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Personcentrerad omvårdnad vid demens: En deskriptiv kvalitativ studie
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Personcentred care in dementia : A descriptive qualitative study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Demens är en av de stora folksjukdomarna och vårdpersonal möter

dessa personer med demens både inom akutsjukvård och kommunal vård. På

slutet av sitt liv bor de flesta personer som drabbats av demens på institution.

Personcentrerad vård beskrivs vara gynnsamt i vården av personer med demens

och personalens erfarenhet av detta har stor betydelse.

Syfte: Syftet var att studera sjuksköterskors, enhetschefers och undersköterskors

erfarenhet av personcentrerad omvårdnad inom kommunal hälso och sjukvård.

Metod: Designen var en deskriptiv studie med kvalitativ ansats som har

analyserats med hjälp av en induktiv innehållsanalys. Deltagarna som inkluderades

i intervjustudien kom från samma kommun. Det var tio personer och bestod av

fyra sjuksköterskor, fyra undersköterskor och två enhetschefer. De valdes ut av

verksamhetschefen där inklusionskriteriet var att ha arbetat med personer med

demens i minst fem år.

Resultat: I resultatet framkom fyra kategorier och 12 subkategorier.

Personcentrerad omvårdnad ansågs relevant i samband med god omvårdnad av

personer med demens. I arbetet med personcentrerad vård var fokus

att; anpassa sig till personen med demens, att se till dennes identitet och

personlighet. Vidare lades vikt vid anhörigas deltagande, bemötande och ett

gemensamt arbetssätt, vilket bestod av att identifiera behov och se personen

bakom sjukdomen.

Slutsats: Resultatet visade att de flesta intervjupersonerna hade liknande

erfarenheter i att arbeta med personer med demens. Det framkom i studien att

bemötandet hade stor betydelse i omvårdnaden. Fokus i personcentrerad

omvårdnad var de redovisade kategorierna och dess innehåll och ansågs

betydelsefull och nödvändig för att personer med demens får ett så bra och värdigt

liv som möjligt efter sjukdomsdebuten.

Abstract [en]

Background: Dementia is one of the major diseases and health professionals

encounter these people with dementia both in emergency care and municipal care.

At the end of life most people affected by dementia live in institutions. Personcentered

care is described to be beneficial in the care of people with dementia and

staff's experience of this is of great importance.

Purpose: The aim was to study nurses, unit managers and staff nurses'

experience of person-centered care in local health care.

Method: The design was a descriptive study with qualitative approach which

has been analyzed by means of an inductive content analysis. Participants enrolled

in the interview study came from the same municipality. There were ten people

and consisted of four registered nurses, four enrolled nurses and two managers for

the organization. They were chosen by business manager and had worked with

people with dementia in at least five years

Results: The result showed four categories and 12 subcategories. Personcentered

care was considered relevant in the context of good nursing care of

people with dementia. In the process of person-centered care was the focus

to; adapt to the person with dementia, to ensure the identity and personality.

Furthermore, it was stressed relatives' participation, treatment and a common

approach, which consisted of identifying the needs and sees the person

Conclusion: The results showed that most interviewees had similar experiences

in working with people with dementia. It emerged from the study that the patient

specific approach had positive outcomes when caring for a person with dementia.

Person-centered care was considered very important and necessary to ensure that

people with dementia have good and dignified life after being diagnosed with the

disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Dementia, person-centred nursing care, dementia education, interview.
Keyword [sv]
Demens, personcentrerad omvårdnad, demensutbildning, intervju
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-23537OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-23537DiVA: diva2:1052343
Available from: 2016-12-06 Created: 2016-12-06

Open Access in DiVA

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