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Damp Heat Degradation of CIGS Solar Modules
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Energiteknik.
2017 (engelsk)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

Due to the short period that some photovoltaic technologies have taken part on the solar energy market, it is crucial to evaluate the long term stability of solar cells belonging to those technologies in order to ensure a minimum lifetime of their performance. Accelerated degradation tests are thus carried out to achieve such goals.

The present study analyzes the encapsulation effects on co-evaporated manufactured Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) solar cells under damp heat conditions, consisting in 85 °C and 85 % relative humidity, during an approximated period of 1000 hours. The experimental procedure has been carried out at Solliance Solar Research facilities.

Since the encapsulation packages play a critical role as a protection to achieve long term stability of the solar cells and modules, several packaging structures and materials has been taken into study. Thus, eighteen types of mini modules were manufactured including different combinations of encapsulants, front sheet foils, thin film protective barriers and CIGS cells from different manufacturers. The design of these mini modules and the manufacturing process to obtain them is also presented in this work. Various characterization techniques were carried out in order to acquire the required information about the solar cells and encapsulants performance along the damp heat degradation process.

The results exposed that encapsulation packages including thin film barriers between the encapsulant and the front sheet foil allowed a longer solar cell lifetime due to their remarkable protection against moisture ingress. Moreover, the degradation of the molybdenum layer included in the CIGS cells was found as principal cause of efficiency decrement and end of performance of solar cells protected by regular encapsulant and front sheet foils. Some other findings in relation with the evaluated components are shown along the present study.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017.
Emneord [en]
CIGS, degradation, damp heat, thin film barrier, barrier, SiN, AlOx, Molybdenum, encapsulant, PET, EVA, PO, relative humidity, moisture
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-26006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-26006DiVA, id: diva2:1141135
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-14 Laget: 2017-09-14

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