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Social, economic and professional barriers influencing midwives’ realities in Bangladesh: a qualitative study of midwifery educators preparing midwifery students for clinical reality
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1713-6014
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2019 (English)In: Evidence Based Midwifery., ISSN 1479-4489, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 19-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction

Identifying existing barriers inhibiting the provision of quality care in Bangladesh can guide both the government, in fulfilling its commitment to establishing the midwifery profession, and midwifery educators, in preparing midwifery students for the reality of midwifery clinical work.

Aim

The aim of this study was to describe midwifery educators’ perceptions of midwives’ realities in Bangladesh, focusing on social, economic, and professional barriers preventing them from carrying out quality care.

Methods

Data were collected through focus group discussions with 17 midwifery educators and analysed using qualitative content analysis, guided by the analytical framework “What prevents quality midwifery care?”. Ethical clearance was obtained from Bangladesh’s Directorate General of Nursing and Midwifery.

Results

The results generated by the application of the framework included social barriers of gender structures in Bangladeshi society. This influenced entry into midwifery education, carrying out midwifery work safely, and the development of the profession. Economic barriers included challenges for Bangladesh as a low-income country with a large population, inadequate salaries, and staff shortages, adding extra strain to midwives’ working conditions. These social and economic barriers were further enhanced by professional barriers due to the midwifery profession not yet being fully established or acknowledged in the health system.

Conclusions and implications

The study presents novel country-specific perspectives but confirms the general underlying issues of gender inequality as a base for barriers preventing midwives from carrying out quality care, in line with the framework “What prevents quality midwifery care?”. Addressing these structures can facilitate more students to enter midwifery education, enable quality midwifery work free from discrimination, and provide sufficient working space and professional integrity. Leadership training is pivotal to increasing responsiveness to the needs of the new cadre of midwives. Midwifery educators should take the lead in sensitising clinical supervisors, mentors, and preceptors about midwives’ realities in Bangladesh.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 17, no 1, p. 19-26
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-30424OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-30424DiVA, id: diva2:1330839
Available from: 2019-06-26 Created: 2019-06-26 Last updated: 2019-06-26Bibliographically approved

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Byrskog, UlrikaErlandsson, Kerstin

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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