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Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2020). Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadeship. Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe: Executive Coordination and Political Leadeship
2020 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book explores how power-sharing between the president and the prime minister works in semi-presidential regimes. In contrast to much of the existing comparative work on semi-presidentialism, the book emphasizes the role of institutional coordination at the most concrete level of executive policy-making, and asks how institutional coordination between the president and prime minister influences presidential activism and the balance of power within the executive. The authors develop a tentative framework embedded in institutionalism and based on four strands of research – semi-presidentialism, public administration, political leadership, and foreign policy analysis – which is subsequently applied to the cases of Lithuania, Romania and Finland. Given the political challenges facing many semi-presidential countries, the study ultimately seeks to identify institutional solutions that facilitate power-sharing and successful policy-making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2020
Series
Palgrave Studies in Presidential Politics
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-29684 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-16431-7 (DOI)978-3-030-16430-0 (ISBN)978-3-030-16431-7 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved
Raunio, T. & Sedelius, T. (2019). Presidents and Cabinets: Coordinating Executive Leadership in Premier-Presidential Regimes. Political Studies Review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Presidents and Cabinets: Coordinating Executive Leadership in Premier-Presidential Regimes
2019 (English)In: Political Studies Review, ISSN 1478-9299, E-ISSN 1478-9302Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

A key factor of semi-presidential regimes is power-sharing mechanisms between president and government. Influenced by Shugart and Carey’s seminal work on premier-presidential regimes, this article addresses intra-executive dynamics in light of recent scholarship on the risks and consequences associated with conflict and cooperation between the president and the cabinet. Through an in-depth comparison of three premier-presidential systems with broadly similar constitutional designs, Finland, Lithuania, and Romania, it forces us to reconsider how coordination mechanisms and political context shape presidential influence. Absent of a working constitutional division of labour and established modes of intra-executive coordination, presidents are more likely to use alternative channels of influence – such as the strategy of ‘going public’ or direct contacts with political parties, the legislature, or civil society stakeholders – and to intervene in questions falling under the competence of the government. Lack of institutionalized coordination also benefits the presidents as they hold the initiative regarding cooperation between the two executives.  

Keywords
semi-presidentialism, constitution, coordination, executive, Finland, Lithuania, Romania
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-29474 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Available from: 2019-02-11 Created: 2019-02-11 Last updated: 2019-02-12Bibliographically approved
Åberg, J. & Sedelius, T. (2018). A Structured Review of Semi-Presidential Studies: Debates, Results, and Missing Pieces. British Journal of Political Science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Structured Review of Semi-Presidential Studies: Debates, Results, and Missing Pieces
2018 (English)In: British Journal of Political Science, ISSN 0007-1234, E-ISSN 1469-2112Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study maps the general lines of semi-presidential research with regard to theory, topics and methods. It identifies research gaps and provides recommendations for future studies. The review includes a general screening of 327 publications covering the period 1970–2015, and a close reading of sixty-five selected publications. The findings suggest that the inconsistent use of regime type definitions has limited the possibilities for generalizations. The study tracks the influence of some seminal articles, as well as the recent trend of focusing on the role and powers of the president. The article calls for more studies beyond Europe, and suggests that the field would benefit from including Historical and Normative Institutionalism. Finally, it suggests the need for studies on public administration that are relevant to the functioning of semi-presidential government.

Keywords
literature review, semi-presidentialism, regime types, constitutions, democratization
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-26844 (URN)10.1017/S0007123418000017 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Note

Open Access APC beslut 6/2018

Available from: 2017-12-20 Created: 2017-12-20 Last updated: 2018-09-26Bibliographically approved
Axelson, T. & Sedelius, T. (2018). Den komplexa frågan kring religionens roll. Dala-Demokraten (7 feb)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den komplexa frågan kring religionens roll
2018 (Swedish)In: Dala-Demokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 7 febArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Falun: , 2018
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Interreligiöst råd i Borlänge (IRIB)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-29200 (URN)
Available from: 2018-12-27 Created: 2018-12-27 Last updated: 2018-12-27Bibliographically approved
Sedelius, T. & Åberg, J. (2018). Eastern Europe’s semi-presidential regimes. In: Adam Fagan and Petr Kopecky (Ed.), The Routledge Handbook of East European Politics: (pp. 67-81). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eastern Europe’s semi-presidential regimes
2018 (English)In: The Routledge Handbook of East European Politics / [ed] Adam Fagan and Petr Kopecky, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 67-81Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2018
Series
Routledge Handbooks
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-22590 (URN)10.4324/9781315687681 (DOI)9781138919754 (ISBN)9781315687681 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Note

The Routledge Handbook of East European Politics is an authoritative overview that will help a wide readership develop an understanding of the region in all its political, economic, and social complexity. Including Central Europe, the Baltic republics, South Eastern Europe, and the Western Balkans, as well as all the countries of the former Soviet Union, it is unrivalled in breadth and depth, affording a comprehensive overview of Eastern European politics provided by leading experts in the fields of comparative politics, international relations, and public administration. Through a series of cutting-edge articles, it seeks to explain and understand patterns of Eastern European politics today.

Available from: 2016-07-08 Created: 2016-07-08 Last updated: 2018-02-05Bibliographically approved
Axelson, T., Hansson, U. & Sedelius, T. (2018). Från privatsak till politisk kraft?: Borlänges interreligiösa råd och förväntningar på religion som resurs i lokalsamhället. Falun: Högskolan Dalarna
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Från privatsak till politisk kraft?: Borlänges interreligiösa råd och förväntningar på religion som resurs i lokalsamhället
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2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2018. p. 57
Series
Interkulturellt utvecklingscentrum Dalarna (IKUD) ; 07
National Category
Sociology Religious Studies
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-28853 (URN)978-91-88679-21-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-01 Created: 2018-11-01 Last updated: 2018-11-01
Choudhry, S., Sedelius, T. & Kyrychenko, J. (2018). Semi-presidentialism and Inclusive Governance in Ukraine: Reflections for Constitutional Reform. Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Semi-presidentialism and Inclusive Governance in Ukraine: Reflections for Constitutional Reform
2018 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This report assesses the ways in which the semi-presidential form of government can be best structured to promote stable, democratic and inclusive governance in Ukraine.

Constitutional stability in Ukraine has faced four main challenges: (a) recurring institutional conflict among the president, legislature and government; (b) a presidency that has fallen prey to autocratic tendencies; (c) a fragmented and weak party system that has undermined the capacity of the legislature to act coherently; and (d) a weak constitutional culture and a weak Constitutional Court.

The report presents comparative knowledge from other semi-presidential systems, and reflections on the Ukrainian context, which could benefit a wide range of stakeholders, such as legislators, policy advisors, think tanks and civil society. It is based on an earlier report, Semi-Presidentialism as Power Sharing: Constitutional Reform after the Arab Spring, co-published by International IDEA and the Center for Constitutional Transitions in 2014.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, 2018. p. 76
Keywords
constitution, semi-presidentialism, democracy, governance, Ukraine
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-27474 (URN)978-91-7671-154-5 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, VR2014-1260
Available from: 2018-04-13 Created: 2018-04-13 Last updated: 2018-04-16Bibliographically approved
Sedelius, T. & Linde, J. (2018). Unravelling Semi-Presidentialism: Democracy and Government Performance in Four Distinct Regime Types. Democratization, 25(1), 136-157
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unravelling Semi-Presidentialism: Democracy and Government Performance in Four Distinct Regime Types
2018 (English)In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 136-157Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Do semi-presidential regimes perform worse than other regime types? Semi-presidentialism has become a preferred choice among constitution makers worldwide. The semi-presidential category contains anything but a coherent set of regimes. We need to separate between its two subtypes, premier-presidentialism and president-parliamentarism. Following Linz’s argument that presidentialism and semi-presidentialism are less conducive to democracy than parliamentarism a number of studies have empirically analyzed the functioning and performance of semi-presidentialism. However, these studies have investigated the performance of semi-presidential sub-types in isolation from other constitutional regimes. By using indicators on regime performance and democracy, the aim of this study is to examine the performance of premier-presidential and president-parliamentary regimes in relation to parliamentarism and presidentialism. Premier-presidential regimes show performance records on par with parliamentarism and on some measures even better. President-parliamentary regimes, on the contrary, perform worse than all other regime types on most of our included measures. The results of this novel study provide a strong call to constitution makers to stay away from president-parliamentarism as well as against the idea of thinking about semi-presidentialism as a single and coherent type of regime.

Keywords
semi-presidentialism, presidentialism, parliamentarism, democratic performance, government performance, premier-presidentialism, president-parliamentarism
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-25039 (URN)10.1080/13510347.2017.1334643 (DOI)000417719000008 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, VR 2014-1260
Note

Open Access APC beslut 14/2017

Available from: 2017-05-22 Created: 2017-05-22 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Duvold, K. & Sedelius, T. (2017). Between Institutions and Personalities: Determinants of Trust in the Baltic Presidents. In: : . Paper presented at NoPSA Conference, XVII Nordic Political Science Congress 2017, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, 8-11 August 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between Institutions and Personalities: Determinants of Trust in the Baltic Presidents
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In several political systems, presidents may benefit from the image of being disassociated from a single party and, in a slightly Gaullist manner, project themselves as above-party politics and remain somewhat elevated from the usual political mud-slinging (Sedelius 2004). In the Baltic states, there have been – 25 years after national independence –relatively few presidents and, hence, the institution represents greater continuity than parliamentary politics. For many years, the Baltic presidents enjoyed greater levels of trust than other political actors, such as parties, MPs and PMs (Duvold 2006). Still, the greater popularity of the presidents, as compared with prime ministers and parliamentarians, undoubtedly owes something to the very limits on their governmental powers: the presidents are not closely associated with unpopular economic decisions or with the day-to-day partisan squabbling in parliament (Duvold and Sedelius 2004). Some of them have, on the contrary, acted as mediators during potentially damaging conflicts. In fact, their position may allow them to act as spokesmen for popular discontent (Baylis, 1996, 304). 

Drawing on a collection of public opinion surveys conducted in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in 2001–2014, this paper deals with two main questions: 1) Has trust in the Baltic presidents increased or decreased over time and and to what extent does trust in the president follow trust in other institutions? 2) What are the determinants of trust in the presidents? To what extent can it be explained in terms of background variables, such as age, socio-economic position or ethnic belonging; by political performance and satisfaction; by attitudes towards the current political regimes; or by a sense of belonging to the country and its society?

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-26469 (URN)
Conference
NoPSA Conference, XVII Nordic Political Science Congress 2017, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, 8-11 August 2017
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Available from: 2017-10-27 Created: 2017-10-27 Last updated: 2017-10-31Bibliographically approved
Antonsson, J., Kaufmann, B., Sedelius, T. & Parkhouse, A. (2017). Falu dialogguide: En vägledning till medborgardialog. Falun: Falu kommun
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Falu dialogguide: En vägledning till medborgardialog
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Alternative title[en]
The Falun Democracy City Guide to Citizens’ Dialogue
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Falun: Falu kommun, 2017. p. 21
National Category
Political Science Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Demokratikontraktet: Samarbetsavtal mellan Falu kommun och Högskolan Dalarna om lokal demokratiutveckling
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-26470 (URN)
Available from: 2017-10-27 Created: 2017-10-27 Last updated: 2017-10-31Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6594-5804

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