du.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Young adults in rural tourism areas
Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography. Örebro universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2731-6203
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines how tourism affects conditions for young adults in rural areas. Such a study lies at the intersection of research about tourism impacts, adult transition, and rural areas. The aim is to examine how largescale tourism affects the opportunities for young adults living in rural areas; their perception of place and the perceived opportunities and obstacles that tourism provides.

The thesis utilizes a mixed method approach. A quantitative study based on micro-data on individuals identifies the patterns and magnitudes of the mechanisms by which tourism affects population change among young adults. Interview methods are used in the case study area, Sälen, to investigate these mechanisms in depth. Finally, the rural–urban dichotomy is explored in a conceptual study that asks how tourism affects the perception of a local village as either rural or urban. Young inhabitants in rural areas are rarely considered in tourism research; therefore, the main contribution of this thesis is that it illuminates how tourism affects conditions for young adults in rural areas.

The thesis reveals a substantial impact on the adult transition, mainly due to easier access to the labor market and a good supply of jobs during the high season. Further, the large number of people passing through creates flows of opportunities to make friends, get a job, or just meet people. All of these factors contribute to high mobility in these places, and to the perception of them as places where things happen. The high mobility in Sälen implies that fixed migrant categories (such as stayers and leavers) are largely insufficient. The tourism environment creates a space that is always under construction and continually producing new social relations mainly perceived as opportunities. Conceptualizing this as a modern rurality is a way to move beyond the often implicit notions of urban as modern and rural as traditional.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university , 2016. , 76 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Human Geography, 10
Keyword [en]
young adults, adult transition, tourism, rural areas, Sälen, telephone interviews, register study, life history interviews, population change, mobility
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-23702ISBN: 978-91-7529-142-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-23702DiVA: diva2:1059285
Public defence
2016-05-27, Clas Ohlson, Röda vägen 3, Borlänge, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Young Adult Transition in a Tourism Dominated Rural Area
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young Adult Transition in a Tourism Dominated Rural Area
2012 (English)In: Tourism Planning & Development, ISSN 2156-8316, Vol. 9, no 4, 429-440 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rural peripheral areas generally have an ageing and declining population, few possibilities for education, limited labour market opportunities, and a net loss of young adults. However, some peripheral rural areas hosting large-scale tourism industry has faced a different development. But despite the fact that the loss of young adults is important for the development of these areas, the adult transition in a tourism context has not been so well addressed. In this paper the adult transition in Sälen, a large-scale winter tourism destination, is explored. The analysis is based on life history interviews with focus on how young adults experience the ability to make a living (year-round) in the tourism-dominated area. The way in which they perceive their current and possible future life in Sälen is important when they make decisions about how and where to shape their futures. The findings imply that the flows of people passing through Sälen, as tourists and young seasonal workers, are important both socially and economically for the young adult inhabitants, which in turn contributes to a more secure adult transition and to Sälen's attractiveness among young adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2012
Keyword
young adults; adult transition; rural; tourism; life history interviews
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, General Microdata Analysis - tourism; Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, Unga vuxna i fjällturismbygder
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-11217 (URN)10.1080/21568316.2012.726260 (DOI)
Funder
Formas
Available from: 2012-11-08 Created: 2012-11-08 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved
2. Young adults’ perceptions of and affective bonds to a rural tourism community
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young adults’ perceptions of and affective bonds to a rural tourism community
2016 (English)In: Fennia, ISSN 0015-0010, E-ISSN 1798-5617, Vol. 194, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many rural areas, in Sweden and worldwide, experience population decline where the young leave for education and work in urban areas. Employment has declined in several rural industries, such as agriculture, forestry, and fishing, while growing in other industries are often located in urban areas. Politicians and organizations have put much hope in tourism as a tool of rural development, but can tourism help reverse the rural out-migration trend among young adults? This paper explores how tourism affects young inhabitants’ perceptions of and affective bonds to a rural area in Sweden, the ski resort of Sälen. Students from the 1993–1995 elementary school graduating classes were interviewed about their migration history, childhood, and view of and ties to Sälen. The respondents experience that tourism contributes to a more vital community incorporating influences from elsewhere, but without eliminating the positive aspects of rural life. The regular flow of people – tourists, seasonal workers, and entrepreneurs – passing through Sälen presents opportunities to extend one’s social network that are widely appreciated by respondents. The high in and out mobility constitutes a key part of Sälen’s character. Contributions from tourism – such as employment, entertainment, leisure, and opportunities to forge new social relationships – are available during the adult transition, the life phase when rural areas are often perceived as least attractive. Even though out-migration occurs in Sälen, and some respondents still find Sälen too small, tourism has clearly increased the available opportunities and contributed significantly to making Sälen more attractive to young adults.

Keyword
Young adults; Tourism; Rural development; Out-migration
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis, General Microdata Analysis - tourism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-23691 (URN)10.11143/46308 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved
3. Tourism’s localised population effect in the rural areas of Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tourism’s localised population effect in the rural areas of Sweden
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, 1-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper examines how population change among young adults in rural areas is affected when tourism is the dominant industry. The relation between tourism and population change is often implicitly assumed but has not been well examined on a broader societal level. Existing studies have indicated that the effect of tourism on population change is limited in geographical range, and therefore a fine geographical resolution is useful. This analysis is based on yearly information on each individual who resided in Sweden in any year between 1990 and 2010, with 100-metre grid cells as the finest geographical resolution. Since young adults constitute a large part of all migration that takes place, they are the focus of this study. The findings show that the net population change among young adults is clearly more positive in tourism-dominated areas (TDAs) than in non-TDAs, and this becomes more significant the more remote the areas. Further, there is a better gender balance and a younger population in TDAs. Stayers and return migrants can partly explain the positive population change in TDAs, but as shown in previous research, there is a higher turnover of population in TDAs, and in-migration seems to be the key to positive population change.

Keyword
migration, population change, Sweden, tourism, young adults
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-23552 (URN)10.1080/15022250.2016.1259584 (DOI)2-s2.0-84997766023 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-12-12 Created: 2016-12-12 Last updated: 2017-01-03Bibliographically approved
4. Urbanity and Rurality in a Tourism Context: Exploring the myth of Vivid Cities and Sleepy Villages
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urbanity and Rurality in a Tourism Context: Exploring the myth of Vivid Cities and Sleepy Villages
2014 (English)In: Rural Tourism: An International Perspective / [ed] Katherine Dashper, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014, 22-40 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:du-23695 (URN)9781443866774 (ISBN)1-4438-6677-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1211 kB)43 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1211 kBChecksum SHA-512
407e09ff626968fff9e8fd673079c64076110ff298a6b5548ae8e7d6b03ef7ef3f40f401a64568380047807c1feeb2856531b30a4b53f72e9b6bb26515d91df8
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf
Cover(685 kB)18 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 685 kBChecksum SHA-512
db366d8507cdba3630451a8271f575371ac3442bf218b10703b27af7ef0a25a2ddcd65f08ea42156040611a33604cf76c7f583c38f26969d49177d7c14d40d8b
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf
Spikblad(122 kB)15 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT03.pdfFile size 122 kBChecksum SHA-512
75a1616210cfbfcf9b2338170d86fc34fc36a7ab99e1bcc962d6a743f5b4feba9d7b5d444c7ecbc9e9723cc1652753df0c5dd2aff46ae408f883cc344b7cc3a0
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

http://oru.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A917635&dswid=-8755

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Möller, Peter
By organisation
Human Geography
Human Geography

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 76 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 186 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf