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Pride, shame and health among adolescents – a cross-sectional survey
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete. Umeå Universitet.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0106-2839
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Omvårdnad.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4013-1553
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, ISSN 0334-0139, E-ISSN 2191-0278, Vol. 30, nr 6, artikel-id 20160107Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Pride and shame are important emotions known to influence identity development and psychological well-being in adolescence. Research evidence indicates that self-rated health (SRH) is a strong predictor of future health. This cross-sectional study, conducted during 2008–2009, aimed to investigate the associations between pride, shame and SRH among adolescent boys and girls.

Methods

The study sample comprised 705 adolescents in Sweden aged 17–18 years (318 boys and 387 girls) who completed a questionnaire that included items on SRH, shame and pride (participation rate 67%). Logistic regression analyses (univariable and multivariable) were used to investigate the associations between pride and shame as separate and combined constructs on SRH, adjusting for potential confounders (country of birth, parental educational level, school experience, having enough friends, mood in family and being active in associations).

Results

Pride and shame separately were significantly associated with SRH in both genders. Logistic regression analysis of the pride-shame model showed that the odds of having lower SRH were highest in boys and girls with lower pride-higher shame. In a multivariable logistic regression analysis of the pride-shame model the odds of having lower SRH remained significant in boys and girls with lower pride-higher shame [boys: odds ratio (OR) 3.51, confidence interval (CI) 1.40–8.81; girls: OR 2.70, CI 1.22–5.96] and in girls with lower pride-lower shame (OR 2.16, CI 1.02–4.56).

Conclusion

The emotions of shame and pride are associated with SRH in adolescence. Experiencing pride seems to serve as a protective mechanism in SRH in adolescents exposed to shame. We believe that this knowledge should be useful in adolescent health promotion.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. Vol. 30, nr 6, artikel-id 20160107
Nyckelord [en]
adolescent, health status, pride, priding, self-rated health, shame, shaming, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Hälsovetenskaper
Forskningsämne
Hälsa och välfärd, Hälsa ur ett ungdomsperspektiv
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-25270DOI: 10.1515/ijamh-2016-0107Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85059687925OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-25270DiVA, id: diva2:1113176
Tillgänglig från: 2017-06-21 Skapad: 2017-06-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-21Bibliografiskt granskad

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Randell, EvaFlacking, Renée

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Randell, EvaFlacking, RenéeJerdén, Lars
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Socialt arbeteOmvårdnad
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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Hälsovetenskaper

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