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Publications (10 of 12) Show all publications
Berge, L. (2019). Ethiopia in Swedish Press during the Italo-Ethiopian Conflict 1934-36 (1ed.). In: Holger Weiss (Ed.), Locating the Global: Spaces, Networks and Interactions from the Seventeenth to the Twentieth Century: . Leiden: Brill
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethiopia in Swedish Press during the Italo-Ethiopian Conflict 1934-36
2019 (English)In: Locating the Global: Spaces, Networks and Interactions from the Seventeenth to the Twentieth Century / [ed] Holger Weiss, Leiden: Brill , 2019, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Brill, 2019 Edition: 1
National Category
History
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-29164 (URN)
Note

Publiceras tidigt 2019

Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved
Berge, L. (2019). Swedish and Norwegian nationalism exposed among Lutheran missionaries during the 1906-07 Uprising in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (1ed.). In: Andrea Kökeny and Jan Záhořík (Ed.), Global and Local Perspectives on Nationalism in Modern and Contemporary History: Limits and Challenges of Nationalist Movements. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish and Norwegian nationalism exposed among Lutheran missionaries during the 1906-07 Uprising in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
2019 (English)In: Global and Local Perspectives on Nationalism in Modern and Contemporary History: Limits and Challenges of Nationalist Movements / [ed] Andrea Kökeny and Jan Záhořík, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press , 2019, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2019 Edition: 1
Keywords
Swedish Nationalism, Lutheran Missionaries, Zulu Rebellion, South Africa, African History
National Category
History
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-29167 (URN)
Note

Publiceras tidigt 2019 (forthcoming 2019)

Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved
Berge, L. (2019). Swedish Evangelical Mission Educational Policies and Schooling in Ethiopia 1868-1935. In: Pierre Guidi, Jean-Luc Martineau, Florence Wenzek (Ed.), Journée d’étude internationale / International Workshop 9 Mai 2019. Université Paris Diderot: Politiques scolaires, écoles et publics scolaires de la colonisation aux indépendances: . Paper presented at Journée d’étude internationale / International Workshop 9 Mai 2019. Université Paris Diderot: Politiques scolaires, écoles et publics scolaires de la colonisation aux indépendances. Paris
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish Evangelical Mission Educational Policies and Schooling in Ethiopia 1868-1935
2019 (English)In: Journée d’étude internationale / International Workshop 9 Mai 2019. Université Paris Diderot: Politiques scolaires, écoles et publics scolaires de la colonisation aux indépendances / [ed] Pierre Guidi, Jean-Luc Martineau, Florence Wenzek, Paris, 2019Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A fairly large number of the social reformers and vital intelligentsia that emerged in Ethiopia in the decade before the 1936 Italian occupation – according to Bahru Zewde one of the most articulate groups of intellectuals that Ethiopia has ever seen – had a background in the Swedish Evangelical Mission (SEM) in Eritrea and Ethiopia. Not less than one third among those of the first generation, those who came of age before 1925, were Swedish-educated or, in one way or another, associated with the SEM. The second generation was much larger in 1934, amounting to some 200 individuals, mostly educated abroad. The proportion of Swedish-educated among them is not as remarkable as with the first generation but they nevertheless stand out, if not in numbers then in prominence. After 1936, during the Italian occupation, the resistance to Italian rule appears to have been most intense among those with an Anglo-Saxon and Protestant educational background. Bahru notes “the prominent role played by the Eritrean educated elite in the course of the war. Most of these tended to have a Swedish evangelical background.” Neither Bahru, nor Gustav Arén’s in his two volumes on the history of the SEM in Eritrea and Ethiopia however, do explain what would have been so special about the Protestant background in general or the particular Swedish evangelical setting, do analyse why and how the SEM education may have contributed to and interplayed with contemporary modernist and nationalist ambitions and how SEM followers may have had special reasons to participate in the nation-building project of the pre-war regime. The aim of the present presentation is to fill this gap by focusing on the SEM educational policies and schooling, examining if and to what extent it gave support for the modernizing policies in the decades before the Italian invasion. More broadly, it investigates how the historical background of the SEM in Eritrea and Ethiopia may have played a role in this respect. What characterized the SEM education and schooling and how did the coming to power of the modernizing ruler Täfäri-Haylä Sellasé affect the SEM educational efforts in Ethiopia? What were the push and pull factors behind Eritrean and Ethiopian SEM-followers in the support of the Ethiopian nation building policies before the war? In providing the empirical sources, my research shall draw on Arén’s two volumes and foremost the huge collection of source materials provided by the SEM archives and periodicals. My attempt is to demonstrate that the SEM-factor is an essential component that has been left out and that it can contribute with a more comprehensive understanding of the how a Swedish Evangelical mission education interplayed with the pre-war Ethiopian nationbuilding process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paris: , 2019
National Category
History
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-30368 (URN)
Conference
Journée d’étude internationale / International Workshop 9 Mai 2019. Université Paris Diderot: Politiques scolaires, écoles et publics scolaires de la colonisation aux indépendances
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved
Berge, L. (2017). Abessinienkampanjen i svensk press 1935-36. In: Svenska historiska föreningen (Ed.), Svenska historikermötet 2017: . Paper presented at Svenska historikermötet 2017. Sundsvall
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Abessinienkampanjen i svensk press 1935-36
2017 (Swedish)In: Svenska historikermötet 2017 / [ed] Svenska historiska föreningen, Sundsvall, 2017Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Abessinienkampanjen i svensk press 1935-36 handlar om hur svensk allmänhet genom media för första gången möter och, på grund av det brutala italienska angreppskriget, kommer att identifiera sig med ett samhälle och en kultur långt bortom det kända Västerlandet. Men det handlar också om att nyansera och fördjupa bilden av svensk identitet och Sverige som en medveten del av det internationella samfundet – före kalla krigets bipolära värld och 1960-talets politiska radikalism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: , 2017
Keywords
Sverige, mellankrigstiden, press, opinionsbildning, Afrika, 1935, Det andra Italiensk-etiopiska kriget
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-26603 (URN)
Conference
Svenska historikermötet 2017
Available from: 2017-11-23 Created: 2017-11-23 Last updated: 2017-11-23Bibliographically approved
Berge, L. (2017). Swedish Evangelical Mission and Ethiopian Intellectuals (1930’s): Westernization and Nationalism before war with Italy in 1935. In: : . Paper presented at Séminaire Groupe Afrique Océan Indien. Les sources de l’histoire et leur renouvellement. Centre d’études en sciences sociales sur les mondes africains, américains et asiatiques est une unité mixte de recherche: l’Université Paris Diderot, Paris 2017-03-06. Paris
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish Evangelical Mission and Ethiopian Intellectuals (1930’s): Westernization and Nationalism before war with Italy in 1935
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paris: , 2017
Keywords
Intellectuals, elite, Ethiopia, nationalism, Swedish Evangelical Mission
National Category
History
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-26604 (URN)
Conference
Séminaire Groupe Afrique Océan Indien. Les sources de l’histoire et leur renouvellement. Centre d’études en sciences sociales sur les mondes africains, américains et asiatiques est une unité mixte de recherche: l’Université Paris Diderot, Paris 2017-03-06
Available from: 2017-11-23 Created: 2017-11-23 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved
Berge, L. (2017). The Swedish Evangelical Mission and the formation of Reformist Elite in Ethiopia. 1868-1935 (1ed.). In: Irma Taddia and Tekeste Negash (Ed.), State Institutions and Leadership in Africa: (pp. 75-105). Padova: Webster srl
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Swedish Evangelical Mission and the formation of Reformist Elite in Ethiopia. 1868-1935
2017 (English)In: State Institutions and Leadership in Africa / [ed] Irma Taddia and Tekeste Negash, Padova: Webster srl , 2017, 1, p. 75-105Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The central theme of this book is the role of education in the formation of a political class during and after the European colonial period in Africa. The volume focuses on the various actors that informed and were part of this process, such as African intellectuals and political leaders, colonial troops, European missionaries and administrators. At the same time, the collection analyses the historical processes connected to the emergence and development of a new African leadership, such as the creation of a colonial school system, the transformation of urban spaces, the development of new environmental policies and the processes of nation-building after independence. The volume is made up of twelve contributions: four on Ethiopia, two on Eritrea, two on the Sudan, one on Somaliland, two on Tanzania and one on Ghana.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Padova: Webster srl, 2017 Edition: 1
Series
Biblioteca Contemporanea
Keywords
Political Leadership, Educational Policies, Africa, Ethiopia, Swedish Missionaries, Protestantism, Reformist elite, Storia del XX Secolo: dal 1900 al 2000, Storia dell'Africa, Storia regionale e nazionale, Afrika, Utbildningspolitik -- historia, Politiskt ledarskap -- historia
National Category
History
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-29159 (URN)978-88-6292-967-7 (ISBN)
Projects
Progetti di rilevante interesse nazionale
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved
Berge, L. (2016). Den bortglömda Afrikasolidariteten: Svenska manifestationer inför det Italiensk-etiopiska kriget 1935–36 (1ed.). In: Urban Claesson och Dick Åhman (Ed.), Kulturell reproduktion i skola och nation: En vänbok till Lars Petterson (pp. 149-168). Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den bortglömda Afrikasolidariteten: Svenska manifestationer inför det Italiensk-etiopiska kriget 1935–36
2016 (Swedish)In: Kulturell reproduktion i skola och nation: En vänbok till Lars Petterson / [ed] Urban Claesson och Dick Åhman, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2016, 1, p. 149-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In 1935, Fascist Italy invaded independent Ethiopia, a member of the League of Nations. To a small and neutral country like Sweden, without a direct colonial heritage and largely isolated from the affairs of the colonized world, the war served as a touchstone for the quality of the League and received extensive attention in the press. It gave rise to great indignation in public opinion, further spurred by Swedish citizens’ half a century history of involvement in the Ethiopian modernizing project. Swedish sympathies for the Ethiopians developed to an extent which hitherto had not existed with regard to any other African or Asian people, long before the anti-colonial movements of the 1960s. The article is limited to giving an outline of a research proposal, seen against the backdrop of the massive popular manifestations in Sweden in the late summer of 1935, immediately before the outbreak of the war in October. It argues that the Italo-Ethiopian conflict and identification with Ethiopia brought Sweden into a new, international and global community and thereby contributed to a self-image of Sweden as a modern and democratic society, as reflected in the formation of public opinion. The source material, the Swedish press, is remarkably rich and hitherto not used in research. The conflict animated a plurality of networks, contributing to the rise of an anti-colonial public opinion in the Swedish press. The conflict brought Sweden closer to world events and introduced to Swedish readers a debate about the colonial world order.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2016 Edition: 1
Keywords
Italo-Ethiopian war 1935-36, Swedish press, Public opinion, Inter-war period, Italiensk-etiopiska kriget 1935-36, Abessinienkriget 1935-36, Svensk dagspress, Opinionsbildning, Mellankrigstiden
National Category
History
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-21643 (URN)9789178449613 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-06-09 Created: 2016-06-09 Last updated: 2017-04-04Bibliographically approved
Berge, L. (2015). Ethiopia in Swedish press during the Italo-Ethiopian conflict 1934-36. In: D. A. Masolo, Derek R. Peterson (Ed.), The State and the Study of Africa: African Studies Association 58th Annual Meeting, November 19-22. 2015, San Diego, California.. Paper presented at African Studies Association 58th Annual Meeting, November 19-22. 2015, San Diego, California. (pp. 96-97).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethiopia in Swedish press during the Italo-Ethiopian conflict 1934-36
2015 (English)In: The State and the Study of Africa: African Studies Association 58th Annual Meeting, November 19-22. 2015, San Diego, California. / [ed] D. A. Masolo, Derek R. Peterson, 2015, p. 96-97Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In 1935, Fascist Italy invaded independent Ethiopia, a member of the League of Nations. To a small and neutral country like Sweden, without a direct colonial heritage and largely isolated from the affairs of the colonized world, the war served as a touchstone for the quality of the League and received extensive attention in the press. It gave rise to great indignation in public opinion, further spurred by Swedish citizens’ half a century history of involvement in the Ethiopian modernizing project. Swedish sympathies for the Ethiopians developed to an extent which hitherto had not existed with regard to any other African or Asian people, long before the anti-colonial movements of the 1960s. The objective of the planned research project is to demonstrate that the Italo-Ethiopian conflict and identification with Ethiopia brought Sweden into a new, international and global community and thereby contributed to a self-image of Sweden as a modern and democratic society, as reflected in the formation of public opinion. This will be done by analysing the image of Swedish-Ethiopian relations in the press during the conflict. The present article is limited to giving an outline of a research proposal, seen against the backdrop of the massive popular manifestations in Sweden in the late summer of 1935, immediately before the outbreak of the war in October. The source material, the Swedish press, is remarkably rich and hitherto not used in research. Instead of a state-centred perspective, the article emphasises that the conflict animated a plurality of networks, contributing to the rise of an anti-colonial public opinion in the Swedish press. The conflict brought Sweden closer to world events and introduced to Swedish readers a debate about the colonial world order. At the same time there was an intensified production and reproduction of new knowledge: Ethiopia came much closer. In September, one month before the war broke out; Swedish cities saw some of the hitherto largest demonstrations in modern Swedish history against war, fascism and in support of Ethiopia.

National Category
History
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-20408 (URN)
Conference
African Studies Association 58th Annual Meeting, November 19-22. 2015, San Diego, California.
Available from: 2015-12-15 Created: 2015-12-15 Last updated: 2017-04-04Bibliographically approved
Berge, L. (2013). Divided loyalties: an African christian community during the 1906 uprising in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (1ed.). In: Berge, Lars & Taddia, Irma (Ed.), Themes in modern African history and culture: festschrift for Tekeste Negash (pp. 103-123). Padova: Libreriauniversitaria.it
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Divided loyalties: an African christian community during the 1906 uprising in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
2013 (English)In: Themes in modern African history and culture: festschrift for Tekeste Negash / [ed] Berge, Lars & Taddia, Irma, Padova: Libreriauniversitaria.it , 2013, 1, p. 103-123Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Padova: Libreriauniversitaria.it, 2013 Edition: 1
Series
Biblioteca contemporanea
National Category
History
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-13396 (URN)9788862923637 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-12-02 Created: 2013-12-02 Last updated: 2017-04-04Bibliographically approved
Berge, L. & Taddia, I. (Eds.). (2013). Themes in modern African history and culture: festschrift for Tekeste Negash. Padova: Libreriauniversitaria.it
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Themes in modern African history and culture: festschrift for Tekeste Negash
2013 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Padova: Libreriauniversitaria.it, 2013. p. 543
Series
Biblioteca contemporanea
National Category
History
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-13395 (URN)9788862923637 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-12-02 Created: 2013-12-02 Last updated: 2017-04-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2161-4920

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