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The Past Tenses of Early Middle Japanese
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Japanska.
2018 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

Early Middle Japanese is one of the oldest attested stages of Japanese.

Its rich legacy consists of several literary works from the Heian era (7

th

to 11

th centuries), some of which are still appreciated and widely read

today. Despite a long tradition of research both within and outside

Japan, quite a few details of the language remain incompletely

understood. The present study addresses a long-standing question in

the verbal domain of Early Middle Japanese, namely the semantics of

the two so-called “past tenses” in

-ki and -ker-. I tested the major

hypotheses regarding their use by means of qualitative, corpus-based

methods. Specifically, I trained a machine learning algorithm to

predict which is likeliest of

-ki and -ker- given a set of grammatical and

semantic variables. Analysis of the results indicates that the suffixes

likely embody a contrast between witnessed and non-witnessed past

tense. It is also possible that mirativity—the grammaticalized

expression of surprise at learning something unexpected—and aspect

influence the choice of past tense suffix.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018.
Nyckelord [en]
Early Middle Japanese, evidentiality, aspect, corpus linguistics
Nationell ämneskategori
Språk och litteratur
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-29462OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-29462DiVA, id: diva2:1287659
Tillgänglig från: 2019-02-11 Skapad: 2019-02-11

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