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ChatGPT for Fast Learning of Positive Energy District (PED): A Trial Testing and Comparison with Expert Discussion Results
Dalarna University, School of Information and Engineering, Energy Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2369-0169
Dalarna University, School of Information and Engineering, Microdata Analysis.
Dalarna University, School of Information and Engineering, Microdata Analysis.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4212-8582
2023 (English)In: Buildings, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 13, no 6, article id 1392Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Positive energy districts (PEDs) are urban areas which seek to take an integral approach to climate neutrality by including technological, spatial, regulatory, financial, legal, social, and economic perspectives. It is still a new concept and approach for many stakeholders. ChatGPT, a generative pre-trained transformer, is an advanced artificial intelligence (AI) chatbot based on a complex network structure and trained by the company OpenAI. It has the potential for the fast learning of PED. This paper reports a trial test in which ChatGPT is used to provide written formulations of PEDs within three frameworks: challenge, impact, and communication and dissemination. The results are compared with the formulations derived from over 80 PED experts who took part in a two-day workshop discussing many aspects of PED research and development. The proposed methodology involves querying ChatGPT with specific questions and recording its responses. Subsequently, expert opinions on the same questions are provided to ChatGPT, aiming to elicit a comparison between the two sources of information. This approach enables an evaluation of ChatGPT’s answers in relation to the insights shared by domain experts. By juxtaposing the outputs, a comprehensive assessment can be made regarding the reliability, accuracy, and alignment of ChatGPT’s responses with expert viewpoints. It is found that ChatGPT can be a useful tool for the rapid formulation of basic information about PEDs that could be used for its wider dissemination amongst the general public. The model is also noted as having a number of limitations, such as providing pre-set single answers, a sensitivity to the phrasing of questions, a tendency to repeat non-important (or general) information, and an inability to assess inputs negatively or provide diverse answers to context-based questions. Its answers were not always based on up-to-date information. Other limitations and some of the ethical–social issues related to the use of ChatGPT are also discussed. This study not only validated the possibility of using ChatGPT to rapid study PEDs but also trained ChatGPT by feeding back the experts’ discussion into the tool. It is recommended that ChatGPT can be involved in real-time PED meetings or workshops so that it can be trained both iteratively and dynamically. © 2023 by the authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. Vol. 13, no 6, article id 1392
Keywords [en]
challenge, ChatGPT, communication and dissemination, impact, PED
National Category
Software Engineering Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-46591DOI: 10.3390/buildings13061392ISI: 001014319900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85163724827OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-46591DiVA, id: diva2:1785654
Available from: 2023-08-03 Created: 2023-08-03 Last updated: 2024-01-17

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Zhang, XingxingShah, JuveriaHan, Mengjie

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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