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Tourism’s localised population effect in the rural areas of Sweden
Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, 1-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper examines how population change among young adults in rural areas is affected when tourism is the dominant industry. The relation between tourism and population change is often implicitly assumed but has not been well examined on a broader societal level. Existing studies have indicated that the effect of tourism on population change is limited in geographical range, and therefore a fine geographical resolution is useful. This analysis is based on yearly information on each individual who resided in Sweden in any year between 1990 and 2010, with 100-metre grid cells as the finest geographical resolution. Since young adults constitute a large part of all migration that takes place, they are the focus of this study. The findings show that the net population change among young adults is clearly more positive in tourism-dominated areas (TDAs) than in non-TDAs, and this becomes more significant the more remote the areas. Further, there is a better gender balance and a younger population in TDAs. Stayers and return migrants can partly explain the positive population change in TDAs, but as shown in previous research, there is a higher turnover of population in TDAs, and in-migration seems to be the key to positive population change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. 1-17 p.
Keyword [en]
migration, population change, Sweden, tourism, young adults
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-23552DOI: 10.1080/15022250.2016.1259584ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84997766023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-23552DiVA: diva2:1055195
Available from: 2016-12-12 Created: 2016-12-12 Last updated: 2017-01-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Young adults in rural tourism areas
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young adults in rural tourism areas
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines how tourism affects conditions for young adults in rural areas. Such a study lies at the intersection of research about tourism impacts, adult transition, and rural areas. The aim is to examine how largescale tourism affects the opportunities for young adults living in rural areas; their perception of place and the perceived opportunities and obstacles that tourism provides.

The thesis utilizes a mixed method approach. A quantitative study based on micro-data on individuals identifies the patterns and magnitudes of the mechanisms by which tourism affects population change among young adults. Interview methods are used in the case study area, Sälen, to investigate these mechanisms in depth. Finally, the rural–urban dichotomy is explored in a conceptual study that asks how tourism affects the perception of a local village as either rural or urban. Young inhabitants in rural areas are rarely considered in tourism research; therefore, the main contribution of this thesis is that it illuminates how tourism affects conditions for young adults in rural areas.

The thesis reveals a substantial impact on the adult transition, mainly due to easier access to the labor market and a good supply of jobs during the high season. Further, the large number of people passing through creates flows of opportunities to make friends, get a job, or just meet people. All of these factors contribute to high mobility in these places, and to the perception of them as places where things happen. The high mobility in Sälen implies that fixed migrant categories (such as stayers and leavers) are largely insufficient. The tourism environment creates a space that is always under construction and continually producing new social relations mainly perceived as opportunities. Conceptualizing this as a modern rurality is a way to move beyond the often implicit notions of urban as modern and rural as traditional.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university, 2016. 76 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Human Geography, 10
Keyword
young adults, adult transition, tourism, rural areas, Sälen, telephone interviews, register study, life history interviews, population change, mobility
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-23702 (URN)978-91-7529-142-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-27, Clas Ohlson, Röda vägen 3, Borlänge, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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