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Sjuksköterskans preoperativa information för patientens postoperativa smärtupplevelse: - En litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The meaning of the nurses’ preoperative information for the patient's postoperative pain experience : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Höftkirurgi är ett vanligt ingrepp både som elektivt och akut. Sjuksköterskans arbete inkluderar preoperativ information vilken oftast ges muntligt. Studier visar att smärta ofta är ett problem postoperativt. Tidigare forskning har även kommit fram till att patienter önskar vara välinformerade om det postoperativa förloppet för att kunna vara delaktiga i sin egen vård.

Syfte

: Syftet var att utifrån aktuell forskning undersöka betydelsen av olika sätt att informera patienter preoperativt avseende smärta och smärtbehandling för patientens postoperativa smärtupplevelse vid höftkirurgi.

Metod

: En litteraturöversikt gjordes genom att söka artiklar på databaserna CINAHL och PubMed. En granskningsmall användes där valda artiklar kvalitetsgranskades och endast artiklar av minst medelhög kvalitet användes. Arbetet grundas på 17 artiklar som delades in i huvudkategorierna elektiv, akut, information och smärta.

Resultat

: Ett samband mellan preoperativ information och postoperativ smärta hittades i 13 artiklar. Sambandet visar att den givna informationen skapade förutsättningar för patienterna att hantera den postoperativa smärtan. Vid elektiv kirurgi fanns bättre förutsättningar för patientaktiverande preoperativa utbildningar. Preoperativa individuella strategier identifierades.

Slutsats

: Merparten av studierna syftar till att preoperativ information används för att kunna minska postoperativ smärta genom att öka patienternas delaktighet och copingförmåga. Då samband hittats hos de flesta av artiklarna i denna litteraturstudie stärker detta sannolikheten att det finns ett samband mellan sjuksköterskans preoperativa information och patientens postoperativa smärtupplevelse.

Abstract [en]

Hip surgery is a common operation, for both elective and acute approach. Nurses’ duties includes pain prevention and information to the patient. This with the patient always in focus. Studies have shown that it is most common to give the information verbally, and that patients want to know more preoperative about the postoperative phase to be more involved.

Aim

: The purpose of this literature review was to investigate the importance of nurses’ preoperative information for postoperative pain management.

Methods

: For the research the database CINAHL and PubMed was used. A review template was used, and only the articles with a medium high score has been used. This work is based on 17 articles which has been divided in main categories that was elective, acute, information and pain.

Results

: A relationship between preoperative information and postoperative pain was found in 13 of the articles. This connection indicate that the given information provided the patients to manage their postoperative pain. Patients undergoing elective surgery was better prepared and was given more patient activated education preoperative than acute surgery. Preoperative individual strategies was identified.

Conclusion:

Most of the studies showed that preoperative information is used to reduce postoperative pain by increasing patients’ participation and their ability to cope better. Since a connection was found between most of the articles in this work it increases the likelihood that there is a relationship between nurses’ preoperative information and patients’ postoperative pain experience.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Hip, information, nursing, pain, preoperative, postoperative, person-centred care
Keywords [sv]
Höft, information, omvårdnad, preoperativ, postoperativ, personcentrerad vård, smärta
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-29436OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-29436DiVA, id: diva2:1286250
Available from: 2019-02-06 Created: 2019-02-06

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3536373839404138 of 111
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