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Salzmann-Erikson, MartinORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2610-8998
Publications (10 of 23) Show all publications
Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2014). Stability in intensive psychiatry: a concept analysis. Perspectives in psychiatric care, 50(2), 122-131
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stability in intensive psychiatry: a concept analysis
2014 (English)In: Perspectives in psychiatric care, ISSN 0031-5990, E-ISSN 1744-6163, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 122-131Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The aim of this concept analysis is to describe, explore, and explain stability in the context of mental health nursing in intensive psychiatry.

Design and Methods: A modified version of Wilson's method of concept analysis was used.

Findings: Stability is the ability to be resistant to changes. Stability can take different directions after a distortion: re-gaining, neo-gaining, and apo-gaining. Stability may also be achieved through active (adding or using power, making adjustments, parrying, and idling) and passive systems (environmental conditions and constituent materials).

Practice Implications: This article contributes by providing knowledge and insight for nurses on the roles they play in intensive psychiatry as stabilizers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2014
Keywords
Concept analysis;intensive psychiatry;mental health nurses;nursing research;psychiatric nurses
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Welfare
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-12190 (URN)10.1111/ppc.12030 (DOI)000333695600007 ()24689492 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2013-05-06 Created: 2013-05-06 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, H., Salzmann-Erikson, M. & Pringle, K. (2014). Virtual Invisible Men: Shared experiences of early parenthood in an Internet forum for fathers. Culture, Society and Masculinities, 6(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Virtual Invisible Men: Shared experiences of early parenthood in an Internet forum for fathers
2014 (English)In: Culture, Society and Masculinities, ISSN 1941-5583, E-ISSN 1941-5591, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Men's Studies Press, 2014
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Welfare
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-12188 (URN)
Available from: 2013-05-06 Created: 2013-05-06 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2013). An integrative review of what contributes to personal recovery in psychiatric disabilities. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 34(3), 185-191
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An integrative review of what contributes to personal recovery in psychiatric disabilities
2013 (English)In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 185-191Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this integrated literature review is to identify what people with psychiatric disabilities experience as contributing to their personal recovery. The study design is based on Whittemore and Knafl's integrative review and includes 14 qualitative peer-reviewed articles. The analysis reveals three main themes: recovery as an inner process; recovery as a contribution from others; and recovery as participating in social and meaningful activities. If mental health nurses adhere to the personal recovery perspective, nursing practice will focus on the patients' needs, conveying hope and supporting the patient in the recovery process.

National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Health and Welfare
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-11131 (URN)10.3109/01612840.2012.737892 (DOI)000209366000007 ()23477439 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2012-10-27 Created: 2012-10-27 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, H. & Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2013). Cyber nursing: Health 'experts' approaches in the post-modern era of virtual encounters. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 50(3), 335-344
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cyber nursing: Health 'experts' approaches in the post-modern era of virtual encounters
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 335-344Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. The imperative to gather information online and to become an ‘expert’ by locating effective advice for oneself and others is a fairly new support phenomenon in relation to health advice. The creation of new positions for health ‘experts’ within the space of the Internet has been addressed as a cybernursing activity. A focused analysis of communication in health forums might give insight into the new roles that are available for healthexperts in cyberspace.

Aim. The aim of this study is to describe approaches to being an ‘expert’ in lifestyle health choice forums on the Internet and to elaborate on the communicative performances that take place in the forums.

Method. An archival and cross-sectional observational forum study was undertaken using principles for conducting ethnographic research online. 2640 pages of data from two health Internet forums were gathered and analyzed.

Findings. The results reveal three distinctive types of experts that emerge in the forums: (1) those that build their expertise by creating a presence in the forum based on lengthy and frequent postings, (2) those who build a presence through reciprocal exchanges with individual posters with questions or concerns, and (3) those who build expertise around a “life long learning” perspective based on logic and reason.

Discussion. The results suggest that experts not only co-exist in the forums, but more importantly they reinforce each others’ positions. This effect is central; alongside one another, the posts of the three types of experts we identify constitute a whole for those seeking the forum for advice and support. Users are provided with strong opinions and advice, support and Socratic reasoning, and a problem-oriented approach. The Internet is now an integral part of everyday living, not least of which among those who seek and offer support in cyberspace. As such, cyber nursing has become an important activity to monitor, and formal health care professionals and nursing researchers must stay abreast of developments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013
Keywords
Cyber nursing, Health experts, Virtual approaches, Virtual performances
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Hälsa och välfärd
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-11130 (URN)10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2012.09.014 (DOI)000315239700005 ()
Available from: 2012-10-27 Created: 2012-10-27 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Salzmann-Erikson, M. & Eriksson, H. (2013). Fathers sharing about early parental support in healthcare: virtual discussions on an internet forum. Health & Social Care in the Community, 21(4), 381-390
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fathers sharing about early parental support in healthcare: virtual discussions on an internet forum
2013 (English)In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 381-390Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Becoming a father is a life changing event and this transition is associated with various emotions. Educational activities aimed at new parents are important in healthcare parental support (HCPS). HCPS has been critiqued for its predominant focus on mothers, while the needs of fathers seem to have been downplayed. As a result, fathers often turn to Internet-based forums for support. As virtual discussions and mutual support among fathers take place in cyberspace, it is important to monitor these forums to observe the ways in which the fathers discuss HCPS. The aim of this study is to explore the ways in which new fathers visiting an Internet-based forum for fathers communicated their experiences of HCPS. A netnographic method consisting of six steps was used to gather and analyse the data. The findings show that fathers shared with one another their experiences of the attitudes expressed by HCPS workers as well as their own attitudes towards HCPS. The attitudes of HCPS workers that were directed towards the fathers were perceived as highly personal and individual, while fathers described their attitudes towards the HCPS in general terms, towards HCPS as a system. Overall, the fathers described HCPS as a valuable confirmatory support that eased their worries concerning sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), colic, weight gain, fever and teething. Although the fathers expressed gratitude towards HCPS, they also shared their negative experiences, such as feeling invisible, disregarded and insulted. In fact, the twofold attitudes that exist in the relationship between the fathers and HCPS can act as a barrier rather than being a confirmatory support. We recommend that HCPS adopts a broader approach using more targeted and strategic didactic methods for supporting fathers in the growth of their own personal awareness, as such an approach would offer a competitive and professional alternative to the support offered in informal experience-based Internet forums.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2013
Keywords
father; infant; Internet; netnography; nursing; parental support
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Health and Welfare
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-12187 (URN)10.1111/hsc.12028 (DOI)000320404000005 ()
Available from: 2013-05-06 Created: 2013-05-06 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2013). IMPAD-22: a checklist for authors of qualitative nursing research manuscripts. Nurse Education Today, 33(11), 1295-1300
Open this publication in new window or tab >>IMPAD-22: a checklist for authors of qualitative nursing research manuscripts
2013 (English)In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 33, no 11, p. 1295-1300Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to develop a checklist for authors preparing qualitative nursing research manuscripts, specifically focusing on the method section.

DESIGN: Literature review.

DATA SOURCES: 15 articles were purposefully selected from three different nursing journals.

REVIEW METHODS: Evans' four step process was used to synthesize the method sections of the included articles.

RESULTS: Four main categories were identified 1) Ingress and Methodology, 2) Participants, 3) Approval, and 4) Data: Collection and Management. Based on the categories and sub-categories, a 22-item checklist was developed.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Earlier guidelines for formal reporting were developed for qualitative research in general. The main advantage and contribution of IMPAD is that it provides a 22-item checklist specifically aimed towards the method section, and furthermore, it was developed specifically for authors within the field of nursing research.

Keywords
Academic literacies; Academic writing; Checklist; Education; Qualitative research; Teaching; Writing
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Welfare
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-12189 (URN)10.1016/j.nedt.2013.03.010 (DOI)000326198900007 ()
Available from: 2013-05-06 Created: 2013-05-06 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, H. & Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2013). Supporting a caring fatherhood in cyberspace: an analysis of communication about caring within an online forum for fathers. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 27(1), 63-69
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supporting a caring fatherhood in cyberspace: an analysis of communication about caring within an online forum for fathers
2013 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 63-69Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:  Today’s parents seek out social support on the Internet. A key motivation behind the choice to go online is the need for more experience based information. In recent years, new fathers have increasingly taken on an active parental role. Men’s support for their caring activities for infants on the Internet needs attention.

Aim:  The aim was to describe communication about caring activities for infants among men who visited an Internet-based forum for fathers and elaborate on the dimensions of support available in the forum.

Method:  An archival and cross-sectional observational forum study was undertaken using principles for conducting ethnographic research online: “nethnography”. A total of 1203 pages of data from an Internet forum for fathers were gathered and analysed.

Result:  Support for a caring fatherhood in cyberspace can be understood as fathers’ communicating encouragement, confirmation and advice. The findings show that important ways of providing support through the forum included a reciprocal sharing of concerns – how to be a better father – in relation to caring for an infant. Concerns for their child’s well-being and shared feelings of joy and distress in everyday life were recurrent supportive themes in the communication. Information gained from contacting others in similar situations is one important reason for the fathers’ use of the Internet.

Discussion:  Support offered in this kind of forum can be considered as a complement to formal support. Professionals can use it to provide choices for fathers who are developing themselves as caregivers without downplaying the parental support offered by formal health care regimes.

Further research:  Online support will probably be one of the main supporting strategies for fathers in Scandinavia. Caring and nursing researchers need to closely monitor support activities that develop, and over time, as these ill likely become an important source of support for people.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2013
Keywords
parental support; fathers; caring; netnography; Internet
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Health and Welfare
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-11127 (URN)10.1111/j.1471-6712.2012.01001.x (DOI)000314819900010 ()
Available from: 2012-10-27 Created: 2012-10-27 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Salzmann-Erikson, M., Lützen, K., Ivarsson, A.-B. -. & Eriksson, H. (2012). Intensive psychiatry: creating, preserving and restoring stability. European psychiatry, 27(s1), 577-577
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intensive psychiatry: creating, preserving and restoring stability
2012 (English)In: European psychiatry, ISSN 0924-9338, E-ISSN 1778-3585, Vol. 27, no s1, p. 577-577Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction. Psychiatric intensive care units (PICU) are rarely described since it is secluded from external insight. At the same time, it is highly intensive since staff and patients interact around the clock in the most acute phase of psychiatric illness. The PICUs admit patients who are considered extremely unmanageable within psychosis units or acute psychiatric wards, and who often demonstrate aggressive or other forms of severe behaviors.

Objectives. This raises the question: What is going on in these units and what constitutes nursing care?

Methods. Spradley's 12-step ethnographic methodology was applied. Data was collected through more than 200 hours of field work on three PICUs including 16 hours of formal interviewing and numerous of informal interviews; data also consisted of writing memos and field notes. The field work aimed to understand the staff member's way of interact with the patients and what they did to care for these patients who was considered as unmanageable.

Results. The findings presented here describe how and when nursing care is provided in PICUs. The findings are presented in relation to themes, as these emerged within the psychiatric intensive nursing care. Six themes emerged as frames for nursing care: providing surveillance, soothing, being present, trading information, maintaining security and reducing.

Conclusions. These themes are used to strike a balance between turbulence and stability and to achieve equilibrium. As the nursing care intervenes when turbulence emerges, the PICU becomes a sanctuary that offers tranquility, peace and rest.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012
National Category
Psychiatry
Research subject
Health and Welfare
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-11368 (URN)10.1016/S0924-9338(12)74744-2 (DOI)000306695401197 ()
Available from: 2012-11-28 Created: 2012-11-28 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Salzmann-Erikson, M. & Eriksson, H. (2012). LiLEDDA – a six step forum-based netnographic research method for nursing and caring sciences. Aporia, 4(4), 6-18
Open this publication in new window or tab >>LiLEDDA – a six step forum-based netnographic research method for nursing and caring sciences
2012 (English)In: Aporia, ISSN 1918-1345, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 6-18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Internet research methods in nursing science are less developed than in other sciences. We choose to present an approach to conducting nursing research on an internet-based forum. This paper presents LiLEDDA, a six-step forum-based netnographic research method for nursing science. The steps consist of: 1. Literature review and identification of the research question(s); 2. Locating the field(s) online; 3. Ethical considerations; 4. Data gathering; 5. Data analysis and interpretation; and 6. Abstractions and trustworthiness. Traditional research approaches are limiting when studying non-normative and non-mainstream life-worlds and their cultures. We argue that it is timely to develop more up-to-date research methods and study designs applicable to nursing science that reflect social developments and human living conditions that tend to be increasingly online-based.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ottawa: , 2012
Keywords
anthropology, Internet, methods, nursing, qualitative research
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Hälsa och välfärd
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-11129 (URN)
Note

Open Access

Available from: 2013-04-04 Created: 2012-10-27 Last updated: 2015-06-12Bibliographically approved
Salzmann-Erikson, M. & Eriksson, H. (2012). Panoptic power and mental health nursing: space and surveillance in relation to staff, patients and neutral places. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 33(8), 500-504
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Panoptic power and mental health nursing: space and surveillance in relation to staff, patients and neutral places
2012 (English)In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 33, no 8, p. 500-504Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mental health nurses use manifest and latent approaches for surveillance and observation of patients in the context of mental health care. Patient spaces in mental health organizations are subtly linked to these different means of surveillance. This article investigates these approaches, focusing in particular on the variety of spaces patients occupy and differences in the intensity of observation that can be carried out in them. The aim is to elaborate on space and surveillance in relation to the patients’ and nurses’ environment in psychiatric nursing care. Places where patients were observed were operationalized and categorized, yielding three spaces: those for patients, those for staff, and neutral areas. We demonstrate that different spaces produce different practices in relation to the exercise of panoptic power and that there is room for maneuvering and engaging in alternatives to “keeping an eye on patients” for nurses in mental health nursing. Some spaces offer asylum from panoptic observations and the viewing eyes of psychiatric nurses, but the majority of spaces in mental health nursing serve as a field of visibility within which the patient is constantly watched.

National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Hälsa och välfärd
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-11128 (URN)10.3109/01612840.2012.682326 (DOI)
Available from: 2012-10-27 Created: 2012-10-27 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2610-8998

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