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Light quality and intensity of light-emitting diodes during pre-cultivation of Picea abies (L.) Karst. and Pinus sylvestris L. seedlings - impact on growth performance, seedling quality and energy consumption
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Energiteknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6805-2112
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Skog- och träteknik.
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 34, nr 3, s. 159-177Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Three different LED lamps with continuous spectra were compared against commonly used fluorescent lights. The lamps were characterized by light output, energy consumption and spectral quality for plant growth. The biological effects of light quality were compared by pre-cultivating seedlings of Picea abies (L.) Karst. and Pinus sylvestris L. under each spectrum for 35 days in a growth chamber with controlled temperature, humidity and photoperiod. The seedlings were then transplanted and cultivated for one vegetation period at the nursery, then planted outdoors on a forest field trial and followed for three years. The seedlings showed similar growth performance for all spectra tested. LED lamps have several advantages to fluorescent light such as energy consumption, longer life span and adjustable light intensity. Regarding light intensity the effects on growth performance were studied for both species using the most promising LED spectra. The photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) was maintained at 50, 100, 200 and 400 mu mol m(-2) s(-1). Unlike energy consumption, seedling development did not display a linear relationship to light intensity. Instead, the results show an optimum light level between 100 and 200 mu mol m(-2) s(-1) for the shade tolerant Picea abies seedlings and a level of around 200 mu mol m(-2) s(-1) for the more shade intolerant Pinus sylvestris seedlings.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis , 2019. Vol. 34, nr 3, s. 159-177
Emneord [en]
Cultivation under LED lamps, growth performance and quality of forest seedlings, light quality, light intensity, energy consumption
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Forskningsprofiler 2009-2020, Energi och samhällsbyggnad
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-29621DOI: 10.1080/02827581.2019.1578404ISI: 000459142200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85061782206OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-29621DiVA, id: diva2:1294465
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-03-07 Laget: 2019-03-07 Sist oppdatert: 2021-11-12bibliografisk kontrollert

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Hernandez Velasco, MarcoMattsson, Anders

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