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The use of three perspectives to make energy implementation studies more culturally informed
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Energi och miljöteknik.
Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Energi och miljöteknik.
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: Energy, Sustainability and Society, ISSN 2192-0567, Vol. 4, nr 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In our research on the social and technical feasibility of a small-scale electrical power system in Tanzania, we have perceived a need for an alternative framework or method for social scientific studies of limited scope. The approach we suggest is also a response to the growing criticism of cultural ignorance with which many energy implementation projects are handled. Theories from Social Anthropology and Sociology form the core of the approach we present. In addition, concepts from Science and Technology studies are used, as well as lessons learned from History of Technology. We suggest that particular attention should be paid to three aspects: identification of social actors, perceptions of change, and long-term feasibility and sustainability. The approach has been developed and concretised through application in our research. To elucidate our suggested approach, we use examples and results from our ongoing research project, in which the 'Three-perspectives-approach' is currently applied. We have combined theories, approaches and knowledge from different disciplines in order to formulate a framework for studies of social aspects of energy projects that is structured, concise and comparable. The approach is developed to target multi-disciplinary researchers with limited training in social scientific research. It may also be used by project implementers, or as a way for social scientists to present their findings in a way that facilitates for non-social scientists to integrate them into practice. We suggest that the Three-perspectives-approach may be applied independently, os as a complement to other tools.  

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer , 2014. Vol. 4, nr 3
Emneord [en]
Three-perspectives-approach, energy implementation, energy transition, social actors, socio-cultural change, multi-disciplinary research
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Energi, skog och byggd miljö, Teknisk och social anpassning av små hybridelnät för förnybar energi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-13813DOI: 10.1186/2192-0567-4-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-13813DiVA, id: diva2:697164
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council
Merknad

Open access

Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-02-17 Laget: 2014-02-17 Sist oppdatert: 2019-12-05bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Micro-grids supplied by renewable energy: Improving technical and social feasibility
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Micro-grids supplied by renewable energy: Improving technical and social feasibility
2019 (engelsk)Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Universal access to electricity stands high on the global agenda and is regarded as essential for positive development in sectors such as health care, education, poverty reduction, food production and climate change. Decentralized, off-grid electrification is deemed an important complement to centralized grid extension. By utilizing a renewable energy source, solar technology for the generation of electricity, photovoltaics (PV) is being considered as a way forward to minimize the environmental problems related to energy use.

This thesis aims to contribute to improving the technical and social feasibility of PV and PV-diesel hybrid micro-grids for the purpose of providing access to electricity to people in rural areas of countries with low level access to electricity. In line with these general aims, the focus has been to address three questions related to challenges in three phases of rural electrification. The work has a multi-disciplinary approach, addressing mainly technical and social aspects of long-term sustainability of micro-grids, in a local context, and the changes these are intended to generate. One specific micro-grid in Tanzania has been used as a major case study.

The thesis is developed through three papers, all presenting methodologies or aspects for investigation in rural electrification projects and studies in general, and for PV-diesel hybrid micro-grids in particular. Paper I puts forward a methodology to facilitate non-social scientific researchers to take social aspects increasingly into consideration. Paper II is a guideline to support system users to increasingly apply an evaluation based system operation. Paper III specifically highlights the importance to consider blackouts when investigating how an existing off-grid PV-diesel hybrid system shall be utilized when a national grid becomes available.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2019. s. 53
Emneord
Rural electrification, Electricity access, Decentralized, Off-grid, Photovoltacs, PV-hybrid, Micro-grid, Multi-disciplinary, Sociotechnical
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Energi och samhällsbyggnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-31156 (URN)
Presentation
2019-04-04, B311, Röda vägen 3, Borlänge, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-12-05 Laget: 2019-12-05 Sist oppdatert: 2019-12-05bibliografisk kontrollert

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