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Sjuksköterskans upplevelser av personcentrerad vård inom demensomsorgen – En litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurse´s experiences of person-centered care in dementia care – A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:

Demenssjukdom är en folksjukdom som beräknas öka i omfattning de närmaste åren. I dagens samhälle stigmatiseras personer med demenssjukdom och synen på demenssjukdom är ofta negativ. För att förbättra den personcentrerade vården till personer med demenssjukdom behöver sjuksköterskans svårigheter i arbete med detta kartläggas.

Syfte:

Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt var att sammanställa vilka svårigheter sjuksköterskan upplever i arbetet med personcentrerad vård inom demensomsorgen.

Metod:

En litteraturöversikt med ett resultat baserat på 15 vetenskapliga artiklar. Artiklarna söktes i databaserna PubMed och CINAHL med sökorden Person-Centered, Dementia, Nursing och Approach. Artiklarna kvalitetsgranskades med hjälp av kvalitetsgranskningsmallar. Artiklarnas resultatdelar analyserades genom att söka efter skillnader och likheter. Dessa skillnader och likheter sammanställdes i kategorier.

Resultat:

Resultatet baseras på dessa fyra kategorier: Sjuksköterskans svårigheter i kommunikation till personer med demenssjukdom, Sjuksköterskans och övrig vård- och omsorgspersonals negativa attityder, Kompetens- och kunskapsbrist och Hur sjuksköterskan påverkas av organisationens struktur – som tidsbrist och bristande stöd.

Slutsats:

Denna litteraturöversikt har identifierat vilka svårigheter sjuksköterskan upplever i arbetet med personcentrerad vård inom demensomsorgen. Svårigheterna som identifierades var på individ-, team- och organisationsnivå. Slutsatsen av detta är att det krävs en förändring på dessa nivåer för att förbättra den personcentrerade vården inom demensomsorgen.

Abstract [en]

Background:

Dementia is a common disease which is expected to extent in the coming years. In today´s society people with dementia are stigmatized and the perception of dementia are often negative. In order to improve the person-centered care for people with dementia, the nurse´s difficulties in working with this needs to be explored.

Aim:

The purpose of this literature review was to describe the difficulties nurses experience working with person-centered care in care of people with dementia.

Method:

A literature review with a result based on 15 scientific articles. The articles were searched on the databases PubMed and CINAHL with the keywords Person centered, Dementia, Nursing and Approach. The articles were quality checked using quality review templates. The result sections of the articles were analyzed by searching for differences and similarities. These differences and similarities were sorted into categories.

Results:

The results is based on these four categories: Nurse´s difficulties in communication to the person with dementia, Nurse´s and other career´s negative attitudes, Lack of experience and knowledge, and How the nurse are affected by the structure of the organization – such as lack of time and lack of organizational support.

Conclusion:

This literature review has identified what difficulties the nurse experience in the work of person-centered care in dementia care. The difficulties identified were at individual-, team- and organizational levels. The conclusion of this is that it requires a change in these levels to improve person-centered care in dementia care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Attitude, Dementia, Literature review, Nurse, Person-centered care.
Keywords [sv]
Attityd, Demenssjukdom, Litteraturöversikt, Personcentrerad vård, Sjuksköterska.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-29464OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-29464DiVA, id: diva2:1287688
Available from: 2019-02-11 Created: 2019-02-11

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