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Longitudinal cohort study reveals different patterns of stress in parents of preterm infants during the first year after birth.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Uppsala University.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3965-555x
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4013-1553
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Center for Clinical Research Dalarna, Falun, Sweden / Ersta Sköndal University College.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2853-0575
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2020 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

AIM: To compare experiences of stress in mothers and fathers of preterm infants during the first year of life, assess changes in parental stress and explore potential predictors of parental stress.

METHODS: Between 2013 and 2015, data on parental stress were collected at 8 weeks after discharge and at 6 and 12 months postpartum from 493 mothers and 329 fathers of 547 preterm infants in Sweden. The Swedish Parenting Stress Questionnaire was used as a secondary outcome in a randomised clinical trial of breastfeeding support.

RESULTS: At the three time points, mothers perceived more role restriction and fathers more social isolation (p<0.001). Stress decreased in mothers during the first year (p=0.018), whereas stress increased in fathers between 6 and 12 months (p=0.048). Mothers of very preterm infants (p=0.024), parents of twins (p=0.038) and parents with lower perceived general health (p=0.003) reported higher levels of stress during the first year after birth.

CONCLUSION: This study identified several factors that influenced parental stress. Mothers and fathers showed different patterns of stress levels during the first year after birth. This finding indicates different needs for mothers and fathers regarding the time at which parental support after discharge might be most beneficial.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
Keywords [en]
Fathers, Mothers, Neonatal intensive care, Newborn infants, Premature birth
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Health and Welfare, Parental stress during the first year and needs for support in parents whose infants have needed neonatal care
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-31736DOI: 10.1111/apa.15185ISI: 000512429900001PubMedID: 31977110Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85079395206OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-31736DiVA, id: diva2:1389008
Available from: 2020-01-28 Created: 2020-01-28 Last updated: 2020-03-18Bibliographically approved

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Schmöker, AnnikaFlacking, RenéeUdo, CamillaEricson, Jenny

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CiteExportLink to record
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