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  • Wisnuwardani, Ratih Wirapuspita
    et al.
    De Henauw, Stefaan
    Ferrari, Marika
    Forsner, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Umeå University.
    Gottrand, Frédéric
    Huybrechts, Inge
    Kafatos, Antonios G
    Kersting, Mathilde
    Knaze, Viktoria
    Michels, Nathalie
    Total Polyphenol Intake Is Inversely Associated with a Pro/Anti-Inflammatory Biomarker Ratio in European Adolescents of the HELENA Study2020In: Journal of Nutrition, ISSN 0022-3166, E-ISSN 1541-6100, article id nxaa064Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Although high dietary polyphenol intake is negatively associated with risk of certain inflammation-associated chronic diseases, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood and few studies have explored this in adolescents.

    OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the association between intakes of total polyphenols, polyphenol classes, and the 10 most commonly consumed individual polyphenols with inflammatory biomarkers in the blood of European adolescents.

    METHODS: In the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study, 526 adolescents (54% girls; 12.5-17.5 y) had data on inflammatory biomarkers and polyphenol intake from 2 nonconsecutive 24-h recalls via matching with the Phenol-Explorer database. Inflammatory biomarkers in serum were IL-1, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), TNF-α, IFN-γ, soluble vascular adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM-1), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1), soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin), white blood cells, lymphocytes, T cells, and C-reactive protein. Multilevel linear models were used to test associations of polyphenol intake with a pro/anti-inflammatory biomarker ratio [(zTNF-α + zIL-6 + zIL-1)/3/zIL-10] as well as with separate inflammatory biomarkers, adjusted for sociodemographic variables, diet inflammation index, BMI z score, and serum triglycerides.

    RESULTS: The pro/anti-inflammatory biomarker ratio was linearly inversely associated with the intake of total polyphenols (β = -0.11, P = 0.040). When other inflammation biomarkers were considered, the serum IL-10 concentration was inversely associated with total polyphenol (β = -0.12, P = 0.017) and flavonoid (β = -0.12, P = 0.013) intakes, findings that were inconsistent with the biomarker ratio results. However, the anti-inflammatory capacity of polyphenols was confirmed by positive associations of IL-4 with phenolic acid (β = 0.09 P = 0.049) and stilbene (β = 0.13, P = 0.019) intakes and the negative association of IL-1, IL-2, and IFN-γ with lignan intake (β = -0.10, P = 0.034; β = -0.09, P = 0.049; β = -0.11, P = 0.023).

    CONCLUSIONS: The negative relation with the overall pro/anti-inflammatory biomarker ratio suggests a potential anti-inflammatory role of high polyphenol intakes among European adolescents. Nevertheless, associations are dependent on polyphenol type and the inflammatory biomarker measured.

  • Swall, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Marmstål Hammar, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Mälardalen University; Karolinska Institute.
    Gransjön Craftman, Åsa
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Like a bridge over troubled water: a qualitative study of professional caregiver singing and music as a way to enable person-centred care for persons with dementia2020In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 1735092Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To describe the perspectives of caregivers in terms of using singing and music in their everyday work, and of their effect on care and interaction with the person with dementia.Methods: A qualitative design was used, consisting of group discussions with professional caregivers from three nursing homes in a medium-sized city in a rural area of Sweden.Results: The results demonstrate that caregiver singing and music can be powerful and useful in the care of and in communication with persons with dementia. Music, for example, can be used to facilitate socialization as it opens up for discussion, while caregiver singing was preferable when it came to the facilitation of care situations and interaction.Conclusions: Singing and music can be powerful and useful tools in the care of and in communication with persons with dementia. Regardless of whether singing or music is used, the most important factor is that a person-centred approach is adopted so as to make the music a facilitative tool. Caregiver singing and music are ways to connect with the person with dementia and an understanding of their use can contribute to dementia research. This in turn can increase awareness of the possible ways to strengthen the partnership between caregivers and persons with dementia.

  • Wikblad Bohm, Andreas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Svenska kyrkan och det tredje sakramentet: En litteraturstudie kring biktens roll och historia i Svenska kyrkan åren 1527-20192020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Halén, Jessica
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Interkulturell undervisning i grundskolans årskurs 1-32020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur lärare i årskurs 1–3 beskriver att de arbetar med interkulturalitet. Forskare framställer att interkulturalitet främjar alla elevers rätt till en likvärdig utbildning oavsett om du är invandrare eller inte. Därtill ses interkulturell undervisning som fördelaktigt för att motarbeta främlingsfientlighet. Den tidigare forskningen visar bland annat att lärare anser det fördelaktigt att medvetandegöra olika kulturer i undervisningen, då eleverna blir mer anpassningsbara till att acceptera oliktänkande. En anledning till val av studie var min erfarenhet från lärarvikariat samt tidigare VFU-perioder som sett tendenser till att lärare inte arbetar utifrån ett interkulturellt förhållningssätt. I studien har jag gjort kvalitativa intervjuer för att få svar på frågeställningarna. Empirin har jag sedan transkriberat och analyserat utifrån ett sociokulturellt teoretiskt perspektiv. Studien resulterade i att interkulturalitet är någonting komplext och till viss del bristfällig. Lärare tenderar till att inte arbeta medvetet med interkulturell undervisning. Däremot har studien kommit fram till att lärarna arbetar till viss del utifrån sådan pedagogik utan benämning av ordet. En slutsats skulle kunna vara att kunskapen brister vad det gäller den interkulturella begreppsmedvetenheten. Detta trots att både skolinspektion, läroplan och forskning säger att sådan undervisning ger större möjlighet till att kunna anpassa utbildningen efter varje individs förutsättningar och behov. Men också att den ger eleverna potential till att lära sig leva i ett mångkulturellt samhälle.

  • Börjesson, Petter
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Fostran eller färdighetsträning?: En kvalitativ studie av hur svensk skönlitteratur legitimeras på gymnasieskolan2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete är att undersöka hur svensklärare motiverar valet av svenskspråkiga skönlitterära texter i undervisningen på gymnasieskolans yrkesprogram och högskoleförberedande program. För att besvara frågeställningen har intervjuer genomförts med sex gymnasielärare verksamma i svenskämnet, med erfarenhet av att arbeta med elever från olika gymnasieprogram. Undersökningen visar att legitimeringar på högskoleförberedande program i första hand kan kopplas till sociokulturella perspektiv, medan legitimeringar på yrkesprogram främst utgår från olika typer av språkfärdighet.

  • Johansson, Stefan
    et al.
    Gulliksen, Jan
    Gustavsson, Catharina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Center for Clinical Research Dalarna, Uppsala University; Uppsala University.
    Disability digital divide: the use of the internet, smartphones, computers and tablets among people with disabilities in Sweden2020In: Universal Access in the Information Society, ISSN 1615-5289, E-ISSN 1615-5297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although Sweden is one of the most digitalized countries and the Swedish population’s use of the internet is among the most studied in the world, little is known about how Swedes with disabilities use internet. The purpose of this study is to describe use of and perceived difficulties in use of the internet among people with disabilities and to explore digital divides in-between and within disability groups, and in comparison with the general population. This is a cross-sectional survey targeting the same issues as other nationwide surveys but adapted for people with cognitive disabilities. Participants were recruited from May to October 2017 by adaptive snowball sampling. The survey comprised questions on access to and use of devices, and use of and perceived difficulties in use of internet. A total of 771 people responded to the survey, representing 35 diagnoses/impairments. Larger proportions of people with autism, ADHD and bipolar disorder reported using internet than other disability groups. Women with autism used the internet more than any other disability group, and women with aphasia used the internet the least. People with disabilities related to language and understanding reported more difficulties using internet than other disability groups. Larger proportions of participants than the general Swedish population reported not feeling digitally included. In many but not all disability groups, larger proportions of men than women reported not feeling digitally included. Our findings show that there are differences in digital inclusion between sub-groups of diagnoses/impairments. Thus, disability digital divides are preferably investigated by sub-grouping disabilities, rather than studied as one homogeneous group.

  • Piironen, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Japanese.
    Karaoke elitism?: A qualitative look into the importance of singing ability in Japanese and Finnish karaoke2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research was conducted to gain an understanding into how singers of the Japanese-invented form of singing entertainment known as karaoke view the importance of singing ability in karaoke, and what they consider to be the respective roles of the singer and the listener. A total of 6 semi-structured interviews were conducted on 3 Japanese informants and 3 Finnish informants to form 6 separate life history case studies, which were then thematically analyzed, and common themes identified.  The study found that greater self-rated singing ability of a respondent correlated with higher perceived importance of singing ability, and that a singer is expected to consider the listeners’ preferences and the mood of the occasion when deciding on which song to sing, but that lower singing ability is generally not a role conflict. It was also found that a Finnish-style karaoke bar is actually a low pressure singing environment when compared to the more intimate Japanese forms of karaoke, due to it being common and acceptable for listeners to not pay attention to the singer, while in Japanese karaoke social cohesion is higher.

  • Wang, Z. -W
    et al.
    Wang, S. -K
    Wan, B. -T
    Song, William Wei
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang, China.
    A novel multi-label classification algorithm based on K-nearest neighbor and random walk2020In: International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, ISSN 1550-1329, E-ISSN 1550-1477, Vol. 16, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Cedervall, Y.
    et al.
    Stenberg, A. M.
    Åhman, H.B.
    Giedraitis, V.
    Tinmark, F.
    Berglund, L.
    Halvorsen, K.
    Ingelsson, M.
    Rosendahl, E.
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Uppsala University.
    Timed up-and-go dual-task testing in the assessment of cognitive function: A mixed methods observational study for development of the UDDGait protocol2020In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 5, article id 1715Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Psimopoulos, Emmanouil
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology. Uppsala University.
    Johari, Fatemeh
    Bales, Chris
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Widén, Joakim
    Impact of Boundary Conditions on the Performance Enhancement of Advanced Control Strategies for a Residential Building with a Heat Pump and PV System with Energy Storage2020In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 13, no 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Operational control strategies for the heating system of a single-family house with exhaust air heat pump and photovoltaic system and “smart” utilization of energy storage have been developed and evaluated in a simulation study. The main aim and novelty of this study is to evaluate the impact on the benefit of these advanced control strategies in terms of performance (energy use and economic) for a wide range of boundary conditions (country/climate, occupancy and appliance loads). Short-term weather data and historic price data for the same year as well as stochastic occupancy profiles that include the domestic hot water load are used as boundary for a parametric simulation study for the system modeled in detail in TRNSYS 17. Results show that the control using a forecast of dynamic electricity price leads to greater final energy savings than those due to the control using thermal storage for excess PV production in all of the examined locations except Sweden. The impact on self-consumption using thermal storage of heat produced by the heat pump using excess PV production is found to decrease linearly with increasing household electricity for all locations. A reduction in final energy of up to 842 kWh year−1 can be achieved just by the use of these algorithms. The net energy cost for the end-user follows the same trend as for final energy and can result in cost savings up to 175 € year−1 in Germany and Spain due to the use of the advanced control.

  • Ramos Mendiola, Edward Enrique
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Digital undervisning – en utmaning för skolan: Spanskalärares upplevelser av digitala verktyg i undervisningen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My research aims to find out how 5 different Spanish teachers experience working with digital tools in their teaching. I used a qualitative method and semi-structured interviews. The results showed that most teachers perceived digital tools as something positive for the students, but what could be perceived as problematic was the teachers' lack of their own knowledge when it came to developing their knowledge about digital tools.

  • Stöggl, T. L.
    et al.
    Hertlein, M.
    Brunauer, R.
    Welde, B.
    Andersson, E. P.
    Swarén, Mikael
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. Swedish Olympic Academy, Stockholm.
    Pacing, Exercise Intensity, and Technique by Performance Level in Long-Distance Cross-Country Skiing2020In: Frontiers in Physiology, ISSN 1664-042X, E-ISSN 1664-042X, Vol. 11, article id 17Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Schroder, J.
    et al.
    Jakobsen, J. C.
    Winkel, P.
    Hilden, J.
    Jensen, G. B.
    Sajadieh, A.
    Larsson, A.
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Karolinska institutet.
    Gluud, C.
    Kastrup, J.
    Prognosis and Reclassification by YKL-40 in Stable Coronary Artery Disease2020In: Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease, ISSN 2047-9980, E-ISSN 2047-9980, Vol. 9, no 5Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Gustavsson, Catharina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Uppsala University.
    Eriksson-Crommert, M.
    Physiotherapists' and midwives' views of increased inter recti abdominis distance and its management in women after childbirth2020In: BMC Women's Health, ISSN 1472-6874, E-ISSN 1472-6874, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 37Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Wetterskog, Simone
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Lärares synliggörande av lärandemål i NTA undervisningen: En empirisk undersökning om hur fyra grundskollärare i årskurs 1–3 synliggör lärandemålen kopplat till NTA undervisningen.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I tidigare forskning har det framkommit att lärares synliggörande av lärandemål i den naturorienterande undervisningen har en positiv effekt på elevernas lärande. Forskare menar att elevernas motivation till lärande ökar när de får ta del av vad de ska arbeta med och varför de förväntas att göra det. Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka hur lärare i grundskolans lägre årskurser 1-3 arbetar med att synliggöra lärandemålen i NTAundervisningen. För att besvara studiens syfte har lärare i årskurs 1-3 som undervisar utifrån ett NTA-material observerats och intervjuats. Det resultat som har framkommit inom studien visar att lärarna som ingår i studien synliggör lärandemålen för eleverna i undervisningen. Under observationerna som genomfördes inom studien framkom det att lärarna synliggjorde lärandemålen genom olika metoder, visuellt, muntligt och praktiskt. Synliggörandet skedde under inledningen av samtliga undervisningstillfällen som observerades och i slutet av varje undervisningstillfälle återkopplade lärarna till lärandemålen tillsammans med eleverna. Under intervjuerna framkom det att lärarna ansåg det viktigt att synliggöra lärandemålen i undervisningen inom de naturorienterande ämnena för att öka bland annat elevernas begreppsförståelse. Resultatet visar också att synliggörandet av lärandemålen anpassas av lärarna utifrån elevernas ålder. Samtliga fyra lärare som ingår i studien anser att NTA-materialet ger dem goda förutsättningar att genomföra anpassningar utifrån elevgruppen som ska delta i undervisningens ålder. De fyra lärarna är eniga om att då eleverna blir medvetna om vilka mål undervisningen strävar mot ökar deras motivation till lärande.

  • Martinsson, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Att anpassa den naturorienterande undervisningen till elever med särskild begåvning: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om undervisande lärares stöttning av särskilt begåvade elever i de naturorienterande ämnena i årskurs 4-62019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka hur undervisande lärare i de naturorienterande ämnena i årskurs 4-6 anpassar sin undervisning till elever med särskild begåvning så att eleverna ska få förutsättningar att utveckla sina kunskaper så långt som möjligt. Undersökningen består av kvalitativa ostrukturerade intervjuer där fyra behöriga och undervisande lärare i de naturorienterande ämnena i årskurs 4-6 har intervjuats. Resultatet visar att lärarna har svårt att anpassa undervisningen till särskilt begåvade elever. Det beror främst på tidsbrist men också på en okunskap kring vad det innebär att vara särskilt begåvad och vilka behov dessa elever har. Resultatet visar dock att lärarna till viss del anpassar undervisningen till de särskilt begåvade eleverna men att lärarna önskar att de hade mer tid och kunskap för att kunna göra det ännu bättre. De anpassningar som görs är exempelvis att de särskilt begåvade eleverna får göra mer utmanande och fördjupande uppgifter som att göra fler och mer avancerade steg vid laborationer eller att fördjupa sig teoretiskt inom sina intresseområden. Det framkom även att sociala relationer och ett tillåtande klassrumsklimat är viktigt för de särskilt begåvade elevernas prestationer. Att utgå från elevernas intressen och låta dem arbeta i mindre grupper för att lära av varandra var enligt lärarna i studien även det en anpassning som görs för de särskilt begåvade eleverna. Utifrån studiens resultat dras slutsatsen att undervisande lärare i de naturorienterande ämnena i årskurs 4-6 behöver mer stöd i form av kompetensutveckling och resurser för att kunna anpassa undervisningen bättre till de särskilt begåvade elevernas behov.

  • Lennerbert, Sofia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Jakten på Ägget: En undersökning om hur tematik estetiseras i Guldäggetvinnande reklamfilmer.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En studie kring Guldäggsbelönt reklamfilm där syftet är att ta reda på hur tematik estetiserar i de tre senaste årens vinnare. Det gjordes genom att analysera tre vinnande filmer ur kategorin film från 2018 (Cancerfonden), 2017 (Klarna) och 2016 (Volvo). Resultatet visade att förutsättningarna för en estetisk bedömning av de tre senaste årens vinnare skiljer sig avsevärt. Studien leder fram till en diskussion kring huruvida estetik eller etik är det som belönas vi Guldäggsgalan. Det visade sig att juryns kriterium för omdöme, som ej får strida mot god etik, snarare behandlar det estetiska. Slutsatsen är att filmerna skiljer sig åt men juryn bör ta ställning till det estetiska.

  • Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden2014In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Election outcomes, or more specifically belonging to a political minority or majority, have a significant impact on citizens’ attitudes toward the political system and political involvement. This study aims to broaden our understanding in these regards by taking into account the effects of people’s political convictions on the relation between belonging to a political minority or majority and their dissatisfaction with the performance of the political system. Using a person-oriented approach, four groups of citizens were identified on the basis of their attachment to political parties. The group of people who were not politically attached to any of the political parties were the most dissatisfied, whereas supporters of parties in government were the least dissatisfied. Moreover, supporters of opposition parties who had high levels of political conviction were more dissatisfied than supporters of opposition parties who had lower levels of political conviction. Overall, the findings of this study show that it is crucial to take into account the individual characteristics of citizens when studying the relations between election outcomes and political attitudes.

  • Schmöker, Annika
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Uppsala University.
    Flacking, Renée
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Udo, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Center for Clinical Research Dalarna, Falun; The Department of Health Care Sciences, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm.
    Ericson, Jenny
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Center for Clinical Research Dalarna, Falun; Department of Paediatrics, County of Dalarna, Falun.
    Experienced parental stress and potential predictors up until the preterm infant’s age of 12 months2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Swarén, Mikael
    KTH, Mekanik.
    Objective Analysis Methods in the Mechanics of Sports2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sports engineering can be considered as the bridge between the knowledge of sports science and the principles of engineering and has an important role not only in improving the athletic performance, but also in increasing the safety of the athletes. Testing and optimization of sports equipment and athletic performance are essential for supporting athletes in their quest to reach the podium. However, most of the equipment used by world-class athletes is chosen based only on subjective tests and the athletes’ feelings. Consequently, one of the aims of this thesis was to combine mechanics and mathematics to develop new objective test methods for sports equipment. Another objective was to investigate the possibility to accurately track and analyse cross-country skiing performance by using a real-time locating system. A long term aim is the contribution to increased knowledge about objective test and analysis methods in sports. The main methodological advancements are the modification of established test methods for sports equipment and the implementation of spline-interpolated measured positioning data to evaluate cross-country skiing performance. The first two papers show that it is possible to design objective yet sport specific test methods for different sports equipment. New test devices and methodologies are proposed for alpine ski helmets and cross-country ski poles. The third paper gives suggestions for improved test setups and theoretical simulations are introduced for glide tests of skis. It is shown, it the fourth paper, that data from a real-time locating system in combination with a spline model offers considerable potential for performance analysis in cross-country sprint skiing. In the last paper, for the first time, propulsive power during a cross-country sprint skiing race is estimated by applying a power balance model to spline-interpolated measured positioning data, enabling in-depth analyses of power output and pacing strategies in cross-country skiing. Even though it has not been a first priority aim in this work, the results from the first two papers have been used by manufacturers to design new helmets with increased safety properties and cross-country ski poles with increased force transfer properties. In summary, the results of this thesis demonstrate the feasibility of using mechanics and mathematics to increase the objectiveness and relevance when analysing sports equipment and athletic performance.

  • Swarén, Mikael
    KTH, Strukturmekanik.
    Experimental test setups and simulations in skiing mechanics2014Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Product testing and development are essential parts in sports and for the athletes in their quest to reach the podium. Manufacturers of sports equipment often use basic test methods which do not test the equipment in a sports specific way. Much of the equipment used by world-class athletes is chosen based only on subjective tests and the athletes’ feelings. One short term aim was therefore to develop test methods for objective tests of sports equipment that also tested the equipment in a sports  specific  way.  Another  aim  was  to  integrate  mechanics  and  simulations  to  enhance  the understanding of the test results. The more long term aims are to contribute to increased theoretical knowledge regarding test methods for sports equipment and to contribute to the development of test  methods  to  create  new  and  better  sports  equipment.  Experimental  tests  combined  with simulations  can  give  valuable  information  to  improve  the  performance  and  safety  of  sports equipment. Three studies dealt with the issue of objective yet sport specific test methods for sports equipment. The main methodological advancement is the modification of established test methods together  with  conventional  mechanics  calculations.  New  test  devices  and  methodologies  are proposed for alpine ski helmets and cross-country ski poles. Suggestions are given for improved test setups as well as theoretical simulation are introduced for glide tests of skis. The results show how sport   specific   test   methodologies   together   with   theoretical   calculations   can   improve   the objectiveness and relevance when testing sports equipment. However, the collected and used data require high precision to obtain high accuracy in the simulations. High data accuracy can be an issue in field measurements but also due to manufacturers not disclosing key material data. Still, the used methods  and  calculations  in  this  thesis  produce  relevant  and  reliable  results  which  can  be implemented to accurate evaluations of different sports equipment. Even though it has not been a first priority aim in this work, the results from the alpine helmet study have been used by helmet manufacturers to design new helmets with increased safety properties. This further show how an objective and sport specific test approach together with theoretical simulation can improve sports equipment and in the longer perspective, also the athletes’ performances.

     

  • Sperlich, Billy
    et al.
    University of Wuppertal, Department of Sport Science, Wuppertal, Germany.
    Born, Dennis-Peter
    University of Wuppertal, Department of Sport Science, Wuppertal, Germany.
    Swarén, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Kilian, Yvonne
    Institute of Training Science and Sport Informatics, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
    Geesmann, Björn
    Institute of Training Science and Sport Informatics, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
    Holmberg, Hans-Christer
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Is leg compression beneficial for alpine skiers?2013In: BMC Sports Science, Medicine, and Rehabilitation, ISSN 2052-1847, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:This study examined the effects of different levels of compression (0, 20 and 40 mmHg) produced byleg garments on selected psycho-physiological measures of performance while exposed to passive vibration (60 Hz,amplitude 4-6 mm) and performing 3-min of alpine skiing tuck position.Methods:Prior to, during and following the experiment the electromygraphic (EMG) activity of different muscles,cardio-respiratory data, changes in total hemoglobin, tissue oxygenation and oscillatory movement ofm. vastuslateralis, blood lactate and perceptual data of 12 highly trained alpine skiers were recorded. Maximal isometric kneeextension and flexion strength, balance, and jumping performance were assessed before and after the experiment.Results:Thekneeangle(−10°) and oscillatory movement (−20-25.5%) were lower with compression (P<0.05inall cases). The EMG activities of thetibialis anterior(20.2-28.9%),gastrocnemius medialis(4.9-15.1%),rectus femoris(9.6-23.5%), andvastus medialis(13.1-13.7%) muscles were all elevated by compression (P< 0.05 in all cases).Total hemoglobin was maintained during the 3-min period of simulated skiing with 20 or 40 mmHg compression,but the tissue saturation index was lower (P< 0.05) than with no compression. No differences in respiratory parameters,heart rate or blood lactate concentration were observed with or maximal isometric knee extension and flexionstrength, balance, and jumping performance following simulated skiing for 3 min in the downhill tuck positionwere the same as in the absence of compression.Conclusions:These findings demonstrate thatwith leg compression, alpine skiers could maintain a deeper tuckposition with less perceived exertion and greater deoxygenation of thevastus lateralismuscle, with nodifferences in whole-body oxygen consumption or blood lactate concentration. These changes occurred withoutcompromising maximal leg strength, jumping performance or balance. Accordingly, our results indicate that theuse of lower leg compression in the range of 20-40 mmHg may improve alpine skiing performance by allowing adeeper tuck position and lowering perceived exertion.

  • Born, Dennis
    et al.
    Nationellt Vintersportcentrum.
    Stöggl, Thomas
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Swarén, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Sperlich, Billy
    Björklund, Glenn
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Is heart rate a valid measure to monitor exercise intensity during trail running in undulating terrain?2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Hurst, Howard T
    et al.
    University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom.
    Swarén, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Hébert-Losier, Kim
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Ericsson, Fredrik
    Swedish Cycling Federation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sinclair, Jonathan
    University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom.
    Atkins, Stephen
    University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom.
    Holmberg, Hans-Christer
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    GPS-Based Evaluation of Activity Profiles in Elite Downhill Mountain Biking and the Influence of Course Type2013In: Journal of Science and Cycling, ISSN 2254-7053, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 25-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to profile the activity patterns of elite downhill (DH) mountain bikers during off-road descending, and to determine the influence of course types on activity patterns. Six male elite DH mountain bikers (age 20 ± 2 yrs; stature 178.8 ± 3.1 cm; body mass 75.0 ± 3.0 kg) performed single runs on one man-made (MM) and one natural terrain (NT) DH courses under race conditions. A 5 Hz global positioning systems (GPS) unit, including a 100 Hz triaxial accelerometer, was positioned in a neoprene harness between the C7 and T2 vertebrae on each rider. GPS was used to determine the temporal characteristics of each run for velocity, run time, distance, effort, heart rate (HR), rider load (RLd) which reflects instantaneous rate of change in acceleration, and accumulated rider load (RLdAcc), which reflects change in acceleration over the event duration. Significant differences were found between NT and MM courses for mean velocity (p<.001), peak velocity (p=.014), mean RLd (p=.001) and peak RLd (p=.002). Significant differences were also found both within and between courses for all velocity parameters, when analysed by intensity zone (p<.05). No significant differences were found between courses for HR parameters by zone, though significant differences were revealed between HR zones within courses (p<.05). This study indicates that course terrain has a significant impact on the activity profiles of DH and that GPS can provide a practical means of monitoring these differences in activity.

  • Björklund, Glenn
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Swarén, Mikael
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Born, Dennis-Peter
    Swiss Federal Institute of Sport, Magglingen, Switzerland.
    Stöggl, Thomas
    University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.
    Biomechanical Adaptations and Performance Indicators in Short Trail Running2019In: Frontiers in Physiology, ISSN 1664-042X, E-ISSN 1664-042X, Vol. 10, article id 506Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aims were to measure anthropometric and oxygen uptake (V&#x2D9;" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 20px; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; color: rgb(62, 61, 64); font-family: Georgia, "Times New Roman", Times, serif; position: relative; outline: 0px !important;">V˙V˙O2) variables in the laboratory, to measure kinetic and stride characteristics during a trail running time trial, and then analyse the data for correlations with trail running performance. Runners (13 men, 4 women: mean age: 29 ± 5 years; stature: 179.5 ± 0.8 cm; body mass: 69.1 ± 7.4 kg) performed laboratory tests to determine V&#x2D9;" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 20px; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; color: rgb(62, 61, 64); font-family: Georgia, "Times New Roman", Times, serif; position: relative; outline: 0px !important;">V˙V˙O2 max, running economy (RE), and anthropometric characteristics. On a separate day they performed an outdoor trail running time trial (two 3.5 km laps, total climb: 486 m) while we collected kinetic and time data. Comparing lap 2 with lap 1 (19:40 ± 1:57 min vs. 21:08 ± 2:09 min, P < 0.001), runners lost most time on the uphill sections and least on technical downhills (-2.5 ± 9.1 s). Inter-individual performance varied most for the downhills (CV > 25%) and least on flat terrain (CV < 10%). Overall stride cycle and ground contact time (GCT) were shorter in downhill than uphill sections (0.64 ± 0.03 vs. 0.84 ± 0.09 s; 0.26 ± 0.03 vs. 0.46 ± 0.90 s, both P < 0.001). Force impulse was greatest on uphill (248 ± 46 vs. 175 ± 24 Ns, P < 0.001) and related to GCT (r = 0.904, P< 0.001). Peak force was greater during downhill than during uphill running (1106 ± 135 vs. 959 ± 104 N, P< 0.01). Performance was related to absolute and relative V&#x2D9;" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 20px; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; color: rgb(62, 61, 64); font-family: Georgia, "Times New Roman", Times, serif; position: relative; outline: 0px !important;">V˙V˙O2 max (P < 0.01), vertical uphill treadmill speed (P < 0.001) and fat percent (P < 0.01). Running uphill involved the greatest impulse per step due to longer GCT while downhill running generated the highest peak forces. V&#x2D9;" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 20px; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; color: rgb(62, 61, 64); font-family: Georgia, "Times New Roman", Times, serif; position: relative; outline: 0px !important;">V˙V˙O2 max, vertical running speed and fat percent are important predictors for trail running performance. Performance between runners varied the most on downhills throughout the course, while pacing resembled a reversed J pattern. Future studies should focus on longer competition distances to verify these findings and with application of measures of 3D kinematics.

  • Swarén, Mikael
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan; Swedish Olympic Academy; Dalarna University.
    Söhnlein, Quirin
    University of Salzburg, Austria.
    Stöggl, Thomas
    University of Salzburg, Austria.
    Björklund, Glenn
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Using 3D Motion Capture to Analyse Ice Hockey Shooting Technique on Ice2019In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Sport Sciences Research and Technology Support - Volume 1: icSPORTS, SciTePress , 2019, p. 204-208Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the feasibility to use a passive marker motion capture system on ice to collect 3D kinematics of slap shots and one timers. Kinematic data were collected within a volume of 40x15x2 m by 20 motion capture cameras at 300 Hz, a resolution of 12 megapixels and a mean residual for all cameras of 3.4±2.5 mm, at a distance of 11.6 m. Puck velocity, blade velocity, ice contact time and distance to the puck were analysed for ten consecutive shots for each technique, for two professional ice hockey players. The total mean puck velocity was 38.0 ± 2.7 m/s vs. 36.4 ± 1.0 m/s. (p=0.053), for one timers and slap shots respectively. One player had higher puck velocity with one timers compared to slap shots 40.5 ± 1.0 m/s vs. 36.9 ± 1.0 m/s (p=0.001). Puck contact time was longer for slap shots than for one timers, 0.020 ± 0.002 s vs. 0.015 ± 0.002 s, (p<0.001). The motion capture system allowed continuous kinematic analyses of the puck and blade velocities, ice contact times and detailed stance information. The results demonstrate the possibilities to use motion capture systems to collect and analyse shooting kinematics on ice, in detail.

  • Hedström, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Slöjdsalens utformning – ett makerspace?: En kvalitativ studie om aspekter som påverkar slöjdsalens upplevda och idealiska utformning.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vad slöjdlärare har att säga om slöjdsalens utformning och dess betydelse för elevernas möjligheter till att nå målen i läroplanen i ämnet slöjd och om denna uppfattning påverkas av lärarnas utbildningsbakgrund. Undersökningen kommer bl.a. fram till att själva slöjdsalen har betydelse för elevernas lärande, att utbildningsbakgrunden präglar lärarna, att det i dagsläget finns utvecklingspotential vad gäller slöjdsalarnas utformning samt att det finns vissa aspekter som kan beskriva den idealiska utformningen av slöjdsalen för att ge eleverna de bästa möjligheterna till att nå målen i dagens läroplan.

  • Saarijarvi, Markus
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Inst Hlth & Care Sci, POB 457, S-41317 Gothenburg, Sweden.;Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Leuven, Belgium..
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. University of Gothenburg; Karolinska Institute.
    Bratt, Ewa-Lena
    Univ Gothenburg, Inst Hlth & Care Sci, POB 457, S-41317 Gothenburg, Sweden.;Queen Silvia Childrens Hosp, Dept Pediat Cardiol, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Process evaluation of complex cardiovascular interventions: How to interpret the results of my trial?2020In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 19, no 3, article id 1474515120906561Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Complex interventions of varying degrees of complexity are commonly used and evaluated in cardiovascular nursing and allied professions. Such interventions are increasingly tested using randomized trial designs. However, process evaluations are seldom used to better understand the results of these trials. Process evaluation aims to understand how complex interventions create change by evaluating implementation, mechanisms of impact, and the surrounding context when delivering an intervention. As such, this method can illuminate important mechanisms and clarify variation in results. In this article, process evaluation is described according to the Medical Research Council guidance and its use exemplified through a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness of a transition program for adolescents with chronic conditions.

  • Larsson, Maria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Olin-Scheller, Christina
    Karlstad University.
    Adaptation and resistance: washback effects of the national test on upper secondary Swedish teaching2020In: Curriculum Journal, ISSN 0958-5176, E-ISSN 1469-3704Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the washback effects of a national test in Swedish at upper secondary schools. The test consists of three parts-reading, writing and speaking-and this study specifically focuses on the washback effects in relation to Stephen Ball's theory of policy enactment. The study draws on qualitative data from a total of 21 interviews conducted with five teachers of Swedish in upper secondary education in a series of four individual interviews and a concluding group interview. The results indicate that the reading comprehension test has had little washback effect on reading instruction whereas the writing and the oral tests seem to have had a substantial washback effect. The teachers also exhibit what Ball refers to as resistance and capitulation in relation to the national test, and to the reading comprehension test in particular.

  • Straszer, Boglárka
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Rosén, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet.
    Wedin, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Imagining the homeland: mother tongue tuition in Sweden as transnational space2020In: Journal of Multicultural Discourses, ISSN 1744-7143, E-ISSN 1747-6615, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article images of and narratives about a specific homeland, heritage and culture in Mother Tongue Tuition (MTT) in Sweden are analyzed in order to discuss if and how the MTT classroom is constructed as a transnational space. In the Swedish context, MTT is a voluntary school subject with the aim to support students to develop knowledge in and about the mother tongue, namely languages other than Swedish used in the home setting. Through a modified nexus analysis of policy documents, field notes and photos from observations and semi-structured interviews with Mother Tongue teachers, a picture emerges of MTT as a transnational space. However, while the discourses of official curricula express a simplified view of the relations between language, culture and the geopolitical space perceived as the homeland, the analysis of the linguistic landscape of the classrooms and the MT teachers? voices exposes the complexity of such relations in a globalized world. The analysis revealed that the construction of the homeland is not limited to relations between two geographical places, as expressed through the national curriculum, but rather the discourses in place may include varied diaspora communities as well as complex national situations in the perceived homeland.

  • Gray, David
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    “Command these elements to silence”: Ecocriticism and The Tempest2020In: Literature Compass, E-ISSN 1741-4113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As part of the response in the humanities to rising concerns of the human influence on the Earth system, ecocriticism - an interdisciplinary approach to the study of literature focused on ecological and environmental concerns - became a major trend in literary and cultural studies by the first decade of the twenty-first century. This period also witnessed an increase in ecocritical studies of Shakespeare's works, which have continued to proliferate. It is timely therefore to consider those individual works that have interested ecocritics and featured in ecocritical studies. This article will provide just such a consideration of Shakespeare's final play, The Tempest (1611), providing a critical review of the play's ecocritical studies thus far, and drawing attention to central ideas and common themes in the process. Finally, the article offers its own ecocritical analysis of the play, based on historical accounts of a catastrophic tidal event that took place in south-west England, in 1607.

  • Lysén, Jan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Ett postsekultärt Sverige?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The visibility of religion in a global world and demands for political influence are subject to debate and research. One of the fields of research is the revision of the theory of secularism which has opened to the de-privatization of religion in civil society, where it can constitute a counterforce against totalitarian movements, criticism of capitalism downsides to consumerism and an in-depth discussion of existential issues. In Sweden, Joel Halldorf - Liberal columnist, academic scientist and Christian - is an advocate of post-secularistic approach to religious diversification based on migration. The survey focuses on how Halldorf based on his different roles argue for religion increased influence in society. A basis for Halldorf's argumentation is a functional definition of religion that allows Halldorf to emphasize the ability of religions to fellowship and organization in associations. Halldorf's thoughts have met resistance from parts of the liberal press why this resistance will be correlated to Halldorf's different roles.

  • Gautié, Jérôme
    et al.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    Malmö universitet, Institutionen för samhälle, kultur och identitet (SKI).
    Lean versus Learning? Work Organizations, Innovation and Job Quality in the Aerospace Industry in France and Sweden2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To cope with fierce competition in an increasing globalized context, many companies tend to reduce wage costs and intensify work, adopting what could be labelled as social dumping strategies, with negative effects on job quality (JQ) - this term encompassing compensation, employment status, work conditions, but also training and promotion opportunities. Innovation - defined here as any significative and valuable change in product, process, marketing or organisation -is often presented as the solution to break this potential vicious circle. Still, this positive view must be assessed. To do so, we need to open the "black box" of firms, to analyse more precisely the nature, the motivation, the modes of implementation, and the outcomes of innovation, by scrutinizing all the mechanisms at play. The paper focuses here on the interplay between innovation and JQ, in a specific industry, Aerospace, which is an innovation leader, with numerous spill-over effects on other manufacturing industry. Our study relies on qualitative empirical evidence from in-depth firm case studies, carried out in two countries that are good illustrations of different varieties of capitalism, France and Sweden. The firms under study have introduced a wide range of technological process innovations, such as 3D Computer-Aided-Design and different forms of Computer Aided Manufacturing and automated processes - from Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machines to robots. If there were some common features concerning the impacts in terms of JQ, there were also differences related to organizational and managerial choices across firms - whether because organization mediated the impact of technological changes, or because these changes were highly interlinked with organisational ones. There were indeed important organizational changes in the firms of our sample, recent or still going on at the time of our study. These changes were sometimes considered even more important than technological innovations. One important change was the introduction of "lean" principles. But the way "lean" was implemented was in fact quite different across the different cases, with different consequences in terms of JQ. A quite rigid top-down "lean", dominant in France, contrasted with a more flexible form, more compatible with the "learning" type of organization witnessed in Sweden. One interesting difference between the two types of organization was the role of trade-unions in the "innovation-JQ" nexus. Still, in France, a growing concern about the limits of existing organisation was arising, as (better) work organisation was more and more identified as a key determinant of an innovative workplace - defined as a work environment that provides a fertile ground for innovations of any kind. Some organizational innovations (sometimes quite radical) were put in place to improve JQ, in particular in terms of worker's autonomy and involvement, to move from a "lean" to a more "learning" type of organization. Overall, our contribution highlights some key mechanisms of the interplay between work organization, JQ and innovation, and sheds light on some hotly debated issues concerning the impact of new technologies on the quality of jobs.

  • Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Institutionen för Individ och samhälle (IS), Malmö University.
    Gautié, Jérôme
    Wright, Sally
    Green, Anne
    Innovation and job quality in the aeronautic industry: Results from qualitative case studies2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper focuses on the interactions between innovations (of all kinds) and job quality (in a wide sense, covering work and employment conditions, including job status, compensation, training and career opportunities) in the aeronautic industry. It draws on empirical evidence – industry survey and company case studies – from France, Sweden and the UK. Aeronautics has introduced important innovations in the past decade. For example, computer assisted devices (from computer aided engineering and design, Model Based Definition (MBD), i.e. the use of 3D drawings, to computer numeric control machines) have impacted the work of both engineers, technicians and operators. The new generation of process innovations (i.e. digitalization) include, among others, the introduction of cobots and robots, and virtual augmented reality devices. Aeronautics is indeed a front runner of the “factory of the future” or “industry 4.0”, which may have important consequences in terms of both job quantity and quality – notably in terms of education requirements, competence development, and individual task discretion/autonomy. Organisational innovations have also played an important role, such as the implementation of lean manufacturing and its derivatives, introduced more recently than in the automotive industry, with some specificities. Increasing pressure on all the segments of the supply chain has been witnessed in many firms and their subcontractors, in connection with some of the technical devices mentioned previously, and in a context of increasing competition, and in some cases to important changes in the governance of firms. But the reverse causality – i.e. from JQ to innovation – is also a key issue. Some firms are innovating by introducing new forms of organisations to improve some dimensions of job quality as a mean to foster the innovation capacity of the firm “from the bottom up”, with experiments such as “liberated company”. As in other industries, some big companies are trying to emulate the “start-up spirit”.

  • Börnfelt, Per-Ola
    et al.
    Arvidsson, Markus
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    Institutionen för Individ och samhälle (IS), Malmö Högskola.
    Whistleblowing in the light of loyalty and transparency2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to raise questions about loyalty, whistleblowing and transparency in public organisations. In the first part we present the picture of a new form of loyalty in working life. A so called rational loyalty is replacing the traditional autocratic loyalty due to development in society and the legal framework, as presented by Wim Vandekerckhove (2006: 124-134). This development is supporting acts of whistleblowing. However, in the paper we argue that the picture is much more complex and whistleblowing is often hindered in practise in spite of developments in organisational policies and law. Therefore, we would also like to discuss if increased organisational transparency can promote more ethical behaviour and whistleblowing in public organisations. In the second part of the paper we discuss the prerequisites for rational loyalty in the Swedish public sector. We present different kinds of loyalty forms, which can be seen as counterforces to rational loyalty, whistleblowing and transparency at workplaces in the public sector.

  • Ahlstrand, Roland
    Malmö universitet.
    Integrative Strategy, Competitiveness and Employment: a Case Study of the Transition at the Swedish Truck Manufacturing Company Scania During the Economic Downturn in 2008-20102015In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 457-477Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to investigate how and why the truck manufacturer Scania adapted to the economic downturn between 2008 and 2010 in the manner it did. First, Scania signed a crisis agreement on fewer working hours and lower wages, and, later, it signed an agreement stipulating fewer working hours, but without wage reductions. Both of these agreements were combined with investments in competence development and education as well as with the decision not to give notice to the employees, which was uncommon among Swedish companies. It is claimed that the company wanted to strengthen the competitiveness by integrating the unions and the employees even more in the business. An important prerequisite was the company’s Flexibility Agreement, which allowed the company not to give temporary employees new contracts and to let temporary employees leave the company as soon as their maximum employment period of six months expired.

  • Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Malmö högskola.
    Arvidson, Markus
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Protest, tystnad och partiskhet: Replik på en teori om lojalitet och whistleblowing2017In: Norsk sosiologisk tidsskrift, ISSN 2535-2512, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 257-265Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Gautié, Jérome
    et al.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    Malmö universitet, Institutionen för samhälle, kultur och identitet (SKI).
    Green, Ann
    Wright, Sally
    Innovation, Job Quality and Employment Outcomes in the Aerospace industry: Evidence from France, Sweden and the UK2018In: Virtuous circles between innovations, job quality and employment in Europe? Case study evidence from the manufacturing sector, private and public service sector / [ed] Karen Jaehrling, QuInnE , 2018, p. 35-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Öhlén, Mats
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Vesterholm, Angelica
    Dalarna University, Not School affiliated.
    Sedelius, Thomas (Editor)
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.
    Vägen till arbete för invandrade akademiker?: En utvärdering av kursen Korta vägen i Dalarna 20192020Report (Other academic)
  • Gleisner Villasmil, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work. Örebro universitet.
    Lärares digitala didaktik: En tematisk livshistorieansats om lärares didaktiska övertygelser, överväganden och val av digitala resurser2019Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to contribute with knowledge from a close teachers’ perspective on how teachers' considerations and choice of digital artefactsfor teaching are related to didactic beliefs that are shaped and changed over time in teacher's professional life. A thematic life history approach is used in combination with a socio-cultural perspective and didactic starting points. Life story interviews with six high school teachers from three Swe-dish schools constitute the empirical material that results in individual life history constructions about digitalization.

    The participating teachers have what is referred to as digital didactics, which focus on the teachers' competence to make didactic considerations and the choice of digital artefacts according to the needs that exist according to the target group for the teaching, subject content and surrounding envi-ronmental and time aspects.

    The findings of the study indicate that teachers have prominent didactic beliefs that are the hub for consideration and choice of digital resources. These can be understood as individual but also in a larger collective context. Teachers’ didactic beliefs are motivated by three dimensions, which are the teachers' subject matter, the desire to help the students and the personal satisfaction. The cognitive, historical and physical contexts are constantly changing due to the rapid development of digitalization and the didactic choices have been expanded with more opportunities but also greater chal-lenges. Didactic choices of digital artefacts can be divided into general-di-dactic choices, subject- and program-didactic choices and choices linked to didactic beliefs and experience.

    The contribution of this study is that teachers' digital didactics is based on teacher's didactic beliefs, which are formed in a historical, cultural and social context that influences the didactic present and the future. A school with digital artefacts is part of an ever-available global digital arena. The study contributes with a new model of an extended didactic triangle that visualizes teachers’ digital didactics where the teacher and the didactic belief are prominent.

  • Kindevåg, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    ”Det största verktyget är oss själva”: En studie om yrkeslärares erfarenheter och strategier av att undervisa elever med svenska som andraspråk på kommunal vuxenutbildning2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka vilka erfarenheter och strategier yrkeslärare har när de undervisar andraspråkselever på kommunala vuxenskolans yrkesutbildningar. Idag finns väldigt lite publicerad forskning på just denna specifika elevgrupp, trots att många immigranter har kommit till Sverige det senaste decenniet. Den kommunala vuxenutbildningen och dess yrkesutbildningar påverkas av detta då många av eleverna idag har svenska som andraspråk. Yrkeslärarnas förutsättningar har förändrats och de möter idag många nya utmaningar då de näst intill dagligen ställs inför oväntade situationer när kultur och förväntningar krockar i klassrummen. Därför är frågan relevant att undersöka. De erfarenheter som yrkeslärarna delar med sig av genom intervjuer är att elevernas förkunskaper i svenska och samhällskunskap är bristande. Yrkeslärarna delger också erfarenheten att de inte alltid får det stöd från huvudmannen som de känner att de behöver. De strategier som framförallt används av yrkeslärarna i klassrummen är att prata långsamt, använda enklare ord och många synonymer samt att med kroppsspråk eller bilder understryka det som sägs.

  • Radonjic Strid, Ginger
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    The Nameless Monster in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein: An Analysis of The Unnameable Monster’s Monstrosity2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Stankovic, Gordana
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Synen på martyrskap inom den shiitiska grenen av Islam utifrån två shiitiska författare och teologer2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om hur två kända muslimska författare och teologer, Ali Shariati och Murteza Mutahhari, ser på begreppet martyrskap i den shiitiska traditionen inom Islam. Studien presenterar även de likheter och skillnader som finns i synen på martyrskap utifrån de olika författarna och teologerna. De båda tar avstamp ifrån berättelsen om martyren Imam Husayn och Karbaladramat. Material från flera olika författare har använts för att tydliggöra tidigare forskning. Metoden som använts, för att få fram ett resultat, har varit en form av begreppsanalys, där olika begrepp och teman, som har en koppling till begreppet martyrskap, tagits ur sin kontext för att sedan analyseras och bearbetas. I analysen har det framkommit att både Shariati och Mutahhari har en likartad syn och inställning till begreppet martyrskap. Diskussionen i uppsatsen har handlat om att framhålla resultatet av analysen samt att visa på jämförelsen som gjorts teologerna emellan.

  • Enderstam, Désirée
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Sprechen Sie rechts?: Rhetorik und Sprachgebrauch des Nationalsozialismus in politischen Reden des AfD-Politikers Björn Höcke2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Right-wing populism is reaching a renaissance throughout Europe and European parliaments. The German right-wing populist party AfD – Alternative für Deutschland – is today part of the German government, even though there are allegations that language, which reminds of passed Nazi times, is used in public speeches. Björn Höcke, member of the AfD and the leader at the Landtag of Thuringia, has made many headlines because of his rhetoric, when addressing voters in public speeches and parallels to Nazi rhetoric have been made. The aim of this study is to investigate which rhetorical means of Nazi origin are used by Björn Höcke in public speeches, and which of those he uses most frequently. Four different speeches of Björn Höcke are chosen to be analysed through the lens of rhetorical figures of speech, such as metaphor, hyperbole and repetition, which were commonly used in Nazi rhetoric. The result of this study shows, that Björn Höckes in fact more or less uses all of the rhetorical figures of speech mentioned. Metaphors are used frequently, even though not as intensely as in Nazi rhetoric. Most striking is Höckes usage of repetition, where words such as “people”, but also national affiliation are ceaselessly repeated. Even more striking is the continuously use of hyperboles in terms of superlative, especially the use of numerical superlative, to convince the listeners. Furthermore, Björn Höckes custom of using words of Nazi origin, such as “people”, “total”, “millennial empire” seem intentional. The conclusion can be made that Nazi rhetoric are part of Björn Höcke rhetorical repertoire.

  • Lindström, Susanne
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Digitaliseringen av Bildämnet- Fördel eller nackdel?: En intervjuundersökning om bildlärares uppfattning om digitaliseringen av Bildämnet2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien har varit att undersöka bildlärares uppfattningar om digitaliseringen av bildämnet och utifrån ett bildlärarperspektiv undersöka vad bildlärarna anser att det finns för fördelar och nackdelar med användande av digitala verktyg och medier i bildundervisningen. Studien undersökte även bildlärares uppfattningar om det analoga bildskapandet påverkas av användning av digitala verktyg och medier i bildundervisningen. En kvalitativ forskningsmetod har använts för det här arbetet. Fem bildlärare har intervjuats på både gymnasiet och högstadiet. Analysmetoden för det här arbetet har utgått ifrån ett induktivt förhållningssätt, där olika kategorier och teman har tagits fram utifrån deltagarnas svar. Resultatet är uppdelat i fyra teman: Digitaliseringen av bildämnet- fördel och nackdelar, digitaliseringens förändring av bildämnet, kompetens inom digitalt bildskapande och analogt respektive digitalt bildskapande i bildämnet. Resultatet visar att bildlärarna uppfattar digitaliseringens fördelar med att eleverna lätt kan söka information och inspiration, samt att det är lättare att kommunicera med eleverna med hjälp av digitala verktyg och medier. Nackdelar som bildlärarna uppfattade är resursbrist och att digitaliseringen medför distraktioner i bildundervisningen. Bildlärarna ser fortfarande det analoga bildskapandet som grunden för bildundervisningen men att analogt och digitalt bildskapande kan kombineras för att få en djupare kunskapsutveckling i bildämnet.

  • Bomström Aho, Erika
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Nyanlända gymnasieelever – Elevidentiteter och språkbarriärer2020In: Acta Didactica Norden, ISSN 2535-8219, Vol. 14, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    I föreliggande artikel studeras nyanlända elevers upplevelser av att vara elever på Språkintroduktion. Programmet är ett av fem introduktionsprogram i gymnasieskolan och tar emot nyanlända elever från 16 till 19 år. Eleverna placeras på Språkintroduktion eftersom de nyligen har kommit till Sverige och för att de ännu inte uppnått tillräckliga kunskaper i det svenska språket. I denna intervjustudie bidrar Homi Bhabhas teori om mellanrummet till en förståelse för hur erfarenheter av Språkintroduktion kan upplevas. Resultatet visar att elevgrupperna på Språkintroduktion är heterogena eftersom eleverna har olika erfarenheter av skola och arbete. Tre teman blir synliga i resultatet: elever med andra kunskaper och erfarenheter, elevidentiteter som särskilt framträder och det svenska språket som barriär. Resultaten visar att förvärvandet av det svenska språket för varje elev blir ett mål att nå samtidigt som det utgör ett hinder. Språket blir viktigt eftersom eleverna är beroende av det för att lyckas såväl i skolan som i samhällslivet. Likaså blir synliggörandet av elevers tidigare erfarenheter och kunskaper betydelsefullt eftersom det kan komma att påverka deras identitetsuppfattning.Nyckelord: språkintroduktion; nyanlända elever; mellanrum; elevidentitetNewly arrived upper secondary school students – Student identities and language barriersAbsractThis study investigates newly arrived students’ experiences of being students at Language Introduction in Sweden. The program is one of five introductory programs in Swedish upper secondary school and admits newly arrived students from the ages of 16 to 19 years old. Students are placed at Language introduction because they have recently arrived in Sweden and since they have not yet gained enough knowledge of the Swedish language. In this interview study, Homi Bhabha’s theory of the third space contributes to an understanding of how experiences from Language introduction can be perceived. The results show that student groups at Language introduction are heterogeneous as students have diverse experiences of school and work. Three themes appear in the results: students with other kinds of knowledge and experiences, student identities in transformation, the Swedish language as an obstacle and as goal. The results show that the acquisition of the Swedish language becomes to each student a goal to reach and at the same time a hindrance. The language becomes important because the students depend on it in order to be successful in school as well as in life in society. Likewise, making the students’ past experiences and knowledge visible, becomes important as it may affect their perception of identity.Keywords: språkintroduktion; nyanlända elever; mellanrum; elevidentitet

  • Ekk, Rima
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Vilken uppfattning har tekniklärarna av att ersätta eller komplettera läroböcker med digitala läromedel: En studie ur ett lärarperspektiv på gymnasieskolan2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Läroböcker ersätts eller kompletteras mot digitala läromedel allt eftersom i ämnet Teknik. Detta eftersom tekniken i samhället går väldigt fort och då håller inte böckerna som finns idag måttet. Studien visar vilken uppfattning tekniklärare har av att ha ersatt eller bytt ut böcker mot digitala läromedel på gymnasieskolan. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vilken uppfattning tekniklärare har av att ha infört eller ersatt läroboken med digitala läromedel.  Studien är en kvalitativ studie som har utförts med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer för att besvara syftet. Sju tekniklärare intervjuades och all material från intervjuerna transkriberades och analyserades med hjälp av styrdokument, tidigare forskning och teoretiska perspektiv. Resultatet visade att tekniklärarnas uppfattning av digitala läromedel varierar. Det är inte  alla som skulle vilja byta ut läroboken mot digitala läromedel. Läroboken är ett färdigt koncept känner en del av lärarna och detta för att läroboken ofta har en färdig koppling till kursplanen och de centrala innehållen. Som lärare kan man spara tid till annat än att behöva planera eller sätta ihop eget material i digital form.

  • Conti, Eugenio
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies. European Tourism Research Institute (ETOUR), Mid Sweden University.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    European Tourism Research Institute (ETOUR), Mid Sweden University.
    Instagramming nature-based tourism experiences: a netnographic study of online photography and value creation2020In: Tourism Management Perspectives, ISSN 2211-9736, E-ISSN 2211-9744, Vol. 34, article id 100650Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to explore the role of online photography in creating experience value in nature-based tourism, and what types of experience value are conveyed through photography-based user-generated content. The paper draws from existing literature in defining tourism experience value as a subjective, inter-subjective and inter-contextual construct, performed by situated valuation practices. Consequently, the paper presents interpretive and participatory netnography as an effective method to investigate experience value, and identifies online photography on Instagram as both a valuing practice and a valuing place. Results show the capability of online photography-based UGC to create multidimensional values from strategic combinations of textual and visual content. Simultaneously, new dimensions of experience value are introduced, which exist beyond single tourism experiential encounters, but critically contribute to an iterative experience valuation. Finally, Instagram posts introduce valuation timelines that can elude linear models of pre/in-situ/post-experience valuation, and assume subjective and fluid connotations.

  • Andersson, Mona
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Estetiska lärprocesser i NO-undervisningen: Hur använder lärare estetiska lärprocesser i sin undervisning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en empirisk studie av estetiska lärprocesser i NO-ämnet. Syftet är att ta reda på om och hur lärare använder sig av estetiska lärprocesser i NO, samt vad de anser att syftet med estetiska lärprocesser i NO-undervisningen är. Jag ville också se hur detta arbetssätt mottas av elever i grundskolan och hur deras attityd till estetiska uttrycksformer ser ut.  Studien har sin utgångspunkt ur två teoretiska perspektiv, John Deweys pragmatism, och Lev Vygotskijs sociokulturella perspektiv.  Den empiri som insamlats har utgått från tre kvalitativa datainsamlingsmetoder. Intervjuer med lärare, observation i klassrum samt fokusgrupper.  Det visade sig att syftet med estetiska lärprocesser tolkas olika av lärare. Några av lärarna, liksom de elever som deltagit i fokusgrupper, ser på estetiska uttrycksformer som något positivt men långt ifrån alla ser det som en del av ett lärande utan som en schemabrytande aktivitet. Vidare visade det sig att tid, fortbildning och resurser, samt ett estetiskt intresse från lärarens sida, spelar stor roll i huruvida en estetisk uttrycksform som en främjande lärprocess, kom att användas i undervisningen. Slutsatsen blev att det finns en bred tolkning av vad en estetisk lärprocess kan innebära, samt en begränsad förståelse för syftet av användandet av estetiska uttrycksformer i NO. Elevers attityd till estetiska lärprocesser visade sig också vara positiv då de upplevde att använda sig av bild i NO, gjorde lektionen roligare och annorlunda, men till stor del kopplades det inte till lärande. Studien visar också att vidare forskning med större deltagarantal skulle utveckla kunskapen kring estetiska lärprocessers syfte i NO-undervisningen ytterligare.

  • Lindberg, Shivaun
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Life Review: At Sea in John Banville’s The Sea: An Eriksonian Perspective2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis