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Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2020). Presidents and Cabinets: Coordinating Executive Leadership in Premier-Presidential Regimes. Political Studies Review, 18(1), 53-70
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Presidents and Cabinets: Coordinating Executive Leadership in Premier-Presidential Regimes
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Political Studies Review, ISSN 1478-9299, E-ISSN 1478-9302, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 53-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

A key factor of semi-presidential regimes is power-sharing mechanisms between president and government. Influenced by Shugart and Carey’s seminal work on premier-presidential regimes, this article addresses intra-executive dynamics in light of recent scholarship on the risks and consequences associated with conflict and cooperation between the president and the cabinet. Through an in-depth comparison of three premier-presidential systems with broadly similar constitutional designs, Finland, Lithuania, and Romania, it forces us to reconsider how coordination mechanisms and political context shape presidential influence. Absent of a working constitutional division of labour and established modes of intra-executive coordination, presidents are more likely to use alternative channels of influence – such as the strategy of ‘going public’ or direct contacts with political parties, the legislature, or civil society stakeholders – and to intervene in questions falling under the competence of the government. Lack of institutionalized coordination also benefits the presidents as they hold the initiative regarding cooperation between the two executives.  

Emneord
semi-presidentialism, constitution, coordination, executive, Finland, Lithuania, Romania
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Interkulturella studier, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-29474 (URN)10.1177/1478929919862227 (DOI)000476195600001 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-02-11 Laget: 2019-02-11 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-17bibliografisk kontrollert
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2020). Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadeship. Palgrave Macmillan
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadeship
2020 (engelsk)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

This book explores how power-sharing between the president and the prime minister works in semi-presidential regimes. In contrast to much of the existing comparative work on semi-presidentialism, the book emphasizes the role of institutional coordination at the most concrete level of executive policy-making, and asks how institutional coordination between the president and prime minister influences presidential activism and the balance of power within the executive. The authors develop a tentative framework embedded in institutionalism and based on four strands of research – semi-presidentialism, public administration, political leadership, and foreign policy analysis – which is subsequently applied to the cases of Lithuania, Romania and Finland. Given the political challenges facing many semi-presidential countries, the study ultimately seeks to identify institutional solutions that facilitate power-sharing and successful policy-making.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Palgrave Macmillan, 2020
Serie
Palgrave Studies in Presidential Politics
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Interkulturella studier, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-29684 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-16431-7 (DOI)978-3-030-16430-0 (ISBN)978-3-030-16431-7 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-03-19 Laget: 2019-03-19 Sist oppdatert: 2019-03-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Öhlén, M. & Vesterholm, A. (2020). Vägen till arbete för invandrade akademiker?: En utvärdering av kursen Korta vägen i Dalarna 2019. Falun: Högskolan Dalarna
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Vägen till arbete för invandrade akademiker?: En utvärdering av kursen Korta vägen i Dalarna 2019
2020 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2020. s. 25
Serie
Interkulturellt utvecklingscentrum Dalarna (IKUD) ; 10
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Interkulturella studier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-32210 (URN)978-91-88679-24-6 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-03-09 Laget: 2020-03-09 Sist oppdatert: 2020-03-09
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2019). Decision-Making in Foreign and Security Policies and EU Affairs. In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership (pp. 127-150). Palgrave Macmillan
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Decision-Making in Foreign and Security Policies and EU Affairs
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, s. 127-150Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

This chapter investigates leadership in foreign and security policy and European Union (EU) affairs, examining decision-making and division of labor between the president and the prime minister. In order to grasp the complexity of intra-executive policy coordination in these areas, it highlights the interdependence between foreign and EU policies. The chapter shows that intra-executive coordination is most developed in foreign and security policy and that Finland, Lithuania, and Romania normally manage to speak with one voice in external relations. It also provides evidence of constitutional rules about jurisdictions bending in favor of presidents. This applies particularly to representation in the European Council.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Serie
Palgrave Studies in Presidential Politics
Emneord
Foreign and security policy, EU affairs, Decision-making, Division of labor, Intra-executive policy coordination Leadership, Finland, Lithuania, Romania
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Interkulturella studier, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-30152 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-16431-7_6 (DOI)978-3-030-16430-0 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-06-08 Laget: 2019-06-08 Sist oppdatert: 2019-06-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2019). Formal Coordination Mechanisms. In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership (pp. 79-91). Palgrave Macmillan
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Formal Coordination Mechanisms
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, s. 79-91Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

This chapter examines formal intra-executive coordination mechanisms such as joint meetings between the president and the prime minister, joint councils or ministerial committees, and administrative coordination between the offices of the president and the prime minister. It uncovers the status and legal basis of such instruments and explores how they have evolved in Finland, Lithuania, and Romania since the 1990s. It shows strong and systematic variation between the three countries, with Finland displaying a high level of formal coordination. In Lithuania and Romania, on the other hand, such coordination mechanisms are considerably weaker and more dependent on individual office-holders.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Serie
Palgrave Studies in Presidential Politics ; 2
Emneord
Formal intra-executive coordination, Administrative coordination, Formal institutions, Constitution, Coordination, Finland, Lithuania, Romania
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Interkulturella studier, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-30150 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-16431-7_4 (DOI)978-3-030-16430-0 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-06-08 Laget: 2019-06-08 Sist oppdatert: 2019-06-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2019). Informal Avenues of Influence. In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership (pp. 93-126). Palgrave Macmillan
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Informal Avenues of Influence
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, s. 93-126Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

This chapter focuses on the actual coordination and decision-making between the president and the prime minister. The analysis covers agenda-setting initiatives, public opinion and party system dynamics, and the way formal prerogatives are interpreted into praxis, as well as how the key actors approach coordination where there is no explicit constitutional or judicial guidance. The findings confirm that lack of written rules or otherwise strong norms guiding intra-executive coordination opens the door for presidential activism (Lithuania and particularly Romania), whereas under stronger coordination mechanisms, presidents are in turn more constrained and constructively involved in decision-making (Finland).

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Serie
Palgrave Studies in Presidential Politics ; 2
Emneord
Agenda-setting initiatives, Presidential activism, Informal institutions, Finland, Lithuania, Romania
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Interkulturella studier, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-30151 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-16431-7_5 (DOI)978-3-030-16430-0 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-06-08 Laget: 2019-06-08 Sist oppdatert: 2019-06-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2019). Institutions, Coordination, and Leadership. In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership (pp. 19-44). Palgrave Macmillan
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Institutions, Coordination, and Leadership
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, s. 19-44Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

This chapter contains the theoretical framework the study in this book is based on. Embedded in institutional theory and building on four strands of literature—semi-presidentialism, public administration, political leadership, and foreign policy analysis—it highlights the role of institutions in facilitating successful policy-making. It outlines key concepts and findings from institutional theory before moving more specifically to the incentives that presidents and prime ministers have for engaging in intra-executive cooperation. The specific challenges related to leadership in foreign and security policy, including European Union affairs, are emphasized. The chapter identifies various intra-executive coordination mechanisms and puts forward a theoretical framework for the subsequent empirical chapters.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Serie
Palgrave Studies in Presidential Politics ; 2
Emneord
Semi-presidentialism, Public administration, Political leadership, Foreign policy analysis, Institutional theory, Institutions, Formal and informal institutions, Coordination Leadership, Intra-executive cooperation
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Interkulturella studier, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-30148 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-16431-7_2 (DOI)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-06-08 Laget: 2019-06-08 Sist oppdatert: 2019-06-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Sedelius, T. & Åberg, J. (2019). Semi-Presidential Systems. Oxford Bibliographies: Political Science
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Semi-Presidential Systems
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Oxford Bibliographies: Political ScienceArtikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Published
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Oxford: Oxford Bibliographies, 2019
Emneord
semi-presidentialism, comparative politics, constitution, democracy
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Interkulturella studier, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-29809 (URN)10.1093/OBO/9780199756223-0271 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-03-27 Laget: 2019-03-27 Sist oppdatert: 2019-03-29bibliografisk kontrollert
Sedelius, T. (2019). Semi-Presidentialism and Governability in Transitional Regimes: Final Project Report.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Semi-Presidentialism and Governability in Transitional Regimes: Final Project Report
2019 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This report summarises general findings and lists the bulk of publications of a three year project "Semi-Presidentialism and Governability in Transitional Regimes" financed by the Swedish Research Council and Dalarna University 2015-2018. The report also includes an abstract in Swedish. A final and signed version of this report was submitted to the Swedish Research Council by early March 2019.

Publisher
s. 14
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Interkulturella studier, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-29831 (URN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-03-29 Laget: 2019-03-29 Sist oppdatert: 2019-04-02bibliografisk kontrollert
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2019). Shifting Power-Centres of Semi-Presidentialism: Exploring Executive Coordination in Lithuania. Government and Opposition, 54(4), 637-660
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Shifting Power-Centres of Semi-Presidentialism: Exploring Executive Coordination in Lithuania
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Government and Opposition, ISSN 0017-257X, E-ISSN 1477-7053, Vol. 54, nr 4, s. 637-660Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite more than two decades of research on semi-presidential regimes, we still know very little about the actual coordination between the president and the prime minister. Through an in-depth analysis of Lithuanian semi-presidentialism, this article underscores the importance of institutional design on intra-executive balance of power. Drawing primarily on interviews with top-level civil servants and office-holders, it argues that in the absence of written rules or other strong norms guiding intra-executive coordination, presidents enjoy more discretion in designing their own modes of operation. Coordination depends on the initiative of the president, with ad hoc practices further weakening the position of the prime minister. While Lithuanian semi-presidentialism has functioned smoothly, the personality-centred politics commonly found in Central and East European countries create favourable conditions for presidential activism.

Emneord
semi-presidentialism, president, prime minister, coordination, institutions, leadership, Lithuania
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Interkulturella studier, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-25048 (URN)10.1017/gov.2017.31 (DOI)000483865500003 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, VR 2014-1260
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-05-24 Laget: 2017-05-24 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6594-5804