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  • Wiking, Linnea
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Svenns, Viktoria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Att vårda kvinnor som upplevt våld i en nära relation, en litteraturstudie om vårdpersonalens perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Studies show that one of three women worldwide are exposed to intimate partner violence. Intimate partner violence exists in all social classes and is a global health problem. Healthcare professionals often come in contact with women who have experienced intimate partner violence. Many women lose their lives each year as a result from the violence. Purpose: To describe the healthcare professionals experience of taking care of women who have experienced intimate partner violence. Method: The method is a literature review. Data collection has taken place in databases Cinahl and PubMed. Results: The results is based on 15 scientific articles and three main areas emerged in the outcome: identification of women who lives with intimate partner violence, barriers to identifying the vulnerable women and healthcare professionals meeting with women who have experienced intimate partner violence. Healthcare professionals experience difficulties in identifying women who were exposed to intimate partner violence. Barrier to performing screening were primarily lack of knowledge and training in healthcare professionals. The healthcare professionals experienced it difficult to meet women who lived with intimate partner violence, due to the difficulty of distancing themselves from vulnerable women. Conclusions: From this study, the clue can be drown that guidelines, knowledge and training are needed, and also routines for screening, in order to identify women who are living with intimate partner violence.

  • Ullgren, Evelina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Tervo, Rebecka
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Patientdelaktighet i vården vid bedsiderapportering: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    : Participation and person-centered care are key concepts in the care that are being given today. In order for the patient to participate, they must be involved in the daily work such as shift reporting. At each shift, reporting occurs from one nurse to another which often lacks patient involvement. A reporting model is bedside report, which means reporting takes place in the patient's presence.

    Aim

    : The aim of this study was to describe patient’s participation in care during bedside report.

    Method

    : A literature review.

    Results

    : Bedside report made patients feel more involved in their care, partly because they felt valued as a participant in the report. The patients were considered a person in the first hand. Both patients and nurses felt that the reporting method was crucial for the participation. Most patients appreciated being included in the reporting and that they received valuable information that they considered justifiable. However, not all patients wanted to participate, which was due, among other things, to the fact that the report was considered for the nurses.

    Conclusion

    : Bedside report increased patient involvement in care, according to both the patient and the nurse. However, not all patients wanted to participate and the reporting method were important for the level of participation.

  • Persson, Anders
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Thorp, Robert
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work. Stockholms universitet.
    Historieundervisningens existentialiserande potential2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2, 59-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a study of how history education can be understood as a practice directed towards existentialisation. Through classroom observation, teacher interviews and focus group interviews with students in grade 9 in Swedish lower secondary school, a complex teaching practice is uncovered where history teachers have to deal with matters pertaining to disseminating a meaningful narrative of the past, a critical approach to these narratives and an awareness of historicity and its implications for how we approach and understand the past. These results are then discussed from the perspectives of how history education can promote existentialisation among students, and what challenges and opportunities this may present to history teachers.

  • Björ, Louise
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Svanberg, Sofia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Den äldre patientens upplevelse av vård utifrån ett personcentrerat perspektiv: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The elderly is a group that will be a major part of the population in the future. With increasing age, the risk of suffering from one or more diseases increases, which will place higher demands on healthcare. Swedish law states that healthcare has an obligation to promote patient integrity, participation and self-determination, but this is invalid in the care of the elderly. Many complex illnesses in an elderly person necessitate nursing based on the patient's individual needs. Person-centered nursing is about a partnership between the individual and healthcare staff, where the individual is at the center of care.

    Aim:

    To highlight the elderly patient's experience of care based on a person-centered perspective.

    Method:

    A literature review was conducted and the data was found in the databases CINAHL and PubMed, 13 articles with qualitative method were selected.

    Result:

    The results showed that there were similarities and differences in how the elderly patient experiences their care. These experiences can be divided into three main categories: self-determination, participation and integrity. The elderly patient had a longing for independence and self-determination, however, this was reversed due to a lack of time and competence shortage. The elderly had a desire to be involved in their care, where the relationship and communication were an important basis for creating participation. Many of the elderly did not feel confirmed as a unique individual of nursing staff.

    Conclusion:

    In order to promote the role of the elderly in their care, must a holistic perspective and a person-centered approach be applied, where the elderly is respected as a unique individual. With the older individual at the heart of his care, his right to self-determination, participation and integrity is strengthened, which in turn can lead to an increased quality of life.

  • Persson Henriksson, Anna
    et al.
    Irisdotter Aldenmyr, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Lärare blir till i talet om demokrati i SO-undervisning2017In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2, 75-99 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A central question for this article is how social sciences teachers in middle school (age 10-12) relate to and talk about school’s fundamental democratic values as crucial parts of the teachers' assignments. The article aims to provide insight into how the teachers thereby position and constitute themselves as social science teachers and how this is intimately connected to their didactical practise. Three social science teachers were interviewed and in the analysis various subject positions were identified. The results show that teachers are trying to balance between the subject content they are required to work with, and a democratic assignment which is often interpreted in terms of students’ influence and participation. The difficulties to fully carry out student participation in every day teaching evokes interpretations of the democratic assignment as a question of what general approaches a teacher should have towards students, and a general mission to empower and equip students for the future. These approaches are strongly influencing how the informants construct themselves as teachers. However, it is also shown that the subject content of social sciences to some extent may enforce the possibilities of achieving the aims of a democratic assignment, which strengthens the argument that both the process of becoming a teacher and the challenges of the democratic assignment need to be situated and further developed within the contexts of specific school subjects.

  • Gideon, Sanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Skapande arbete och matematisk problemlösning: En observationsstudie med fokus på elevers lärande2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte har varit att ur ett elevperspektiv undersöka hur ett arbetssätt som kombinerar skapande arbete och matematisk problemlösning påverkar elevers lärande i matematik i årskurs 1-3.

    Studien är en kvalitativ studie som baserats på en deltagande observation samt en kompletterande enkätstudie. Resultatet har analyserats utifrån Reggio Emilias pedagogiska filosofier och Allan Bishops teori om barn och matematik. Resultatet visar att eleverna lär sig av varandra när de sammarbetar och diskuterar sig fram till lösningar på matematiska problem. Dessutom ges eleverna möjlighet att ge uttryck för sin kreativitet. Dock är det viktigt med väl fungerande grupper där alla elever i gruppen känner sig viktiga och kan bidra med åsikter och kunskap. Därigenom främjar ett arbetssätt som innehåller skapande arbete och matematiskproblemlösning både möjligheter och svårigheter för elevers lärande.

  • Fritsch, Katarina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Att stödja elever till meningsskapande samtal i naturvetenskapsundervisningen: En kvalitativ undersökning med observationer och intervjuer av sex lärare2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att få kunskap om hur lärare kan stödja elever, i årskurs 1–8, till meningsskapande samtal om naturvetenskapliga begrepp. För att undersöka detta har kvalitativa observationer och intervjuer genomförts med sex lärare på tre olika skolor i södra delen av Norge. De kvalitativa metoderna har använts för att få en djupare förståelse för hur lärarna organiserar den naturvetenskapliga undervisningen. Den insamlade data från observationerna och intervjuerna har utgått från studiens syfte och frågeställningar för att sedan analyserats med hjälp av en innehållsanalys där olika teman har identifierats. Studiens resultat visar att samtliga lärare utgår från eller tar in elevernas egna erfarenheter i den naturvetenskapliga undervisningen. Hur lärarna gör detta samt i vilken grad varierar. Studien visar även på vikten av samtal i naturvetenskapsundervisningen för att lärare ska kunna bekräfta elevernas kommentarer och idéer med naturvetenskapliga begrepp. För att föra meningsskapande samtal tillsammans med eleverna visar studien att lärarna använder frågor och olika så kallade medierande resurser. Genom en variation av dessa medierande resurser samt arbetssätt visar några av studiens lärare resultat på innehållsrik undervisning. En slutsats som dras av studien är att när lärarna organiserar undervisning på ett sätt som fångar upp elevernas vardagliga erfarenheter och synliggör naturvetenskapliga begrepp främjas meningsskapande.

  • Zhang, Xingxing
    et al.
    University of Nottingham.
    Shen, Jingchun
    Yang, Tong
    Tang, Llewellyn
    Wu, Yupeng
    Pan, Song
    Wu, Jinshun
    Xu, Peng
    Assessment of the effectiveness of investment strategy in solar photovoltaic (PV) energy sector: a case study2017In: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 105, 2977-2982 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Solar photovoltaic (PV) energy is now promising to offer potential solutions for sustainable development, especially in China. A representative Chinese solar PV manufacturer - Shunfeng International Clean Energy Limited (SFCE) - is therefore assessed in this paper, including (1) investment strategies in China’s recent macroeconomic exposure; (2) the market exposure and vulnerability. The macroeconomic challenges in case of China’s continuous GDP growth would have significant implications for SFCE’s investment strategy. Although SFCE’s vulnerability is high, it has mediated its macro exposure and protect itself by advanced non-pricing competition, product/service differentiation, vertical and horizontal integration, and high-profit diversification etc. The research result is expected to offer useful indications for solar PV companies to adapt and succeed in the future energy industry and simultaneously help the world to mitigate climate change.

  • Shen, Jingchun
    et al.
    Zhang, Xingxing
    Yang, Tong
    Tang, Llewellyn
    Wu, Yupeng
    Pan, Song
    Wu, Jinshun
    Xu, Peng
    Design strategy of a compact unglazed solar thermal facade (STF) for building integration based on BIM concept2017In: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 105, 1-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the specific design strategy of a novel compact unglazed Solar Thermal Facade (STF) for building performance research in architectural practice. It identifies the basic role of such STF in the building performance simulation and analysis. A dedicated design strategy based on the BIM (building information modelling) concept for application of the proposed STF is then developed in details. This research work clarifies the necessary steps in ensuring that the environmental/economic factors and energy-efficiency strategies of the STF are integrated with the building design and analysis process at the early stage.

  • Pan, Song
    et al.
    Wang, Xingru
    Wei, Shen
    Xu, Chuanqi
    Zhang, Xingxing
    University of Nottingham.
    Xie, Jingchao
    Tindall, Jess
    de Wilde, Pieter
    Energy waste in buildings due to occupant behaviour2017In: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 105, 2233-2238 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Occupants’ behaviour has a significant impact on the energy performance of buildings. A good understanding of how occupants use a building provides a possibility of promoting the building's energy efficiency through changing occupant behaviour. Building simulation has been adopted as a useful method by building engineers for quantifying the effects of changing occupant behaviour on the building's energy consumption and indoor environment. However, due to the lack of real measured data with respect to how occupants use the building, such simulation work has relied on assumed behavioural patterns, which significantly reduces the reliability of the predicted results. This paper describes a longitudinal study monitoring occupants’ heating, window opening and cooling behaviour in an office building throughout summer, transitional and winter periods. These behavioural data were then used to drive dynamic building performance simulation to predict the energy saving potential of changing behaviour. Comparison with predicted results by assumed behavioural patterns reflected that improperly assumed behavioural patterns may either overestimate or underestimate the energy saving potential of changing behaviour, especially for unextreme behaviours.

  • Recensioner2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 1, 109-154 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Bertilsson, Margareta
    Köpenhamns universitet.
    In memoriam: Robert K. Merton (1910 - 2003)2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 1, 104-108 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Olsen, Henning
    Kvalitative analyser og kvalitetssikring2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 1, 68-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ensuring “qualitative quality": Tendencies in English and Scandinavian qualitative methodology literature.

    A research project concerning the quality of Danish qualitative interview investigations has been conducted at The Danish National Institute of Social Research in Copenhagen (Olsen, 2002a-c). In this article, selected parts of the project are presented. The main theme of the article is qualitative analyses and different - more or less competing - criteria for “qualitative quality”. The article is based on textual analysis of a wide range of English and Scandinavian qualitative methodology literature - approximately 200 books and articles - concerning qualitative analysis strategies, analytic induction versus deduction, coding and conceptualization, generalization and theory related versus theory generating qualitative analyses. In the article focus is also on how to ensure “qualitative quality” and its conceptual foundation. The article is concluded by the author presenting his own quality ensuring proposals.

  • Eriksson, Björn
    Örebro universitet.
    Företrädare och ställföreträdare. Om sociala handlingspositioner2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 1, 35-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vertreter and Stellvertreter: On acting from a position

    The article is part of an attempt to build a structural theory of interaction. It tries to identify a limited set of acting positions - Vertreter, Stellvertreter and personal acting. The theoretical point concerning these acting positions is that each demand a stable set of acts, and work from different logics. This stability is unmoved by such things as changes in the identity or in the preferences of the actor. The actor must subordinate himself under the logic of the position if he is to be able to co-operate with other actors. The Stellvertreter acts in another’s name, alieno nomine agere, while the Vertreter answers for another’s acts. In many situations, an actor may act as the one or the other - the priest acts in the name of God and answers for the acts of the church, which is problematic since the two may be opposed, even antagonistic, to each other.

  • Lundqvist, Åsa
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Roman, Christine
    Örebro universitet.
    Önska, välja och vilja. Om beslutet att skaffa barn2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 1, 12-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wishing, choosing and wanting. On the decision to have a child

    Falling birth rates within the European Union have given rise to a number of studies trying to analyse and interpret why women (and men) choose not to have (many) children. One attempt in this direction is made by an ongoing EU-project, involving eight countries, including Sweden. Qualitative interviews focusing on couples’ decisions to have - or not have - children have been carried out in each country. Drawing on the Swedish data, this article argues that the ongoing and gendered processes of individualization and de-traditionalization, as well as economic structures and economic cycles, affect such decisions. That is, couples’ decisions about having children are closely connected to questions both concerning the possibilities to live “a life of your own” within the nuclear family, and to household finances and job security. Furthermore, the choice to have a baby is considered a risk project, which might involve not only poor finances and problems at work, but also increasing tensions between partners concerning the division of housework. Due to persisting gender inequalities outside as well as inside the couple relationship, women particularly seem to fear that a(nother) child would negatively affect their possibilities of  “living a life on their own” .

  • Meddelande från den nya redaktioned i Umeå2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 1, 8-9 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Agevall, Ola
    Växjö universitet.
    Redaktionens förord2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 1, 4-7 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Agevall, Ola
    Växjö universitet.
    Sociologisk Forskning 2003:12003Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Jan-Ers, Emelie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Hellsing, Nathalie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av omvårdnadsdiagnostik: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Nursing diagnoses are included in the nursing process and have been around for over 40 years in the nursing care where the nurse has the responsibility. Nursing diagnoses separate the patient needs from the medical diagnosis and creates a holistic view of nursing care. Aim: The purpose was to describe nurses' experiences of nursing diagnostics and its use. Method: A literature review containing eleven scientific articles by both qualitative and quantitative approach. Articles were searched out in the databases CINAHL and PubMed. Result: Nurse’s experience of nursing diagnoses were that these contribute to an individual care and provides increased patient participation in the care. The nurse also experienced that nursing diagnoses are time-consuming and gives an increased workload witch also are factors that plays a part in the use of nursing diagnoses. Another factor affecting the use of nursing diagnoses and the nursing process is lack of knowledge about the topic. With education in the area the result turned out to be positive. The nurse need to acquire knowledge, have critical thinking and reflect of the patient’s situation when a nursing diagnosis is given. Conclusion: According to the present literature review, nursing diagnoses provide an individual care, increased patient involvement, it is time consuming and increases the workload for nurses. The nurse has a lack of knowledge about nursing diagnoses and the nursing process, which suggests that there is a need for continued training and experience after the finished nursing degree of the topic.

  • Bergsvind, Ulrica
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Söderqvist, Beatrice
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av att drabbas av hjärtinfarkt: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    : When it comes to heart disease, women are degraded. Women get worse treatment, more often wrong or no diagnosis and research is less in women. As the man is the norm and reference the women also get treated after the same criteria. Women’s symptoms are different compered to men.

    Aim

    : The aim of this study was to explore women’s experiences of suffering from a myocardial infarction.

    Methods

    : The design is a literature review. Data collection occurred in the databases Cinahl and PubMed which resulted in eleven qualitative articles.

    Result

    s: Women experienced symptoms from different parts of the body, which may be from the gastrointestinal area, extremities and breast region. They deny the symptoms and try to find reasons why they occur. Care provides give lack of information and does not take them seriously, which causes women to feel insecure. Women still feel bad several months after the infarction and have difficulty coping with everyday life. They need support from the family that can give them support and help, although they do not always tell family how they feel.

    Conclusion

    : Women experience a variety of symptoms when they suffer from myocardial infarction, and symptoms may start from different parts of the body, not just in the breast region. They also experience that the caregiver provides inadequate information and do not take them seriously when they seek medical care. Many women have remaining symptoms several months after the infarction.

  • Carlsson, Tomas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Wedholm, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Nilsson, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    The effects of strength training versus ski-ergometer training on double-poling capacity of elite junior cross-country skiers2017In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    To compare the effects of strength training versus ski-ergometer training on double-poling gross efficiency (GE), maximal speed (Vmax), peak oxygen uptake (V˙O2peak" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; display: inline-table; line-height: normal; letter-spacing: normal; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">V˙O2peakV˙O2peak) for elite male and female junior cross-country skiers.

    Methods

    Thirty-three elite junior cross-country skiers completed a 6-week training-intervention period with two additional 40-min training sessions per week. The participants were matched in pairs and within each pair randomly assigned to either a strength-training group (STR) or a ski-ergometer-training group (ERG). Before and after the intervention, the participants completed three treadmill roller-skiing tests to determine GE, Vmax, and V˙O2peak" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; display: inline-table; line-height: normal; letter-spacing: normal; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">V˙O2peakV˙O2peak. Mixed between-within subjects analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted to evaluate differences between and within groups. Paired samples t tests were used as post hoc tests to investigate within-group differences.

    Results

    Both groups improved their Vmax and V&#x02D9;O2peak" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; display: inline-table; line-height: normal; letter-spacing: normal; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">V˙O2peakV˙O2peak expressed absolutely (all P < 0.01). For the gender-specific sub-groups, it was found that the female skiers in both groups improved both Vmax and V&#x02D9;O2peak" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; display: inline-table; line-height: normal; letter-spacing: normal; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; position: relative;">V˙O2peakV˙O2peak expressed absolutely (all P < 0.05), whereas the only within-group differences found for the men were improvements of Vmax in the STR group. No between-group differences were found for any of the investigated variables.

    Conclusions

    Physiological and performance-related variables of importance for skiers were improved for both training regimes. The results demonstrate that the female skiers’ physiological adaptations to training, in general, were greater than those of the men. The magnitude of the physiological adaptations was similar for both training regimes.

  • Ayertey, Bliss
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Asrat, Getnet Mengesha
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Legitimation Strategies in the reporting of Negative CSR Aspects2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The survival of organizations is dependent upon their legitimacy since legitimacy provides them with access to valuable resources. Organizations do not possess legitimacy, but rather it is ascribed to them by the society they are in when their actions meet societal expectations. Fulfillment of these societal expectations requires the moral and practical obligations of organizations which we call Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). To show their CSR performance, organizations have increasingly adopted the practice of CSR reporting. In CSR reporting, organizations are expected by their stakeholders to disclose both positive and negative aspects. Although disclosing negative aspects can pose a threat to organization’s legitimacy, a third party reporting them may cause more severe damages to the legitimacy of the organization. Therefore, organizations are motivated to legitimize their negative aspects by using legitimation strategies.

    Using the typology of Coombs and Holladay (1996), in combination with the legitimation strategies by Hahn and Lülfs (2014) as our frameworks, and the non-financial reports of the top ten German chemical companies as our illustrative cases, we investigate and interpret the choice of legitimation strategies used by organizations to report different types of negative aspects in CSR reports. Our findings show that there is a clear pattern in the use of corrective action as a legitimation strategy for all types of negative aspects. Furthermore, we identified instances, where a new type of legitimation strategy, which we called shifting blame legitimation strategy was used. We interpreted our findings using analytical reasoning and theoretical framework such as the concept of symbolic and substantive approach to interpret our findings. Based on the findings, we concluded that the dominant pattern identified falls under the substantive approach, theoretically known for helping companies retain their legitimacy.

  • Leo, Fia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    The Role of Play: A literature study on playful learning in the early elementary EFL classroom2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Young students learn through active and playful encounters with their environment.

    The Curriculum for Compulsory School (Lgr11) states the importance of play in students’ active learning. The aim of this thesis is to investigate the role that has been ascribed to play in research on early English language learning. The main questions address how play can be used to promote language learning in the early primary English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom and other methods teachers may use that benefit students’ language development. The method used for this thesis is a systematic literature review with a qualitative approach. Six studies were included in the analysis. The analysis shows that playful methods of teaching can help the teacher to develop students’ English skills. Research has shown that playful encounters during language learning help students feel more motivated and dedicated to learning a foreign language. The results indicate the importance of the teacher having knowledge regarding what is being taught, how it is supposed to be learned, and why it is meaningful for the students in their own personal language development. Based on the thesis results further research is needed to understand the teachers’ methods of teaching English as a Foreign Language in the early primary classroom.

  • Wijk, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Tyst läsning och läsförståelse: Intervjustudie med sex lärare i årskurserna 1–32017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Resultaten från de internationella undersökningarna PISA 2012 och PIRLS 2011 har visat att svenska elevers läsförståelse och läsförmåga har försämrats. PISA 2015 visade dock på ett trendbrott vad gäller svenska elevers läsförståelse, de presterar bättre än vad de gjorde i undersökningen år 2012. Läsning är en förutsättning för att klara av skolan och att leva i samhället och det är en central del i läroplanen. Läsning är dessutom ett omdiskuterat ämne i skolvärlden och forskning visar att läsförståelsestrategier utvecklar elevernas läsförståelse. Detta gör läsning till ett intressant ämne att studera. Denna studies syfte var att finna sambanden mellan tyst läsning och utveckling av elevers läsförståelse i årskurs 1–3. Detta syfte konkretiserades med följande frågeställningar: Hur motiverar lärarna sitt arbete med tyst läsning? Hur resonerar lärarna kring sitt arbete med läsförståelsestrategier för att utveckla elevernas läsförståelse? Jag genomförde en intervjustudie med sex lärare i årskurserna 1–3. Vid analysen av insamlat material användes det sociokulturella perspektivet som stöd. Studiens resultat visade att lärarna ger eleverna många tillfällen till tyst läsning och de arbetar med läsförståelsestrategier för att utveckla elevernas läsförståelse. Resultatet visade också att lärarna framhåller vikten av samtal vid läsning.

  • Liljas, Juvas Marianne
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    "Det måste vara något fel i vår musikuppfostran"2017In: Program Svenska historikermötet 10–12 maj 2017 Mittuniversitetet – Campus Sundsvall: Session 7.3 En ny människa för en ny tid - reformpedagogik som nyckel till en alternativ modernitet? Ansvarig: Urban Claesson, Högskolan Dalarna, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Historikermötets tematik korresponderar mot den modernadrömmen om en ny människa. En relativt bortglömd men viktig del av Martin Luthersförkunnelse efter 1517 var tron på den Helige andes förmåga at omskapa den troendetill at bli en ny människa. Denna tro på den nya människan skulle senare i mersekulariserad form bli en viktig beståndsdel i det moderna projektet. I denna sessionpresenterar en utbildningshistorisk forskargrupp med säte vid Högskolan Dalarna huren vision om en ny människa sökte bli förverkligad med reformpedagogik som medel.Före folkhemmets svenska hegemoni existerade flera alternativa moderniteter somlöften om framtiden. Vi lyfter fram hur decenniet efter 1917 fortfarande präglades avpluralism. Genom exemplet Siljanskolan vill vi fokusera på et av dessa framtidslöften,där en dalaförankrad reformpedagogik skulle fostra till en alternativ nation prägladav landsbygd, allsång, fred och hemkänsla, i stället för storstad, funktionalism ochcentraliserad enhetsskola. Vid sessionen presenteras samtidigt den nya antologi somde medverkande skrivit tillsammans: Fostran och bildning för en annan modernitet.Siljanskolan som reformpedagogiskt alternativ.

  • Notiser & anmälningar2002In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 2, 103-107 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Recensioner2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 2, 91-102 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Vogel, Joachim
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Amnå, Erik
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Munch, Ingrid
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Häll, Lars
    SCB.
    Föreningslivet i Sverige: Välfärd, socialt kapital och demokratiskola2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 2, 53-89 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a long tradition of high levels of membership and participation in voluntary associations in the Scandinavian area, with origins reaching back in the 19th century, and still playing a key role in political as well as in private life. In comparative perspective, memberships and activity levels are extreme in Sweden. Sweden has been named a popular-movement democracy, where associations serve a special function to bind together a homogenous culture and egalitarian welfare regime:

    1. Associations contribute to general welfare production by facilitating valued activities, offering social contacts, identity, information and collective support;

    2. Participation in associations develops social capital of inter-personal relationships and thrust; and;

    3. Associations develop democratic skills relevant to representative democracy, such as tolerance, experience and competence in collective decision-making;

    4. Associations provide an alternative arena for political action.

    In recent decades, in particular over the past decade of deep recession and welfare state rollback in Sweden, engagement in associations has crumbled. A recent analysis of this change, based on two general social surveys of 1992 and 2000, tracks this change, focusing on the development of different types of associations, their memberships, activity levels and member characteristics. Findings are discussed with respect to the impact on general welfare, social capital, and political capital.

  • Hilte, Mats
    Lunds universitet.
    Karriärmetaforens tillämpning och funktion inom missbruksfältet2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 2, 35-52 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article career as metaphor and various career models are the object of a critical review. The question at issue is whether career as metaphor helps us understand the social dynamics that characterize substance abuse?

    Different career models such as the stepping-stone and gateway hypothesis and H S Beckerscareer model are scrutinized. It is pointed out that these career models are one-sided and have serious limitations, since they leave out important variables pertaining to class, gender, ethnicity, politics and culture.

    In order to create a credible representation of the development of drug abuse the different levels and dimensions of social reality must be described. Despite the extensive critique that has been passed on the concept of drug abuse as career it is still widely used by professionals as well as laymen. This fact of the matter is discussed and the author argues that the concept of drug abuse as career serves important functions in the government of drug abuse.

    Besides being an important instrument in drug treatment the concept of drug abuse as career is used in order to give legitimacy to the political control of drugs. From that perspective the concept drug abuse as career can be understood as a narrative serving important functions in the social control of untoward behavior.

  • Benner, Mats
    Lunds universitet.
    Trygghet i utveckling2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 2, 27-32 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Castles, Stephen
    Oxford universitet.
    Migration i en tid av globalisering2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 2, 19-26 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Rotkirch, Anna
    Helsingfors universitet.
    Vem är rädd för städerskan?: Globalisering och kvinnors autonoma migration2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 2, 11-18 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Thörn, Håkan
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Nya sociala rörelser, globalisering och den sociologiska eurocentrismen2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 2, 3-9 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Hjerm, Mikael
    Umeå universitet.
    Sociologisk Forskning i ny skepnad2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 2, 2- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Hjerm, Mikael
    Umeå universitet.
    Sociologisk Forskning 2003:22003Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • Gyllensteen, Josephine
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Digitala verktyg i engelskundervisning: Lärares användning av digitala verktyg i årskurs F-32017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Digital teknik har tagit enorma framsteg i samhället sedan 1980-talet medan det engelska språket blivit ett världsspråk. Tillsammans med engelskan som världsspråk och ett digitaliserat samhälle har det också blivit nödvändigt för lärare att utveckla undervisningen för att motivera elever till att vilja lära sig det engelska språket. Genom en kvalitativ intervju har fem lärare beskrivit hur de undervisar i engelskämnet med hjälp av digitala verktyg i årskurs F-3. Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i det teoretiska perspektivet

    IT som arena som påminner om Vygotskijs sociokulturella perspektiv. Dessutom beskrivs Deweys pragmatiska syn med fokus på learning by doing.

    Resultatet visar att lärarna är medvetna och blir inspirerade av elevernas intressen i sin planering av undervisning. Det framgår även att lärarna är trygga i att hantera digitala verktyg trots att forskning hävdar att många lärare är osäkra när det gäller teknikanvändandet då deras kunskaper brister. Samtliga lärare ser elevernas utvecklingspotential vid arbete med digitala verktyg, trots detta använder inte alla lärare verktygen i engelskämnet. Avslutningsvis skulle det vara intressant att genomföra en omfattande studie som kan påverka en hel skola.

  • Liljengård, Anton
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Filstorleksoptimering för retuscheringsarbete: Enundersökning med fokus på moderetuschering2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the processing of pictures today the file size often becomes large. An effective technological development has made the demand for quality higher. In a world where the photographer's camera has gotten a higher resolution, the image's file size has also increased.

    The aim of this thesis has been to come up with a recommendation for how to work towards getting a smaller file size. The recommendation was intended for retouchers who work in the fashion industry and with pictures meant for print.

    The work has dealt with file sizes associated with retouching and have tried to illustrate what during the retouch procedure that causes a larger file size. This has been done by contacting retouchers who often work with fashion images. The focus has been on the layers in Photoshop and editing options for the retoucher.

    The results showed that the retouchers had similar ways of working towards a small file size, and a certain similarity is apparent in their way of retouching which caused a bigger file size. What also showed was that the file size is the most affected by how layers consisting of pixels and masks look compared to adjustment layers.

  • Olsson, Helén
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Stier, Jonas (Contributor)
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Arbetsformer kring sociala risker - med fokus på rasism och extremism2017Report (Other academic)
  • Abellan, A.
    et al.
    Perez, J.
    Pujol, R.
    Sundstrom, G.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Malmberg, B.
    Partner care, gender equality, and ageing in Spain and Sweden2017In: International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, ISSN 1652-8670, E-ISSN 1652-8670, Vol. 11, no 1, 69-89 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We used national surveys to study how older persons’ changing household patterns influence the gender balance of caregiving in two countries with distinct household structures and cultures, Spain and Sweden. In both countries, men and women provide care equally often for their partner in couple-only households. This has become the most common household type among older persons in Spain and prevails altogether in Sweden. This challenges the traditional dominance of young or middle-aged women as primary caregivers in Spain. In Sweden, many caregivers are old themselves. We focus attention to partners as caregivers and the consequences of changing household structures for caregiving, which may be on the way to gender equality in both countries, with implications for families and for the public services.

  • Recensioner2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 3, 76-91 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Lindberg, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Kalmar.
    Att explicitgöra det implicit sagda — i självmordsnära kvinnors tal om offerskap, kön och sexualiserat våld2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 3, 57-75 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With this text I want to shed light upon the relationship between womens suicidal thoughts and acts and their experiences of sexualised violence. The main focus is set on how experiences of sexualised violence connects to patterns of victimization, and how this complicated interrelation interweave in the ways women think and act in regard to suicide. The initiating question is: “What can it mean to think of oneself in terms of victimhood when one has experiences of sexualised violence?”. My point of departure is to listen to and highlight how abused women themselves describe and interpret their suicidal acts. An analysis of how the women expresses their experiences is made, where I try to make explicit underlying (implicit) cultural notions of victims and offenders. I then search for indications on how to comprehend this silently gendered phenomena. Overall, I try to develop a frame of interpretation that can make these womens voices explicable.

  • Kemeny, Jim
    Uppsala universitet.
    Korporatism och bostadsregimer2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 3, 37-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Housing has been described as “the wobbly pillar under the welfare state”. Unlike the other three pillars - education, health and social security - housing is largely a market commodity modified by subsidies and regulation. This makes it a potentially fruitful welfare sector to examine the interplay between market interests and policymaking. This article considers the relationship between rental housing and the welfare state interms of regime theory. Rental housing systems are divided into two types: dualist (profit rental market and residual public poor housing sector) and unitary (not-for-profit integrated into the market). Taking Esping-Andersens Three Worlds of Welfare thesis as a starting point, no Nordic social democratic regime type can be identified for housing, but in relation to classic corporatist theory, unitary rental markets are clearly associated with corporatist societies. The discussion concludes with a consideration of sector regimes in general and housing regimes in particular. It is concluded that theories of power should be more widely applied to housing, and that housing can provide an invaluable empirical laboratory for refining our understanding of both sector regimes and welfare regimes.

  • Wennerhag, Magnus
    Lunds universitet.
    Globaliseringsrörelsen — en ny social rörelse eller en klassisk konfliktdimension i nytt sammanhang?2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 3, 27-35 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Åmark, Klas
    Stockholms universitet.
    Föråldrade folkrörelser, aktiva medborgare och hetsande massmedier2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 3, 19-25 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Brodin, Jenny-Ann
    Umeå universitet.
    En individualistisk social rörelse, är det möjligt?: Rörelsebegreppet och New Age2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 3, 11-18 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörns högskola.
    Behövs medlemmarna?2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 3, 3-10 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Hjerm, Mikael
    Umeå universitet.
    Sociala rörelser2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 40, no 3, 2- p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Erlandsson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Osman, Fatumo
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Egal, Jama Ali
    Byrskog, Ulrika
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Pedersen, Christina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Klingberg-Allvin, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Evaluation of an online master’s programme in Somaliland. A phenomenographic study on the experience of professional and personal development among midwifery faculty2017In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 25, 96-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To record the variation of perceptions of midwifery faculty in terms of the possibilities and challenges related to the completion of their first online master's level programme in Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Somaliland. The informants included in this phenomenongraphical focus group study were those well-educated professional women and men who completed the master's program. The informant perceived that this first online master's level programme provided tools for independent use of the Internet and independent searching for evidence-based information, enhanced professional development, was challenge-driven and evoked curiosity, challenged professional development, enhanced personal development and challenged context-bound career paths. Online education makes it possible for well-educated professional women to continue higher education. It furthermore increased the informants' confidence in their use of Internet, software and databases and in the use of evidence in both their teaching and their clinical practice. Programmes such as the one described in this paper could counter the difficulties ensuring best practice by having a critical mass of midwives who will be able to continually gather contemporary midwifery evidence and use it to ensure best practice. An increase of online education is suggested in South-central Somalia and in similar settings globally.

  • Liljekvist, Yvonne
    et al.
    Mellroth, Elisabet
    Olsson, Jan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Mathematics Education. Umeå universitet.
    Boesen, Jesper
    Conceptualizing a local instruction theory in design research: report from a symposium2017In: ICT in mathematics education: the future and the realities. Proceedings of MADIF10. The tenth research seminar of the Swedish Society for Research in Mathematics Education. Karlstad, January 26–27, 2016 / [ed] Johan Häggström, Eva Norén, Jorryt van Bommel, Judy Sayers, Ola Helenius, Yvonne Liljekvist, Göteborg: SMDF/NCM , 2017, 119-128 p.Conference paper (Refereed)