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  • Strömer, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Schludermann, Katarina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Hur vill barnfamiljer ta emot reklam?: En kvantitativ studie om vilken/ vilka kommunikationskanaler som barnfamiljer föredrar att få attraktiva erbjudanden genom.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    In today's society, it becomes increasingly difficult for companies to reach their prospective customers. In order to reach their customers, companies can convey messages through communication channels that have varying characteristics. Communication channels can be divided into traditional and modern communication channels. Different characteristics of the communication channels are preferred by different individuals. Families with children constitutes a significant part of the consumption of food as they purchase fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) to a greater extent than the remaining family constellations. As a result, this target group becomes a key target for food retailers. In this regard, more thorough knowledge from the food store's perspective is required to apply the right communication channel to reach the target families with children, in a manner preferred by the target audience.

    Purpose:

    To investigate which of the modern and/ or traditional communication channels, families with children prefer from a food store when an attractive message is conveyed.

    Reference Framework:

    The essay is based on theories such as the communication process, general differences for the modern and traditional communication channels and communication direction. Furthermore, the theoretical frame of reference is based on previously studied material from scientific articles.

    Method:

    The methodological approach is based on a quantitative method and the empirical material has been collected through a quantitative questionnaire survey.

    Result:

    The results of the survey show that the preferred communication channel for the target audience is e-mail. E-mail had a high percentage share compared to the remaining communication channels that were included in the survey. Furthermore, the results suggest that modern communication channels are preferred to traditional communication channels.

  • Jonasson, Sofia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Skolkuratorns etiska överväganden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolkuratorns yrkesutövning är mångfasetterad och komplex. Arbetet ställer höga krav på etisk medvetenhet och yrkeskompetens och vilar på humanistiska etiska värden som omgärdar yrkesutövningen. Denna studie syftade till att undersöka hur skolkuratorer tillämpar etiska överväganden och hur de förhåller sig till yrkesetiken. Studien genomfördes med fem skolkuratorer i semi-strukturerade intervjuer inom den kommunala grundskolan. Resultaten visar att skolkuratorerna förhåller sig integrerat till yrkesetiken, som en del av personligheten. Deras yrkesetiska överväganden består av en process i flera led och innehåller olika etiska teoretiska ingångar samt relaterar till den etiska koden för socialarbetare. Slutsatserna är att skolkuratorerna tillämpar etiska överväganden efter olika teoretiska modeller men med en omedvetenhet om den etiska kopplingen i praktiken och behöver stöd från skolorganisationen och intresseföreningar för att stärka medvetenheten i deras yrkesetiska överväganden.

  • Manuel Martínez Contrera, Juan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Actitudes lingüísticas de los murcianos hacia las distintas variedades del español peninsular.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    Este trabajo está dedicado al estudio de las actitudes lingüísticas de los murcianos. Para ello y más concretamente se estudiará las actitudes cognitivas y afectivas de los informantes con el fin de conocer las opiniones y los pensamientos hacia las distintas variedades del habla en la España peninsular.

  • Fjällström, Robin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Filmklipparens roll i Star Wars: Kraften i actionsekvenser2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Målet med denna studie är att undersöka om det finns några principer för hur actionsekvenser är klippta och om utvecklingen av ny klippteknik ändrat på sättet man klipper actionsekvenser i Star Wars eller om man arbetar för att behålla och återskapa samma emotionella klippkänsla som i de äldre filmerna. Studien är genomförd i form av två stycken analysmetoder, den första metoden bygger på Berry Salt's analysmetod för att få ut statistik över hur actionsekvenserna är klippta, genom att se hur många klipp det är i en sekvens och dela antal klipp med tiden som sekvensen utspelar sig under, på så sätt får man ut en så kallad "average shot lenght" (ASL). Den andra metoden är en bildanalys där jag undersöker hur man har arbetat med dramaturgin och informationen man ger publiken. Undersökningens ramverk bygger på Dancygers  (2011) kriterier för en actionssekvens och det innebär i korthet att en actionsekvens ska innehålla identifikation, excitation, en konfilkt och intensifiering för att en actionsekvens ska räknas som en actionsekvens. Undersökningens resultat visar på att de actionsekvenser som ingått i studien skiljer sig åt. Men det finns en del genomgående principer som gäller samtliga sekvenser och de är att varje bild ska ge information om var man befinner sig, vad det är som händer och vad som kommer att hända i nästa bild. Ur min studie kan man se att sekvenserna skiljer sig i tid, antal klipp och hur lång ASL varje sekvens har. Med hjälp av klippningen ska man ge publiken den information som dem behöver för att förstå berättelsen som projiceras framför dom. Utgår man ifrån hur Star Wars filmerna är klippta i en bransch som utvecklats under 40 år, då ser man hur man använt sig av en liknande klippteknik för att fånga publikens uppmärksamhet, föra berättelsen framåt och ge publiken rätt information.

  • Kruse, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Mänskliga rättigheter - bortom den globala samtidens spektrum2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den samtida globaliseringen har medföljts av nya transnationella politiska spörsmål. Problem som internationella institutioner uppger sig ämna lösa. För närvarande tycks dock nämnda institutioner misslyckas upprätthålla detta åtagande. Denna utveckling har kommit att bli en kärnfråga inom forskning gällande global demokrati och mänskliga rättigheter. Inom detta fält förs en debatt beträffande hur internationella institutioner bör vara strukturerade för att kunna bemöta samtidens spörsmål.

    Syftet med uppsatsen var att bidra till förståelsen för hur ramverket för mänskliga rättigheter kan bistå med verktyg vid bemötandet av den globala samtidens framväxande problem. Syftet uppfylls genom en analys av Carol C. Goulds nyckelargument beträffande hur och varför internationella institutioner ska reformeras så att de mer adekvat kan bemöta dessa framväxande problem.

    Studien visar på att mänskliga rättigheter tolkat som ett diversifierat kulturellt ramverk kan bidra till utvecklingen på i synnerhet två vis. Dels kan dem bidra med politiska kriterium för nationalstater att underkasta sig. Dels kan dem fungera som en lins genom vilken kulturella kontexter kan betraktas för att institutionerna ska kunna avgöra hur man bäst går till väga för att uppfylla de behov som existerar inom varje givet sammanhang.

  • Gustafzzon, Linn
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Gröndahl, Antonia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Musikens påverkan fysiskt och psykiskt på elitidrottare under högintensiv träning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether music has an ergogenic effect physically and mentally on elite athletes during high intensity training. The study included nine participant, five women and four men. Test participants were all elite active in cycling or triathlon, the average age was 25.7 and the standard deviation of the age was 3.2. The test was performed on SRM cycling ergometer which measured maximum power, average power, mean cadence and maximum heart rate. The test consisted of four two minutes high intensity intervals with six minutes rest between each interval. Every second interval, the test participant had music in there ears and every other interval was performed in silence. The data was filed and analyzed in SRMX programs. The results did not showed any significant difference, but a tendency for music had an ergogenic effect during fatigue. Nine out of ten of the test participants had a positive experience from the intervals of music.

  • Gustafsson, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Nilsson, Angelica
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Redesign av Falu Basketsgrafiska profil2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This assignment was done in cooperation with Falu Basket, who were in

    need of a new graphical profile because their current ones were

    incoherent and did not attract their intended audience.

    We asked us the question: ”How can Falu Basket

    's old graphic identity

    be

    modernized so that it attracts their intended target group, members of

    the organization in the ages between 10 and 15 years?”.

    An interview was conducted with a board member for the purpose of

    gathering facts about the organization and to get a better understanding

    of how they would like to identify themselves. To get a better view of

    what other competing basketball organizations logos and profile clothes

    looked like, two visual content analyses was performed. A survey was

    conducted on the members of Falu Basket to be able to design a logo

    based on their requests. In addition to these, a web survey was given to

    people who were graphically knowledgeable in order to derive a suitable

    font to a graphical manual and for Falu Basktes website. To develop a

    design for Falu Baskets profile clothes, a focus group with participants

    from the target group was performed. All of these methods combined

    gave the basis for the design of the new graphical profile.

    The resulting logotype that was designed became a gender neutral logo

    which attracted the target group. The profile clothes were designed with

    regards to the requests of the target group and the results from the visual

    content analyses. The selected fonts were considered modern and a

    suitable match to the finished logotype.

    The results from the survey gave a basis to design a

    functional graphic

    identity

    , a graphic manual which were coherent, modern, gender neutral

    and which addressed the target group.

  • Reif, Marlene
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Lärares uppfattningar om vilka faktorer som kan varabidragande till den bristande läsförståelsen.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att bli en god läsare handlar inte om att knäcka läskoden utan utmaningen ligger i att förstå

    det man läser. Studiens syfte ämnar att undersöka hur fem lärare uppfattar vilka faktorer som

    kan ligga till grund för den bristande läsförståelsen bland elever. Genom halvstrukturerade

    intervjuer framkom det att lärarnas uppfattningar om vilka faktorer som kan vara bidragande

    till brister i läsförståelse var relativt samstämmiga. Faktorer såsom motivation, mängden text,

    svensklärarens ansvar kontra ett skolansvar, föräldrars ansvar i barnens läsutveckling var

    några av de faktorer som kom upp. Genom intervjuerna kan man utläsa en frustration bland

    lärarna över antalet faktorer som spelar in och där det är svårt att hitta en direkt orsak till

    dessa brister.

  • Borg, Farhana
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work. Umeå University.
    Economic (in)equality and sustainability: preschool children’s views of the economic situation of other children in the world2017In: Early Child Development and Care, ISSN 0300-4430, E-ISSN 1476-8275, 1-15 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored preschool children’s knowledge and views of other children’s economic situation worldwide, and their self-reported sources of such knowledge. A total of 53 final-year preschool children, aged 5–6, from 12 preschools in Sweden were interviewed. Children’s responses were analysed using content analysis and the Structure of the Observed Learning Outcomes Taxonomy. Most of them seemed to have knowledge about the lives and the economic situation of other children in the world. Many of the preschool children could justify their views with one or more relevant ideas or thoughts, and a few of them were also able to logically connect their arguments. Parents, media and observations of real-life situations were reported as major sources of knowledge, while preschool was mentioned by a few. Further research is needed to enhance our knowledge about how to integrate social and economic sustainability in preschool’s pedagogical activities and to engage children meaningfully in such learning.

  • Malmberg, Emilia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Level up: Language proficiency and gamification in upper secondaryschool2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gamification is a new but upcoming feature in classrooms that has grown with the digitalisation in Swedish homes and schools. The aim of this literature review is to research how gamification can influence upper secondary students’ language proficiency in English as a foreign language. Five sources were analysed, four journals and one conference paper, and the results show that gamification could increase language proficiency if it is used in a moderate amount and that the summative assessment with instant feedback could be beneficial for students when moderating their own language development. Motivation seems to be the key word in the results and the main subject that all the authors agree can be created and beneficial to the students' language proficiency. The results also showed that gamification is a new feature that has to be researched more in order to give a valid answer to the question of whether or not gamification is appropriate to use in school.

  • Kostaras, Vasiliki
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Flipped Classroom: A Literature Review on the Benefits and Drawbacks of theReversed Classroom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Technology has become an integral part in the realm of education. The flipped classroom is a

    recent teaching method where students can watch instructional online videos outside the

    classroom that actively engage them in their learning process. Although this trend has gained

    momentum in many disciples and there are many studies available, research behind language

    acquisition through the flipped classroom model is limited. Still it is implemented by many

    teachers in the upper secondary school in Sweden. The aim of this study is to investigate the

    benefits and drawbacks of the flipped classroom in the EFL context and to see if the Flipped

    Classroom enhances interactive skil

    ls in students’ language learning. Peer reviewed research

    articles were used and data has been collected through research behind the Flipped Classroom.

    The perceptions behind it were divided. Some teachers and students experienced the Flipped

    Classroom as something positive with regard to availability of material, the promotion of active

    learning for students and enhancement in language interaction. Along with these, criticism

    made on this teaching method is that creating material to be available online was time

    consuming and that perceived an increase in the homework load. As regards oral interaction,

    both teachers and students felt that it did enhance skills in speaking since preparation before

    class lead to qualitative time for interaction with the teacher during class, something that was

    very limited before implementing the flipped classroom model. This review suggests that there

    is a demand for further studies in the area of English language teaching and English language

    acquisition in the Swedish context of upper secondary education.

  • Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    A pluralist state?: civil society organizations’ access to the Swedish policy process 1964-20092014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Including civil society organizations in the policy process is a distinctive trait of democratic governance. But, while being highly valuable from a democratic point of view, not all civil society organizations are represented in the policy process. This dissertation draws attention to the role of the government in shaping the representation of civil society organizations in the Swedish government consultation referred to as the ‘remiss procedure’. The overall aim is to increase empirical and theoretical understanding of civil society organizations’ access to the national Swedish policy process. Drawing on various empirical data sources, it analyzes how access has changed during the second half of the 20th century, the factors influencing access, and the significance of the access provided by the government.

    The results are based on four empirical studies, and show that the government has encouraged an increasing number and more diverse types of civil society organizations to be represented in the remiss procedure. In addition, organizations with plenty of resources, such as labor and business organizations, are not overrepresented. However, access is slightly skewed in favor of civil society organizations with an insider position within other access points at national government level, which is consistent with a privileged pluralistic pattern of interest representation. In addition, civil society organizations seem to be invited into an arena for political influence of less relevance. Theoretically, the dissertation moves beyond the neo-corporatist perspective that dominated Swedish research during the second half of the 20th century by drawing attention to five different theoretical lenses: pluralism, neo-corporatism, political opportunity structures, policy network theory, and resource exchange theory. It concludes that a variety of theories are needed for access to be understood.

  • Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    En arena för tillit och tolerans?2016In: Föreningen, jaget och laget: 7 perspektiv påmidrotrens  demokratiska effekter, Stockholm: Centrum för idrottsforskning , 2016, 27-46 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Forskning om relationen mellan det civila och offentliga samhället2011In: Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling: tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet / [ed] Ann-Sofie Hellberg, Martin Karlsson, Hannu Larsson, Erik Lundberg, Monika Persson, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2011, 71-80 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här kapitlet presenterar en forskningsbakgrund över hur svensksamhällsvetenskaplig forskning har studerat det svenska organisationslivetfrån mitten av 1900-talet till idag. Tillbakablicken illustrerar att begreppetcivilsamhället kan kasta nytt ljus över relationen mellan det civila ochoffentliga samhället och problematisera den samverkan som vi idag ser tarform inom offentlig förvaltning.

  • Karlsson, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    I betraktarens ögon: betydelsen av kön och ålder för studenters läraromdömen2012In: Högre Utbildning, ISSN 2000-7558, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 2, no 1, 19-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under senare år har studenters läraromdömen allt mer hamnat i fokus inom skola såväl som högre utbildning. Parallellt med dessa utvecklingar har olika typer av internettjänster genom vilka studenter kan betygsätta sina lärare dykt upp i flera länder. I Sverige lanserades 2008 tjänsten ”Studenter tycker till” (STT) där studenter kan registrera sig och fylla i bedömningar av lärare enligt kriterierna utlärningsförmåga, kunskap, engagemang och lärandestöd. I denna studie undersöks betydelsen av lärarens kön och ålder för studenters läraromdömen genom en kvantitativ analys av omdömen av 98 högskole- och universitetslärare som givits på hemsidan STT. Syftet är att synliggöra hur sociala markörer, i detta fall om läraren är man eller kvinna, ung eller gammal, spelar en stor roll för hur en lärare utvärderas. Resultaten visar att kvinnor och unga lärare systematiskt ges lägre betyg av studenter, än män och äldre lärare. Studenter är således inte könsblinda eller oberoende av föreställningar om förhållandet mellan ålder och kompetens i sina bedömningar. Studien aktualiserar betydelsen av sociala markörer så som kön och ålder måste synliggöras och tas i beaktning när studenters utvärderingar av lärare och kurser behandlas inom högre utbildning.

  • Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Injured But Not Yet Dead: A Bottom-Up Perspective on the Swedish Governmental Commissions2015In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 38, no 5, 346-354 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the recurrent “erosion thesis” in the governance literature, arguing that bureaucratic or procedural public-sector institutions have come to play a less significant role in public-policy formation. Evidence from the Swedish policy-making institutions referred to as “governmental commissions” and adoption of the perspective of interest organizations support the claim. Using various theories of institutional change, I show that increased government control has reduced the influence of governmental commissions on policy, but not eliminated the belief held by interest organizations that the commissions are legitimate institutions.

  • Karlsson, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mot medlemslösa partier: partiföreträdare om orsaker, konsekvenser och strategier kring en svikande medlemskår2011Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Karlsson, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Motstrategier eller undanmanövrar?: Svenska partiorganisationer i skuggan av en negativ medlemsutveckling2013In: Offentlig Förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2000-8058, E-ISSN 2001-3310, Vol. 17, no 4, 49-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från år 1979 fram till idag har de politiska partierna sammanlagt förlorat mer än 80 procent av sina medlemmar. Den här uppsatsen undersöker de svenska partiorganisationernas strategier och agerande i skuggan av de senaste decenniernas sjunkande medlemstal. Detta görs genom att undersöka: 1) Hur ledande partiföreträdare förhåller sig till partiernas medlemsutveckling; 2) På vilket sätt och i vilken utsträckning ledande partiföreträdare anser att partierna har anpassats för att hantera rekryteringsfunktionen respektive aggregeringsfunktionen i en situation med minskande medlemsorganisationer samt 3) Om det finns det några skillnader när det gäller hur ledande partiföreträdare förhåller sig till medlemsminskningen och hur dessa i sådana fall kan förstås. Uppsatsen visar att medlemsrekrytering inte tycks vara någon särskilt prioriterad fråga för något av partierna. Partiföreträdarena menar att medlemsutvecklingen inte har föranlett några stora och mer genomgripande förändringar av partiernas organisation i syfte att stärka eller utveckla partiernas aggregeringskanaler. Analysen visar vidare att det finns en insikt bland alla partiföreträdare om svårigheten när det gäller hur partierna ska klara försörjningen av framtidens förtroendevalda men att några mer genomgripande förändringar i partiorganisationerna inte går att se. Slutligen påvisar uppsatsen också att partiföreträdare från de folkrörelsebaserade partierna är mer medlemsorienterade och ger uttryck för att partierna i första hand söker lösningar som finns inbyggt i dess struktur, tradition och identitet som folkrörelse. Partiföreträdare från de icke-folkrörelsebaserade partierna ger uttryck för att dessa partier är mindre bundna till idealet om många medlemmar och också mer benägen att utveckla fler och alternativa aggregeringskanaler och rekryteringskanaler än de folkrörelsebaserade partierna.

  • Hellberg, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Karlsson, MartinÖrebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.Larsson, HannuÖrebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.Lundberg, ErikÖrebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.Persson, MonikaÖrebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling: tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling - Tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet samlar texter från doktorander och forskare knutna till Forskarskolan Offentlig verksamhet i utveckling (FOVU) vid Örebro Universitet. Antologin erbjuder en mångdisciplinär och omfångsrik behandling av en rad viktiga utmaningar för dagens offentlig verksamhet. I boken behandlas ämnen som korruption, jämställdhet, trygghet, medborgardialog, sjukskrivning och högerextremism. Målsättningen med boken är att skapa en bro mellan inomvetenskapliga debatter, offentlig praktik och politik. Här erbjuds kortare texter som på ett överskådligt sätt angriper praktikrelevanta ämnen utan att göra avkall på den vetenskapliga kvaliteten. Vissa texter erbjuder forskningsöversikter och reder ut oklarheter i teoretiska debatter, medan andra presenterar resultat av empirisk forskning.

  • Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Does the government selection process promote or hinder pluralism?: exploring the characteristics of voluntary organizations invited to public consultations2013In: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 9, no 1, 58-77 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To what extent does the government selection process practised in public consultations promote or hinder pluralism in the policy-making process? This article addresses this question by exploring and analysing the characteristics of voluntary organizations invited to public consultations. Evidence is drawn from the formerly corporatist Scandinavian country of Sweden and the policy-making process referred to as the ‘remiss procedure’. The article shows that the government selection process encourages a multitude of organizations to participate. Consistent with recent studies on Scandinavian corporatism, this study provides weak support of corporatist practices in the Swedish policy process. However, and without challenging the seemingly pluralistic nature of the remiss procedure, voluntary organizations with ‘insider status’ in the policy process are more frequently invited to formal decision-making arenas such as the remiss procedure. It is argued that the policy network literature and the theory of political opportunity structures may further the understanding of the government selection process practised in public consultations.

  • Frisk, Liselotte
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Hylén, Torsten
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Att lägga rälsen medan man kör: En utvärdering av kunskapshusens arbete i fyra pilotkommuner - Örebro, Göteborg, Borlänge och Stockholm2017Report (Other academic)
  • Författarpresentation1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 4, 107- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Anttila, Clint A
    Mitthögskolan.
    Paradigmkrig och fred: om argumentationsanalysen som integrerande grund inom socialvetenskap1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 4, 58-85 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Paradigm war and peace: argumentation analysis as a basis for integration

    This article shows that argumentation theory can serve as a fruitful methodological basis for empirical research in social science. Choosing this methodological perspective makes it possible to integrate criticism and methods, deriving from opposing positions in the so called paradigm wars, into a rational discourse. This is illustrated by means of an example of social work research concerning traumatic experiences and distinct phases in the process of recovery.

  • Cano Garcia, Jose
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Damp Heat Degradation of CIGS Solar Modules2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the short period that some photovoltaic technologies have taken part on the solar energy market, it is crucial to evaluate the long term stability of solar cells belonging to those technologies in order to ensure a minimum lifetime of their performance. Accelerated degradation tests are thus carried out to achieve such goals.

    The present study analyzes the encapsulation effects on co-evaporated manufactured Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) solar cells under damp heat conditions, consisting in 85 °C and 85 % relative humidity, during an approximated period of 1000 hours. The experimental procedure has been carried out at Solliance Solar Research facilities.

    Since the encapsulation packages play a critical role as a protection to achieve long term stability of the solar cells and modules, several packaging structures and materials has been taken into study. Thus, eighteen types of mini modules were manufactured including different combinations of encapsulants, front sheet foils, thin film protective barriers and CIGS cells from different manufacturers. The design of these mini modules and the manufacturing process to obtain them is also presented in this work. Various characterization techniques were carried out in order to acquire the required information about the solar cells and encapsulants performance along the damp heat degradation process.

    The results exposed that encapsulation packages including thin film barriers between the encapsulant and the front sheet foil allowed a longer solar cell lifetime due to their remarkable protection against moisture ingress. Moreover, the degradation of the molybdenum layer included in the CIGS cells was found as principal cause of efficiency decrement and end of performance of solar cells protected by regular encapsulant and front sheet foils. Some other findings in relation with the evaluated components are shown along the present study.

  • Kupferberg, Feiwel
    Aalborg Universitet.
    Biografisk självgestaltning1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 4, 32-57 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The biologiscal continuation of self

    In this article I argue that although individual changes or ”biographies” are crucial for the dynamics and functioning of modem societies, sociological theorizing has tended to downplay the importance of the biographical constitution of self. Methodologically sociologists have relied too much upon explanatory ” types” rather then starting from the social fact of ”variation”, the chaotic nature of the actual functioning of society has been ignored and the subjective element in societal changes has been defined out of existence. A model for analyzing the biographical constitution of self is suggested including such aspects as risk management and strategic thinking, biographical reflexivity, biographical work, repair work, biographical convertability, biographical events and normal biographies. The arguments rely heavily upon recent biography research in Germany and are illustrated by reference to the founder of the Zionist movement, Theodor Herzl, modern art and literature and studies on the biographical adaption of former GDR citizens in the process of German unification.

  • Bertilsson, Margareta
    Köpenhamns Universitet.
    Till kritiken av den kvalittativa metoden1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 4, 18-31 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Towards a critique of the "qualitative method"

    This article is based on a plenary speech (Sw. Sociological Association) in which several critical remarks were directed against the frequent and popular use of ’qualitative methods’ in contemporary sociology. The various types of remarks were: (1) Is the qualitative method anti-positivistic (2) Does it draw upon a different form of rationality than the quantitative method (3) Is the qualitative method more suitable for women than for men, and finally (4) Is the qualitative method ”deconstructivist” and/or ”postmodern”? The article ends with a critical discussion of which the possible consequences may be for the sociological discipline as such, when the qualitative method (or for that matter, women) come to dominate.

  • Widerberg, Karin
    Oslo Universitet.
    Sociologins makt - maktens sociologi1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 4, 5-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The power of sociology - the sociology of power

    In this article the relations in which sociological knowledge is produced, read and used, is discussed in a power perspective. Own experiences of sociological production of knowledge is linked to the metatheoretical critique of Pierre Bourdieu and Dorothy E. Smith. Similarities and differences regarding their critique as well as their recommended alternative approaches, are illustrated and discussed. It is argued that a sociological problematization - including a gender perspective - of the position of the researcher in the academic field and the tools that go along with this very position, has to be the basis for the development of a sociology that wants to be an alternative to ”the view from above”, i.e from those in power. Finally, the question of the links from relations of production of sociological knowledge to the ”sociological personality” is raised. Does the ruling perspective dominating the sociological traditions attract ”ruler personalities”? Does is make us all to ”small rulers” ? And does this in its turn result in a strengthening of the ruling perspective within sociology?

  • Johansson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Tema: Metodologi och självreflexion1995In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 32, no 4, 1-4 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Johansson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sociologisk Forskning 1995:41995Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Författarpresentation1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 1, 103- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Recensioner1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 1, 87-102 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Aspelin, Jonas
    Thomas J Scheffs socialpsykologi. En introduktion1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 1, 71-86 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This articel is an introduction to the socialpsychology of Thomas J Scheff. Scheff is a Professor emeritus at University of California, Santa Barbara. His work has not been introduced for a Swedish audience before, and therefore the article concentrates on some general aspects of the theory. It begins with a part where some characteristic aspects of Scheffs theory is outlined in relation to a more conventional socialpsychology. The text continues with a treatment of the central concepts of the theory. Social bond is the most important concept. Social bonds are the forces that keeps people together. In Scheffs view the buildning of bonds is the most fundamental human motive. The status of the social bond can be discovered in different ways. The method Scheff uses includes description, interpretation and analysis of communication, both in the verbal and the non-verbal sence. Scheff argues that strong bonds are built through communication that follows specific forms. The concept attunement is apt to describe these forms. The status of the bond is also dependent on the degree of differentiation in the relation. Secure bonds follows from optimal differentiation. Broken or damaged bonds can be characterized in terms of alienation. Scheff speaks of two main forms of alienation; engulfinent and isolation. A third factor that is important for the status of the bond is the kinds of emotions that operate in its maintenance. Shame and pride is according to this theory the master-emotions in human existence. They play a primary role in human conduct by giving the actors instinctive indications of the status of the bond. The last part of the article deals with what the theory has to say about social relationships in the modem society.

  • Bäck-Wiklund, Margareta
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Bergsten, Birgitta
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Moderna fäder mellan tradition och relation1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 1, 48-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern fathers - between tradition and relation

    Research on families simultaneously shows change and instability and duration and stability. Research on men as fathers bears the same contradiction, showing a man, who has got both traditional and more family and relation oriented characteristics. By asking men and women to tell about their life plans, their experiences of family life, gender and equality, we have tried to get hold of changes between ideal and gender identity, within the family context. The results show that the family with the focus on the children dominates the life plan of men and of women. We also find great similarities between the sexes in what they tell as about their family project. Differences appear, however, in what men and women tell us about what they do in their everyday family praxis. In the conflict between traditional roles, equality and every day praxis, men and women create routines which are effective, but also producing ambivalence in the conception of one self as parent, sex partner and equal partner of a married couple.

  • Eyerman, Ron
    Lunds universitet.
    Sociala rörelsers kulturella praxis1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 1, 32-47 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a shortened version of presentation made at the Second Annual Theory, Culture and Society Conference in Berlin, August 1995 and will appear in its entirety in a forthcoming volume of proceedings. Tracing the history of the song ”We Shall Overcome” from its origins in the experiences of African American slaves to its current status as social movement song par excellence is offered as an illustration of what the paper identifies as the cultural praxis of social movements. The recent cultural turn in social movement research is pushed further and deeper as it is suggested that current research has neglected the historical dimension. Tradition and ritual, it is suggested, which link current mobilizations to the past and a collective memory, should be analyzed as central elements in the making of social movements.

  • Thörn, Håkan
    Göteborgs unviersitet.
    Globalisering och sociala rörelser: Folkrörelsesverige i Sydafrika1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 1, 3-31 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalisation and social movements: Swedish popular movements in South Africa

    This article takes its departure from the so called “new social movement approach”, a research perspective that was developed during the 1980:s and was related not only to social movements but to issues of “ postindustrialism” or “postmodernism”. It is argued that this approach, in its search for the “new”, one-sidedly focused on “new” movements, i.e student, green, feminist, peace etc. Changes in the praxis of “old” movements, such as the labor movement, are equally important for understanding post-war social change. It is also argued that after the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989 questions in regards to new aspects of social movements, as well as of social structures, have gained new importance, but must be reformulated, and I argue that the concept of globalisation (implying, amongst other things, an increasing social complexity) is perhaps the most relevant conceptual form for discussing them. In the article, post-war - and post-1989 - social changes are discussed in relation to a study of a cooperation project - PEMSA, Peace Monitoring in South Africa - between 17 Swedish movement organisations (old as well as new) and three South African organisations, which provides an unique possibility to compare the present praxis of new and old movements, and to investigate the meaning of globalisation and social complexity in relation to social movement praxis.

  • Johansson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Mellan tradition och förnyelse: några funderingar1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 1, 2- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Johansson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sociologisk Forskning 1996:11996Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Malmqvist, C.
    et al.
    Wallin, Elisabeth
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Lindström, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Forest and Wood Technology.
    Säll, H.
    Differences in bud burst timing and bud freezing tolerance among interior and coastal seed sources of Douglas fir2017In: Trees, ISSN 0931-1890, E-ISSN 1432-2285, 1-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for species that will grow well through ongoing climate change has increased the interest in Douglas fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco] in Sweden. One of the most common problems seen in plantations of Douglas fir seedlings is damage caused by late spring frost, known to be highly correlated with the timing of bud burst. The objective of this study was to investigate spring-related bud development under Nordic conditions of seven Douglas fir provenances and to compare data with a local provenance of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst). Results from a field trial and a greenhouse-based study were compared. The interior Douglas fir provenances exhibited an earlier bud burst than coastal provenances, both in the greenhouse and in the field trial. When comparing differences within the groups of interior and coastal Douglas fir provenances, no differences could be found. The local Norway spruce, only grown in the greenhouse, showed an intermediate bud development profile similar to the interior Douglas fir provenance Three Valley. We therefore suggest that Three Valley could be planted at the same locations as the investigated local provenance of Norway spruce in mid-Sweden. To avoid spring frost damage the Douglas fir seedlings need to be frozen stored and planted late in spring. Planting under shelterwood can also help protect the seedlings from spring frost damages. As similar results for bud development patterns of Douglas fir and Norway spruce provenances were obtained from the greenhouse and field trials, greenhouse tests could facilitate selection of provenances.

  • Författarpresentation1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 2-3, 163- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Recensioner1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 2-3, 133-162 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Wærness, Kari
    Universitetet i Bergen.
    Debatt: Kommentar til ”Till Kritiken av den Kvalitativa Metoden” av Margareta Bertilsson, Sociologisk Forskning 4, 19951996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 2-3, 130-132 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Jacobsson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Øygarden, Geir A
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ekonomernas Guernica: Rädslans metaforer och produktionen av mening1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 2-3, 106-129 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article sets out to examine the language used in the public discourse on the economy in Sweden. We investigate the metaphors used by economists in public discourse, and show how they function to depoliticize economic policy making. Theoretically, we introduce the notion of ’the surplus value of metaphors’ and by this, we develop the connection between metaphor and myth. We also try to show how myths mask themselves as common sense. Finally, we argue that the economic profession has difficulties in conceptualizing the contingent and rapidly changing economic developments in contemporary society, and that the common sense metaphors function to construct sense while failing to provide explanation.

  • Ljung, Margareta
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Den kvinnliga kroppen och könets otaligas killnader1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 2-3, 87-105 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I want to show how issues of the body have been neglected in social science. The gender concept, which has revolutionied feminist theory, is not adequate to explain identity processes. I mean that some theories of the french psychoanalysis have attracted many feminist researchers, because of a theoretical vacuum in theories of social constructionism. Instead of a polarization I will assert a dialectic between theories of social construtionism and essentialism.

  • Widding Isaksen, Lise
    Universitetet i Bergen.
    Den ubehagelige kroppsligheten1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 2-3, 71-86 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article raises some questions related to the ways we feel, react and think about the body and especially the bodily taboos. The body is a source for lust, desire and sexual pleasures as well as a source for experiences of shame, taboos and feelings of disgust and filthiness. But while it is relatively easy and uncomplicated to experience the bodily pleasures, it seems to be far more complicated and endangering to deal with body taboos. My studies of care work have made me aware of the paradox that whereas care and nursing are invariable initiated by bodily needs, the body as such is rendered absent in our understanding and analysis of care as work and culture alike. This goes especially for the kind of care work that is related to bodily decay, dirt and waste. The existence of bodily taboos seem to structure caring relations in certain ways. Experiences from the field of intimate care are seldom verbalised and talked about since as well carers as recipients have complicated feelings linked to their tabooed parts of the body. Such experiences are, however, a result of bodily functions we all share as human beings. During the processes of western individualization, the body-related all-human experiences have increasingly been connected to feelings of shame and guilt. It is, however, not possible to draw sharp lines between the body and personal identity: the body that produces dirt and waste and the whole person. Feelings of distaste that can occur in caring relations are tabooed and professional techniques of distancing oneself are developed. This implies the pretendance of not ”hearing, seeing or smelling” the bodilyness of other people. Such reactions are common, and based on cultural denial of the organic processes of life itself.

  • Johansson, Anna
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Tjock och vacker - kvinnlighet och kroppsstorlek bland nicaraguanska kvinnor1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 2-3, 51-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fat and beautiful - femininity and body size among Nicaraguan women

    This article aims to illuminate and discuss body size as a central element in the social construction of a feminine body. It also emphases the variations in the social definitions and experiences of womens body size; historical and social as well as cultural ones. The dominant body ideal today in Western culture is the slender and fat free body. Women are to a higher extent then men subdued to the disciplinary practices of fat reduction, to what some feminist researchers call ”the tyranny of slenderess”. These ideals and practices are historically rooted in a Western discourse and are formed within a culture of affluence and mass consumption. At the same time they are also influencing (or colonizing?) the so called Third World, as part ofthe cultural flows of global modernity. This is true also for Nicaragua, a country where I have carried out fieldwork during the latest years. Still, among the Nicaraguan lower class mestizo women with whom I have lived, fatness is defined as beautiful and as a sign of health, while slenderness is considered a sign of suffering. As I am disciplined within the Western ”fat is bad” discourse, the ethnographic situation of fieldwork involved both a meeting and confrontation of different ideals and practices of the feminine body. Finally, in highlighting definitions and significance of bodysize which are different from the Western ones there might lie a possibility of challenge and resistance of the discourses which are dominating our definitions and experiences of our own and others bodies.

  • Ekenstam, Claes
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Kroppen, viljan & skräcken för att falla: ur den manliga självbehärskningens historia1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 2-3, 25-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The body, the will and falling-anxiety: from the history of male self-control

    This article discusses the historical origin of some problematic traits of character in modem man, such as emotional numbness and incapability of intimate relations. In contemporary public debate these traits of character have often been attributed to the modem male in particular. In the long-term perspective of western disciplination and civilisation (M. Foucault, N. Elias), and also considering the changes of attitudes toward masculinity (P. N. Steams) the issue is discussed with the help of two case-studies. One of the cases concerns a schizoid patient treated by the psychoterapist A. Lowen and the other deals with the Swedish seventeenth-century priest Jacob Boethius. Furthermore aristocratic ideal of manliness is briefly discussed.

  • Johansson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Kropp och kultur: en introduktion1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 2-3, 5-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Johansson, Thomas
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Kollind, Anna-Karin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Förord1996In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 33, no 2-3, 2- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Johansson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sociologisk Forskning 1996:2-31996Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Stier, Jonas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Sandström, Margareta
    Uppsala universitet.
    En interkulturell förskola?: Förhållningssätt och kunskapsformer hos förskolepersonal i Rinkeby-Kista2017Report (Other academic)