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Inclusive groups can avoid the tragedy of the commons
Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis. Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4872-1961
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2020 (English)In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 10, no 1, article id 22392Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The public goods game is a famous example illustrating the tragedy of the commons (Hardin in Science 162:1243-1248, 1968). In this game cooperating individuals contribute to a pool, which in turn is distributed to all members of the group, including defectors who reap the same rewards as cooperators without having made a contribution before. The question is now, how to incentivize group members to all cooperate as it maximizes the common good. While costly punishment (Helbing et al. in New J Phys 12:083005, 2010) presents one such method, the cost of punishment still reduces the common good. The selfishness of the group members favors defectors. Here we show that including other members of the groups and sharing rewards with them can be another incentive for cooperation, avoiding the cost required for punishment. Further, we show how punishment and this form of inclusiveness interact. This work suggests that a redistribution similar to a basic income that is coupled to the economic success of the entire group could overcome the tragedy of the commons.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 10, no 1, article id 22392
National Category
Economics and Business Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Research Profiles 2009-2020, Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-35783DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-79731-yISI: 000603610400008PubMedID: 33372190Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85098258847OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-35783DiVA, id: diva2:1514830
Available from: 2021-01-07 Created: 2021-01-07 Last updated: 2022-09-15Bibliographically approved

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Hintze, Arend

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf