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Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2020). Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadeship. Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadeship
2020 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book explores how power-sharing between the president and the prime minister works in semi-presidential regimes. In contrast to much of the existing comparative work on semi-presidentialism, the book emphasizes the role of institutional coordination at the most concrete level of executive policy-making, and asks how institutional coordination between the president and prime minister influences presidential activism and the balance of power within the executive. The authors develop a tentative framework embedded in institutionalism and based on four strands of research – semi-presidentialism, public administration, political leadership, and foreign policy analysis – which is subsequently applied to the cases of Lithuania, Romania and Finland. Given the political challenges facing many semi-presidential countries, the study ultimately seeks to identify institutional solutions that facilitate power-sharing and successful policy-making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2020
Series
Palgrave Studies in Presidential Politics
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-29684 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-16431-7 (DOI)978-3-030-16430-0 (ISBN)978-3-030-16431-7 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2019). Decision-Making in Foreign and Security Policies and EU Affairs. In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership (pp. 127-150). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Decision-Making in Foreign and Security Policies and EU Affairs
2019 (English)In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 127-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter investigates leadership in foreign and security policy and European Union (EU) affairs, examining decision-making and division of labor between the president and the prime minister. In order to grasp the complexity of intra-executive policy coordination in these areas, it highlights the interdependence between foreign and EU policies. The chapter shows that intra-executive coordination is most developed in foreign and security policy and that Finland, Lithuania, and Romania normally manage to speak with one voice in external relations. It also provides evidence of constitutional rules about jurisdictions bending in favor of presidents. This applies particularly to representation in the European Council.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Series
Palgrave Studies in Presidential Politics
Keywords
Foreign and security policy, EU affairs, Decision-making, Division of labor, Intra-executive policy coordination Leadership, Finland, Lithuania, Romania
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-30152 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-16431-7_6 (DOI)978-3-030-16430-0 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Available from: 2019-06-08 Created: 2019-06-08 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2019). Formal Coordination Mechanisms. In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership (pp. 79-91). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Formal Coordination Mechanisms
2019 (English)In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 79-91Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter examines formal intra-executive coordination mechanisms such as joint meetings between the president and the prime minister, joint councils or ministerial committees, and administrative coordination between the offices of the president and the prime minister. It uncovers the status and legal basis of such instruments and explores how they have evolved in Finland, Lithuania, and Romania since the 1990s. It shows strong and systematic variation between the three countries, with Finland displaying a high level of formal coordination. In Lithuania and Romania, on the other hand, such coordination mechanisms are considerably weaker and more dependent on individual office-holders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Series
Palgrave Studies in Presidential Politics ; 2
Keywords
Formal intra-executive coordination, Administrative coordination, Formal institutions, Constitution, Coordination, Finland, Lithuania, Romania
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-30150 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-16431-7_4 (DOI)978-3-030-16430-0 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Available from: 2019-06-08 Created: 2019-06-08 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2019). Informal Avenues of Influence. In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership (pp. 93-126). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Informal Avenues of Influence
2019 (English)In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 93-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter focuses on the actual coordination and decision-making between the president and the prime minister. The analysis covers agenda-setting initiatives, public opinion and party system dynamics, and the way formal prerogatives are interpreted into praxis, as well as how the key actors approach coordination where there is no explicit constitutional or judicial guidance. The findings confirm that lack of written rules or otherwise strong norms guiding intra-executive coordination opens the door for presidential activism (Lithuania and particularly Romania), whereas under stronger coordination mechanisms, presidents are in turn more constrained and constructively involved in decision-making (Finland).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Series
Palgrave Studies in Presidential Politics ; 2
Keywords
Agenda-setting initiatives, Presidential activism, Informal institutions, Finland, Lithuania, Romania
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-30151 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-16431-7_5 (DOI)978-3-030-16430-0 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Available from: 2019-06-08 Created: 2019-06-08 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2019). Institutions, Coordination, and Leadership. In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership (pp. 19-44). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutions, Coordination, and Leadership
2019 (English)In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 19-44Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter contains the theoretical framework the study in this book is based on. Embedded in institutional theory and building on four strands of literature—semi-presidentialism, public administration, political leadership, and foreign policy analysis—it highlights the role of institutions in facilitating successful policy-making. It outlines key concepts and findings from institutional theory before moving more specifically to the incentives that presidents and prime ministers have for engaging in intra-executive cooperation. The specific challenges related to leadership in foreign and security policy, including European Union affairs, are emphasized. The chapter identifies various intra-executive coordination mechanisms and puts forward a theoretical framework for the subsequent empirical chapters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Series
Palgrave Studies in Presidential Politics ; 2
Keywords
Semi-presidentialism, Public administration, Political leadership, Foreign policy analysis, Institutional theory, Institutions, Formal and informal institutions, Coordination Leadership, Intra-executive cooperation
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-30148 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-16431-7_2 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Available from: 2019-06-08 Created: 2019-06-08 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2019). Presidents and Cabinets: Coordinating Executive Leadership in Premier-Presidential Regimes. Political Studies Review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Presidents and Cabinets: Coordinating Executive Leadership in Premier-Presidential Regimes
2019 (English)In: Political Studies Review, ISSN 1478-9299, E-ISSN 1478-9302Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

A key factor of semi-presidential regimes is power-sharing mechanisms between president and government. Influenced by Shugart and Carey’s seminal work on premier-presidential regimes, this article addresses intra-executive dynamics in light of recent scholarship on the risks and consequences associated with conflict and cooperation between the president and the cabinet. Through an in-depth comparison of three premier-presidential systems with broadly similar constitutional designs, Finland, Lithuania, and Romania, it forces us to reconsider how coordination mechanisms and political context shape presidential influence. Absent of a working constitutional division of labour and established modes of intra-executive coordination, presidents are more likely to use alternative channels of influence – such as the strategy of ‘going public’ or direct contacts with political parties, the legislature, or civil society stakeholders – and to intervene in questions falling under the competence of the government. Lack of institutionalized coordination also benefits the presidents as they hold the initiative regarding cooperation between the two executives.  

Keywords
semi-presidentialism, constitution, coordination, executive, Finland, Lithuania, Romania
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-29474 (URN)10.1177/1478929919862227 (DOI)000476195600001 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Available from: 2019-02-11 Created: 2019-02-11 Last updated: 2019-08-08Bibliographically approved
Sedelius, T. & Åberg, J. (2019). Semi-Presidential Systems. Oxford Bibliographies: Political Science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Semi-Presidential Systems
2019 (English)In: Oxford Bibliographies: Political ScienceArticle, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford Bibliographies, 2019
Keywords
semi-presidentialism, comparative politics, constitution, democracy
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-29809 (URN)10.1093/OBO/9780199756223-0271 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-03-27 Created: 2019-03-27 Last updated: 2019-03-29Bibliographically approved
Sedelius, T. (2019). Semi-Presidentialism and Governability in Transitional Regimes: Final Project Report.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Semi-Presidentialism and Governability in Transitional Regimes: Final Project Report
2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This report summarises general findings and lists the bulk of publications of a three year project "Semi-Presidentialism and Governability in Transitional Regimes" financed by the Swedish Research Council and Dalarna University 2015-2018. The report also includes an abstract in Swedish. A final and signed version of this report was submitted to the Swedish Research Council by early March 2019.

Publisher
p. 14
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-29831 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Available from: 2019-03-29 Created: 2019-03-29 Last updated: 2019-04-02Bibliographically approved
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2019). Shifting Power-Centres of Semi-Presidentialism: Exploring Executive Coordination in Lithuania. Government and Opposition, 54(4), 637-660
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shifting Power-Centres of Semi-Presidentialism: Exploring Executive Coordination in Lithuania
2019 (English)In: Government and Opposition, ISSN 0017-257X, E-ISSN 1477-7053, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 637-660Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite more than two decades of research on semi-presidential regimes, we still know very little about the actual coordination between the president and the prime minister. Through an in-depth analysis of Lithuanian semi-presidentialism, this article underscores the importance of institutional design on intra-executive balance of power. Drawing primarily on interviews with top-level civil servants and office-holders, it argues that in the absence of written rules or other strong norms guiding intra-executive coordination, presidents enjoy more discretion in designing their own modes of operation. Coordination depends on the initiative of the president, with ad hoc practices further weakening the position of the prime minister. While Lithuanian semi-presidentialism has functioned smoothly, the personality-centred politics commonly found in Central and East European countries create favourable conditions for presidential activism.

Keywords
semi-presidentialism, president, prime minister, coordination, institutions, leadership, Lithuania
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-25048 (URN)10.1017/gov.2017.31 (DOI)000483865500003 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, VR 2014-1260
Available from: 2017-05-24 Created: 2017-05-24 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2019). The Semi-Presidential Cases in Comparative Context. In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership (pp. 45-77). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Semi-Presidential Cases in Comparative Context
2019 (English)In: Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadership, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 45-77Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter sets Finland, Lithuania, and Romania in a comparative context of semi-presidentialism in Europe. It justifies the selection of cases by including them in a broader set of semi-presidential regimes and uses this comparison to provide a range of basic and institutional data for setting the stage for the subsequent chapters on executive coordination. It provides key indicators on semi-presidential subtypes (premier-presidentialism and president-parliamentarism): level of democracy, presidential power, intra-executive conflict, and cohabitation. Drawing on public opinion surveys, it also assesses general levels of institutional trust with an emphasis on public support for the presidency.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Series
Palgrave Studies in Presidential Politics ; 2
Keywords
Semi-presidentialism, Presidential powers, Cohabitation, Intra-executive conflict, Public opinion
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-30149 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-16431-7_3 (DOI)978-3-030-16430-0 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Available from: 2019-06-08 Created: 2019-06-08 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6594-5804

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