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  • Olsson, Jan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Matematikdidaktik. Umeå universitet, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap.
    GeoGebra, Enhancing Creative Mathematical Reasoning2017Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis consists of four articles and this summarizing part. All parts have focused on bringing some insights into how to design a didactical situation including dynamic software (GeoGebra) to support students’ mathematical problem solving and creative reasoning as means for learning. The four included articles are:

    I. Granberg, C., & Olsson, J. (2015). ICT-supported problem solving and collaborative creative reasoning: Exploring linear functions using dynamic mathematics software. The Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 37, 48-62.

    II. Olsson, J. (2017). The Contribution of Reasoning to the Utilization of Feedback from Software When Solving Mathematical Problems. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 1-21.

    III. Olsson, J. Relations between task design and students’ utilization of GeoGebra. Mathematical Thinking and Learning. (Under review)

    IV. Olsson, J., & Granberg, C. Dynamic software, problem solving with or without guidelines, and learning outcome. Technology, Knowledge and Learning. (Under review)


    A common way of teaching mathematics is to provide students with solution methods, for example strategies and algorithms that, if followed correctly, will solve specific tasks. However, questions have been raised whether these teaching methods will support students to develop general mathematical competencies, such as problem solving skills, ability to reason and acquire mathematical knowledge. To merely follow provided methods students might develop strategies of memorizing procedures usable to solve specific tasks rather than drawing general conclusions. If students instead of being provided with algorithms, are given the responsibility to construct solution methods, they may produce arguments for why the method will solve the task. There is research suggesting that if those arguments are based on mathematics they are more likely to develop problem solving and reasoning-skill, and learn the included mathematics better. In such didactic situations, where students construct solutions, it is important that students have instructions and tasks that frame the activity and clarify goals without revealing solution methods. Furthermore, the environment must be responsive. That is, students need to receive responses on their actions. If students have an idea on how to solve (parts of) the given problem they need to test their method and receive feedback to verify or falsify ideas and/or hypotheses. Such activities could be supported by dynamic software. Dynamic software such as GeoGebra provides features that support students to quickly and easily create mathematical objects that GeoGebra will display as visual representations like algebraic expressions and corresponding graphs. These representations are dynamically linked, if anything is changed in one representation the other representations will be altered accordingly, circumstances that could be used to explore and investigate different aspects and relations of these objects. The first three studies included in the thesis investigate in what way GeoGebra supports creative reasoning and collaboration. These studies focus questions about how students apply feedback from GeoGebra to support their reasoning and how students utilize the potentials of GeoGebra to construct solutions during problem solving. The fourth study examine students’ learning outcome from solving tasks by constructing their methods.


    A didactical situation was designed to engage students in problem solving and reasoning supported by GeoGebra. That is, the given problems were not accompanied with any guidelines how to solve the task and the students were supposed to construct their own methods supported by GeoGebra. The students were working in pairs and their activities and dialogues were recorded and used as data to analyse their engagement in reasoning and problem solving together with their use of GeoGebra. This design was used in all four studies. A second didactical situation, differing only with respect of providing students with guidelines how to solve the task was designed. These didactical situations were used to compare students’ use of GeoGebra, their engagement in problem solving and reasoning (study III) and students’ learning outcome (study IV) whether the students solved the task with or without guidelines. In the fourth study a quantitative method was applied. The data from study IV consisted of students’ results during training (whether they managed to solve the task or not), their results on the post-test, and their grades. Statistical analysis where applied.


    The results of the first three studies show qualitative aspects of students solving of task with assistance of GeoGebra. GeoGebra was shown to support collaboration, creative mathematical reasoning, and problem solving by providing students with a shared working space and feedback on their actions. Students used GeoGebra to test their ideas by formulating and submitting input according to their questions and hypotheses. GeoGebra’ s output was then used as feedback to answer questions and verify/falsify hypotheses. These interactions with GeoGebra were used to move the constructing of solutions forward. However, the way students engage in problem solving and reasoning, and using GeoGebra to do so, is dependent on whether they were provided with guidelines or not. Study III and IV showed that merely the students who solved unguided tasks utilized the potential of GeoGebra to explore and investigate the given task. Furthermore, the unguided students engaged to a larger extent in problem solving and creative reasoning and they expressed a greater understanding of their solutions. Finally study IV showed that the students who managed to solve the unguided task outperformed, on posttest the students who successfully solved the guided task.


    The aim of this thesis was to bring some insights into how to design a didactical situation, including dynamic software (GeoGebra), to support students' mathematical problem solving and creative reasoning as means for learning. Taking the results of the four studies included in this thesis as a starting point, one conclusion is that a didactical design that engage students to construct solutions by creative reasoning supported by GeoGebra may enhance their learning of mathematics. Furthermore, the mere presence of GeoGebra will not ensure that students will utilize its potential for exploration and analysis of mathematical concepts and relations during problem solving. The design of the given tasks will affect if this will happen or not. The instructions of the task should include clear goals and frames for the activity, but no guidelines for how to construct the solution. It was also found that when students reasoning included predictive argumentation for the outcomes of operations carried out by the software, they could better utilize the potential of GeoGebra than if they just, for example, submitted an algebraic representation of a linear function and then focused on interpreting the graphical output.

  • Recensioner2004Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, nr 4, 90-94 s.Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Gustafsson, Rolf Å
    Sagan om det stora skeppet Sverige och de sociala vetenskaperna2004Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, nr 4, 86-89 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Johansson Dahre, Ulf
    Lunds universitet.
    En skön ny värld - genteknologi och social poliarisering i det postmänskliga samhället2004Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, nr 4, 63-85 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the debate concerning the social consequences of biotechnology. The development of the post-human society challenges ideas and foundations of the liberal democracy. Both utopian and dystopian views of the posthuman society are challenged. The article also shows that market mechanisms direct, which increases the social polarization between Gene Rich and Natural classes of humans. This seems like science-fiction, but the article shows that the factors of the post-human society already influences relations between people and groups and not the least, what human life really is.

  • Heidengren, Carl-Göran
    Lunds universitet.
    Livstil och livsföring i Simmels och Webers klassiska sociologi2004Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, nr 4, 39-62 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Like the concepts ”Gemeinschaft” and ”Gesellschaft”, the concepts ”Lebensführung” and ”Lebensstil”belongs to the sociological tradition. However, due to certain problems of translation the two latter concepts has in English language sociology more or less coalesced into one: ”lifestyle”. The article traces the introduction of the concept of ”Lebensstil” in a sociological context back to Simmels Philosophie des Geldes from 1900, and reconstructs Webers use of the concepts ”Lebensführung” and ”Lebensstil” in Die protestantische Ethik und der ’Geist' des Kapitalismus from 1904-05 and in his later writings. In the final section some suggestions are made concerning possible ways to use the two concepts in a present day sociological context. The underlying hypothesis of the articleis that it might prove to be valuable to uphold a conceptual distinction in Swedish between ”livsföring” and ”livsstil”, instead of under the influence of English language sociology letting the two coalesce into one concept.

  • Repliker2004Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, nr 4, 35-38 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Annaniassen, Erling
    Korporatisme og boligregimer - en begreppsanalyse2004Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, nr 4, 27-34 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Berg, Lars-Erik
    Göteborgs universitet; Högskolan i Skövde.
    Om en konferens2004Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, nr 4, 19-25 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Månsson, Per
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Socialpsykologi - tunneln som aldrig blir färdig?2004Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, nr 4, 11-17 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Eisele, Per
    Lunds universitet.
    Socialpsykologi i Sverige ur ett pyskologiskt perspektiv2004Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, nr 4, 3-9 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Hjerm, Mikael
    Umeå universitet.
    Svensk socialpsykologi2004Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 41, nr 4, 2- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Hjerm, Mikael
    Umeå universitet.
    Sociologisk Forskning 2004:42004Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Hodacs, Hanna
    Centrum för vetenskapshistoria, Kungl. vetenskapsakademien.
    "Little Brother Carl" – the Making of a Linnaean Naturalist in Late Eighteenth Century Sweden2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Lo Martire, Riccardo
    et al.
    Gladh, Kristofer
    Westman, Anton
    Äng, Björn
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Idrotts- och hälsovetenskap. Karolinska Institutet.
    Neck muscle EMG-force relationship and its reliability during isometric contractions2017Inngår i: Sports medicine - open, ISSN 2199-1170, Vol. 3, nr 1, 16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Susceptible to injury, the neck is subject to scientific investigations, frequently aiming to elucidate possible injury mechanisms via surface electromyography (EMG) by indirectly estimating cervical loads. Accurate estimation requires that the EMG-force relationship is known and that its measurement error is quantified. Hence, this study examined the relationship between EMG and isometric force amplitude of the anterior neck (AN), the upper posterior neck (UPN), and the lower posterior neck (LPN) and then assessed the relationships' test-retest reliability across force-percentiles within and between days.

    METHODS: EMG and force data were sampled from 18 participants conducting randomly ordered muscle contractions at 5-90% of maximal voluntary force during three trials over 2 days. EMG-force relationships were modeled with general linear mixed-effects regression. Overall fitted lines' between-trial discrepancies were evaluated. Finally, the reliability of participants' fitted regression lines was quantified by an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and the standard error of measurement (SEM).

    RESULTS: A rectilinear model had the best fit for AN while positively oriented quadratic models had the best fit for UPN and LPN, with mean adjusted conditional coefficients of determination and root mean square errors of 0.97-0.98 and 4-5%, respectively. Overall EMG-force relationships displayed a maximum 6% between-trial discrepancy and over 20% of maximal force, and mean ICC was above 0.79 within day and 0.27-0.61 between days across areas. Corresponding SEM was below 12% both within and between days across areas, excluding UPN between days, for which SEM was higher.

    CONCLUSIONS: EMG-force relationships were elucidated for three neck areas, and provided models allow inferences to be drawn from EMG to force on a group level. Reliability of EMG-force relationship models was higher within than between days, but typically acceptable for all but the lowest contraction intensities, and enables adjustment for measurement imprecision in future studies.

  • Hodacs, Hanna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Historia.
    Norbert Götz. “The Good Plumpuddings’ Belief: British Voluntary Aid to Sweden during the Napoleonic Wars.”  The International History Review 37:3 (June 2015): 519-5392016Inngår i: H-Diplo Article Reviews, nr 612, 1-3 s.Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • Fernström, Richard
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Religionsvetenskap.
    Genus och sexuell läggning i ett urval av religions-läroböcker för gymnasiet: Hur framställs genus och sexuell läggning inom kristendomen i utvalda religionsläroböcker?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur genus och sexuell läggning framställs i ett urval av religionsläroböcker på gymnasiet. Studien utgår från frågeställningarna: Hur presenteras/gestaltas/konstrueras genus och sexuell läggning? Vilka mening-ar/innebörder lägger lärobokstexten/bilden i relation till genus och sexuell läggning? Hur beskrivs begreppen explicit? Samt om det finns resonemang som överskrider stereotyper? Metoden i studien är hermeneutisk ansats och visuell textanalys. Resulta-tet är att mannen framställts utifrån ett antal stereotypa könsroller, och då även kvin-nan. Mannen som Gud, skapar, konung och krigare och då ofta avbildade i inklude-rande perspektiv där makt ges till den avbildade. Mannen gestaltas oftast som en äldre man med skägg. Kvinnan framställs och konstrueras som en moder, och inom mindre sammanhang i den kristna traditionen. Kvinnan är oftast avbildad i exklude-rande perspektiv, och då som en ung kvinna. Sexuell läggning däremot presenteras nästan inte alls, utan enbart två av de utvalda läroböckerna rör vid ämnet. Dock finns det resonemang som kan tolkas överskrida stereotyper, samt explicita avsnitt som belyser både genus och sexuell läggning. Men det finns ändå en problematik kring läroboken som bör uppmärksammas om man ska kunna följa läroplanen för relig-ionskunskap 1 samt skolans värdegrund.

  • Gyhlesten Back, Jessica
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Materialteknik. Luleå tekniska universitet, Material- och solidmekanik.
    Modelling and Characterisation of the Martensite Formation in Low Alloyed Carbon Steels2017Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The current work contains experimental and theoretical work about the formation of martensite from the austenitic state of the steel Hardox 450. Simulation of rolling and subsequent quenching of martensitic steel plates requires a model that can account for previous deformation, current stresses and the temperature history, therefore dilatometry experiments were performed, with and without deformation. Two austenitization schedules were used and in the standard dilatometry the cooling rates varied between 5-100 °C/s, in order to find the minimum cooling rate that gives a fully martensitic microstructure. Cooling rates larger than 40°C/s gave a fully martensitic microstructure. The cooling rate of 100 °C/s was used in the deformation dilatometry tests where the uniaxial deformation varied from 5-50 %. The theoretical work involved modelling of the martensite formation and the thermal/transformation strains they cause in the steel. Characterizations were done using light optical microscopy, hardness tests and electron backscatter diffraction technique. The parent austenite grains of the martensitic structure were reconstructed using the orientation relationship between the parent austenite and the martensite. Kurdjumov-Sachs orientation relationships have previously been proven to work well for low-carbon steels and was therefore selected.

    The standard implementation of the Koistinen-Marburger equation for martensite formation and a more convenient approach were compared. The latter approach does not require the storage of initial austenite fraction at start of martensite formation. The comparison shows that the latter model works equally well for the martensite formation. The results showed that the use of martensite start and finish temperatures calibrated versus experiments for Hardox 450 works better when computing thermal expansion than use of general relations based on the chemistry of the steel.

    The results from deformation dilatometry showed that deformation by compressive uniaxial stresses impedes the martensite transformation. The simplified incremental model works well for deformation with 5 % and 10 %. However, the waviness in the experimental curve for deformation 50 % does not fit the model due vi to large barrelling effect and the large relative expansion for the material that the sample holders are made of.

    Crystallographic reconstruction of parent austenite grains were performed on a hot-rolled as-received reference sample and dilatometry samples cooled with 60 °C/s and 100 °C/s. The misorientation results showed that the samples match with the Kurdjumov-Sachs orientation relationship in both hot rolled product and dilatometry samples. When misorientation between adjacent pixels are between 15° and 48°, then the boundary between them was considered as a parent austenite grain. The austenitic grain boundaries of the sample cooled at 100 °C/s is in general identical with the hot rolled sample when considering high angle boundaries (15°-48°). The results from the hardness tests showed that the rolled product exhibits higher hardness as compared to samples cooled by 100 °C/s and 60 °C/s. This can be attributed to the formation of transition-iron-carbides in the hot rolled product due to longer exposure of coiling temperature.

  • Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik.
    Victim, Mother, or Untapped Resource? Discourse Analysis of the Construction of Women in ICT Policies2017Inngår i: Information Technologies & International Development, ISSN 1544-7529, Vol. 13, nr 2017, 72-86 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the construction of women in national ICT policies in South and Southeast Asia. The aim is to unravel the role ascribed to women in these policies and how this affects suggested measures. The research is based on critical discourse analysis and shows that women are mainly constructed as victims, mothers, or an untapped resource. We argue that if women are speciªcally targeted in policies, careful attention should be given to how they are portrayed. Our analysis also shows that in most cases the suggested solutions on how to include women in the ICT society only deal with the symptoms of gender inequality rather than the structures that prevent equal opportunities. We conclude by discussing implications for research and practice.

  • Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Processes of reinterpretation of mining heritage: the case of Bergslagen, Sweden2017Inngår i: Almatourism, ISSN 2036-5195, Vol. 8, nr 7, 107-123 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [ru]

    Mining heritage is often used as a powerful tool in maintaining a sense of place and national identity and Sweden is not different in this respect. Another important underlying motive for the revival of the mining past is an opportunity of the economic revitalisation of the space marked by the deindustrialisation process. The aim of this paper is to investigate how the mining heritage is interpreted and used for the goals of tourism destination development based on the five provinces in the middle part of Sweden – area called Bergslagen. The first decade of 2000s was characterised by the prevailing top-down approach to the regeneration process of mining landscape of Bergslagen, as it was led by the cultural elite. Thus, resulting in the absence of a diverse and innovative thinking in terms of touristic development of these destinations. Municipalities in the region ended up with the multiple mining sites trying to attract visitors with the similar types of experiences based on limited representations of regional mining heritage. Furthermore, it is suggested that enhancing communication between managers of the mining sites and other tourism experiences would help to improve visitation. Additionally, the alternative representations of the heritage may allow for a wider representation of local people, as well as an awareness of local or regional heritage of Bergslagen. 

  • Cleeve, Amanda
    et al.
    Faxelid, Elisabeth
    Nalwadda, Gorette
    Klingberg-Allvin, Marie
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Omvårdnad.
    Abortion as agentive action: reproductive agency among young women seeking post-abortion care in Uganda.2017Inngår i: Culture, Health and Sexuality, ISSN 1369-1058, E-ISSN 1464-5351, 1-15 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Unsafe abortion in Africa continues to be a major contributor to the global maternal mortality which affects young women in particular. In Uganda, where abortion is legally restricted and stigmatised, unsafe abortion is a major public health issue. We explored reproductive agency in relation to unsafe abortion among young women seeking post-abortion care. Through in-depth interviews we found that reproductive agency was constrained by gender norms and power imbalances and strongly influenced by stigma. Lack of resources and the need for secrecy resulted in harmful abortion practices and delayed care-seeking. Women did not claim ownership of the abortion decision, but the underlying meaning in the narratives positioned abortion as an agentive action aiming to regain control over one's body and future. Women's experiences shaped contraceptive intentions and discourse, creating a window of opportunity that was often missed. This study provides unique insight into how young women negotiate and enact reproductive agency in Uganda. Health systems need to strengthen their efforts to meet young women's sexual and reproductive health needs and protect their rights. Enabling young women's agency through access to safe abortion and contraception is paramount.

  • Andersson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Gunnarsson, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine .
    Hedlund, Ann
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Young People’s Attitudes to Attractive Work, During and After Upper Secondary School2017Inngår i: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 7, nr 1, 55-68 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • Dahlberg, ER
    et al.
    Spets, E
    Svedbo Engström, Maria
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Omvårdnad. Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg.
    Larshans, M
    Leksell, Janeth
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Omvårdnad. Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University.
    Experiences of Hypoglycaemia in Adults with Diabetes Mellitus2017Inngår i: Journal of Diabetes and Treatment, ISSN ?, J111Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: To describe adults’ experiences of hypoglycaemia in diabetes mellitus, and the consequences of hypoglycaemia in daily life.

    Methods: This study was conducted using qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. It was performed as a secondary analysis of semi-structured interviews. A total of 29 people participated in the study: 15 with type 1 diabetes and 14 with type 2 diabetes.

    Results: The theme that emerged was: Hypoglycaemia is an ever-present risk that manifests itself in different ways. The following categories were identified: Symptoms of hypoglycaemia can appear like a bolt from the blue. Knowledge comes from life experiences. Training and exercise today often have consequences tomorrow. Self-management may be perceived as a feeling of not being free. Family support can provide security in the illness.

    Conclusion: Hypoglycaemia is perceived as an ever-present risk that can come like a bolt from the blue, which in turn causes fear and problems in the daily life of people with diabetes. Better support, help and information from specialist nurses is needed. Family members should also be given more knowledge and information, in order to reduce the fear and discomfort of hypoglycaemia.

  • Pollack, Anna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Svenska språket.
    Lärares kunskap och inställning kring begreppen arbetsminne och arbetsminnesträning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka lärares kunskap och attityd gällande begreppen arbetsminne och arbetsminnesträning utifrån ett sociokulturellt och didaktiskt perspektiv. Metoden som har använts är en kvalitativ intervjustudie, med givna frågor och öppna svarsalternativ. De intervjuade lärarna arbetar på en högstadieskola och resultatet visar att alla de intervjuade har olika inställning till begreppen, dess förekomst och orsaker samt träning av arbetsminne. Flertalet av respondenterna känner sig inte säkra på begreppen och effekten av träningen. Flertalet av respondenterna anser dessutom att man till viss del kan skylla på skolan och samhället i stort när arbetsminnet sviktar då skolan idag inte fokuserar på vad respondenterna kallar utantill/innantillkunskap längre, och därmed inte tränar elevernas förmåga till att minnas på samma sätt som tidigare. Ur ett sociokulturellt och didaktiskt perspektiv kan vi då konstatera att dessa stora skillnader påverkar elevers undervisning.

  • Svensson, Elin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Pedagogiskt arbete.
    Hållbar utveckling i biologilitteraturen: En innehållsanalys av läroböcker som används inom biologiundervisning på gymnasienivå2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I styrdokumenten och inom den aktuella politiken förordas lärande för hållbar

    utveckling (LHU), men tidigare forskning tyder på att begreppet är svårdefinierat

    och inte tar den plats i undervisningen som efterfrågas på grund av en osäkerhet

    hos de yrkesverksamma lärarna kring vad begreppet egentligen innebär. Denna

    studie använder sig av en innehållsanalys för att studera hur begreppet hållbar

    utveckling behandlas samt vilket utrymme det ges i läroböcker som används i

    gymnasieskolans kurs Biologi 1. Dessutom studeras om någon läromedelsutveckling

    skett med avseende på hållbar utveckling genom en jämförelse mellan

    olika upplagor. Resultatet av studien visar hur hållbar utveckling upptar i

    genomsnitt en femtedel av biologiläroböckernas totala innehåll. Dock gestaltas

    endast delar av begreppet och då en förklarande/konstaterande framställningstyp

    är den mest frekventa främjas inte lärande för hållbar utveckling. Begreppet utgör

    inte heller något genomgående perspektiv i de studerade titlarna utan återfinns till

    största del i ett par separata avsnitt, vilket går emot vad forskningen förespråkar.

    Någon väsentlig läromedelsutveckling på området kan ej noteras. En konsekvens

    av dessa resultat skulle kunna bli att lärare som känner sig osäkra kring undervisning

    om hållbar utveckling inte heller finner särskilt mycket stöd i någon av de

    läroböcker som studerats.

  • Stolt Tranback, Birgitta
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Pedagogiskt arbete.
    Elevers vilja att kommunicera på engelska i årskurs 4-6: En empirisk studie om vad som motiverar elever till att prata på engelska i klassrummet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Motivation i kombination med elevens självkänsla är två viktiga delar inom språkinlärning. Om den ena delen saknas uteblir ofta den språkliga aktiviteten hos eleverna. Uppsatsen är framtagen genom en empirisk studie i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer med lärare och en enkätundersökning med elever. Studiens forskningsfrågor fokuserar på vad som motiverar elever till att tala på engelska samt vad lärare kan göra för att motivera elever till att kommunicera i klassrummet. Tidigare forskning förespråkar att lärare använder målspråket i sin undervisning. Detta anses vara en nyckelfaktor eftersom eleverna hör språket vilket motiverar till muntlig aktivitet. Undersökningen visar bland annat att användning av målspråket i undervisningen och en trygg lärmiljö är viktiga aspekter för lärare som vill skapa ett kommunikativt klassrum på målspråket och stödja elever till ett språkligt självförtroende. Undersökningen utgår från Vygotskys sociokulturella perspektiv samt MacIntyres teori om Willingness to communicate (WTC). Resultatet visar att de flesta elever är positiva till engelska som ämne och majoriteten av eleverna tycker att det är roligt att lära sig ett nytt språk. Studiens resultat stämmer överens med tidigare forskning men för att dra generella slutsatser behövs mer forskning inom området.

  • Hägglund, Patricia
    et al.
    Olai, Lena
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Omvårdnad. Uppsala universitet.
    Ståhlnacke, Katri
    Persenius, Mona
    Hägg, Mary
    Andersson, Maria
    Koistinen, Susanne
    Carlsson, Eva
    Study protocol for the SOFIA project: Swallowing function, oral health, and food intake in old age2017Inngår i: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 17, nr 1, 78Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Extensive studies have shown that older people are negatively impacted by impaired eating and nutrition. The abilities to eat, enjoy food, and participate in social activities associated with meals are important aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and recovery after illness. This project aims to (i) describe and analyze relationships between oral health and oral HRQoL, swallowing ability, eating ability, and nutritional risk among older individuals admitted to short-term care; (ii) compare the perceptions that older individuals and staff report on care quality related to oral hygiene and eating; and (iii) study the feasibility and effects of a training program for people with impaired swallowing (i.e., dysphagia).

    METHODS/DESIGN: This project consists of two parts, which will be performed in five Swedish counties. It will include approximately 400 older individuals and 200 healthcare professionals. Part 1 is a cross-sectional, descriptive study of older people admitted to short-term care. Subjects will be assessed by trained professionals regarding oral health status, oral HRQoL, eating and nutritional risk, and swallowing ability. Swallowing ability will be measured with a teaspoon test and a swallowing capacity test (SCT). Furthermore, subjects and staff will complete a questionnaire regarding their perceptions of care quality. Part 2 is a cluster randomized intervention trial with controls. Older participants with dysphagia (i.e., SCT <10 ml/s, measured in part 1) will be recruited consecutively to either the intervention or control group, depending on where they were admitted for short-term care. At baseline, all subjects will be assessed for oral health status, oral HRQoL, eating and nutritional risk, swallowing ability, and swallowing-related QoL. Then, the intervention group will receive 5 weeks of training with an oral screen for neuromuscular training focused on orofacial and pharyngeal muscles. After completing the intervention, and at six months post-intervention, all assessments will be repeated in both study groups.

    DISCUSSION: The results will make important contributions to rehabilitation knowledge, including approaches for improving swallowing function, oral health, and food intake and for improving the quality of oral care for older people.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was retrospectively registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, on July 4, 2016, identifier: NCT02825927 .

  • Persson, Ulrika
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Pedagogiskt arbete.
    Teknik 200 timmar – möjligheter och utmaningar för teknikundervisningen i grundskolan år 7-9: Ur några skolledares och tekniklärares perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Utbildningsdepartementets promemoria om en stadieindelad timplan för grundskolan,

    där teknikämnet skulle garanteras 200 timmar i år 1-9, låg till grund för detta

    examensarbete. I studien undersöktes vilka eventuella utmaningar och möjligheter

    detta skulle innebära genom semistrukturerade intervjuer av fem tekniklärare och

    fyra skolledare. För att få en mer heltäckande bild av teknikundervisningen undersöktes

    även informanternas uppfattningar om teknikämnet och målet med dagens

    teknikundervisning. Intervjuerna transkriberades och en innehållsanalys inspirerad

    av fenomenografin genomfördes. Resultatet visade på att det bland tekniklärare

    och skolledare fanns många gemensamma uppfattningar om såväl teknikämnet

    som de möjligheter och utmaningar föreliggande promemoria skulle innebära.

    Uppfattningarna om målet med dagens teknikundervisning uppvisade en större

    variation mellan skolledare och tekniklärare och här avspeglades gruppernas olika

    perspektiv på ett tydligt sätt. De största utmaningarna som både grupper framhävde

    var bristen på utbildade samt risken för att andra ämnen skulle drabbas negativt.

    Möjligheterna att få mer tid att undervisa utifrån elevernas intressen lyftes fram av

    flera tekniklärare. Gemensamt för både skolledare och lärare var en önskan om en

    debatt om vad som ska åstadkommas med förändringar av denna typ. Med emfas

    tryckte flera informanter på att bilden av läraryrket måste förändras i syfte att

    vända trenden med lärarbrist överlag.

  • Namakula Joy, Rachel
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Litteraturvetenskap.
    "Du skall icke fråga!": Opålitligt berättande i Doktor Glas av Hjalmar Söderberg2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka om doktor Glas i Hjalmar Söderbergs roman med samma namn är en opålitlig berättare. Detta görs genom att undersöka varför, hur och vad han skriver. Metoden är att först definiera dagboksromanen, och sedan analysera pålitlighet genom användandet av främst James Phelans narratologi, i samband med Vera Nünning och Uri Margolin. Analysen visar att Glas rapporterar händelser korrekt och gör det han säger att han ska göra, men han är oärlig om sina tankar, känslor och motivationer. Glas opålitlighet som berättare visar sig främst i att hans tolkningar och utvärderingar av situationer och personer inte alltid är riktiga eller rimliga.

  • Skogs, Julie
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Engelska.
    Students' questionnaire-based views on teacher feedback on their writing2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A large part of what instructors to at university is give feedback on the written work of students. This is particularly true for those teaching languages and the process of reading and responding in writing a time-consuming process. The feedback given can concern aspects of language proficiency, sentence structure, grammatical correctness and lexical choice. Feedback is often given on content and textual issues such as paragraphing, effectiveness of arguments and level of critical analysis. As teachers, we hope that he feedback will result in an improvement in the student's revised work but also other subsequent written work. This paper investigates how one cohort of ESL univeristy students experience teacher feedback. The responses of this questionnaire-based survey show that students appreciate the feedback they get but do not always understand what it is they are expected to to.