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Final report on Control strategies, fault detection and on-line diagnosis in WP6 - Deliverable 6.4: MacSheep -New Materials and Control for a next generation of compact combined Solar and heat pump systems with boosted energetic and exergetic performance
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Energiteknik. (SERC)
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2015 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
Abstract [en]

The main objective of this work package was to investigate generic control strategies, generic fault-detection and on-line diagnosis algorithms that may apply to the developed prototypes of solar and heatpump systems within MacSheep. The results should lead toimproved reliability and/orincreased energy savings for the end-userthrough new controller features. The use of DHW consumption forecast was identified as a promising control strategy and a simple yet reasonably effective algorithm to get the water tapping behaviourof the userwas developed. Viessmannimplemented the ideas of this approach in an ICT solution for their controller to provide statistical tapping informationto the user who can then set the period when hot waterthatis expected to be used. The operationalstrategy based on DHW consumptionforecast for one hour was not implemented since the potential gains are small (~2%) and there is ahigh user discomfort risk in the case of an inaccurate forecastPrevious studies have shown that solar overheating of the building led to gas savings with solar gas combisystems. Using a similar strategy on the MacSheep reference system did not lead to significant savings, due to strong interactions between space and DHW heating and a higher share of HP operation time for DHW charging of the store, which has a lower efficiency.Another smart control strategy was investigated forvariable electricity pricesusing overheating of the building and/or the DHW volume of the store.The main conclusion of the study is that the combination of the two algorithms led to cost savings for the Austria (Graz) and France (Chambery) with both theSFH45 and SFH100 buildings.Since only the share related to user consumption varies during the day while the grid and transmission costs are usually constant, thecost savings were small, far below 1%.Among the proposed fault detection algorithms for solar and heat pump systems, detection of wrongly connected tubes in the solar collector loop was found interesting by Viesmmann and Regulus. It was implemented and tested in their respective prototype controller. Regulus also implemented the detection of wrong order phase connections in its heat pump prototype as well as threshold tests on abnormal temperature and pressure evolution.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015. , s. 35
Nationell ämneskategori
Energisystem
Forskningsämne
Energi, skog och byggd miljö, MacSheep
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-18734OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-18734DiVA, id: diva2:842496
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, FP7, Sjunde ramprogrammetTillgänglig från: 2015-07-20 Skapad: 2015-07-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-06Bibliografiskt granskad

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http://macsheep.spf.ch/fileadmin/user_upload/macsheep/dokumente/MacSheep-D6-4_Control_2015-06-30_Final.pdf

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Bales, ChrisHeier, JohanPoppi, Stefano

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