanen, förståelsen av de svenska elevernas sjunkande läsförståelse, forskning om vilka fördelarna med fiktionsläsning är kontra vad som gör fiktionsläsning intressant samt tidigare forskning, har 31 elevers och åtta lärares enkätsvar sammanställts och granskats. Resultatet visar att i den undersökta elevgruppen är intresset för fiktionstexter och läsning av densamma tämligen lågt. Av elevernas enkätsvar kan man utläsa en marginell eller ingen skillnad mellan pojkars och flickors läsvanor och inställning till fiktionstexter. Däremot menade lärarna att flickor var mer positiva till fiktionstexter och även hade en högre läsförståelse. Vidare visar resultatet att fiktionsläsning hos högstadieelever har minskat och intresset för fiktionstexter är lägre än tidigare. Den huvudsakliga anledningen till detta är den digitala revolutionen som gör att eleverna tillbringar mycket tid uppkopplade framför skärmar och väljer att titta på filmer och serier, istället för att till exempel läsa en bok.

  • Snell, Charis
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Mathematics Education.
    Programmering för matematisk problemlösning i årskurs 7-9: Hur hänger det ihop?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur programmering för matematisk problemlösning kan integreras i matematikundervisning i årskurs 7-9. Skolverket har nyligen ändrat kursplanen för matematik så att programmering för matematisk problemlösning inkluderas i det centrala innehållet. För att undersöka syftet genomfördes studien i två delar. Lärare med programmeringskompetens intervjuades om hur de anser att programmering för matematisk problemlösning kan integreras i matematikundervisning. Två programmeringsverktyg undersöktes för att få svar på vilka möjligheter till arbete med matematisk problemlösning programmeringsverktyg erbjuder. Resultaten analyserades utifrån Bernsteins teori om klassifikation och inramning och visar att det finns många olika sätt att integrera programmering i matematikundervisning. Stora möjligheter finns för integrering av programmering för matematisk problemlösning med det centrala innehållet i kursplanen för matematik. Olika verktyg, uppgifter och arbetssätt erbjuder olika pedagogiska möjligheter.

  • Jonsson, Helena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Motivational Strategies in Language Learning: Pupils’ in grade 4-6 and their teachers’ perception of the effect of motivational strategies in the English classroom2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To master English is a clear advantage in Swedish society and throughout compulsory school, the English subject is mandatory in each grade. Language learning is a lengthy and demanding task that requires effort and determination. Consequently, it is crucial to sustain motivation among the learners, which requires motivational and conscious teaching. There are a number of strategies that through research have indicated motivational capacity. In this empirical study, teachers’ and pupils’ perception of the motivational influence of different strategies were examined. The method was quantitative and surveys were used to collect data from the teachers (N=10) and the pupils (N=142). The results show that the teachers regard their own behavior and a stimulating, varied teaching as most important, whilst the pupils prioritize clear and understandable instructions and are concerned with a pleasant classroom climate, where humour is present and where it is safe to make mistakes. In addition, the results indicate that teachers, as well as pupils, are not particularly interested of a transmission of responsibility from the teachers to the pupils.

  • Israelsson, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Pedagogers användande av digitala verktyg inom läs- och skrivundervisning: En enkät- och intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vad pedagoger har för erfarenheter av att använda sig av digitala verktyg i undervisningen av andraspråkselever och elever med läs – och skrivsvårigheter samt hur det påverkar inlärningen. Syftet är även att ta reda på hur pedagogerna beskriver hur digitala verktyg gynnar läs -och skrivinlärningen. Intresset är att synliggöra datorns betydelse i undervisning. Jag har gjort en enkät- och en intervjustudie med syftet att få reda på om digitala hjälpmedel hjälper elever som har läs- och skrivsvårigheter samt andraspråkselever i sin läs – och skrivutveckling. Litteraturen som använts är artiklar och studier angående detta område. Enkäten innefattar 9 påståenden som skickas ut via slutna grupper på sociala medier till lärare och specialpedagoger, en så kallad webbenkätsundersökning. Påståendena från enkäten har formulerats om till frågor som används i mina intervjuer med tre lärare. Intervjun består av 7 huvudfrågor samt följdfrågor och två lärare och en specialpedagog är informanter. Fokus kommer att ligga på användandet av digitala verktyg i undervisningen samt om detta visat någon effekt för elevers lärande. Digitala verktyg i läs- och skrivundervisning fick många positiva reaktioner och många uppfattade det som att eleverna lärde sig lättare med dessa hjälpmedel. Det som också framkom var att användandet av digitala verktyg inte är så utbrett som man skulle kunna tänka sig i vår redan så digitaliserade värld.

  • Jönsson, Helena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Motivational Strategies in Language Learning: Pupils’ in grade 4-6 and their teachers’ perception of the effect of motivational strategies in the English classroom2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To master English is a clear advantage in Swedish society and throughout compulsory school, the English subject is mandatory in each grade. Language learning is a lengthy and demanding task that requires effort and determination. Consequently, it is crucial to sustain motivation among the learners, which requires motivational and conscious teaching. There are a number of strategies that through research have indicated motivational capacity. In this empirical study, teachers’ and pupils’ perception of the motivational influence of different strategies were examined. The method was quantitative and surveys were used to collect data from the teachers (N=10) and the pupils (N=142). The results show that the teachers regard their own behavior and a stimulating, varied teaching as most important, whilst the pupils prioritize clear and understandable instructions and are concerned with a pleasant classroom climate, where humour is present and where it is safe to make mistakes. In addition, the results indicate that teachers, as well as pupils, are not particularly interested of a transmission of responsibility from the teachers to the pupils.

  • Leo, Fia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Hur lärare i årskurs 1-3 tillämpar lek som undervisningsform i engelskundervisningen: – en intervjustudie om lärares erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att använda lek i undervisningen är något som diskuteras allt mer i skolans värld i Sverige. Syftet med examensarbetet är att undersöka

    hur lärare i årskurs 1-3 tillämpar lek som metod i engelskundervisningen men också varför lärare tycker att leken är betydelsefull i undervisningen. Som forskningsmetod har en kvalitativ metod i form av intervju genomförts och studien bygger på åtta intervjuer med lärare som alla är verksamma lärare i ämnet engelska för årskurs 1-3. Studiens utgångspunkt ligger i det sociokulturella perspektivet.

    Resultatet visar att de intervjuade lärarna anser att lek som undervisningsmetod är viktig för att bidra till att hjälpa eleverna utveckla sitt språkbruk och för att bli motiverade att använda det engelska språket. Lärarna använder sig av varierande lekfulla undervisningsformer för att stimulera eleverna i deras språkutveckling. Ur lärarnas synvinkel tillägnar sig eleverna nya kunskaper när det sker på ett lustfyllt sätt och lärarna är positiva till att använda lek i undervisningen. Resultatet visar även att det finns negativa aspekter gällande användandet av lek i engelskundervisningen. Slutsatser som dras är att en tillämpning av lek i språkundervisningen skapar möjligheter för alla elever i undervisningen och därigenom lättare att möta eleverna på deras nivå. Ämnen för fortsatt forskning kunde vara att ta reda på hur eleverna ser på lek som undervisningsform samt om olika lekfulla verktyg kan resultera i att klasskillnader uppstår i skolan.

  • Public defence: 2017-12-01 10:00 FÖ5, Falun
    Hunter Lindqvist, Steven
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work. Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    What and How Students Perceive They Learn When Doing Mini-Companies in Upper Secondary School2017Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to gain more in-depth knowledge into what Swedish upper secondary school students perceive they learn, and the factors that students perceive affect learning, when they start and run mini-companies within the Junior Achievement Company Program.  The data is comprised of interviews with eleven students each of whom ran a mini-company with other students. Situated learning theory, experiential learning theory and theoretical concepts on reflection in learning were used to analyze and further understand the data.

    The results reveal that the students talk about, and appear to convey, equal importance upon learning general skills as learning business skills when doing their mini-companies. Students describe using general skills they improved while running their mini-companies in other school activities and non-school activities leading to better performance in these activities. Doing business activities triggers learning and provides students with an opportunity to further develop, and learn multiple aspects, of skills.

    Students identify many factors, such as time, autonomy, assessment, and deadlines, which they associate with their mini-companies. On the whole, they say these factors have a positive effect on learning both business and general skills, however some factors can also inhibit learning. An analysis of all the factors students identified reveals that they originate, or are influenced by, multiple contexts such as school, the Swedish Junior Achievement organization, and the business environment. Together these factors can be said to create a special school community of practice for their mini-company project. Students point out significant differences between their mini-company project, and other school projects they have previously done, thus providing valuable insight into the importance of project design in relation to learning skills and possible pedagogical implications regarding learning general skills in other school projects.

  • Johansson, Oskar
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Bad or even worse: Exploring the critical decisions of Japan in 1940 and 1941, in the light of contemporary neoclassical realism2017Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Several contemporary theories in the neo-realist corpus, modifies earlier assumptions about unit level behavior. The explanatory value of these theories has to be tested. The aim of this research, was to test the explanatory value of Davide Fiammenghis theory about the security curve, and Nuno P. Monteiros theory about unipolarity. In order to test the theories, a case study was designed where Japans aggression against the USA in 1941, was used as a least-likely case. Inspired by the idea from neo-classical realism, that the perceptions of decisions makers can vary considerably from real conditions, I used primary sources to study the perceptions and calculations inside the Japanese government. Three critical foreign policy decisions, made by the Japanese government in 1940 and 1941 were analyzed. Fimmenghis theory were first rejected, yet when it was modified to fit the condition of asymmetric economic dependence, it fit well the data. The study also indicated, that Monteiros theory can explain state behavior, if a state anticipates that it could end up in unipolar, international system.

  • Haglund, Hampus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Söderholm, David
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Allsvenska huvudsponsorers sponsring: En studie om mål, aktivering och koppling till kostnadsstorlek2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sponsorship in Sweden is a billion crown industry and sports gets the biggest part of that sum. The highest soccer league in Sweden, Allsvenskan, has clubs that rely heavily on sponsorship money to make the business run. Each club has sponsors in different categories depending on much they invest. This study will focus on the main sponsors in each club that pay the clubs the largest amount.

    Our purpose is to increase the understanding about which objectives with sponsorship that are most established among main sponsors to clubs in Allsvenskan. Also to examine if they activate their sponsorship and if the size of the investment affect the sponsorship objective. To do this we identified the most common objectives with sponsorship from literature and let main sponsors of clubs in Allsvenskan respond to how important each of these objectives were to their sponsorship. We also included questions regarding activation and size of investment.

    This study shows which objectives with sponsorship that are most established to main sponsors of clubs in Allsvenskan. Objectives of more external character regarding exposure seemed more important than other objectives. The objective of Brand awareness scored the highest result. The study also underlines the notion that swedish sponsors are bad at activating their sponsorship, some of the participating sponsors didn’t activate their sponsorship at all. Because most participants did not answer the question about how much they invest in the club the study to some degree fail to categorise objectives with sponsorship in regards to how big the investment is.

  • Aracil-Flügel, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Hur applicerar lärare Total Physical Response i undervisningen för att utveckla den språkliga förmågan i engelska som andraspråk?: En empiriskstudie om användning av TPR- metoden enligt engelsklärare i årskurserna 1–3.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Total Physical Response, TPR 1, är en inlärningsmetod som bygger på att läraren förmedlar instruktioner på engelska genom aktiviteter där rörelser, lekar, sång eller bilder ingår. Eleverna visar gensvar genom att uttrycka förståelse där kroppsspråket används i form av gester, miner och andra rörelser. Tidigare utländsk forskning indikerar positiv effekt vid användning av TPR i engelskundervisningen därav har ett intresse hos mig väckts för TPR som forskningsområde.

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka tillämpningen av TPR-metoden i engelskundervisning inom årskurser 1–3. Frågeställningarna är:

     Hur definierar engelsklärare i studien TPR-metoden?

     På vilket sätt appliceras TPR i undervisningen inom årskurserna 1–3 enligt engelsklärare i studien?

     I vilken omfattning beskriver studiens engelsklärare användningen av TPR-metoden i undervisningen inom årskurserna 1–3?

    Studien utgörs av sju halvstrukturerade intervjuer med verksamma engelsklärare inom årskurserna 1–3 i två kommuner i Svealand.

    I resultatet framkom det att flera av lärarna i studien saknade vetskap om TPR-metoden men trots det använder sig utav aktiviteter som innefattar rörelser, lekar, sång eller bilder i engelskundervisningen. Hur lärarna applicerar TPR i undervisningen diskuteras utifrån valda teoretiska perspektiv där bland annat filosofen John Deweys uttryckssätt learning by doing använts.

  • Mononen, Kaarina
    et al.
    Helsingin yliopisto.
    Straszer, Boglárka
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Monikieliset ikääntyvät ihmiset ja monimuotoiset kielten repertuaarit: miten kielivalintoja ja suhdetta kieliin kuvataan kielellistä elämäkertaa valaisevassa haastattelussa?2017In: Kielitietoisuus eriarvoistuvassa yhteiskunnassa: Language awareness in an increasingly unequal society / [ed] Sirkku Latomaa, Emilia Luukka, Niina Lilja, Jyväskylä: AFinLA , 2017, 133-160 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • Recensioner1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 1, 88-111 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Sohlberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ekström, Mats
    Högskolan i Örebro.
    Debatt. Finns det för få orsaker inom sociologin?- En replik till diskussionen om det oförklarade1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 1, 74-87 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Diaz, Jose Alberto
    Uppsala universitet.
    ”Flyktingvännerna” - altruism, attitydkonsistens och sociala profil1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 1, 56-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Friends of refugees - On refugee altruism, attitude inconsistency and sociological derminants

    This article presents an analysis of attitudes towards immigrants within the Swedish population based on a national representative sample of 1030 people (originally collected by the Swedish Institute for Opinion Research, SIFO, in 1993). The analysis focuses on sociological dimensions and profiles on the category of people who are generally positive towards refugees and immigrants. This is tentatively defines here as ”refugee alturism”. Frequencies of the two survey items used to operationalize this term show that its social dimensionis quite limited. The analysis reports several manifestations of ”attitude inconsistency” within this category, for instance 1) many people who would like Sweden to take in more immigrants demand at the same tame that the immigration rules should be more restrictive, or do not believe that immigrations entails benefits for the country; 2) people who believe that immigration implies benefits for the country want more restrictive immigration rules. Another unexpected finding concerns the low level of social interaction between refugee-altruistic Swedes and immigrants. Many respondents who answer that immigration is good for the country, or who want Sweden to let in more foreigners do not interact themselves much with foreigners. Finally, a multivariate analysis tests the relevance of three sets of explanatory variables. Gender, age and ethnicity show a weak single impact on attitudes when all the effects are controlled. Variables such as education, white-collar position and employment in the public sector, as well as social resources (people who have partners and children) are important in predicting positive attitudes towards immigrants.

  • Lidskog, Rolf
    Högskolan i Örebro.
    Sociologins objekt eller politikens begrepp? Reflektioner kring begreppet ”civilt samhälle”1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 1, 31-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Civil society - Object of sociology or concept in politics?

    This paper starts by investigating the different meanings and usages of the concept of ”civil society.” An overview singles out the two dominant perspectives in current discussions: the neoliberal and the neomarxist perspectives. Thereafter, the paper examines what sociologists mean when claiming that civil society is the object of sociological thought. A third perspective emerges here, namely civil society as the sphere in which social integration takes place. Attention is then turned to some critical remarks recently raised against the concept by Swedish sociologists, critizing it for being highly ambiguous and lacking analytical dimensions. This paper argues that this critique is misleading - it totally ignores the meaning of the concept put forward in the neomarxist perspective. I conclude that despite the fact that some of the meanings applied to the concept can be characerized a sun-sociological, there are other meanings that fit very well with sociological thought.

  • Heidegren, Carl-Göran
    Lunds universitet.
    Omvänd ändamålsrationalitet. Urmänniska och upplevelsesamhälle1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 1, 24-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Inverted goal-rationality. Umensch and Erlebnis-society

    The article takes its point of departure in a recent attempt at a synthesis in the sociology of culture by Gerhard Schulze. It focuses on the concept of Erlebnis-rationality, i.e. acting aimed at bringing about an intended change of one’s inner subjective state. This concept is related to a fundamental category in Arnold Gehlens anthropology and theory of action: Umkehr der Antriebsrichtung, that I choose to call ”inverted goal-rationality”. Gehlen traces this kind of action - in the form of orgiastic and ascetic ecstasies - back to the beginnings of mankind. Inverted goal-rationality is today a central and wide-spread orientation in the life of Western man - e.g. in the form of consumption for the purpose of having a certain positive Erlebnis. Finally, the article poses the question what it means for a society that an inverted goal-rationality has attained such a central position.

  • Johansson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Narcissism, kropp och modernitet1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 1, 3-23 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Narcissism, the body and modernity

    The notion of narcissism is often used and misused within contemporary social theory. Whereas the concept is frequently used in discussions of moral decline and of the negative impact of consumer culture on social character, the aim of this article is instead to put forward a social psychological analysis of narcissism. Goffman’s discussion of the presentation of self in everyday life and Giddens’ theory of self-identity and modernity, are used as points of departure in an analysis of the social psychological aspects of narcissism. The main argument in the article is that it is necessary to study the contextual aspects of the construction of what is often called ”narcissistic disorders”. This implies a change of emphasis from narcissism as a general social and cultural disorder, to more specific analysis of critical situations and critical milieux. The article also contains a discussion of the relation between the ambivalent character of modernity, the cult of the body and narcissism. Examples from the gym culture are used in order to highlight some of the arguments in the article.

  • Från redktionen1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 1, 2- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Udehn, Lars
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sociologisk Forskning 1995:11995Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Poppi, Stefano
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology. KTH.
    Solar heat pump systems for heating applications: Analysis of system performance and possible solutions for improving system performance2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Solar heat pump systems (SHPs) are systems that combine solar energy and heat pumps. SHPs have been investigated for several decades and have been proven to increase the share of renewable energy and reduce electric energy demand in residential heating applications. Many solar thermal heat pump systems have become market-available in recent years; however these systems are still not widely employed in the residential sector. This is due mainly to the high initial costs (investment and installation costs) of solar thermal heat pump systems, which limits their cost-effectiveness. Enhancing cost-effectiveness of solar thermal heat pump systems is necessary for a more effective and broader market penetration.

    In this thesis, solar thermal and photovoltaic systems combined with heat pumps for heating applications are treated. The overall aims of the thesis are to: 1) investigate techno-economics of SHPs and 2) investigate possible solutions for improving system performance of a reference solar thermal and heat pump system for residential heating applications.

    In the first part of the thesis, the influence of climatic boundary conditions on economic performance of SHPs has been investigated by means of: a) an economic comparison of SHPs found in the relevant literature and b) system simulations of the reference solar thermal heat pump system.

    In the second part of the thesis, potential solutions for improving system performance of the reference solar thermal heat pump system with limited change in system’ costs are investigated. A systematic approach was used for investigating cost-effectiveness of the system improvements in the reference system.

    Based on results of the cost-effectiveness analysis, some of the investigated system improvements were chosen for being included in the design of a novel solar thermal and air source heat pump system concept. The novel system was designed for a house standard with relatively high operating temperatures (55°C/45°C) in the space heating distribution system and for high space heating demand (123 kWh/m2·year). Finally, the thesis ends with a cost-effectiveness analysis of the novel system.

  • Artursson Wissa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Flexible study pace, mental disabilities and e-Learning: Perceived problems and opportunities2017In: Proceedings of 16th European Conference on e-Learning, Porto, Portugal, October 26-27 2017. / [ed] Anabela Mesquita & Paula Peres, Reading, UK, 2017, 527-534 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Flexible study pace distant courses provide opportunities for students with disabilities to attend courses in higher educations as opposed to campus courses with fixed schedules. At least that is what we believe. This study investigates how mentally disabled students perceive taking distant courses with flexible pace and also how their teachers perceive opportunities and challenges. Flexible pace means here distant courses where students can start when they like and keep the pace they prefer. The courses in question are part of a two year program of eService Development at Dalarna University in Sweden. The program was launched in 2006 and admits ca 50-80 students each semester. Many of the students are unable to take campus courses of various reasons such as living far from universities, working daytime, etc. We sent out questionnaires to students with disabilities and to teachers asking them semi structured questions about perceived challenges and opportunities regarding the studies. The students had mental disabilities such as Dyslexia, ADHD, Asperger syndrome, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, and Social Phobia. The answers have been analyzed qualitatively by categorizing the answers firstly in groups of challenges and opportunities and further on in sub categories. Our finding shows that the flexible aspect is especially important to students as it gives them the opportunity to adjust their studying practices to their disabilities. Our conclusions are that the flexible study pace approach (FreeStartFreePace) is suitable for students with nonlinear work. It is also useful for students with mental disabilities who could have a problem adapting to schedules and conforming procedures.

  • Wide, Sverre
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Max Scheler på norska?: Om ursprunget till "Deltakar og tilskodar"2017In: Norsk sosiologisk tidsskrift, ISSN 1590-7929, E-ISSN 1936-4660, Vol. 1, no 5, 365-379 p., 05-02Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hans Skjervheim was one of the most influential philosophers of social science in the Scandinavian countries during the twentieth century. This paper contributes to the understanding of one of his central meta-scientific distinctions – between the participant and the spectator – by relating him to surprisingly similar distinctions found in the works of Max Scheler. It is well-known that Skjervheim studied Scheler, but the latter’s direct (and partly unacknowledged) influence on Skjervheim’s central distinction has not been noticed. Through an examination of similarities between Skjervheim and Scheler, an interpretation of Skjervheim is reached, which renders, so the paper additionally argues, some contemporary criticism of his work less valid than might be thought.

  • Antonsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Falu kommun.
    Kaufmann, Bruno
    Falu kommun.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Parkhouse, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Falu dialogguide: En vägledning till medborgardialog2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Feigin, Valery L
    et al.
    Abajobir, Amanuel
    Abate, Kalkidan
    Abd-Allah, Foad
    Abdulle, Abdishakur
    Abera, Semaw
    Abyu, Gebre
    Ahmed, Muktar
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Karolinska institutet.
    Vos, Theo
    Global, regional, and national burden of neurological disorders during 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 20152017In: Lancet Neurology, ISSN 1474-4422, E-ISSN 1474-4465, Vol. 16, no 11, 877-897 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians specialising in neurological conditions. In this systematic analysis, we quantified the global disease burden due to neurological disorders in 2015 and its relationship with country development level.

    Methods

    We estimated global and country-specific prevalence, mortality, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), years of life lost (YLLs), and years lived with disability (YLDs) for various neurological disorders that in the GBD classification have been previously spread across multiple disease groupings. The more inclusive grouping of neurological disorders included stroke, meningitis, encephalitis, tetanus, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, motor neuron disease, migraine, tension-type headache, medication overuse headache, brain and nervous system cancers, and a residual category of other neurological disorders. We also analysed results based on the Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a compound measure of income per capita, education, and fertility, to identify patterns associated with development and how countries fare against expected outcomes relative to their level of development.

    Findings

    Neurological disorders ranked as the leading cause group of DALYs in 2015 (250·7 [95% uncertainty interval (UI) 229·1 to 274·7] million, comprising 10·2% of global DALYs) and the second-leading cause group of deaths (9·4 [9·1 to 9·7] million], comprising 16·8% of global deaths). The most prevalent neurological disorders were tension-type headache (1505·9 [UI 1337·3 to 1681·6 million cases]), migraine (958·8 [872·1 to 1055·6] million), medication overuse headache (58·5 [50·8 to 67·4 million]), and Alzheimer's disease and other dementias (46·0 [40·2 to 52·7 million]). Between 1990 and 2015, the number of deaths from neurological disorders increased by 36·7%, and the number of DALYs by 7·4%. These increases occurred despite decreases in age-standardised rates of death and DALYs of 26·1% and 29·7%, respectively; stroke and communicable neurological disorders were responsible for most of these decreases. Communicable neurological disorders were the largest cause of DALYs in countries with low SDI. Stroke rates were highest at middle levels of SDI and lowest at the highest SDI. Most of the changes in DALY rates of neurological disorders with development were driven by changes in YLLs.

    Interpretation

    Neurological disorders are an important cause of disability and death worldwide. Globally, the burden of neurological disorders has increased substantially over the past 25 years because of expanding population numbers and ageing, despite substantial decreases in mortality rates from stroke and communicable neurological disorders. The number of patients who will need care by clinicians with expertise in neurological conditions will continue to grow in coming decades. Policy makers and health-care providers should be aware of these trends to provide adequate services.

    Funding

    Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

  • Melik, Narin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Användandet av Facebook inom högre utbildning: En fallstudie om studenters användning av Facebook2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Facebook is today the world's largest social network and is also the platform that has proved to be the most popular among students. The purpose of this study is therefore to provide an insight into how today's generation of students use Facebook in relation to their education.

    The research question addressed how students in Sweden who study the system science program and the law program have used Facebook in their education.

    A case study with a total of nine interviews were conducted. Previous research results in the same subject area and theoretical starting points provided the basis for the analysis and were analysed in relation to the interview material.

    Existing theories have been tested and interpreted in relation to the interview material.

    The result of the study provided a deeper insight into how students use Facebook and the impact the use may have. Students collaborate, exchange information and share their skills from their experiences to each other and can through interaction with their classmates on Facebook, take on informal learning which contributes to the formal education as well as it can facilitate theirs studies from home. Several of the results obtained from this study reflect and support the results of previous studies.

  • von Ahlefeld Nisser, Désirée
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Can collaborative consultation, based on communicative theory, promote an inclusive school culture?2017In: Issues in educational research, ISSN 0313-7155, E-ISSN 1837-6290, Vol. 27, no 4, 874-891 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contributes to furthering our knowledge of how collaborative consultation, based on communicative theory, can make teachers’ learning from, and with, each other an inclusive process, and thus promote an inclusive school culture. The aim is to study special education professionals’ experiences of, and reflections on, leading collaborative consultations. The data consists of critical reflection (collaborative meta-consultation) in groups of special education professionals (consultants) and one researcher. The focus of the collaborative meta-consultations was on the consultations that the consultants held with groups of teachers. The data has been analysed using qualitative content analysis. Besides identifying some basic conditions, certain strategies and approaches have also been identified to make collaborative consultation an inclusive process. Collaborative consultation can promote an inclusive school culture if the concept of inclusion embraces how professionals collaboratively examine their practice, strategies, and values.

  • Nordmark, Marie
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Digitalt skrivande i gymnasieskolans svenskundervisning: en ämnesdidaktisk studie av skrivprocessen2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate the writing process in the teaching of the subject of Swedish at upper secondary school. This study analyses the relations between the pupils’ writing and the school environment in which the writing takes place and how the pupils position themselves and others in relation to their use of digital artefacts and norms in the classroom. The empirical material has been created in three classes at two different schools. The data consists of participant observations of 42 lessons, all of which were video recorded using two cameras, and audio recorded semi-structured interviews with 24 pupils and 3 teachers. Theoretically, the study is based on sociocultural perspectives on literacy and learning and a multimodal social semiotic understanding of meaning-making based on an interest in the use of resources that constitute meaning in the social environment. From an ecological perspective, writing is examined as discourses in which the participants and the environment interact. Analytic concepts are used by inspiration from Kress et al (2005) and Smidt (2002). The figure “Writing roles in fields of tension” has been constructed to illustrate the students’ writing roles and positioning's in the empirical material. The results show that the shift from paper and pen to computer and screen means more than a shift change in the use of artefacts. The teaching of digital writing has a point of departure as a project in communication. In multimodal environments, pupils are often left without access to a teacher due to the layout of the room. This leads to positioning in roles, such as help seeker and helper. The classrooms are characterised by the constant presence of social media and its demands on students’ attention. Earlier generations of writing processes emphasised the importance of prewriting, drafting and revision in stages. In the digital writing process these stages are lacking. In this context, the digital writing process can be understood as a “fourth generation process” consisting of writing, saving and sending. The fourth generation of writing process stresses on the writing at a micro- rather than macro level. The word processing functions of spelling and grammar offer clickable solutions to problems, but cannot be considered as tools for learning. In the digital classroom pupils are vulnerable, left to their own resources and have difficulties in handling complex assignments.