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  • Vågerö, Denny
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sociologisk Forskning 2001:12001Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Warström, Jennie
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    "Hon står kvar där än i tamburen, hon byter om och sådär. Hon verkar inte ha bråttom alls.": Om möjligheter och hinder för interaktion mellan pedagoger och nyanlända föräldrar i förskolan.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Karlsson, Josefina
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Svenska som andraspråkslärares erfarenheter av dyslexibegreppet: En kvalitativ studie med fokus på erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilka erfarenheter lärare inom ämnet svenska som andraspråk har av att arbeta med elever som har eller som misstänks ha dyslexi. Studien utgick från ett socialkonstruktivistiskt perspektiv på lärande, där syftet var att utifrån denna utgångspunkt ta reda på hur lärare konstruerar sin bild av dyslexi i form av personliga erfarenheter. Metoden bygger på ett kvalitativt synsätt, innehållande strukturerade intervjufrågor riktade till lärare inom ämnet svenska som andraspråk. Resultaten visade att lärarna hade svårt att veta om andraspråkselever hade dyslexi eller om det endast var en del i processen av att lära sig ett nytt språk. Majoriteten av lärarna var inte helt insatta i vad kartläggningen innefattar och hade erfarenheter av att andraspråkselevers behov inte följdes upp genom kartläggning i den utsträckning som hade varit nödvändigt för att tillmötesgå deras behov och ge dem den stöttning i skolarbetet som behövs. De arbetade därför på egen hand för att finna strategier i klassrummet som gjorde att de fick en bild av var eleven befann sig kunskapsmässigt. Resultatet visade också att lärarna bedrev mycket individuell undervisning som syftar till elevernas utvecklingsmål, för att nå samtliga elevers behov med koppling till dyslexi.

    Utifrån studiens resultat med hänsyn till informanternas uttalanden är det möjligt att konstatera en önskan om en mer utförlig och kontinuerlig specialpedagogisk hjälp som kan vara delaktig i att definiera vad som är dyslexi och vad som inte är det, samt att dessa elever tillsätts resurser på bästa sätt utöver det som den enskilda läraren kan ge.  

  • Recensioner2001In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 38, no 2, 91-135 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Knudsen, Knud
    Högskolan i Stavanger.
    Samspill i paret: Tilfredshet med livet for ektefeller på norske gårdsbruk2001In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 38, no 2, 67-90 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interaction in the dyad : Life satisfaction for spouses on Norwegian farms

    In this article we analyse spouses’ subjective quality of life for farm couples. A conceptual model is presented, postulating individual well-being as resulting from own and spouse’s background, common conditions on the farm, as well as partner’s well-being. We argue for reciprocal mechanisms of life satisfaction within the dyad at the holding, and specify alternative hypotheses of possible predominant influences between wife and husband. Empirical implications of the model are tested against data from a sample of Norwegian farm couples, consisting of active male farm holders and their wives. Results document the relevance of individual as well as common factors for her and his well-being. Findings from Lisrel analysis furthermore suggest that the male farmer for his life satisfaction is more dependent on the wife, than the other way around. All in all, findings point to the isolated character of the male role in modern farming, and emphasise the importance of the female role under such conditions.

  • Sjöstrand, Glenn
    Göteborgs universitet; Växjö universitet.
    Gåvoekonomin i det modema samhället2001In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 38, no 2, 44-66 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The gift-economy in the modern society

    In the article it is argued that the institution of the gift - analysed ever since Marcel Mauss influential essay from 1925 “The Gift” - still is of sociological interest. The article proceeds by comparing the gift-economy to the market economy, which is done in six subsequent steps: 1. The private and public spheres of the gift. 2. The social mechanisms misrecognition of the gift. 3. The gift as aninalienable possession. 4. The functional redundancy of the gift from an economical viewpoint. 5. The excluding characteristics of the gift-institution. 6.Competitive behaviour within the bounds of the gift-institution. On the basis of this argument, it is argued, firstly, that the gift institution works through strong informal and institutionalised norms that are important for the co-ordination of exchanges in a modern society, not just the archaic societies analysed by Mauss. Secondly, it is argued that the effects of the gift-economy on social relations have great impact on the workings of everyday economic exchanges, especially in the local and regional context.

  • Eriksson, Björn
    Örebro universitet.
    Mobbning: en sociologisk diskussion2001In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 38, no 2, 8-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Harassments: a sociological discussion

    The article tries to establish a sociological model of bullying and continuous harassment, a phenomenon named “mobbning” in Swedish. The model is under construction, and the main issue in the article is to locate and formulate the important aspects of how “mobbning” originates and why it continues. “Mobbning” is a common phenomenon, and has proved to be difficult to outroot despite continuous efforts. The phenomenon is characterized by a particular combination of exclusion and harassments. The model presented in the article is founded on a relation between this combination and a certain set of action arenas, characterized by the presence and mutual intervention of an administrative system and a set of informal social systems. This relation is obviously found in school, in prison, in the military system, in the working life, in certain nurturing and caring systems etc. The article is critical to those models of “mobbning” which are based merely on different degrees of aggression or other purely psychological characteristics. The model concludes as its theoretical stand that “mobbning” demands a set of different social mechanisms to be established as a continuous relation between actors on the arena. It demands starting mechanisms, which may differ in kind but most often can be formulated as social games. It also demands a set of transformation mechanisms, which transform a single harassment to a repetitive one, where one crucial mechanism is produced by the interaction between the administrative and the informal social systems. Finally, “mobbning” demands sustaining mechanisms, through which the harassments can be reproduced.

  • Agevall, Ola
    Växjö universitet.
    Redaktionens förord2001In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 38, no 2, 4-6- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Agevall, Ola
    Växjö universitet.
    Sociologisk Forskning 2001:22001Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Oscarson, Nils
    et al.
    Espelid, Ivar
    Jönsson, Birgitta
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. The Public Dental Health Service Competence Centre of Northern Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
    Is caries equally distributed in adults? A population-based cross-sectional study in Norway - the TOHNN-study.2017In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, 1-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence and distribution of dental caries in an adult population and identify factors associated with being caries free.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected from a randomized population sample in Northern Norway (N = 1932; 988 women; mean age 47.0 years, SD 15.3). The study included a structured questionnaire and a clinical examination. The sum of enamel and dentine caries, DS1-5, formed the main outcome measures for caries prevalence.

    RESULTS: Mean DMFT was 15.1 (95% CI 14.8, 15.4), mean DFT was 12.0 (CI 11.7, 12.2), and mean DT was 1.1 (CI 1.0, 1.2). The mean value for dentine caries (DS3-5) was 0.8 (CI 0.7, 0.9), and mean DS1-5 was 3.8 (CI 3.6, 4.1). Mean DS1-5 was highest in the youngest age group (mean 6.9, 95% CI 6.3, 7.6) and in rural areas (mean 5.0, CI 4.4, 5.6). The most caries-prone 20% in the youngest age group had 52% of the total number of carious lesions compared with 80% in the two oldest age groups. Tooth brushing twice daily (p = .005), drinking sugar containing soft drink (p =.029), and attending dental services every year (p < .001), were associated with being caries free.

    CONCLUSION: Dental caries is still a common condition, particularly in the youngest age group. Living in a rural area, low socioeconomic status, less frequent tooth cleaning and sugar containing soft drinks were associated with a higher prevalence of dental caries. The different caries distribution among adults calls for different preventive strategies at both population and individual levels.

  • Bogren, Malin
    et al.
    UNPF, Bangladesh.
    Begum, Farida
    UNPF, Bangladesh.
    Erlandsson, Kerstin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    The historical development of the midwifery profession in Bangladesh2017In: Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM), ISSN 2409-2290, Vol. 4, no 1, 65-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual and reproductive health and rights have been identified as the core areas of practice, theory and research for the midwifery profession. The midwifery profession, as defined by the International Confederation of Midwives Global Standards, is new in Bangladesh. This paper aims to give an overview of the historical process that has taken place in the past decades to develop the midwifery profession in Bangladesh. The professional development of midwives is the result of many years of collaboration and relationship building among stakeholders such as the government, non-government organizations, academia, professional associations, United Nations agencies, and donors. All are working toward achieving the common goal of preventing/ reducing maternal and child mortality through education, the development of supportive laws, policies and guidelines, and the deployment of midwives. Lessons learnt from the Bangladesh experience can provide useful guidance for other countries in Asia that are currently establishing midwifery as a profession that aims to provide safe and high quality sexual, reproductive, maternal and newborn care.

  • Barenfeld, Emmelie
    et al.
    Gustafsson, Susanne
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet; Göteborgs universitet.
    Dahlin-Ivanoff, Synneve
    Supporting decision-making by a health promotion programme: experiences of persons ageing in the context of migration.2017In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, no 1, 1337459Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is part of the Promoting Aging Migrants' Capabilities programme that applied person-centred group meetings and one individual home visit to prolong independence in daily activities among people ≥70 years who had migrated to Sweden from Finland or the Western Balkan region. With the purpose to understand programme outcomes, the study aimed to explore the participants' everyday experiences of using health-promoting messages exchanged during the programme. Using a grounded theory approach, 12 persons aged 70-83 years were interviewed six months to one year after their participation in the programme. The participants experienced how using health-promoting messages was a dynamic process of how to make decisions on taking action to satisfy health-related needs of oneself or others immediately or deferring action. Five sub-processes were also identified: gaining inner strength, meeting challenges in available resources, being attentive to what is worth knowing, approaching health risks, and identifying opportunities to advocate for others. The results suggest that the programme could develop personal skills to support older people who have migrated to overcome health-related challenges. They further demonstrate the importance of supporting their health literacy before personal resources hinder action, and call for research on programmes to overcome environmental barriers to health.

  • Lo Martire, Riccardo
    et al.
    de Alwis, Manudul Pahansen
    Äng, Björn
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science. Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Karolinska institutet.
    Garme, Karl
    Construction of a web-based questionnaire for longitudinal investigation of work exposure, musculoskeletal pain and performance impairments in high-performance marine craft populations2017In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, no 7, e016006Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: High-performance marine craft personnel (HPMCP) are regularly exposed to vibration and repeated shock (VRS) levels exceeding maximum limitations stated by international legislation. Whereas such exposure reportedly is detrimental to health and performance, the epidemiological data necessary to link these adverse effects causally to VRS are not available in the scientific literature, and no suitable tools for acquiring such data exist. This study therefore constructed a questionnaire for longitudinal investigations in HPMCP.

    METHODS: A consensus panel defined content domains, identified relevant items and outlined a questionnaire. The relevance and simplicity of the questionnaire's content were then systematically assessed by expert raters in three consecutive stages, each followed by revisions. An item-level content validity index (I-CVI) was computed as the proportion of experts rating an item as relevant and simple, and a scale-level content validity index (S-CVI/Ave) as the average I-CVI across items. The thresholds for acceptable content validity were 0.78 and 0.90, respectively. Finally, a dynamic web version of the questionnaire was constructed and pilot tested over a 1-month period during a marine exercise in a study population sample of eight subjects, while accelerometers simultaneously quantified VRS exposure.

    RESULTS: Content domains were defined as work exposure, musculoskeletal pain and human performance, and items were selected to reflect these constructs. Ratings from nine experts yielded S-CVI/Ave of 0.97 and 1.00 for relevance and simplicity, respectively, and the pilot test suggested that responses were sensitive to change in acceleration and that the questionnaire, following some adjustments, was feasible for its intended purpose.

    CONCLUSIONS: A dynamic web-based questionnaire for longitudinal survey of key variables in HPMCP was constructed. Expert ratings supported that the questionnaire content is relevant, simple and sufficiently comprehensive, and the pilot test suggested that the questionnaire is feasible for longitudinal measurements in the study population.

  • Udo, Camilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. CKF, Centre for Clinical Research Dalarna, County Council of Dalarna, Falun.
    Lövgren, M
    Lundquist, G
    Axelsson, B
    Palliative care physicians' experiences of end-of-life communication: A focus group study2017In: European Journal of Cancer Care, ISSN 0961-5423, E-ISSN 1365-2354Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore palliative home care physicians' experiences regarding end-of-life breakpoint communication (BPC). This is a qualitative study where focus group interviews were conducted and analysed using qualitative content analysis. The results show that the participants saw themselves as being responsible for accomplishing BPC, and they were convinced that it should be regarded as a process of communication initiated at an early stage, i.e. proactively. However, BPC was often conducted as a reaction to the patient's sudden deterioration or sometimes not at all. The barriers to achieving proactive BPC included physicians' uncertainty regarding the timing of BPC, primarily due to difficulties in prognostication in terms of time of death, and uncertainty as to what BPC should include and how it should best be approached. Furthermore, there was insufficient documentation regarding previous BPC, which impeded proactive BPC. Although our study shows that physicians are ambitious when it comes to the communication of information to patients and families, there is a need for further training in how to conduct BPC and when to initiate the BPC process. Furthermore, there should be documentation that different professionals can access as this would appear to facilitate a proactive BPC process.

  • Bandak, Ghassan
    et al.
    Sang, Yingying
    Gasparini, Alessandro
    Chang, Alex R
    Ballew, Shoshana H
    Evans, Marie
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Uppsala universitet.
    Lund, Lars H
    Inker, Lesley A
    Grams, Morgan E
    Hyperkalemia after initiating renin-angiotensin system blockade: The Stockholm creatinine measurements (SCREAM) project2017In: Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease, ISSN 2047-9980, E-ISSN 2047-9980, Vol. 6, no 7, e005428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Concerns about hyperkalemia limit the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), but guidelines conflict regarding potassium-monitoring protocols. We quantified hyperkalemia monitoring and risks after ACE-I/ARB initiation and developed and validated a hyperkalemia susceptibility score.

    METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated 69 426 new users of ACE-I/ARB therapy in the Stockholm Creatinine Measurements (SCREAM) project with medication initiation from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2010, and follow-up for 1 year thereafter. Three fourths (76%) of SCREAM patients had potassium checked within the first year. Potassium >5 and >5.5 mmol/L occurred in 5.6% and 1.7%, respectively. As a comparison, we propensity-matched new ACE-I/ARB users to 20 186 new β-blocker users in SCREAM: 64% had potassium checked. The occurrence of elevated potassium levels was similar between new β-blocker and ACE-I/ARB users without kidney disease; only at estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) were risks higher among ACE-I/ARB users. We developed a hyperkalemia susceptibility score that incorporated estimated glomerular filtration rate, baseline potassium level, sex, diabetes mellitus, heart failure, and the concomitant use of potassium-sparing diuretics in new ACE-I/ARB users; this score accurately predicted 1-year hyperkalemia risk in the SCREAM cohort (area under the curve, 0.845, 95% CI: 0.840-0.869) and in a validation cohort from the US-based Geisinger Health System (N=19 524; area under the curve, 0.818, 95% CI: 0.794-0.841), with good calibration.

    CONCLUSIONS: Hyperkalemia within the first year of ACE-I/ARB therapy was relatively uncommon among people with estimated glomerular filtration rate >60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2), but rates were much higher with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate. Use of the hyperkalemia susceptibility score may help guide laboratory monitoring and prescribing strategies.

  • Rehnlund, D.
    et al.
    Lindgren, F.
    Böhme, S.
    Nordh, T.
    Zou, Y.
    Pettersson, J.
    Bexell, Ulf
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Boman, M.
    Edström, K.
    Nyholm, L.
    Lithium trapping in alloy forming electrodes and current collectors for lithium based batteries2017In: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 10, no 6, 1350-1357 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Significant capacity losses are generally seen for batteries containing high-capacity lithium alloy forming anode materials such as silicon, tin and aluminium. These losses are generally ascribed to a combination of volume expansion effects and irreversible electrolyte reduction reactions. Here, it is shown, based on e.g. elemental analyses of cycled electrodes, that the capacity losses for tin nanorod and silicon composite electrodes in fact involve diffusion controlled trapping of lithium in the electrodes. While an analogous effect is also demonstrated for copper, nickel and titanium current collectors, boron-doped diamond is shown to function as an effective lithium diffusion barrier. The present findings indicate that the durability of lithium based batteries can be improved significantly via proper electrode design or regeneration of the used electrodes. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2017.

  • Lundell, S.
    et al.
    Tistad, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Rehn, B.
    Wiklund, M.
    Holmner, Å.
    Wadell, K.
    Building COPD care on shaky ground: A mixed methods study from Swedish primary care professional perspective2017In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 17, no 1, 467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a public health problem. Interprofessional collaboration and health promotion interventions such as exercise training, education, and behaviour change are cost effective, have a good effect on health status, and are recommended in COPD treatment guidelines. There is a gap between the guidelines and the healthcare available to people with COPD. The aim of this study was to increase the understanding of what shapes the provision of primary care services to people with COPD and what healthcare is offered to them from the perspective of healthcare professionals and managers.

    Methods: The study was conducted in primary care in a Swedish county council during January to June 2015. A qualitatively driven mixed methods design was applied. Qualitative and quantitative findings were merged into a joint analysis. Interviews for the qualitative component were performed with healthcare professionals (n = 14) from two primary care centres and analysed with qualitative content analysis. Two questionnaires were used for the quantitative component; one was answered by senior managers or COPD nurses at primary care centres (n = 26) in the county council and the other was answered by healthcare professionals (n = 18) at two primary care centres. The questionnaire data were analysed with descriptive statistics.

    Results: The analysis gave rise to the overarching theme building COPD care on shaky ground. This represents professionals driven to build a supportive COPD care on 'shaky' organisational ground in a fragmented and non-compliant healthcare organisation. The shaky ground is further represented by uninformed patients with a complex disease, which is surrounded with shame. The professionals are autonomous and pragmatic, used to taking responsibility for their work, and with limited involvement of the management. They wish to provide high quality COPD care with interprofessional collaboration, but they lack competence and are hindered by inadequate routines and lack of resources.

    Conclusions: There is a gap between COPD treatment guidelines and the healthcare that is provided in primary care. To facilitate implementation of the guidelines several actions are needed, such as further training for professionals, additional resources, and improved organisational structure for interprofessional collaboration and patient education. 

  • Hedene, Ida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Elevers språkutveckling genom lärares högläsning: En intervjustudie om lärares högläsning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna intervjustudie var att ta reda på hur högläsning används för att främja elevers språkutveckling. De frågeställningar som användes för att konkretisera syftet var: Hur beskriver lärarna arbetet med högläsning? Vilka arbetssätt anser lärarna är mest effektivt för elevers språkutveckling genom högläsning? Genom kvalitativ intervjumetod intervjuades fem F-3 -lärare på en skola i Mellansverige. Resultatet visade på att lärarna använde högläsning i stor utsträckning och de vanligaste arbetssätten var boksamtal och att stanna upp vid, för eleven, obekanta ord för att förklara dessa. Den forskning som ligger till grund för denna undersökning talar för att arbetssätten kring högläsning är nog så viktigt som läsningen i sig. Samtal innan, under och efter läsningen är enligt forskningen viktig för att eleverna ska förvärva de tänkta kunskaperna.

  • Olson, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work. Stockholms universitet, Högskolan i Skövde.
    Det oväntade i so-ämnenas undervisning: bjudningar till annat kunskapande och tillblivande2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, Vol. 2, 1-7 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta temanummer riktar vi intresse mot So-ämnenas undervisning i skolan. Vi tar vår utgångspunkt i vad de flesta lärare vet, men kanske inte alltid finner tid, utrymme eller någon lämplig plattform att uttrycka. Nämligen att all undervisning, och i förlängningen all utbildning – av nödvändighet – är omhuldad av risk (Biesta 2013), av det som är oväntat. Ambitionen i artiklarna är inte i första hand att lyfta fram detta oväntade som en omständighet eller nödvändighet i allmän mening i utbildningssammanhang. Ambitionen är snarare att utifrån denna nödvändighet resa frågor till den dagliga undervisningen i de samhällsorienterade ämnena religionskunskap, samhällskunskap och historia, alternativt i so-undervisning generellt. Utifrån skilda empiriska, i högre eller lägre grad teoretiskt färgade ansatser, prövar vi att resa frågor som på olika sätt knyter an till vårt överordnade syfte i temanumret, vilket är att undersöka om, och i så fall vilka särskilda villkor eller bevekelsegrunder som kan tänkas prägla just de samhällsorienterade ämnenas undervisning, sett i ljuset av det oväntade som en potential, som möjlighet.

  • Varpula Gustavsson, Sandra
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Användandet av muntlig kommunikation i matematikundervisningen: Att synliggöra den matematiska förståelsen med hjälp av muntlig kommunikation och problemlösning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I skolämnet matematik och centralt innehåll problemlösning har en kvalitativ observation har genomförts i en årskurs fem. Syftet med studien har varit att utöka kunskaper om hur undervisningen kan synliggöra elevernas förståelse för matematiken i problemlösningsuppgifter med hjälp av muntlig kommunikation i mindre grupper. Datainsamlingen har skett genom ljudinspelning av elevsamtalen. Denna studie syftar identifiera en instrumentell eller relationell förståelse hos eleverna som synliggör vid en muntlig kommunikation. Detta har gjort genom att granska de argument som eleverna delger i sina samtal med varandra. Analysen har visat att elevernas förståelse synliggörs när undervisningen erbjuder de förutsättningar som krävs för att muntlig kommunikation ska vara givande.

  • Jacobsson, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Digitala verktyg i språkundervisning: En studie av digitalt stöd vid ordinlärning i främmande språk2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här arbetet undersöks om digitala verktyg kan förbättra skolelevers ordinlärning i främmande

    språk. En klass som fick ordläxor i engelska på traditionellt sätt jämfördes med en

    klass som fick träna på samma ordläxa digitalt i verktyget LuckScript. Det digitala arbetssättet

    gav bättre resultat för många elever. Arbetssättet gynnade dock främst pojkar och framför

    allt svagpresterande pojkar medan flickorna missgynnades.

    Arbetet visar att arbetssättet i skolan påverkar om och hur olika elever jobbar. Det visar att

    många elever inte upplever att lärare har visat hur man kan träna effektivt på ordläxor. Många

    elever känner heller inte till att det finns digitala verktyg för ordinlärning. Arbetet visar alltså

    på vikten av att lärare diskutera mer med eleverna hur man lär sig främmande språk effektivt.

    Det visar också att det är möjligt att hitta arbetssätt som möter ”svagpresterande” elever så

    att de både jobbar effektivare och upplever skolarbetet mer positivt.

    Undersökningens resultat visar också på flera områden som skulle vara intressanta för vidare

    forskning.

  • Ehrling, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science.
    Kvinnans individuella upplevelse av förlossningssmärta: En begreppsanalys2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Labor pain is a term used in education and healthcare, where women are cared for during pregnancy and in maternity wards. How the concept is defined is described in literature and how and what is covered by the concept is wide. Labor pain has great location within maternity care but as a concept it is relatively undefined. Aim: The aim was to describe the concept of labor pain through a concept analysis. Methods: A concept analysis with qualitative design. Five midwives were selected trough a convenience sampling and were interviewed; earlier a literature review was conducted. The result from the field study phase was brought together with the result from the theoretical phase. Results: After the analysis of the concept of labor pain the main results is that it is truly one unique experience of labour pain. Defined three dimensions sensory, affective and cognitive. The sensory dimension stands for physiology, the affective dimension for earlier experiences and the cognitive dimension for how a person thinks about pain and the experience of it. Pain in labour is a unique experience. Only the woman in labour knows how it feels like. Pain during labour is an individual experience and just like all other experience it has its unique and individual interpretation for the person involved. Conclusion: Labor pain can be identified as a complex concept adapted to each pregnancy based on the defined dimensions. Clinical applicability: Clarification of the concept is important in education of midwifery students.

  • Ekstrand, Dennis
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Vi och dem: Muslimer som de andra i svenska läromedel2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska läromedel i religionsämnet fokuserar ofta på Mohamed och koranen och sällan på hur religionen islam praktiseras av muslimer. Kvinnans roll är ofta nedtonad eller helt utsluten vilket bidrar till en distansering av religionen islam från den modernt sekulära grundsynen. Läroböckerna betonar det patriarkala i religionen islam vilket böckerna inte uttrycker lika tydligt inom andra världsreligioner. Valet av innehåll i böckerna är en representation av författarnas tolkning och inte en objektiv och neutral sanning. Läromedlen kan därmed bidra till en "vi och dem" känsla. Lärarens didaktiska förmåga utmanas därmed i religionsundervisningen. I dagens mångkulturella skola måste läraren därmed anpassa sin religionsundervisning utifrån elevernas förförståelse.

  • Enlund, John
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Mattsson, Petter
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Fysiologiska skillnader mellan dominant och icke-dominant ben vid motviktad enbenscykling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    Counterweighted single-leg cycling is a new training method that can be used to increase intensity. Studies have shown differences between dominant and non-dominant leg during normal cycling. The purpose of this study was to analyse physiological assymetries during counterweighted single-leg cycling. Method: Eight volunteers (age 24,1 ± 4,2 years, height 177,0 ± 5,5 cm , weight 74,6 ± 9,0 kg, vo2max 69,0 ± 6,4 ml/kg/min) participated in this study. Participants were randomly divided into two groups (dominant or non-dominant). Waterloo Footedness Questionnaire was used to decide participants dominant leg. The dominant group used their dominant leg in the first interval at the second test, and the non-dominant group used their non-dominant leg in the first interval. At the first test a standarized incremental cycling test was performed until exhaustion. The second test , >48 hours later, consisted of four ten-minute intervals of counterweighted single-leg cycling, alternating legs.The second test was blinded. Results: Differences were observed, but no significant differences. Tendencies showed a higher power-output with the dominant leg (dominant leg 168 ±18,9 W, non-dominant leg 162 ±18,1W), but a higher cadence with the non-dominant leg (dominant leg 93 ± 12,7 rpm, non-dominant leg 95 ± 10,3 rpm). Conclusion: Differences exist between dominant and non-dominant leg in counterweighted single-legged cycling, but no significant differences. Our conclusion is that the learning effect affected the results in this study. To counteract this in future studies concerning counterweighted single-legged cycling the studies should include a learning period with the training method.

  • Johnsson, Oliver
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Effekten av fysisk träning på e-sportprestation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of physical exercise on different skills that affect e-sports performance for e-sportsmen at amateur level in the game Overwatch. This is to gain knowledge about how e-sports training could be developed and streamlined.

    Methods

    The study is of the explorative research type since it deals with a topic that haven’t previously been broadly investigated. The method used was a quantitative exploratory method. The design was an intervention study.

    Results

    The study has not been able to demonstrate that skills affecting e-sports performance have changed through physical training. However, it is possible to read that the study participants who received the training intervention are more susceptible to and aware of changes in these skills compared to the study participants in the control group.

    Conclusions

    The purpose of the study has not been answered because the design was inadequate. However, the study may form the basis for further research. A number of important basic assumptions have been identified during the work. Based on these lessons a discussion took place, about how design deficiencies can be addressed and what is important to consider in future studies in the field.

  • Strömberg, Josephine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Bergeå, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Tävlingsryttares uppfattning gällande styrketräning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Equestrian sport is one of the biggest sports in Sweden with 29 600-competition riders. Equestrian sport demands a high physical capacity and competition riders need to have both strength, endurance and balance. Therefore, strength training should always be a part of a competition rider´s training regime, because strength training can lead to enhanced performance at the same time as it prevents injuries. Despite this, research that show how much strength training a competition rider perform is limited. Some say that competition riders most often don´t perform any training outside of riding, while some say that physical training is a natural element in a competition rider everyday life.

    Purpose

    : The purpose of this study was to describe competition rider´s perceptions regarding strength training as well as the motivation for strength training. Furthermore, the study aims at examining how much and what kind of strength training competition riders perform as well as why/why not strength training is being performed.

    Method:

    Information was gathered through questionnaires and through interviews. The selection for the questionnaire was based of competition riders over the age of 18 that compete in islandic horse-competition. The selection for the interviews was based of equestrian trainers in the south of Dalarna that all train competition rider.

    Results:

    The result showed that more than half of the competition riders that were part of this study reach the recommendations that are set for strength training. The result also showed a generally positive attitude towards strength training where a perception of strength training leading to a better riding performance was noticeable. The reasons why competition riders perform strength training turned out to be "To be healthy" and "To become a better rider". The reasons why competition rider’s don´t perform strength training turned out to be "Lack of time", "Lack of motivation" and to some extent also "Lack of knowledge".

    Slutsatser

    : The competition riders and equestrian trainers in this study generally have a positive attitude towards strength training, but despite of this there are some barriers that prevent strength training. Competition riders should work to overcome these barriers, because strength training has been showed important when performing on top in equestrian sport.

  • Gut, Mikael
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Carlberg, Ida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Stillasittande hos högskoleanställda lärare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of the study was to map the sedentary behavior of college-faculty teachers during the working day. Furthermore, the study aimed at investigating factors that contributed to being sedentary. Method The study used a mixed method approach. Data collection was conducted through 4 individual interviews and a questionnaire with 49 teachers at Högskolan Dalarna. Results The average of the participants' sedentary time per working day was 6,62 (±1.97) hours. The number of interruptions from being sedentary was in average 1,6 (±0.89) per hour. There was no statistically significant difference in sedentary time (p= 0,22) or number of interruptions (p= 0,21) during the working day between men and women. Relationship value (r= -0,34) indicated that there was a weak relationship that showed that participants who were more sedentary also made fewer interruptions in their sitting time. The main reason for being sedentary was that sitting improved the ability to concentrate on tasks requiring a lot of focus. Other prominent factors that affected the intake of sedentary behavior were time pressure and high workload. The individual himself was said to be the biggest obstacle to reducing his own sedentary behavior, where the habitual behavior of sitting when doing certain tasks in the workplace had a major impact. Participants' knowledge of sedentary behavior and consequences was inadequate, and it was not a discussion topic that was discussed in greater detail at the workplace. Conclusions Higher education teachers are a risk group for negative health effects caused by sedentary behavior. Engagement and increased knowledge at individual, interpersonal and organizational levels are required to achieve changes in sedentary behavior.

  • van der Maarel, Martin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Byqvist, Mikael
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Hur parkmiljöer kan påverka vardagsrörelse: en studie utifrån aktiva unga vuxnas uppfattningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reduced movement in everyday life is a problem that is becoming increasingly common in the world today. Although people today are becoming more and more regularly physically active and conduct more planned exercise, the everyday movement that is needed to maintain a good health and reduce the risk of dying prematurely, is decreasing. Something that has been shown to increase everyday activity is the presence of park environments. Research has shown that where fewer parks existed, people were more sedentary and less active. The

    aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between everyday movement and park environments based on the view of physically active young adults. The method used in this study consisted of interviewing young adults (18-30 years of age). Why this selection was used was because this group of age were previously considered to have good health during their period of life, but new evidence shows that people of these ages are becoming increasingly inactive in their daily lives. Physically active people were chosen to see how their perceptions of movement in addition to their normal training meant to them. Six active young adults were recruited to the study and interviewed. The results showed that young adults understand the meaning of the positive effects of movement, but at the same time they were negatively motivated to visit park environments. The single movement in parks indicated by the participants was in the form of walks and jogging. Participants suggested that more types of activities (kiosks, outdoor gyms, etc.) should be available to increase the visitor level in park environments for a longer period of time, as well as conduct more daily living there.