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P02-54 - Is outpatient-based substance abuse treatment a predictor of re-offending and other outcomes among Swedish offenders subjected to psychiatric assessment?
Karolinska institutet.
Karolinska institutet.
Karolinska institutet.
Karolinska institutet.
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2010 (Engelska)Ingår i: European psychiatry, ISSN 0924-9338, E-ISSN 1778-3585, Vol. 25, nr Supplement 1, s. 674-674Artikel i tidskrift, Meeting abstract (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Substance abuse is associated with criminal recidivism. Substance abuse treatment has been found to correlate negatively with re-offending among treatment utilizers. However, for offenders with mental health problems and substance abuse, research on how substance abuse treatment affects re-offending is sparse. Objectives: The study aimed to examine the relationship between self-reported outpatient-based substance abuse treatment and self-reported a) re-offending, b) substance use and c) psychiatric problems among offenders with mental health and substance use problems. Methods: Data were gathered from a naturalistic follow-up study with 208 participants, subjected to a court-ordered psychiatric assessment. This analysis covers 91 individuals who were followed-up after an average study period of 17 months. Among these, 68% had been sentenced to institutional imprisonment or forensic psychiatric care. Results: Offences, substance use and psychiatric problems declined between baseline and follow-up. However, the reduction was not associated with self-reported treatment utilization. Among participants who were sentenced to non-institutional corrections, more individuals had utilized outpatient-based treatment compared to individuals who were sentenced to imprisonment or forensic psychiatric care. Conclusions: A definitive conclusion about the effect of treatment is difficult to draw. For instance, self-reported data may not reflect actual treatment consumption. However, one interpretation is that participants naturally recovered over time. Institutional correction might also have resulted in positive outcomes equivalent to outpatient-based treatment.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2010. Vol. 25, nr Supplement 1, s. 674-674
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykiatri
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-14757DOI: 10.1016/S0924-9338(10)70668-4ISI: 000208225800665OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-14757DiVA, id: diva2:737630
Konferens
18th European Congress of Psychiatry. February 27, March 2, 2010 - Munich, Germany
Tillgänglig från: 2014-08-13 Skapad: 2014-08-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad

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