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Sandström, M., Klang, N. & Lindqvist, G. (2019). Bureaucracies in schools - approaches to support measures in Swedish schools seen in the light of Skrtic’s theories. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 63(1), 89-104
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bureaucracies in schools - approaches to support measures in Swedish schools seen in the light of Skrtic’s theories
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 89-104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, policy changes for provision of special support have been introduced, implying that teachers are obliged to provide and evaluate extra adaptations in regular classrooms prior to referring pupils to special support. The policy changes raise questions about school staffs’ views of support measures and of necessary professional competence for provision of the support measures. We conducted focus group interviews with 60 school staff representatives—headmasters, general education teachers, and special educators/school welfare teams—about their understandings of the new policy. The data were analyzed qualitatively, with the objective to explore school staffs’ approaches to the policy changes. Two main “ideal type approaches” were discerned, using Skrtic’s theories, viz. the bureaucracy approach and adhocracy approach. In the light of Skrtic’s theory, professionals’ reasoning about the new policy may reflect difficulties that are encountered in the process of implementing the policy in bureaucracy-steered schools.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Focus group dialogues, ideal type, approaches to support, inclusion, Swedish school staff
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Education and Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-25183 (URN)10.1080/00313831.2017.1324905 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-06-04 Created: 2017-06-14 Last updated: 2019-03-05Bibliographically approved
Magnússon, G., Göransson, K. & Lindqvist, G. (2019). Contextualising inclusive education in education policy: the case of Sweden. Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contextualising inclusive education in education policy: the case of Sweden
2019 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, ISSN 2002-0317Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In this article, we regard inclusive education as a policy phenomenon that contains a range of ideas about the purpose of education, the content of education and the organization of education. As a political ideal expressed in policy, inclusive education competes with other political ideals regarding education, for instance economic discourses that prioritize effectivity and attainment as educational goals. Thus, inclusive education has to be realized in contexts where available options for action are restricted by several and often contradictory educational policies on different levels of the education system. We argue that while research and debate about inclusive education are important, both are insufficient without analyses of the context of national educational policy. Any interpretation of inclusive education is necessarily situated in a general education policy, and measures of what ‘inclusive schools’ are dependent upon for instance, political interpretation(s) of inclusive education, resource allocation and political discourse on both local and national educational level. Here, we will provide support for this argument through presentation of both research on inclusive education, an alignment of prior analyses of Swedish national education policies and our own analyses of government statements.

Keywords
Education policy, politics of education, inclusive education, special education, policy analysis
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education and Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-29746 (URN)10.1080/20020317.2019.1586512 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-03-22 Created: 2019-03-22 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Lindqvist, G. (2019). God inkluderande lärmiljö: Rapport från en forskningscirkel genomförd mars 2017 – mars 2019. Uppsala: Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>God inkluderande lärmiljö: Rapport från en forskningscirkel genomförd mars 2017 – mars 2019
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2019. p. 27
Series
FoSam Rapport ; 2019:01
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education and Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-30094 (URN)978-91-506-2747-3 (ISBN)
Note

Forum för samverkan, Uppsala universitet i samverkan med Sigtuna kommun FoSam Rapport 2019:1

Available from: 2019-05-24 Created: 2019-05-24 Last updated: 2019-05-24Bibliographically approved
Enoksson, H., Lidar, M., Ungewitter, A., Lindqvist, G. & Almqvist, J. (2019). Studier i en främmande skolkultur. In: Anette Olin, Jonas Almqvist, Lisbeth Gyllander Torkildsen, Karim Hamza (Ed.), Didaktisk utvecklingsdialog: Lärares och skolledares professionella utveckling (pp. 49-65). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studier i en främmande skolkultur
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2019 (Swedish)In: Didaktisk utvecklingsdialog: Lärares och skolledares professionella utveckling / [ed] Anette Olin, Jonas Almqvist, Lisbeth Gyllander Torkildsen, Karim Hamza, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 49-65Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
Education and Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-30633 (URN)978-91-44-12574-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-08-25 Created: 2019-08-25 Last updated: 2019-08-26Bibliographically approved
Lindqvist, G. & Vinterek, M. (2019). The world moves in to the Everyday school. In: : . Paper presented at Den fjärde nationella konferensen i pedagogiskt arbete, 19-20 augusti, 2019, Umeå universitet, Umeå..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The world moves in to the Everyday school
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
Education and Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-30634 (URN)
Conference
Den fjärde nationella konferensen i pedagogiskt arbete, 19-20 augusti, 2019, Umeå universitet, Umeå.
Available from: 2019-08-25 Created: 2019-08-25 Last updated: 2019-08-26Bibliographically approved
Cameron, D. L., Tveit, A. D., Jortveit, M., Lindqvist, G., Göransson, K. & Nilholm, C. (2018). A comparative study of special educator preparation in Norway and Sweden. British Journal of Special Education, 45(3), 256-276
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A comparative study of special educator preparation in Norway and Sweden
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2018 (English)In: British Journal of Special Education, ISSN 0952-3383, E-ISSN 1467-8578, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 256-276Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to explore similarities and differences between special educator preparation in Norway and in Sweden. Graduates of special education programmes at two Norwegian (n = 320) and two Swedish universities (n = 425) who completed their training between 2001 and 2012 responded to surveys. Findings indicate that both Swedish and Norwegian graduates felt prepared for their current work and that teaching approaches employed in the different programmes were similar. However, there appears to be a stronger focus on pupils’ social goals in Sweden, as well as on advising teachers, school development and promoting inclusive environments. In contrast, Norwegian participants reported a greater focus on preparation to work with specific types of learning and behavioural difficulties. Findings are discussed in relation to differing political and social structures, such as national regulations for steering special educator preparation in Sweden, which are absent in the Norwegian context.

Keywords
special educator, teacher education, Norway, Sweden
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education and Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-28823 (URN)DOI:10.1111/1467-8578.12231 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-10-24 Created: 2018-10-24 Last updated: 2018-10-29Bibliographically approved
von Ahlefeld Nisser, D., Lundgren, M., Olsson, M. & Lindqvist, G. (2018). Challenges faced by national educational authorities when implementing school development: A qualitative case study about an attempt to create accessible teaching environments in a Swedish municipality’s pre-schools and schools. In: : . Paper presented at The Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA), Educational Research: Boundaries, Breaches and Bridges 8-10 March 2018, University of Oslo, Norway.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges faced by national educational authorities when implementing school development: A qualitative case study about an attempt to create accessible teaching environments in a Swedish municipality’s pre-schools and schools
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Challenges faced by national educational authorities when implementing school development: A qualitative case study about an attempt to create accessible teaching environments in a Swedish municipality’s pre-schools and schools.

1. Research topic/aim

National school authorities regularly introduce new concepts for school development to be implemented “at a grassroots level”. This paper addresses one such school development concept implemented in a Swedish municipality. Its goal was to increase children’s’ and students’ access to learning environments in schools and pre-schools. Implementation of this pedagogical concept was to proceed over a longer period of time and be linked to systematic quality work carried out in the municipality. The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss how the implementation process was perceived by the school administration, teachers and other personal during the time the concept was introduced and thereafter.

2. Theoretical framework

The point of departure for this study is how the implementation process is related to what in Sweden is referred to as chain of governance. The chain of governance is the main principal for the organizational framework that creates structure for top-down management and as such is central to describing and understanding the implementation process within this framework. Implementing educational concepts is often considered relatively unproblematic by school authorities, however there are indications that there are a number of difficulties to overcome.

3. Methodological design

The study is based on a qualitative case study that is limited to one preschool, one school and the project's steering group. The research design can be characterized as an ongoing evaluation project, a term that has been used more and more in recent years related to different types of development projects in order to achieve a number of advantages pertaining to evaluation, research and organizational development. A central idea of ongoing evaluation research is to increase the effectiveness of development work by providing ongoing feedback to project management, but also by contributing to systematic learning, generating new research-based knowledge as well as demonstrating alternative ways of solving problems.

Collecting data from several sources allowed for data triangulation. The compilation and analysis of data is based on a hermeneutic interpretation related to the theoretical basis of the study. The results are based on both the managements’ and the staffs’ perspectives both of which are compared and contrasted to each other. Interest is directed at the processes that were initiated and what took place in those processes.

4. Expected conclusions/findings

The study is expected to show how the project's steering group acted to implement the evaluation tool, how they tried to transform the project concept into practical activities, how they informed and communicated with the staff concerned, how they organized the work and how they addressed the problems that arose along the way. This description is contrasted with how school management and staff describe what happened when the concept was applied in their organizations.

5. Relevance to Nordic educational research

There is a general interest in showing how centrally formulated concepts are implemented at the local level, because in many countries similar initiatives are being carried out, albeit in other areas. An increased understanding of this can contribute to increased general knowledge of implementation processes, but also in this specific case to problematize the concept of accessibility.

National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Education and Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-27796 (URN)
Conference
The Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA), Educational Research: Boundaries, Breaches and Bridges 8-10 March 2018, University of Oslo, Norway
Available from: 2018-06-12 Created: 2018-06-12 Last updated: 2018-06-13Bibliographically approved
Göransson, K., Lindqvist, G., Klang, N., Magnússon, G. & Almqvist, L. (2018). Professionalism, governance and inclusive education – A total population study of Swedish special needs educators. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 1-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Professionalism, governance and inclusive education – A total population study of Swedish special needs educators
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2018 (English)In: International Journal of Inclusive Education, ISSN 1360-3116, E-ISSN 1464-5173, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Prior research shows that special needs educators (SNEs) have had problems defining their occupational roles and jurisdiction, particularly regarding inclusive education. There are two occupational groups of SNEs in Sweden, namely special educational needs coordinators (SENCOs) and special education teachers. In this paper, we use the collective name SNEs to refer to both groups. Here, results from a total population study of Swedish SNEs are presented (N?=?3367, response rate 75%). The aim is to explore differences in SNEs? interpretation of school difficulties and if these differences are influenced by SNEs? employment in different parts of the school organisation. Statistical cluster-analysis was used to categorise SNEs into five distinct groups based on how they view the problems of pupils in school difficulties. Key concepts employed in the analysis are, primarily organisational vs occupational governance in relation to professional jurisdiction. Findings suggest that SNEs are less unanimous in their views of school problems, than prior research indicates. The variance is partly due to where they work in the school organisation, but we also find indications that different groups of SNEs experience different forms of governance with regard to their professionalism. The results are important due to the scope of the data and method of analysis as well as the illustrated variance of professional values and situations of SNEs and the potential consequences for the development of inclusive education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
SNEs, inclusive education, special education, professional role, educational organisation
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education and Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-27508 (URN)10.1080/13603116.2018.1441339 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2011–5986
Available from: 2018-04-20 Created: 2018-04-20 Last updated: 2018-04-20
von Ahlefeld Nisser, D., Olsson, M., Lindqvist, G. & Lundgren, M. (2018). Värderingsverktyg för ökad tillgänglighet i förskola och skola – möjligheter och fallgropar i praktiken..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Värderingsverktyg för ökad tillgänglighet i förskola och skola – möjligheter och fallgropar i praktiken.
2018 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Education and Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-29299 (URN)978-91-28-00893-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-01-18Bibliographically approved
Göransson, K., Lindqvist, G., Möllås, G., Almqvist, L. & Nilholm, C. (2017). Ideas about occupational roles and inclusive practices among special needs educators and support teachers in Sweden. Educational review (Birmingham), 69(4), 490-505
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ideas about occupational roles and inclusive practices among special needs educators and support teachers in Sweden
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2017 (English)In: Educational review (Birmingham), ISSN 0013-1911, E-ISSN 1465-3397, Vol. 69, no 4, p. 490-505Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Special needs educators and their counterparts are expected to play a significant role in schools’ work towards inclusive practices. Studies do, however, indicate a rather diversified picture regarding the occupational groups assigned to work with special support and their workroles, within and between different countries. In Sweden, one can differentiate between two such occupational groups, special needs educators (SNEs) with qualifications in special educational needs at advanced level and support teachers (SuTs) with varying teacher education and education in special educational needs. The aims of this paper are to investigate the occurrence of SNEs and SuTs within the compulsory school system in ten municipalities in Sweden and the occupational roles of those SNEs and SuTs in relation to the inclusion agenda. A questionnaire was sent out in 2012 to all SNEs and SuTs in ten municipalities (n=511, response rate 61.6%). Main results indicate that: a) there is wide variation between municipalities regarding the extent to which SNEs or SuTs are assigned to work with special support; b) the characteristics of the occupational role of SNEs are more in line with inclusive practices than those of the role of SuTs; c) there is consensus between the two occupational groups regarding what they think should characterize the occupational role of SNEs; and d) SNEs consider, more than do the SuTs themselves, that the role of SuTs should be more in line with that of a ‘traditional special-education teacher’. Results are discussed in relation to Skrtic’s (1991, 1995) theoretical accounts of inclusive education and Abbott’s (1988) notion of jurisdictional control.

Keywords
Special needs educators; support teachers; jurisdictional control; occupational roles; inclusion; work tasks
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Education and Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-23091 (URN)10.1080/00131911.2016.1237477 (DOI)000402077900006 ()
Projects
Speciella yrken? Ett projekt om spciallärares och specialpedagogers utbildning och arbete.
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2011-5986
Available from: 2016-09-14 Created: 2016-09-14 Last updated: 2017-06-15Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4793-871X

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