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Heldt, T., Macuchova, Z. & Alnyme, O. (2018). National and regional economic effects of the horse industry in Sweden Estimations from a BI-model for 2016: Estimations from a BI-model for 2016. In: Human-horse relationships in work and play: Interspecies encounters inbusiness, tourism and beyond. Paper presented at Human-horse relationships in work and play, Leeds June 19-21 2018.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>National and regional economic effects of the horse industry in Sweden Estimations from a BI-model for 2016: Estimations from a BI-model for 2016
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Human-horse relationships in work and play: Interspecies encounters inbusiness, tourism and beyond, 2018Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents the first results from a newly developed BI (business intelligence) model for the Swedish horse industry. Compared to previous studies of the impact from the horse industry we are able to present both figures for the national level as well as a decomposition to regional levels.

The size of the horse industry in Sweden for 2016, is measured departing from the expenditure approach, i.e. summing the final use of horse related goods and services. One implication of the approach is that results are comparable with overall GDP figures for a country and with other subsectors of an economy, e.g. the tourism industry or the car producing industry. The model has two main inputs. Firstly, estimates of the geographical position of all Sweden’s 355.500 horses of different type and use, based on JBVs statistics and postal codes from horse associations. Secondly, estimates of the horse owner’s consumption pattern related to their leisure or professional use. Other horse related activities like riding schools, education, race tracks, betting etc. is treated separately, measured and added to the overall calculation.

The preliminary results indicate that the horse industry in Sweden amounts to somewhere in the interval of 26-32 Billion SEK corresponding to approximately 0,5-0,6 percentage of Swedish GDP. Looking at regional variations, the region of Skåne has most horses and consistently also the region with largest share of the horse industry.

Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, Utökad samhällsekonomisk modell för hästnäringen: hur konsumtionen varierar över region och hästtyp; Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, Samhällsbetalda transporter inom VO-verksamhet; Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, BI-modell ”light” för analys av hästnäringens Samhällsekonomiska effekter
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-29970 (URN)
Konferens
Human-horse relationships in work and play, Leeds June 19-21 2018
Tillgänglig från: 2019-05-03 Skapad: 2019-05-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-31Bibliografiskt granskad
Heldt, T., Macuchova, Z., Alnyme, O. & Andersson, H. (2018). Samhällsekonomiska effekter av hästnäringen: Skattningar baserat på en B.I. – modell av hästnäringen för 2016.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Samhällsekonomiska effekter av hästnäringen: Skattningar baserat på en B.I. – modell av hästnäringen för 2016
2018 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [sv]

Denna rapport presenterar skattningar av den svenska hästnäringens samhällsekonomiska effekter på nationell och regional nivå. År 2016 uppskattades hästnäringen i Sverige generera en direkt omsättning på 31,3 miljarder kronor motsvarande en sysselsättning om ca 16 900 helårsarbetskrafter. Skattningarna bygger på en modell för hästnäringens samhällsekonomi som har sin utgångspunkt i summering av total konsumtion av hästrelaterade varor och tjänster i Sverige under ett år. Rapporten presenterar även den Business Intelligence (BI) lösning som ligger till grund samt hur bakgrundsdata har samlats in, lagrats och paketerats för att slutligen presenteras med hjälp av ett BI-verktyg (https://hastnaringen-i-siffror.se).

Förlag
s. 38
Serie
Working papers in transport, tourism, information technology and microdata analysis, ISSN 1650-5581 ; 2018:4
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, UTÖKAD SAMHÄLLSEKONOMISK MODELL FÖR HÄSTNÄRINGEN: HUR KONSUMTIONEN VARIERAR ÖVER REGION OCH HÄSTTYP
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-29969 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-05-03 Skapad: 2019-05-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-05-06Bibliografiskt granskad
Macuchova, Z. & Brandt, D. (2017). Vinterturismens utveckling 2012-2017: En kartläggning av gästnätternas fördelning och utveckling på kommunnivå i Dalarnas län. Borlänge: Högskolan Dalarna
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Vinterturismens utveckling 2012-2017: En kartläggning av gästnätternas fördelning och utveckling på kommunnivå i Dalarnas län
2017 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Borlänge: Högskolan Dalarna, 2017. s. 19
Serie
Tema Turism
Nyckelord
Turism
Nationell ämneskategori
Kulturgeografi
Forskningsämne
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, Allmänt Mikrodataaanalys - turism
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-26507 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-07 Skapad: 2017-11-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Macuchova, Z. (2015). Essays on firm dynamics in the Swedish wholesale trade sector. (Doctoral dissertation). Borlänge: Dalarna University
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Essays on firm dynamics in the Swedish wholesale trade sector
2015 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of a summary and five self-contained papers addressing dynamics of firms in the Swedish wholesale trade sector.

Paper [1] focuses upon determinants of new firm formation in the Swedish wholesale trade sector, using two definitions of firms’ relevant markets, markets defined as administrative areas, and markets based on a cost minimizing behavior of retailers. The paper shows that new entering firms tend to avoid regions with already high concentration of other firms in the same branch of wholesaling, while right-of-the-center local government and quality of the infrastructure have positive impacts upon entry of new firms. The signs of the estimated coefficients remain the same regardless which definition of relevant market is used, while the size of the coefficients is generally higher once relevant markets delineated on the cost-minimizing assumption of retailers are used.

Paper [2] analyses determinant of firm relocation, distinguishing between the role of the factors in in-migration municipalities and out-migration municipalities. The results of the analysis indicate that firm-specific factors, such as profits, age and size of the firm are negatively related to the firm’s decision to relocate. Furthermore, firms seems to be avoiding municipalities with already high concentration of firms operating in the same industrial branch of wholesaling and also to be more reluctant to leave municipalities governed by right-of-the- center parties. Lastly, firms seem to avoid moving to municipalities characterized with high population density.

Paper [3] addresses determinants of firm growth, adopting OLS and a quantile regression technique. The results of this paper indicate that very little of the firm growth can be explained by the firm-, industry- and region-specific factors, controlled for in the estimated models. Instead, the firm growth seems to be driven by internal characteristics of firms, factors difficult to capture in conventional statistics. This result supports Penrose’s (1959) suggestion that internal resources such as firm culture, brand loyalty, entrepreneurial skills, and so on, are important determinants of firm growth rates.

Paper [4] formulates a forecasting model for firm entry into local markets and tests this model using data from the Swedish wholesale industry. The empirical analysis is based on directly estimating the profit function of wholesale firms and identification of low- and high-return local markets. The results indicate that 19 of 30 estimated models have more net entry in high-return municipalities, but the estimated parameters is only statistically significant at conventional level in one of our estimated models, and then with unexpected negative sign.

Paper [5] studies effects of firm relocation on firm profits of relocating firms, employing a difference-in-difference propensity score matching. Using propensity score matching, the pre-relocalization differences between relocating and non-relocating firms are balanced, while the difference-in-difference estimator controls for all time-invariant unobserved heterogeneity among firms. The results suggest that firms that relocate increase their profits significantly, in comparison to what the profits would be had the firms not relocated. This effect is estimated to vary between 3 to 11 percentage points, depending on the length of the analyzed period. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Borlänge: Dalarna University, 2015. s. 38
Serie
Dalarna Doctoral Dissertations ; 3
Nyckelord
Wholesale trade, firm location, firm entry, firm relocation, firm growth, spatial distribution of firms
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-17402 (URN)978-91-89020-95-5 (ISBN)
Disputation
2015-06-05, Clas Ohlson, Röda vägen 2, Borlänge, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2015-05-18 Skapad: 2015-05-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Macuchova, Z. (2015). Firm relocation and firm profits: Evidence from the Swedish wholesale trade sector. Borlänge: Högskolan Dalarna
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Firm relocation and firm profits: Evidence from the Swedish wholesale trade sector
2015 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This study analyses the effects of firm relocation on firm profits, using longitudinal data on Swedish limtied liability firms and employing a difference-in-differnce propensity score method in the empirical analysis. Using propensity score matching, the pre-relocalization differneces between relocating and non-relocating firms are balanced. In addition to that, a difference-in-difference estimator is employed in order to control for all time-invariant unobserved heterogeneity among firms. For matching, nearest neighbour matching, using the one-, two- and three nearest neighbours is employed. The balanacing results indicate that matching achieves a good balance, and that similar relocating and non-relocating firms are being compared. The estimated average treatment on the treatment effects indicate thats relocations has a significant effect on the profits of the relocating firms. In other words, firms taht relocate increase their profits significantly, in comparison to what the profits would be had the firms not relocated. This effect is estimated to vary between 3 to 11 percentage points, depending on the lenght of the analysed period after relocation. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Borlänge: Högskolan Dalarna, 2015. s. 23
Serie
Working papers in transport, tourism, information technology and microdata analysis, ISSN 1650-5581 ; 06
Nyckelord
Firm relocation, propensity score matching, longitudinal data, wholesale trade sector
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-17403 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-05-17 Skapad: 2015-05-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-05-25Bibliografiskt granskad
Brandt, D., Macuchova, Z. & Rudholm, N. (2014). Firm entry in the Swedish wholesale trade sector: dDoes market definition matter?. The annals of regional science, 53(3), 703-717
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Firm entry in the Swedish wholesale trade sector: dDoes market definition matter?
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 53, nr 3, s. 703-717Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Firm entry into local markets has often been studied using administrative areas such as municipalities as the assumed relevant markets. However, administrative areas and the actual relevant markets based on local demand for firms’ products often do not coincide, which could bias the results of studies treating administrative areas as the relevant markets. Based on a behavioral assumption regarding how retailers act when purchasing products from wholesale trade firms, we create alternative markets using Voronoi diagrams. We then compare the empirical results of investigating the determinants of firm entry using municipalities as the relevant markets with the results obtained using Voronoi markets. The results indicate that, in both cases, the same variables are statistically significant in affecting entry, though the estimated effects differ in size.

Nyckelord
Firm entry, market delineation, entrepreneurship, regional economics, count data
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomisk geografi
Forskningsämne
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, Allmänt Mikrodataaanalys - handel
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-16082 (URN)10.1007/s00168-014-0639-8 (DOI)000345102500004 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2014-10-02 Skapad: 2014-10-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Macuchova, Z., Rudholm, N. & Tang, A. (2014). Firm growth in the Swedish energy sector: Will large firms become even more dominant?. International Journal of Energy and Statistics, 2(4), 247-267
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Firm growth in the Swedish energy sector: Will large firms become even more dominant?
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Energy and Statistics, ISSN 2335-6812, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 247-267Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
World Scientific, 2014
Nyckelord
Market power, energy market regulation, energy market competetion, quantile regresssion, competetion policy
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, Allmänt Mikrodataaanalys - övrigt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-20447 (URN)10.1142/S2335680414500173 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-12-18 Skapad: 2015-12-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-16Bibliografiskt granskad
Håkansson, J., Macuchova, Z. & Rudholm, N. (2014). Predicting entry of Swedish wholesale firms into local markets. International Review of Retail Distribution & Consumer Research
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Predicting entry of Swedish wholesale firms into local markets
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Review of Retail Distribution & Consumer Research, ISSN 0959-3969, E-ISSN 1466-4402Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Applying microeconomic theory, we develop a forecasting model for firm entry into local markets and test this model using data from the Swedish wholesale industry. The empirical analysis is based on directly estimating the profit function of wholesale firms. Profits are assumed to depend on firm- and location-specific factors, and the profit equation is estimated using panel data econometric techniques. Using the residuals from the profit equation estimations, we identify local markets in Sweden where firm profits are abnormally high given the level of all independent variables included in the profit function. From microeconomic theory, we then know that these local markets should have higher net entry than other markets, all else being equal, and we investigate this in a second step, also using a panel data econometric model. The results of estimating the net-entry equation indicate that 19 out of 30 estimated models have more net entry in high-return municipalities, but the estimated parameter is only statistically significant at conventional levels in one of our estimated models, and then with an unexpected negative sign.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2014
Nyckelord
firm location, firm entry, firm demography, spatial distribution of profits, spatial distribution of firms
Nationell ämneskategori
Social och ekonomisk geografi Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-16264 (URN)10.1080/09593969.2014.927784 (DOI)
Forskningsfinansiär
Handelns utvecklingsråd
Tillgänglig från: 2014-10-27 Skapad: 2014-10-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Macuchova, Z. (2013). Entry, re-location and growth in the Swedish wholesale trade industry. (Licentiate dissertation). Borlänge: Dalarna University
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Entry, re-location and growth in the Swedish wholesale trade industry
2013 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Wholesale trade has an intermediate position between manufacturing and retail in the distributional channel. In modern economies, consumers buy few, if any, products directly from manufacture or producer. Instead, it is a wholesaler, who is in direct contact with producers, buying goods in larger quantities and selling them in smaller quantities to retailers. Traditionally, the main function of a wholesaler has been to push goods along the distributional channel from producer to retailer, or other nonend user. However, the function of wholesalers usually goes beyond the process of the physical distribution of goods. Wholesalers also arrange storage, perform market analyses, promote trade or provide technical support to consumers (Riemers 1998). The existence of wholesalers (and other intermediaries) in the distributional channel is based on the effective and efficient performance of distribution services, that are needed by producers and other members of the supply chain. Producers usually do not enjoy the economies of scale that they have in production, when it comes to providing distributional services (Rosenbloom 2007) and this creates a space for wholesalers or other intermediaries. Even though recent developments in the distributional channel indicate that traditional wholesaling activities now also compete with other supply chain organizations, wholesaling still remains an important activity in many economies (Quinn and Sparks, 2007).

In 2010, the Swedish wholesale trade sector consisted of approximately 46.000 firms and generated an annual turnover of 1 300 billion SEK (Företagsstatistiken, Statistics Sweden). In terms of turnover, wholesaling accounts for 20% of the gross domestic product and is thereby the third largest industry. This is behind manufacturing and a composite group of firms in other sectors of the service industry but ahead of retailing. This indicates that the wholesale trade sector is an important part of the Swedish economy. The position of wholesaling is further reinforced when measuring productivity growth. Measured in terms of value added per employee, wholesaling experienced the largest productivity growth of all industries in the Swedish economy during the years 2000 through 2010.

The fact that wholesale trade is one of the important parts of a modern economy, and the positive development of the Swedish wholesale trade sector in recent decades, leads to several questions related to industry dynamics. The three topics that will be examined in this thesis are firm entry, firm relocation and firm growth. The main question to be answered by this thesis is what factors influence new firm formation, firm relocation and firm growth in the Swedish wholesale trade sector?

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Borlänge: Dalarna University, 2013
Serie
Dalarna Licentiate Theses ; 1
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-17956 (URN)978-91-89020-90-0 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-06-16 Skapad: 2015-06-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Daunfeldt, S.-O., Lang, Å., Macuchova, Z. & Rudholm, N. (2013). Firm growth in the Swedish retail and wholesale industries. Service Industries Journal, 33(12), 1193-1205
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Firm growth in the Swedish retail and wholesale industries
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Service Industries Journal, ISSN 0264-2069, E-ISSN 1743-9507, Vol. 33, nr 12, s. 1193-1205Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

To identify the determinants of firm growth in the Swedish retail and wholesale industries during 2000–2004, we analyse a sample of 400 limited liability companies using quantile regression techniques. Firm growth was mainly found to depend upon time-invariant firm-specific effects, supporting Penrose's [1959. The theory of the growth of the firm (4th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press] suggestion that internal resources such as firm culture, brand loyalty, entrepreneurial skills, and so on are important determinants of firm growth.

Nyckelord
firm dynamics, firm-level heterogeneity, high-growth firms, resource-based view, quantile regression
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-13068 (URN)10.1080/02642069.2013.719883 (DOI)000323476100006 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2013-09-26 Skapad: 2013-09-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-06Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7193-2989

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