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Publications (10 of 63) Show all publications
Hammarlund, C., Andersson, A. & Nordström, J. (2024). Nutrient policies and the performance of aquaculture in developed countries: a literature review. Aquaculture Economics & Management, 1-30
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nutrient policies and the performance of aquaculture in developed countries: a literature review
2024 (English)In: Aquaculture Economics & Management, ISSN 1365-7305, E-ISSN 1551-8663, p. 1-30Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Eutrophication is  a  serious problem in  many parts of  the world, and aquaculture production can  contribute to  the problem as  well  as  be  part  of  its  solution. Nutrient polices in developed countries are  often command-and-control policies that  may  have contributed to  the  slow growth of  the  sector. We  perform a  literature review to  investigate how current nutrient polices affect the  sector and  if  economic incentive policies have greater potential to  support sector growth. Although the  literature is  limited in  many aspects, the  results indicate that  this  may be  the  case. Given that  the  ability to measure, monitor and  control has  improved over time, possi-bilities for  using economic incentive policies have increased. For  example, subsidies that  are  results-based, i.e.,  based on the amount of emissions that are reduced, could be used. It is also possible for aquaculture production to benefit from being included in  emissions trading systems, where these are available.

Keywords
Aquaculture, command-and- control, economic incentive, eutrophication, nutrient policies
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Forskargrupp/Seminariegrupp, Näringsliv och samhälle
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-48164 (URN)10.1080/13657305.2024.2314511 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2024-03-01 Created: 2024-03-01 Last updated: 2024-03-01Bibliographically approved
Nordström, J. & Denver, S. (2024). The impact of voluntary sustainability adjustments on greenhouse gas emissions from food consumption – The case of Denmark. Cleaner and Responsible Consumption, 12, Article ID 100164.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of voluntary sustainability adjustments on greenhouse gas emissions from food consumption – The case of Denmark
2024 (English)In: Cleaner and Responsible Consumption, ISSN 2666-7843, Vol. 12, article id 100164Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study we ask how a range of environmental sustainability adjustments that consumers find it easy to adoptaffect the carbon footprint of their food consumption. The study is based on information about real purchases offood products and responses to a questionnaire about the various sustainability adjustments that the studyparticipants apply and their concern about climate change. Based on principal component and regressionanalysis the results from the study indicate that sustainability adjustments such as organic consumption, buyingdomestically produced food and eating seasonal produce, as well as concern about climate change, are associatedwith a reduced carbon footprint from food consumption. The largest reductions were found for organic consumers.The results suggested that most committed organic consumers have a carbon footprint that is about onethird smaller than that of consumers who seldom buy organic food products. The results also indicate that thesevoluntary sustainability adjustments are not sufficient to secure conformity with today’s goals for reducedgreenhouse gas emissions.

Keywords
Carbon footprint, Greenhouse gas emissions, Food consumption, Consumer behavior, Sustainability actions, Spillover effects
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Forskargrupp/Seminariegrupp, Näringsliv och samhälle
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-47907 (URN)10.1016/j.clrc.2023.100164 (DOI)001146820500001 ()
Available from: 2024-01-24 Created: 2024-01-24 Last updated: 2024-02-02Bibliographically approved
Mottaghi, M., Nordström, J., Haghighatafshar, S., Jönsson, K., Kärrholm, M. & Sternudd, C. (2023). Caring for Blue-Green Solutions (BGS) in Everyday Life: An Investigation of Recreational Use, Neighborhood Preferences and Willingness to Pay in Augustenborg, Malmö. Land, 12(2), Article ID 336.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Caring for Blue-Green Solutions (BGS) in Everyday Life: An Investigation of Recreational Use, Neighborhood Preferences and Willingness to Pay in Augustenborg, Malmö
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2023 (English)In: Land, E-ISSN 2073-445X, Vol. 12, no 2, article id 336Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we explore the production of socio-cultural values around blue-green solutions (BGS) through the perspective of care. We explore how values and preferences are formed through the complexity of everyday life engagements in a BGS environment. The data come from a questionnaire answered by 328 households in the neighborhood of Augustenborg in Malmö, Sweden. The questionnaire collects detailed information about inhabitants’ possible recreational use (through Likert scale questions) and willingness to pay (WTP) (estimated through contingent valuation). The study evaluates if and how people care to use, care to live with, and care to pay for BGS. The result shows that people in Augustenborg relate in different and sometimes contradictory ways to BGS. A well-used BGS environment does not per se make the environment successful or result in people preferring a BGS environment in the future. Building awareness about BGS seems to increase the willingness to pay, whereas recreational use seems to decrease it. The study reveals a landscape of care that is constantly being formed and transformed. This suggests that both planning and research needs to focus more on the relation between BGS and social use over time.

Keywords
blue-green solutions, measure–value environment, urban design, willingness to pay
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-45669 (URN)10.3390/land12020336 (DOI)000940175500001 ()2-s2.0-85149248947 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 942-2015-149Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019-01905
Available from: 2023-03-19 Created: 2023-03-19 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Mottaghi, M., Nordström, J., Haghighatafshar, S., Jönsson, K., Kärrholm, M. & Sternudd, C. (2023). Correction to: Caring for Blue-Green Solutions (BGS) in Everyday Life: An Investigation of Recreational Use, Neighborhood Preferences and Willingness to Pay in Augustenborg, Malmö (Land, (2023), 12, 2, (336), 10.3390/land12020336). Land, 12(7), Article ID 1449.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Correction to: Caring for Blue-Green Solutions (BGS) in Everyday Life: An Investigation of Recreational Use, Neighborhood Preferences and Willingness to Pay in Augustenborg, Malmö (Land, (2023), 12, 2, (336), 10.3390/land12020336)
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2023 (English)In: Land, E-ISSN 2073-445X, Vol. 12, no 7, article id 1449Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There was an error in the original publication [1]. “Building awareness about BGS seems to increase the willingness to pay, whereas recreational use seems to decrease it.” A correction has been made to Abstract, lines 10–11 of the paragraph: In addition, recreational use and building awareness about BGS flood mitigation seem to increase the willingness to pay, whereas living longer in the area seems to decrease it. There was an error in the original publication [1]. “Furthermore, learning about BGS seems to increase the willingness to pay for it, whereas caring to use it seems to decrease the willingness to pay for it.” A correction (the same as in the Abstract) has been made to Conclusions, lines 8–9 of the paragraph 3: Furthermore, recreational use and building awareness about BGS flood mitigation seem to increase the willingness to pay, whereas living longer in the area seems to decrease it. The authors state that the scientific conclusions are unaffected. This correction was approved by the Academic Editor. The original publication has also been updated. © 2023 by the authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2023
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-46712 (URN)10.3390/land12071449 (DOI)2-s2.0-85166190928 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-08-14 Created: 2023-08-14 Last updated: 2023-08-14
Malek, W., Mortazavi, R., Cialani, C. & Nordström, J. (2023). How have waste management policies impacted the flow of municipal waste? An empirical analysis of 14 European countries. Waste Management, 164, 84-93
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How have waste management policies impacted the flow of municipal waste? An empirical analysis of 14 European countries
2023 (English)In: Waste Management, ISSN 0956-053X, E-ISSN 1879-2456, Vol. 164, p. 84-93Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Waste management policies aim to divert waste from lower positions on the waste hierarchy such as landfill and incineration to higher positions in the hierarchy such as energy recovery and recycling. However, empirical evaluations of such policies are scarce. This study highlighted the effect of waste management policies on the amount of waste treated with landfill, incineration, energy recovery and recycling by analysing a panel dataset consisting of 14 European countries and the period 1996 to 2018. Findings from a seemingly unrelated regression model suggest that the landfill ban is associated with a decrease in landfill waste, but an increase in incineration, energy recovery and recycling waste. The landfill tax is also correlated with an increase in energy recovery waste but, in contrast, it is associated with a reduction in incineration and recycling waste. Meanwhile, the deposit refund scheme is associated with a decrease in the amount of landfill waste. Concerning the effects on total waste generated, regression results from a fixed effects model indicate that the landfill tax and the deposit refund scheme are both correlated with a reduction in the amount of waste generated. These findings contribute to the scarce academic literature evaluating waste management policies and may better inform policy makers on their longer-term implications.

Keywords
Deposit refund scheme, Deposit return scheme, Incineration tax, Landfill ban, Landfill tax, Waste management
National Category
Environmental Management Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-45845 (URN)10.1016/j.wasman.2023.03.040 (DOI)000981383700001 ()37037100 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85151694108 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-04-13 Created: 2023-04-13 Last updated: 2023-05-26Bibliographically approved
Denver, S., Nordström, J. & Christensen, T. (2023). Plant-based food – Purchasing intentions, barriers and drivers among different organic consumer groups in Denmark. Journal of Cleaner Production, 419, Article ID 138256.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Plant-based food – Purchasing intentions, barriers and drivers among different organic consumer groups in Denmark
2023 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 419, article id 138256Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How do we design policies that support a shift in eating habits towards a diet that includes more vegetable-basedproducts and less meat, and in particular red meat? To inform policy, more information is needed about consumers’perceptions of the plant-based protein alternatives that have become available on the market. Thepresent study of 1000 Danish consumers examined oat drink and plant-based mince as substitutes for cows’ milkand minced beef. While the popularity of these is increasing, in 2021 70% of Danish consumers had nonethelessnever tried using oat drink or plant-based mince. Respondents who stated that they often bought organic foodwere more likely to associate the plant-based products with benefits as well as being more likely to have triedusing the plant-based products. While plant-based products were associated mainly with public good characteristics,it was private good characteristics that explained consumption of the products. Therefore, improvingtaste – or changing people’s expectations about it – and reducing price are ways to reduce barriers to consumption.Initiatives to improve public understanding of the ways in which plant-based and animal-basedproducts differ are also important, as many respondents were somewhat unclear about which characteristicsthey associated with the two products.

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Forskargrupp/Seminariegrupp, Näringsliv och samhälle
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-46736 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.138256 (DOI)001052596100001 ()2-s2.0-85166472878 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-08-17 Created: 2023-08-17 Last updated: 2023-09-08Bibliographically approved
Edenbrandt, A. K. & Nordström, J. (2023). The future of carbon labeling - Factors to consider. Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, 12(120)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The future of carbon labeling - Factors to consider
2023 (English)In: Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, ISSN 1068-2805, Vol. 12, no 120Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Compared to other policy instruments that aim to change consumer behavior, information provision is perhaps the least controversial. An important question is how information in the form of carbon labels can contribute to direct food consumption toward reduced climate impact. From a policy guidance perspective, there is a need to identify how the labeling strategy affects consumers' ability to identify lower emitting food products and the behavioral change due to carbon information. Key aspects of a carbon label are discussed, as well as the implications of different labeling schemes. Drawing on economic and behavioral theories, we propose that, to assist consumers in identifying changes in consumption that contribute to significant reductions in their climate impact, a carbon label must enable comparisons between product groups and not only within narrowly defined product groups. This suggests mandatory labeling, since producers of high-emission products are less likely to display such labels. However, it is important to consider both costs and benefits of labeling schemes and to consider complementing labeling with other policy instruments. © The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2023
Keywords
carbon label, climate label, consumer behavior, food choice
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-45874 (URN)10.1017/age.2022.29 (DOI)000956802000001 ()2-s2.0-85151565399 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-04-21 Created: 2023-04-21 Last updated: 2023-05-05Bibliographically approved
Denver, S., Christensen, T., Nordström, J., Ditlevsen, K., Jensen, J. D. & Sandøe, P. (2022). Dietary priorities and consumers’ views of the healthiness of organic food: purity or flexibility?. Organic Agriculture, 12, 165-173
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dietary priorities and consumers’ views of the healthiness of organic food: purity or flexibility?
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2022 (English)In: Organic Agriculture, ISSN 1879-4238, E-ISSN 1879-4246, Vol. 12, p. 165-173Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous studies have shown that belief in the healthiness of organic food is a strong motive for buying organic. Typically, a positive relation between a nutritionally balanced diet (with respect to fruit, vegetables and meat) and organic consumption is also found. As market shares of organic food are much smaller than those of conventional food, consumers may face a trade-off between buying organic and choosing the nutritional composition they prefer. Using data from a survey of around 1300 Danish consumers, we found that almost all respondents believed that organic food contains fewer unwanted substances than non-organic food, and that around a third considered organic food to be nutritionally superior. Respondents with high organic consumption and who believe in the nutritious superiority of organic food products were more likely to belong to a small group of respondents who prioritized buying organic. However, the vast majority, particularly those with low levels of organic consumption, prioritized dietary flexibility over organic produce. Our findings suggest that to motivate those in this large consumer segment to increase their organic consumption, it will be necessary to offer a broader, more nutritionally differentiated, range of organic products. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.

Keywords
Dietary flexibility; Health characteristics; Organic consumption; Stated preferences
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-41605 (URN)10.1007/s13165-022-00396-0 (DOI)2-s2.0-85131081481 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-06-14 Created: 2022-06-14 Last updated: 2023-04-28
Denver, S., Christensen, T., Nordström, J., Lund, T. B. & Sandøe, P. (2022). Is there a potential international market for Danish welfare pork?: A consumer survey from Denmark, Sweden, and Germany. Meat Science, 183, Article ID 108616.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is there a potential international market for Danish welfare pork?: A consumer survey from Denmark, Sweden, and Germany
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2022 (English)In: Meat Science, ISSN 0309-1740, E-ISSN 1873-4138, Vol. 183, article id 108616Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This cross-country study investigates the potential to improve pig welfare by exploiting consumer demand, domestically and in export markets, for welfare pork produced in indoor production systems. The analysis is based on questionnaire data collected in 2019 focusing on demand for Danish welfare pork both in Denmark and in two nearby export markets, Sweden and Germany. To reduce hypothetical bias, a willingness-to-pay indicator is combined with an indicator of positive interest in buying a fictive Danish welfare labelled pork. We find that the market potential is relatively weak. Our findings indicate that there is some, albeit limited, potential in Denmark and Germany while demand is practically non-existing in Sweden, probably because the pig welfare guaranteed by Swedish legislation is similar to what is provided by the fictive welfare label employed in the study. Hence, consumer demand alone cannot secure enhanced pig welfare. Moreover, we found national differences in the characteristics of consumers who are interested in Danish welfare pork. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022
Keywords
Animal welfare, Consumer demand, Cross-country study, Logistic regression, Pork, Quantitative data, Willingness-to-pay, International trade, Mammals, Surveys, Consumer demands, Consumer survey, Cross-country studies, Denmark, Export markets, International markets, Logistics regressions, Willingness to pay, Meats
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-38545 (URN)10.1016/j.meatsci.2021.108616 (DOI)2-s2.0-85113945506 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-10-18 Created: 2021-10-18 Last updated: 2023-03-17Bibliographically approved
Denver, S., Christensen, T. & Nordström, J. (2021). Consumer preferences for low-salt foods - a Danish case study based on a comprehensive supermarket intervention.. Public Health Nutrition, 24(12), 3956-3965, Article ID PII S1368980021002056.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Consumer preferences for low-salt foods - a Danish case study based on a comprehensive supermarket intervention.
2021 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 24, no 12, p. 3956-3965, article id PII S1368980021002056Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: The objective is to analyze Danish consumers' attitudes to buying food with reduced salt content.

DESIGN: The study is based on a comprehensive store intervention that included 114 stores belonging to the same supermarket chain. Three different salt claims were tested for eight weeks on six test products within the categories bread, cornflakes and frozen pizzas. Scanner data were supplemented with 134 brief interviews with consumers in nine selected stores.

SETTING: Stores spread across Denmark.

PARTICIPANTS: Consumers who buy food in the stores.

RESULTS: Statistical regression analyses of the scanner data indicated that none of the three claims significantly affected demand for any of the test products. The interviews confirmed that many consumers were more focused on other elements of the official dietary advice than reduced salt consumption, such as eating plenty of vegetables, choosing products with whole grains and reducing their intake of sugar and fat.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, both the scanner data and the interviews pointed in the same direction, toward the conclusion that salt content is often a secondary factor when Danish consumers make dietary choices.

Keywords
consumer preferences, food claims, health promotion, low-salt foods, supermarket intervention
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-36888 (URN)10.1017/S1368980021002056 (DOI)000685210000042 ()33977893 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85106905568 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-05-17 Created: 2021-05-17 Last updated: 2023-04-14Bibliographically approved
Projects
ReTraCE (Realising the Transition to the Circular Economy: Models, Methods and Applications); Publications
Malek, W., Mortazavi, R., Cialani, C. & Nordström, J. (2023). How have waste management policies impacted the flow of municipal waste? An empirical analysis of 14 European countries. Waste Management, 164, 84-93
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8608-7976

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