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Ädel, A., Östman, J.-O. & Nyström, C. (2023). From Risk and Responsibility to Risk Discourse. In: Annelie Ädel & Jan-Ola Östman (Ed.), Risk Discourse and Responsibility: (pp. 2-37). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Risk and Responsibility to Risk Discourse
2023 (English)In: Risk Discourse and Responsibility / [ed] Annelie Ädel & Jan-Ola Östman, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2023, p. 2-37Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Risk communication is widely researched in the social sciences, but in linguistics the study of how risk is communicated has not yet formed a coherent field of its own. In this chapter, we approach risk from a discourse perspective, aiming to promote the establishment of risk discourse as a field of study with its own characteristics. We approach the question “What is “risk”?” through a discourse-linguistic analysis that crucially involves the concept of responsibility. We show that there is a body of previous research in linguistics that has dealt with some aspect of risk, but typically without foregrounding risk or using risk as an analytical tool. We show how this state of affairs also applies to responsibility. We argue that an understanding of discourse about risk and risk scenarios needs to be informed by an understanding of the concept of responsibility. The theoretical point of this chapter is therefore to conceive of and establish this type of responsibility-embedded Risk Discourse. Throughout the chapter, we discuss ways in which risk and responsibility can serve as analytical tools in risk discourse studies. This is illustrated by reference not only to previous research, but also to the chapters included in the current volume.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2023
Series
Pragmatics and Beyond New Series, ISSN 0922-842X ; 336
Keywords
risk discourse, risk, responsibility, theorising risk, communicating risk
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Specific Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-46696 (URN)10.1075/pbns.336 (DOI)9789027249739 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-08-14 Created: 2023-08-14 Last updated: 2024-01-12Bibliographically approved
Ädel, A., Nyström Höög, C. & Östman, J.-O. (2022). Risks and responsibilities in the workplace:: Employees discussing evacuation situations. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice, 16(3), 265-288
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risks and responsibilities in the workplace:: Employees discussing evacuation situations
2022 (English)In: Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice, ISSN 2040-3658, E-ISSN 2040-3666, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 265-288Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study analyses experiences with and in relation to issues of risk, responsibility and evacuation in workplace settings as discussed in four focus groups in Sweden and Swedish-language Finland. The discussions, and in particular the participants’ positionings in their ‘small stories’, are analysed from two perspectives: that of narratives, and that of interpretive repertoires. The main question under investigation is how employees at different workplaces discursively construe their sense of responsibility in the face of risk and evacuation situations. The findings show that these issues are handled very differently in different workplaces, but at all in accordance with the participants’ implicit responsibility positionings and what we see as the interpretive repertoires (organisational, instinctual, skills-based and informational) they draw on. Whereas previous studies have considered workplaces with high-stakes settings, the present study is set in workplaces where risk is not thematised on a regular basis, making the results applicable not only to workplace scenarios, but to society at large.

Keywords
risk communication, evacuation, responsibility, dominant discourse, positioning, workplace communication
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-42200 (URN)10.1558/jalpp.19499 (DOI)
Available from: 2022-08-19 Created: 2022-08-19 Last updated: 2023-03-17Bibliographically approved
Lindgren, C. & Nyström Höög, C. (2020). Charlotte Lindgren samtalar med Catharina Nyström Höög om bilders grammatik: Inför grammatikdagen 20 mars 2020. Falun: Högskolan Dalarna
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Charlotte Lindgren samtalar med Catharina Nyström Höög om bilders grammatik: Inför grammatikdagen 20 mars 2020
2020 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, pages
Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2020
Series
DUpod - podcastserie om pedagogisk utveckling i högre utbildning ; 12
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Research Profiles 2009-2020, Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-31612 (URN)
Available from: 2020-01-15 Created: 2020-01-15 Last updated: 2021-11-12Bibliographically approved
Nyström, C. (2020). Framåt och uppåt: Om bilder och bildmotiv i svenska myndigheters värdegrunder. HumaNetten, 44, 207-228
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Framåt och uppåt: Om bilder och bildmotiv i svenska myndigheters värdegrunder
2020 (Swedish)In: HumaNetten, E-ISSN 1403-2279, Vol. 44, p. 207-228Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Research Profiles 2009-2020, Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-36045 (URN)10.15626/hn.20204410 (DOI)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P15-0119:1
Available from: 2021-02-09 Created: 2021-02-09 Last updated: 2021-11-12Bibliographically approved
Ädel, A., Nyström Höög, C. & Östman, J.-O. (2020). In case of emergency: A responsibility perspective on evacuation practices. In: : . Paper presented at ALAPP, the 10th International and Interdisciplinary Conference on Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice, 16-17 September 2020, in Trondheim, Norway (Digital conference).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>In case of emergency: A responsibility perspective on evacuation practices
2020 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Risk communication research spans many domains, including the environment, healthcare, science and technology, law enforcement, banking, workplace health and safety (e.g. Chrichton et al. 2016). The EXIT project deals with issues of security and responsibility in relation to communication about evacuation, e.g. in fire hazards or terror attacks. Our study focuses both on what evacuation information to the general public looks like and on policies and attitudes behind specific evacuation information guiding the general public. We see evacuation information as a possible resource for the distribution of responsibility. The aim is to investigate how groups and individuals construe their sense of responsibility in relation to evacuation: (a) How do people discursively construe their sense of responsibility in the face of risk and evacuation situations?; (b) To what extent does their interpretation of what to do correlate with the intentions of the policy makers producing and sanctioning the evacuation information (on signs, websites)?; (c) What is the purpose of the meaning production in this field of discourse: is the primary function to make evacuation as efficient as possible in a risk situation; is it to educate the public in how to behave in situations of risk; or is the giving of evacuation information a mere ritual? As a first step of data collection, we have analyzed evacuation signs and conducted focus group discussions at a higher education institution in order to evaluate participants’ understanding of evacuation practices and individual responsibility within the institution.

 

References

Crichton, Jonathan, Candlin, Christopher N. & Firkins, Arthur S. (Eds). (2016). Communicating Risk. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, EXIT - Riskkommunikation och ansvar: Nya perspektiv på utrymning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-35002 (URN)
Conference
ALAPP, the 10th International and Interdisciplinary Conference on Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice, 16-17 September 2020, in Trondheim, Norway (Digital conference)
Available from: 2020-09-17 Created: 2020-09-17 Last updated: 2021-11-12Bibliographically approved
Nyström, C. (2019). Core values in public administration: Tools for openness and democracy?. Critical Approaches to Discourse Analysis Across Disciplines (CADAAD), 11(2), 213-234
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Core values in public administration: Tools for openness and democracy?
2019 (English)In: Critical Approaches to Discourse Analysis Across Disciplines (CADAAD), ISSN 1752-3079, E-ISSN 1752-3079, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 213-234Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study presents core values at public authorities in Sweden and discusses them in relation to the legal foundation for the public administration. A corpus-based approach is allpied in order to overview the texts where the core values are presented, and to promote an understanding of how ambiguous core value words might be understood, paying particular attention to the high frequent core value openness. Results show that public authorities tend to emphasize the principle of efficiency and service in their assignment, and often choose core values related to that principle, such as helpful, reliable or goal oriented. The principle free formation of speech, on the other hand, a privilege confirmed in the Swedish constitution, is not present among the chosen core value words. The word openness primarily refers to a personal quality or a workplace atmosphere and is both promoted and restricted in the texts. Only in a few instances do openness refer to flow of information, and in those instances, it is restricted. The constitutional right for a public servant to voice his or her opinion freely is thus not emphasized in this type of policy texts. 

Keywords
core values, public administration, corpus assisted discourse analysis, platforms of values, free formation of speech
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-32002 (URN)
Projects
The archaeology of a new genre. Vision and values texts of public authorities in Sweden
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P15-0119:1
Available from: 2020-02-24 Created: 2020-02-24 Last updated: 2020-02-24Bibliographically approved
Ledin, P., Nyström Höög, C., Tønneson, J. L. & Westberg, G. (2019). Den multimodala sakprosan. Sakprosa, 11(4), 1-50
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den multimodala sakprosan
2019 (Swedish)In: Sakprosa, ISSN 1502-6000, E-ISSN 1891-5108, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 1-50Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Alla sakprosatexter är multimodala, och denna artikel diskuterar relationen mellan sakprosaforskning och multimodalitetsforskning. Artikeln adresserar två frågor: Hur kan forskning om multimodalitet och sakprosa stimulera varandra? och Hur förhåller sig nordisk sakprosaforskning till en vidare multimodal forskningstradition? För att besvara dessa frågor tecknar artikeln multimodalitetstraditionens utveckling samt härleder sakprosabegreppets ursprung. I ljuset av såväl äldre som nutida sakprosaforskning argumenterar artikeln för att sakprosabegreppets multimodala potential huvudsakligen ligger i förledet sak­ eftersom det riktar ljuset mot textens roll som ett yttrande om verkligheten inom en institution. Således argumenterar artikeln att samspelet mellan verbalspråket och andra semiotiska resurser bör stå i centrum vid studiet av sakprosa, oberoende av om det handlar om ett samspel mellan verbalspråk och t.ex. visuella, rumsliga eller auditiva resurser. Detta pekar slutligen på nödvändigheten i att uppmärksamma hur olika affordanser – dvs. möjligheter och begränsningar – i olika semiotiska material används i olika kontexter. Därmed blir också efterledet prosa relevant, eftersom de riktar uppmärksamheten mot kvaliteter i uttrycket.

Abstract [en]

All non-fictional prose (’sakprosa’ in the Scandinavian languages) is multimodal, and this paper discusses how the study of non-fictional prose relates to research on multimodality. In doing so, the paper answers two research questions: How can research on non-fictional prose and multimodality enrich each other? and How does Nordic research on non-fictional prose relate to the wider field of multimodality? In order to answer these questions, the trajectories of the multimodality tradition are outlined as well as the genealogy of the concept sakprosa. Drawing on older as well as contemporary Nordic research on non-fictional prose, the article argues that the prefix sak­ ­has at its potential to inform multimodality research, primarily because it conceptualizes text as an utterance about the reality within a specific institution. Accordingly, the article argues that the interplay between language and other semiotic (e.g. visual; spatial; auditive) modes needs to be fore fronted in the study of non-fictional prose. This, finally, points to the importance of paying attention to how different affordances, i.e. the possibilities and constraints in different semiotic materials, are employed in different contexts. Thus, the suffix prose also becomes relevant, as it draws attention to the qualities of the expression.

Keywords
multimodality; ’sakprosa’; non-fiction; affordance; visual analysis; semiotics; social semiotics; systemic-functional linguistics (SFL); platforms of values; airport analysis, multimodalitet; sakprosa; affordans; visuell analys; semiotik; socialsemiotikk, systemisk-funktionell lingvistik; värdegrundstexter; flygplatsanalys
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Research Profiles 2009-2020, Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-30683 (URN)10.5617/sakprosa.7072 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-09-12 Created: 2019-09-12 Last updated: 2021-11-12Bibliographically approved
Björkvall, A. & Nyström Höög, C. (2019). Legitimation of value practices, value texts, and core values at public authorities. Discourse & Communication, 13(4), 398-414
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Legitimation of value practices, value texts, and core values at public authorities
2019 (English)In: Discourse & Communication, ISSN 1750-4813, E-ISSN 1750-4821, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 398-414Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A large number of Swedish public authorities produce 'platform of values' texts that present core values. This article presents a study of how such texts and practices, including the core values they revolve around, are legitimized. Using Van Leeuwen's legitimation framework, three different data sets are analysed: 47 'platform of values' texts, a focus group discussion with seven senior HR officers, and a quantitative questionnaire study answered by civil servants at three public authorities. The analysis shows how the existence of 'platform of values' texts and practices is legitimized through rationalizations, above all by describing the texts as concrete means for reaching specific ends and, with regard to the choice of core values, through a custom-conformity type of authority. Thus, this article addresses discursive transformations of contemporary organizations with a particular focus on available discursive space for critical thinking in the wake of New Public Management and related developments.

Keywords
Conformity; core values; discursive identity; legitimation; New Public Management; 'platform of values'; professional practice; public authorities; rationalization
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Research Profiles 2009-2020, Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-30080 (URN)10.1177/1750481319842457 (DOI)000472027000002 ()2-s2.0-85065168253 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-21 Created: 2019-05-21 Last updated: 2021-11-12Bibliographically approved
Nyström Höög, C. (2019). Recension av Lundin, Katarina: Att utbildas till svensklärare i teori och praktik [Review]. Språk och stil, 29, 275-278
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recension av Lundin, Katarina: Att utbildas till svensklärare i teori och praktik
2019 (Swedish)In: Språk och stil, ISSN 1101-1165, E-ISSN 2002-4010, Vol. 29, p. 275-278Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Research Profiles 2009-2020, Education and Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-31483 (URN)
Available from: 2019-12-28 Created: 2019-12-28 Last updated: 2021-11-12Bibliographically approved
Ädel, A. & Nyström Höög, C. (2019). "Rädda, larma, släck" eller "stå kvar och tryck på knappen"?: Språkvetenskapliga perspektiv på brandskyddsinformation. In: : . Paper presented at Forum för Textforskning 14, 10-11 juni 2019, Uppsala. Uppsala
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Rädda, larma, släck" eller "stå kvar och tryck på knappen"?: Språkvetenskapliga perspektiv på brandskyddsinformation
2019 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Samtidens diskussioner handlar mycket om resurser och resursutnyttjande. Det forskningsprojekt som skisseras här är en strävan att i en mångvetenskaplig forskningsmiljö ta vara på den resurs som språkvetenskaplig kompetens innebär. Sommarens skogsbränder, inte minst i våra egna hemtrakter, har gett upphov till en diskussion om brand och säkerhet och inspirerade oss till att inventera den brandskyddsinformation som finns i vår omedelbara närhet, och utifrån den diskutera hur det kommunikativa förloppet kring brandskyddsinformation ser ut, och hur vi som språkvetare skulle kunna bidra till att vår förberedelse inför det som ”inte ska inträffa” kan bli så bra som möjligt.

Projektets övergripande ärende är att öka förståelsen av vad ett språkvetenskapligt perspektiv kan tillföra till arbete med brandsäkerhet och utrymning. I den upptaktsfas där projektet befinner sig har vi samlat ett material av utrymningsskyltar och brandinstruktioner inom Högskolan Dalarnas väggar. Skyltarna är antingen monomodalt visuella eller multimodala genom att bygga på både visuella och verbala resurser (jfr Forceville & Kjeldsen 2018). I en explorativ analys kombinerar vi erfarenheter från klarspråksforskning och multimodal analys för att identifiera möjliga läsningar och begriplighetsproblem i materialet.

Ett drag som gör den här typen av texter intressant är att det verkar viktigare att de finns, än att de läses och förstås. Det gör att utrymningsanvisningarna påminner både om sådana texter som måste finnas i organisatoriska kontexter, värdegrunder och andra policydokument, och om andra säkerhetstexter där förekomst är viktigare än reception, såsom säkerhetsgenomgångar på flygplan. Det saknas en precis terminologi för att ringa in den här ”rituella” funktionen hos texter, och där kan projektet lämna ett viktigt bidrag.

I nästa steg planerar vi att anordna fokusgruppssamtal för att komma i kontakt med den specialistkultur som präglar produktionen av skyltar och anslag och för att kontrastera lekmäns förståelse av utrymningsinformation mot specialisters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: , 2019
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Research Profiles 2009-2020, Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-30191 (URN)
Conference
Forum för Textforskning 14, 10-11 juni 2019, Uppsala
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2021-11-12Bibliographically approved
Projects
The archaeology of a new genre: Vision and values texts of public authorities in Sweden [P15-0119:1_RJ]; Uppsala University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4838-3093

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