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The unwanted citizens: The ‘Legality’ of Jewish destruction in Croatia and Romania during World War II
Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, History.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6618-1527
2023 (English)In: Comparative Legal History/ Hart Publishing, Oxford, ISSN 2049-677X, E-ISSN 2049-6788, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 226-255Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines the establishment of the legal framework that led to the destruction and elimination of Jewish communities in Croatia and Romania during World War II. It argues that both regimes, supported by domestic fascist ideologies, evolving antisemitism, and inspired by the Nazi regime, promulgated anti-Jewish legal norms to present and establish new political, ideological, and social values and categories to their citizens. This article employs the theoretical framework of norms developed by Paul Morrow, whereby norms are seen as practical prescriptions, permissions or prohibitions. We argue that these destructive norms served as guidelines for individuals within the fascist new worldview and new reality. As such, these norms received state authorisation and implementation, serving as the ‘legal’ basis for the institutional destruction of unwanted citizens. This gave local and state actors a ‘legal’ pretext for the persecution and murder of Jews, who were stripped of their rights, assets, properties and right to life. The article concludes that the two legal frameworks enacted the process by which Jewish communities in Croatia and Romania faced a devastation of unseen proportions, which testifies to the importance and impact of legal norms on individuals, be they victims, bystanders or perpetrators.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. Vol. 11, no 2, p. 226-255
Keywords [en]
Holocaust, antisemitism, legal norms, Croatia, Romania, fascism
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-47175DOI: 10.1080/2049677x.2023.2270390OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-47175DiVA, id: diva2:1807690
Available from: 2023-10-27 Created: 2023-10-27 Last updated: 2024-03-26Bibliographically approved

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Blomqvist, Anders E. B.

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf