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Oral health-related quality of life and associated factors among older people in short-term care.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0290-5586
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Uppsala University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5499-2055
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2019 (English)In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: It is well known that oral health status is associated with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in the general population. The aim of this study was to describe and analyze OHRQoL among older people in short-term care and its associated factors.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 391 older people in 36 short-term care units. Data were collected via clinical oral assessments, questions about self-perceived oral and general health, Katz Index of Activities of Daily Living (Katz-ADL) and the Revised Oral Assessment Guide (ROAG). OHRQoL was measured using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Multivariate logistic regression models were applied in the analysis.

RESULTS: Poor OHRQoL was reported by 34% of the older people. Associated factors were swallowing problems according to ROAG; quite poor/poor self-perceived physical, psychological, and oral health; and being a woman.

CONCLUSIONS: There is an association between OHRQoL and older people's self-perceived health according to the OHIP-14. This indicates the importance of early detection of oral health problems in frail older people and to assess both oral health and swallowing problems among older people in short-term care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Oral health-related quality of life, older people, oral health, self-perceived, short-term care
National Category
Clinical Medicine Health Sciences
Research subject
Health and Welfare
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-31197DOI: 10.1111/idh.12424ISI: 000503028700001PubMedID: 31782889Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85076879831OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-31197DiVA, id: diva2:1376360
Available from: 2019-12-09 Created: 2019-12-09 Last updated: 2020-01-07Bibliographically approved

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Koistinen, SusanneOlai, LenaEhrenberg, Anna

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