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Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Pashkevich, A. (2018). Lessons learned: uses of mining and other cultural heritage in the Arctic. Voices from Russian settlements on Svalbard. In: Creative forces in the Polar regions: cultures, economies, innovation and change in tourism: . Paper presented at 6th International Polar Tourism Network (IPTRN) Conference and community tour, 22-28 June, 2018, Yukon.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lessons learned: uses of mining and other cultural heritage in the Arctic. Voices from Russian settlements on Svalbard
2018 (English)In: Creative forces in the Polar regions: cultures, economies, innovation and change in tourism, 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Focus of this study is the current stage of the tourism development of two Russian settlements on Svalbard – Barentsburg and Pyramiden. This study analyses the process of recent tourism development and investigating the settings behind the narratives used in the production of tourism experiences on the archipelago. How mining past and the history of Russian presence are interwoven into the tourism activities and what are they based on? How the stakeholders involved in the current stage of tourism development look upon the motives behind it and justifications of the Russian presence on Svalbard, what are the possible futures of this development? Study utilises mixed-method approach combining analysis of existing published material and extensive fieldwork experience resulting in participant observations and interviews with the relevant stakeholders.

Keywords
Svalbard, Russian coal settlements, Barentsburg, Pyramiden, tourism development
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis, General Microdata Analysis - tourism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-28807 (URN)
Conference
6th International Polar Tourism Network (IPTRN) Conference and community tour, 22-28 June, 2018, Yukon
Available from: 2018-10-22 Created: 2018-10-22 Last updated: 2018-10-22Bibliographically approved
Pashkevich, A., Nygaard, V. & Mathisen, L. (2018). Supporting tourism entrepreneurship in Sami areas: Financial and political instruments in Norway and Sweden. In: Tourism Implications and Dilemmas: . Paper presented at 27th Nordic Symposium in Tourism and Hospitality Research, The Arctic University of Norway, Alta, Norway, 24-26 September 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supporting tourism entrepreneurship in Sami areas: Financial and political instruments in Norway and Sweden
2018 (English)In: Tourism Implications and Dilemmas, 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Despite institutional efforts to address growth in tourism business in Sami area, they are still marked by weak entrepreneurship and lack of business-research collaboration for stimulating creative and innovative industrial processes. Our paper focus on the economic and political framework for entrepreneurship in the context of Sami areas in Norway and Sweden. We describe this framework and ask to what extent national financial instruments enhance or restrain scope of entrepreneurship in Sami areas. Further, we investigate how key actors involved in supporting entrepreneurship on the state, regional and local level manage (or fail) to fill the gap between national financial instruments and needs in Sami areas. One important question is; can the scope of the financial instruments and policy towards entrepreneurship in Sami Areas be changed to better catch the needs of the business, if so how? Is it possible to develop a model to encompass local place and culture specific needs of the Sami people and still fit the national policy of entrepreneurship? To address this question, we have use data obtained from a survey among applicants for entrepreneurial support (financial, networking and competence) to the Norwegian Sami parliament. Further, we have made personal interviews key individuals designing financial and supportive instruments for this particular target group, and finally interviewed Sami tourism entrepreneurs. The Sami entrepreneurs are an important source of information, because their personal knowledge as users of the financial system. Therefore, we have establish a dialogue with Sami entrepreneurs involved in our study. Involving Sami entrepreneurs more actively in research that include indigenous perspectives, can contribute to address the challenges of decolonized research within political science. Further, we have studied policy documents of the Sami Parliament in Norway and Sweden and statutes for other financial and supportive institutions relevant for entrepreneurship in Sami areas.

Keywords
entrepreneurship, Sami, indigenous, economic framework, tourism
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis, General Microdata Analysis - tourism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-28808 (URN)
Conference
27th Nordic Symposium in Tourism and Hospitality Research, The Arctic University of Norway, Alta, Norway, 24-26 September 2018
Projects
Sami entrepreneurs and research Collaborations: The effect of socio-cultural dimensions on entrepreneurs scope of action
Available from: 2018-10-22 Created: 2018-10-22 Last updated: 2018-10-22Bibliographically approved
Heldt Cassel, S. & Pashkevich, A. (2018). Tourism development in the Russian Arctic: Reproducing or challenging the hegemonic masculinities of the frontier. Tourism, Culture & Communication, 18(1), 67-80
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tourism development in the Russian Arctic: Reproducing or challenging the hegemonic masculinities of the frontier
2018 (English)In: Tourism, Culture & Communication, ISSN 1098-304X, E-ISSN 1943-4146, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 67-80Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The image of the Arctic can be understood as a part of a larger discourse of the north as an uncivilized, untamed frontier, not suitable or accessible for modern, urban people, but a place for strong adventurers, hunters, and explorers. In this study, we seek to understand how hegemonic masculinities of the north both inform and are challenged by tourism and its representations and practices in the Russian Arctic, in particular the Nenets Autonomous District (NAD). The study is based on the analysis of data collected during several field trips to the region during the period of 2012-2013 and 2014, including semistructured interviews with key stakeholders and observations of tourism practices, as well as content analysis of promotional images of selected tourism companies. Tourism in the NAD is typically adventure based: snowmobile safaris, fishing, hunting, and white-water rafting. There are also different types of indigenous tourism, such as living with reindeer herders for a period of time. The tourism industry covered herein consisted of microfirms and small businesses. The entrepreneurs were all middle-aged Russian men and the tourists were predominantly male middle class Russians from metropolitan regions, traveling as groups of friends or colleagues. The results show that despite the willingness of the tourism entrepreneurs to broaden their customer groups and offerings, the products reproduce the destination as a playground for (male) "hook and bullet" tourists. However, there are also examples of how tourism may challenge or reconstruct the understandings of typically masculine or feminine duties or roles in some specific local contexts.

Keywords
gender, hegemonic masculinity, Russia, tourism, Arctic
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-23890 (URN)10.3727/109830418X15180180585176 (DOI)2-s2.0-85043974667 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Representations of Indigenous Peoples in Tourism
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2016-12-31 Created: 2016-12-31 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Pashkevich, A. (2018). Tourism in mining areas of northern Sweden: land of possibilities or continuous struggle?. In: : . Paper presented at 27th Nordic Symposium in Tourism and Hospitality Research, Tourism Implications and Dilemmas, 24-26 September 2018, Alta, Norway.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tourism in mining areas of northern Sweden: land of possibilities or continuous struggle?
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The northernmost Swedish province of Norbotten has being a subject for boom and bust development cycles of mining industry over several decades. During these times, companies have started massive prospecting campaigns, opened up new mines and re-opened older mines that had been closed for years, and increased production in already existing mines. The mining industry has left its legacy both in the form of immaterial and material remains. This paper focuses on an analysis of the complexities of the present day situation in the mining area of Gällivarre and the adjacent Jokkmokk Municipalities. The problems connected with the postindustrial futures, specifically in reference to the tourism development in this area, are discussed here. Indigenous and non-indigenous tourism entrepreneurs active in these two localities are asked to reflect on their relationship to industrial activities in the area (mining, hydro/wind power production, etc.). Discussion circles around social and cultural barriers between these two groups and the wider society. The stories told by the entrepreneurs represent a range of individual and collectively constructed notions of the present and future development of this area showing a contested vision. Tourism development in the region is showing fragmented/disruptive patterns confined to actions taken by either individual entrepreneurs or small groups that collaborate in the creation of experiences. The issues of every day racism towards Sami population, mistrust towards authorities on one hand and community and cultural identity revival with the help of individual entrepreneurial efforts on the other hand support the contested notion of the current development in the area, heavily influenced by the on-going and future industrial development projects.

Keywords
mining, tourism, Norbotten, Sami, indigenous tourism
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis, General Microdata Analysis - tourism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-28809 (URN)
Conference
27th Nordic Symposium in Tourism and Hospitality Research, Tourism Implications and Dilemmas, 24-26 September 2018, Alta, Norway
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2018-10-22 Created: 2018-10-22 Last updated: 2018-10-23Bibliographically approved
Pashkevich, A. (2017). Empowering whom?: politics and realities of indigenous Tourism development in the Russian arctic. In: Arvid Viken, Dieter K. Müller (Ed.), Tourism and Indigeneity in the Arctic: (pp. 105-121). Channel View Publications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Empowering whom?: politics and realities of indigenous Tourism development in the Russian arctic
2017 (English)In: Tourism and Indigeneity in the Arctic / [ed] Arvid Viken, Dieter K. Müller, Channel View Publications, 2017, p. 105-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Channel View Publications, 2017
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-28267 (URN)2-s2.0-85050450442 (Scopus ID)9781845416096 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-08-07 Created: 2018-08-07 Last updated: 2018-08-07Bibliographically approved
Pashkevich, A. (2017). Processes of reinterpretation of mining heritage: the case of Bergslagen, Sweden. Almatourism, 8(7), 107-123
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Processes of reinterpretation of mining heritage: the case of Bergslagen, Sweden
2017 (English)In: Almatourism, ISSN 2036-5195, Vol. 8, no 7, p. 107-123Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [ru]

Mining heritage is often used as a powerful tool in maintaining a sense of place and national identity and Sweden is not different in this respect. Another important underlying motive for the revival of the mining past is an opportunity of the economic revitalisation of the space marked by the deindustrialisation process. The aim of this paper is to investigate how the mining heritage is interpreted and used for the goals of tourism destination development based on the five provinces in the middle part of Sweden – area called Bergslagen. The first decade of 2000s was characterised by the prevailing top-down approach to the regeneration process of mining landscape of Bergslagen, as it was led by the cultural elite. Thus, resulting in the absence of a diverse and innovative thinking in terms of touristic development of these destinations. Municipalities in the region ended up with the multiple mining sites trying to attract visitors with the similar types of experiences based on limited representations of regional mining heritage. Furthermore, it is suggested that enhancing communication between managers of the mining sites and other tourism experiences would help to improve visitation. Additionally, the alternative representations of the heritage may allow for a wider representation of local people, as well as an awareness of local or regional heritage of Bergslagen. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Campus di Rimini - Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna: , 2017
Keywords
Mining Heritage; Tourism Development; Sweden; Bergslagen; Destination Development, Культурное наследие горной промышленности; туристическое развитие; Швеция; Бергслаген; развитие туристических направлений
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis, Kulturturism och malmbrytning sida vid sida? Gruvans produktionssystem i den regionala utvecklingen; Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis, General Microdata Analysis - tourism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-24708 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

Культурное наследие горной промышленности часто используется как мощный инструмент для воспитания чувства гордости за страну, Швеция в этом отношении не отличается от других стран. Одной из причин, пристального внимания к этим вопросам, являются экономические выгоды столь необходимые для реабилитации, так же и местного хозяйства. Цель данной работы рассмотреть как культурное наследие горного дела, используется для развития туризма на примере пяти провинций в центральной части Швеции – района именуемого Бергслаген. В этой статье приводятся конкретные примеры, использования закрытых рудников для этих целей. Туризм на этих рудниках носит разноплановый характер, позволяющий местным агентам развивать и сопутствующие виды туризма. На первом этапе развития, в начале 2000-х годах, инициаторами возрождения выступила культурная элита региона, но эти люди не были заинтересованы в использования памятником горного дела в качестве туристических объектов. Этот период развития с начала 2000х годов, характеризуется, отсутствием инновативных подходов к развитию объектов, связанных с горнодобывающей промышленностью. Муниципалитеты региона в конечном итоге, оказались с набором направлений, представляющих ограниченный интерес со стороны широкой аудитории, так как в основу развития туристического продукта было заложено ограниченное понимание того что в действительности привлекает туристов. Результатом данной работы стали рекомендации, использование которых призвано положительно повлиять на создавшуюся ситуацию в регионе. Менеджеры объектов использования наследия горной промышленности нуждаются в более тесном взаимодействии и обмене опытом между собой. Для более широкого использования культурного наследия горного дела, необходимо вовлечение в этот процесс представителей местного населения, что будет способствовать осознанию значения этого наследия для региона и всей страны.

Available from: 2017-04-13 Created: 2017-04-13 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
de Bernardi, C. & Pashkevich, A. (2017). Representations and National Marketing: the Case of Indigenous Peoples in Nordic and Russian DMOs’ webpages. In: : . Paper presented at 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research, Tourism in a Hyper-Connected World: Challenges of Interactivity and Connectedness. October 4-6, 2017 in Falun, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Representations and National Marketing: the Case of Indigenous Peoples in Nordic and Russian DMOs’ webpages
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-28813 (URN)
Conference
26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research, Tourism in a Hyper-Connected World: Challenges of Interactivity and Connectedness. October 4-6, 2017 in Falun, Sweden
Available from: 2018-10-23 Created: 2018-10-23 Last updated: 2018-10-23Bibliographically approved
Pashkevich, A. & Keskitalo, E. C. (2017). Representations and uses of indigenous areas in tourism experiences in the Russian Arctic. Polar Geography, 40(2), 85-101
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Representations and uses of indigenous areas in tourism experiences in the Russian Arctic
2017 (English)In: Polar Geography, ISSN 1088-937X, E-ISSN 1939-0513, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 85-101Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper compares the representation of indigenous tourism experiences in advertisement materials with representations gathered from site visits and tourism sector interviews in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (NAO) in northern Russia. The study shows that a majority of the visual images and text used for marketing of the area construct a picture of an indigenous people living ‘in harmony’ with nature, representing a romanticized and historical image of indigenous communities. In contrast with these marketing images, large variations exist in everyday practices and among the numerous practical considerations related to the recent and limited development of tourism in the NAO.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis Ltd., 2017
Keywords
Indigenous tourism, Nenets, reindeer herding, Russian Arctic, touristic representations
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-24699 (URN)10.1080/1088937X.2017.1303753 (DOI)2-s2.0-85015637304 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-04-10 Created: 2017-04-10 Last updated: 2017-06-05Bibliographically approved
Pashkevich, A., Stjernström, O. & Lundmark, L. (2016). Nature-based tourism, conservation and institutional governance: a case study from the Russian Arctic. The Polar Journal, 6(1), 112-130
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nature-based tourism, conservation and institutional governance: a case study from the Russian Arctic
2016 (English)In: The Polar Journal, ISSN 2154-896X, E-ISSN 2154-8978, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 112-130Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses current institutional arrangements connected to the protection of natural resources in developing nature-based tourism in the territories of the north-western part of the Russian Arctic. Examples from two regions, the Arkhangelsk Oblast and the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, illustrate how the different methods of nature conservation – national parks and nature reserves – are promoting or constraining the development of nature-based tourism activities. The study is based on 14 semi-structured interviews with representatives from state organisations as well as representatives from non-governmental organisations, and reviews of planning and policy documents. This paper discusses the factors shaping present institutional arrangements connected to environmental protection and the capability to establish planning schemes. The agencies responsible for nature-based tourism development often suffer from rudimentary tourism planning, inadequate tourism infrastructure and a lack of service management skills. In addition, there is evidence that mistrust and a lack of collaboration among governmental agencies and private stakeholders also limit development opportunities. Despite the difficulties experienced by authorities responsible for the measures of conservation and nature protection in the remote Arctic territories (Nenetsky State Nature Reserve), pockets of success are identifiable (e.g. Kenozersky National Park). The reality of the nature conservation efforts and the ability to develop nature-based activities is heavily dependent on individual engagement and interpersonal collaboration, which makes the best practices non-transferable to other contexts. So far, the current system of institutional governance limits the possibilities to increase the economic impact of nature-based tourism in the Russian Arctic.

Keywords
Russian Arctic, nature-based tourism, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Nenets Autonomous Okrug, national park, nature reserve
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis, Representation av urbefolkning i turism. Fallstudier från rennäringsområden i norra Sverige och nordvästra Ryssland.
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-23386 (URN)10.1080/2154896X.2016.1171000 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2016-11-16 Created: 2016-11-16 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
de la Barre, S., Maher, P., Dawson, J., Hillmer-Pegram, K., Huijbens, E., Lamers, M., . . . Stewart, E. (2016). Tourism and arctic observation systems: Exploring the relationships. Polar Research, 35
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tourism and arctic observation systems: Exploring the relationships
Show others...
2016 (English)In: Polar Research, ISSN 0800-0395, E-ISSN 1751-8369, Vol. 35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Arctic is affected by global environmental change and also by diverse interests from many economic sectors and industries. Over the last decade, various actors have attempted to explore the options for setting up integrated and comprehensive trans-boundary systems for monitoring and observing these impacts. These Arctic Observation Systems (AOS) contribute to the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of environmental change and responsible social and economic development in the Arctic. The aim of this article is to identify the two-way relationship between AOS and tourism. On the one hand, tourism activities account for diverse changes across a broad spectrum of impact fields. On the other hand, due to its multiple and diverse agents and far-reaching activities, tourism is also well-positioned to collect observational data and participate as an actor in monitoring activities. To accomplish our goals, we provide an inventory of tourism-embedded issues and concerns of interest to AOS from a range of destinations in the circumpolar Arctic region, including Alaska, Arctic Canada, Iceland, Svalbard, the mainland European Arctic and Russia. The article also draws comparisons with the situation in Antarctica. On the basis of a collective analysis provided by members of the International Polar Tourism Research Network from across the polar regions, we conclude that the potential role for tourism in the development and implementation of AOS is significant and has been overlooked.

Keywords
Arctic; Antarctic; citizen science; observation systems; tourism; IPTRN
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis, General Microdata Analysis - tourism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-23727 (URN)10.3402/polar.v35.24980 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2016-12-26 Created: 2016-12-26 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8134-5999

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