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Analysis of the plastic deformation behavior for two austenitic NiCr-steels with different stacking fault energies
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Materialteknik.
Sandvik Materials Technology.
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Materialteknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4359-4967
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Computational Physics Series, ISSN 2631-8350, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 137-141Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Two austenitic stainless steels, with low and medium stacking fault energies (SFE), 20 mJ/m2 and 30 mJ/m2 respectively, have been studied by conventional tensile tests and in situ tensile tests in a FEG-SEM equipped for EBSD. High angle boundaries (HAB) and low angle boundaries (LAB) with misorientations >= 10o and >= 2o respectively have been determined, and size distributions for the LABs have been derived by linear intercepts. It was found that the size distributions could be described by bimodal lognormal functions. For the steel with highest SFE plastic deformation took place by dislocation slip only while the steel with low SFE deformed by slip and twinning. Using a model for slip based on the evolution of the dislocation density with the generation of dislocations inversely proportional to the mean free distance of slip and recovery of dislocations proportional to the dislocation density the stress strain-curves were analyzed and the results compared with the measured quantities. The mean free distance of slip as evaluated from the stress-strain curve for the steel with the highest SFE correlates very well with the mean size of the LABs intercept. The rate of recovery also gave an expected stress dependence. The stress needed to start deformation twinning was based on the assumption that Shockley partials become completely separated in the slip plane. The thus calculated values for the twinning stress showed an excellent agreement with the observed start of twinning as given by EBSD evaluation of twin boundaries (TB). For the alloy with low SFE both surface grains (in situ test) and bulk grains (from interrupted conventional tests) were studied. The stress needed for slip and twinning of surface grains was, as expected, in the order of 0.5-0.6 times the applied stress.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
NSSEL Publishing , 2018. Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 137-141
Emneord [en]
Austenitic stainless steels, Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), In situ tension test, Grain boundaries, Flow stress model
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Stålformning och ytteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-30084DOI: 10.29167/A1I1P137-141OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-30084DiVA, id: diva2:1317112
Konferanse
International Conference on Computational Materials Science and Thermodynamic Systems
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-05-21 Laget: 2019-05-21 Sist oppdatert: 2019-05-22bibliografisk kontrollert

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