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Prognostic factors for improved physical and emotional functioning one year after interdisciplinary rehabilitation in patients with chronic pain: Results from a national quality registry in Sweden
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap. Karolinska Institutet.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8307-259x
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6923-7140
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap. Karolinska Institutet.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0672-8214
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2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 52, nr 2, artikel-id UNSP jrm00019Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate prognostic factors for physical and emotional functioning following interdisciplinary multimodal pain rehabilitation, by targeting patients' baseline characteristics and health measures.

METHODS: A prospective cohort of 2,876 patients from 38 specialist clinics across Sweden, who were completing interdisciplinary multimodal pain rehabilitation programmes, was followed through the Swedish Quality Registry for Pain Rehabilitation, from initial assessment to 12-month follow-up. Using logistic regression, baseline data were regressed to predict improvement in Physical functioning and Emotional functioning, fused by principal component analyses using the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS).

RESULTS: Employment status emerged as having the largest effect sizes in both Physical functioning and Emotional functioning; Working: odds ratio (OR) 2.05 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.64-2.56) and OR 1.59 (95% CI 1.27-1.98), respectively. Strong beliefs in restored health, better initial emotional health, lower levels of pain and pain interference, and younger age all predicted Physical functioning. European origin, higher levels of general activity, and sense of life control all predicted Emotional functioning. Worse initial physical and emotional health predicted the corresponding dependent outcomes.

CONCLUSION: Employment was consistently found to be an important prognostic factor, suggesting the significance of avoiding delay in interdisciplinary multimodal pain rehabilitation. A positive treatment expectancy was of importance. In general, multidimensional measures indicated that better initial status was more favourable; however, inconsistency implies a complex prognostic picture.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2020. Vol. 52, nr 2, artikel-id UNSP jrm00019
Nyckelord [en]
health-related quality of life, multidisciplinary pain clinic, prognosis, registry, treatment outcome, chronic pain
Nationell ämneskategori
Klinisk medicin
Forskningsämne
Hälsa och välfärd
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-32012DOI: 10.2340/16501977-2648ISI: 000520918200008PubMedID: 31995224OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-32012DiVA, id: diva2:1395802
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-24 Skapad: 2020-02-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-04-09Bibliografiskt granskad

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Tseli, ElenaVixner, LindaLo Martire, RiccardoÄng, Björn

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