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Demokrati eller presidentdiktatur?: Konstitutionella vägval i postkommunistiska länder
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Hälsa och samhälle, Statsvetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6594-5804
2008 (svensk)Inngår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 141-161Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

While authoritarian presidents prevail under heavily president-oriented constitutions throughout the post-Soviet region, democracy along parliamentary lines triumphs in Central Europe. This article discusses the constitutional pattern among the post-communist countries on the basis of two general questions: First, how can we explain why strong presidential constitutions dominate throughout the post-Soviet region whereas constrained presidencies and governments anchored in parliament have become the prevailing option in Central Europe? Second, and interlinked with the first question, why have so many post-communist countries (in the post-Soviet region as well as in Central Europe) chosen neither parliamentarism nor presidentialism, but instead semi-presidential arrangements whereby a directly elected president is provided with considerable powers and coexists with a prime minister? The analysis indicates that both historical-institutional and actor-oriented factors are relevant here. Key factors have been regime transition, pre-communist era constitutions and leaders, as well as short-term economic and political considerations. With differing strengths and in partly different ways, these factors seem to have affected the actors’ preferences and final constitutional compromises.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2008. Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 141-161
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URN: urn:nbn:se:du-5144OAI: oai:dalea.du.se:5144DiVA, id: diva2:520292
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-04-27 Laget: 2010-12-16 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-12bibliografisk kontrollert

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