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Alvarez López, L. & Jon-And, A. (2017). Lexical and morphosyntactic features of a lexically driven in-group code. Journal of Pidgin and Creole languages ( Print), 32(1), 75-103
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lexical and morphosyntactic features of a lexically driven in-group code
2017 (English)In: Journal of Pidgin and Creole languages ( Print), ISSN 0920-9034, E-ISSN 1569-9870, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 75-103Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present paper focuses on the speech of a rural Afro-Brazilian community called Cafundó, situated 150 km from São Paulo. In 1978, when linguistic data were collected, the community constituted approximately eighty individuals, descendants of two slave women who inherited their owners’ proprieties. According to earlier studies, when the inhabitants of Cafundó spoke in their supposed ‘African language,’ Cupópia, they used structures borrowed from Portuguese and a vocabulary of possible African origin. A lexical analysis shows that the etymologies match historical and demographical data, indicating that speakers of varieties of Kimbundu, Kikongo and Umbundu dominated in the community. Through a morphosyntactic analysis, specific features were found in the data, such as copula absence and variable agreement patterns. By showing that some of Cupópia’s specific grammatical features are not derived from the Portuguese spoken by the same speakers but are instead shared with more restructured varieties, this paper defends the hypothesis that this lexically driven in-group code is not simply a regional variety of Portuguese with a number of African-derived words.

Keywords
Cupópia, Cafundó, Afro-Brazilian Portuguese
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-17760 (URN)10.1075/jpcl.32.1.03alv (DOI)000405506100003 ()2-s2.0-85021687648 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Afro-Latin Linguistics
Available from: 2015-04-28 Created: 2015-06-08 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Jon-And, A. & Aguilar, E. (2016). Modeling language change triggered by language shift. In: S.G. Roberts, C. Cuskley, L. McCrohon, L. Barceló-Coblijn, O. Fehér & T. Verhoef (Ed.), The Evolution of Language: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference (EVOLANG11). Paper presented at 11th International Conference on the Evolution of Language (EVOLANG XI), March 21-24 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modeling language change triggered by language shift
2016 (English)In: The Evolution of Language: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference (EVOLANG11) / [ed] S.G. Roberts, C. Cuskley, L. McCrohon, L. Barceló-Coblijn, O. Fehér & T. Verhoef, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Keywords
agent-based model, language change, language shift, language contact, Portuguese, Mozambique
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-23001 (URN)
Conference
11th International Conference on the Evolution of Language (EVOLANG XI), March 21-24 2016
Available from: 2016-08-31 Created: 2016-08-31 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Reite, T. & Jon-And, A. (2016). Oral Portuguese in Maputo from a diachronic perspective – diffusion of linguistic innovations in a language shift scenario. In: 45th LSRL Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages volume: . Paper presented at 45th LSRL Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages. John Benjamins Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Oral Portuguese in Maputo from a diachronic perspective – diffusion of linguistic innovations in a language shift scenario
2016 (English)In: 45th LSRL Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages volume, John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2016
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Intercultural Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-23003 (URN)
Conference
45th LSRL Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages
Available from: 2016-08-31 Created: 2016-08-31 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Jon-And, A. & Álvarez, L. (2014). A Cupópia: características gramaticais and lexicais de uma afro-variedade do português no Brasi. In: : . Paper presented at Joint summer meeting of Society for Carribean Linguistics (SCL), Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics (SPCL) & Associação de Crioulos de Base Lexical Portuguesa and Espanhola (ACBLPE), Aruba, August 5-8.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Cupópia: características gramaticais and lexicais de uma afro-variedade do português no Brasi
2014 (Portuguese)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Humanities Languages and Literature
Research subject
Kultur, identitet och gestaltning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-17105 (URN)
Conference
Joint summer meeting of Society for Carribean Linguistics (SCL), Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics (SPCL) & Associação de Crioulos de Base Lexical Portuguesa and Espanhola (ACBLPE), Aruba, August 5-8
Available from: 2015-03-09 Created: 2015-03-09 Last updated: 2015-03-16Bibliographically approved
Jon-And, A. & Álvarez, L. (2014). A linguagem do Cafundó: caracterização de uma afro-variedade do português. In: : . Paper presented at SCP Parler les langues romanes/Parlare le lingue romanze/Hablar las lenguas romances/Falando línguas Românicas, Stockholm University, April 9-12.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A linguagem do Cafundó: caracterização de uma afro-variedade do português
2014 (Portuguese)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Humanities Languages and Literature
Research subject
Kultur, identitet och gestaltning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-17106 (URN)
Conference
SCP Parler les langues romanes/Parlare le lingue romanze/Hablar las lenguas romances/Falando línguas Românicas, Stockholm University, April 9-12
Available from: 2015-03-09 Created: 2015-03-09 Last updated: 2015-03-16Bibliographically approved
Jon-And, A. & Álvarez, L. (2014). Afro-Brazilian Cupópia: language contact, lexically-driven deliberate change and its grammatical outcomes. In: : . Paper presented at Grammatical hybridization and social conditions, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, October 16-18.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Afro-Brazilian Cupópia: language contact, lexically-driven deliberate change and its grammatical outcomes
2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Humanities Languages and Literature
Research subject
Kultur, identitet och gestaltning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-17103 (URN)
Conference
Grammatical hybridization and social conditions, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, October 16-18
Available from: 2015-03-09 Created: 2015-03-09 Last updated: 2015-03-16Bibliographically approved
Jon-And, A. & Aguilar, E. (2014). Modelling contact-induced language change in Angolan Portuguese. In: : . Paper presented at Grammatical hybridization and social conditions,Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, October 16-18.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modelling contact-induced language change in Angolan Portuguese
2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper we present a model for simulating language change in an expanding speech population using evolutionary game theory, in order to comment on earlier assumptions about linguistic transmission and change in language shift situations. It has largely been assumed that when a group shifts from one language to another, first generation second language (L2) speakers introduce the changes that are stabilized in the second generation of first language (L1) speakers (Fishman 1991: 9; Thomason and Kaufman 1988). Our empirical point of departure is the ongoing language shift from Bantu languages to Portuguese in Angola, which has occurred mainly after independence in 1974. We believe that a realistic model for linguistic innovation and spread needs to include transmission within generations as well as between them and should consider interaction between L1 and L2 varieties. Our computational model attempts to simulate the growth of the Portuguese speaking population in Angola since 1974, as well as the introduction and spread of a possibly contact related linguistic variant (using omission of preposition in locative phrases as an example). The population grows by recruitment of L2 speakers and birth of L1 speakers. For the linguistic feature the simulation starts with the original variant fixed. We add the probability of some individuals introducing the new variant and then allow individuals to interact and update their probabilities of using one variant or the other. By varying the weight for different kinds of interactions and population growth rates for L1 and L2 speakers, the simulation enables us to formalize hypotheses concerning the conditions required for the spread of the new linguistic variant. The outcomes of the simulations will later be compared to data from Cabinda in northern Angola that will be collected in June 2014.

Preliminary results indicate that at least one of the following two conditions needs to be fulfilled for a variant introduced by L2 speakers to spread: (i) recruitment rate of L2 speakers exceeds birth rate for L1 speakers; (ii) L1 speakers are equally influenced by interactions with L2 and L1 speakers. If birth rate of L1 speakers exceeds recruitment rate for L2 speakers and L1 speakers are less influenced by interaction with L2 speakers than with L1 speakers, the new variant does not spread in the population.

National Category
Humanities Languages and Literature
Research subject
Kultur, identitet och gestaltning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-17102 (URN)
Conference
Grammatical hybridization and social conditions,Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, October 16-18
Available from: 2015-03-09 Created: 2015-03-09 Last updated: 2015-03-16Bibliographically approved
Jon-And, A., Parkvall, M. & Funcke, A. (2014). Word Length and word frequency in pidgins and creoles. In: : . Paper presented at Joint summer meeting of Society for Carribean Linguistics (SCL), Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics (SPCL) & Associação de Crioulos de Base Lexical Portuguesa and Espanhola (ACBLPE), Aruba, August 5-8.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Word Length and word frequency in pidgins and creoles
2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Humanities Languages and Literature
Research subject
Kultur, identitet och gestaltning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-17104 (URN)
Conference
Joint summer meeting of Society for Carribean Linguistics (SCL), Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics (SPCL) & Associação de Crioulos de Base Lexical Portuguesa and Espanhola (ACBLPE), Aruba, August 5-8
Available from: 2015-03-09 Created: 2015-03-09 Last updated: 2015-03-16Bibliographically approved
Jon-And, A. (2012). Tendências comuns na marcação de plural at variedades africanas and brasileiras do português. In: : . Paper presented at Festival de Lingüística Romanánica, Stockholms University, May 23-25.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tendências comuns na marcação de plural at variedades africanas and brasileiras do português
2012 (Portuguese)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Kultur, identitet och gestaltning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-17108 (URN)
Conference
Festival de Lingüística Romanánica, Stockholms University, May 23-25
Available from: 2015-03-09 Created: 2015-03-09 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Jon-And, A. (2012). Tendências universais na marcação de plural at variedades africanas and brasileiras do português. In: : . Paper presented at 13oEncontro da Associação de crioulos de Base Lexical Portuguesa and Espanhola, University of São Paulo, Brazil, August 1-3.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tendências universais na marcação de plural at variedades africanas and brasileiras do português
2012 (Portuguese)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Humanities Languages and Literature
Research subject
Kultur, identitet och gestaltning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-17107 (URN)
Conference
13oEncontro da Associação de crioulos de Base Lexical Portuguesa and Espanhola, University of São Paulo, Brazil, August 1-3
Available from: 2015-03-09 Created: 2015-03-09 Last updated: 2015-03-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8840-076X

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