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Djur i omvårdnaden för ökad livskvalitet hos personer med demens: En litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Animals used in care for increased quality of life for people with dementia – A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Demens är den fjärde största folksjukdomen i Sverige. Ofta behandla

demens med läkemedel för Behavioural and Psychological Symtoms in Dementia

(BPSD) som ger olika biverkningar. Det finns ett stadigt samband mellan umgänge

med djur och livskvalitet där termer som återhämtning, trivsel och stressreduktion

räknas in. Alternativa metoder som djur i omvårdnaden av personer med demens

bör därför övervägas för att förbättra dementas livskvalitet.

Syfte: Att beskriva forskning om djur i omvårdnad av personer med demens och

hur det kan förbättra deras livskvalitet.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt där resultatet var baserat på tio vetenskapliga artiklar

hämtade från databaserna Cinahl, Pubmed, Psychinfo och Web of Science

publicerade mellan 2011-2016. Nio av artiklarna var kvantitativa, en var kvalitativ.

Resultat: Deltagarnas emotionella och kognitiva status påverkades av umgänge

med djur. Glädje var en känsla som uppstod och som sedan resulterade i att

deltagarna log. Depression och nedstämdhet påverkades i en positiv riktning i flera

studier där djur implementerats i omvårdnaden, motivation till att delta i aktiviteter

och genomföra dagliga sysslor likaså.

Slutsats: Djur i omvårdnaden hade en positiv inverkan hos personer med demens

och att livskvaliteten främjades genom att djur, främst hundar, förbättrade olika

faktorer hos personer med demens.

Abstract [en]

Background: Dementia is the fourth largest national disease in Sweden. Dementia

is often treated with medications for Behavioural and Psychological Symtoms in

Dementia (BPSD) giving different side effects. There is a firm link between

socializing with the animals and quality of life where terms such as recovery, wellbeing

and stress reduction are included. Alternative methods such as animals in the

care of people with dementia should be considered to improve the demented

quality of life.

Aim: To describe research on animals in the care of people with dementia and how

it can improve their quality of life.

Methods: A literature review in which the outcome were based on ten scientific

articles from the databases Cinahl, Pubmed, Psychinfo and Web of Science

published between 2011-2016. Nine of the articles had a quantitative approach,

one had a qualitative approach.

Results: The participants' emotional and cognitive status were influenced by

association with animals. Joy was a feeling that arose which resulted in that the

participants smiled. Depression and depressed moods were affected in a positive

direction in several studies in which animals were implemented in the care,

motivation to participate in activities and carry out daily chores as well.

Conclusion: Animals in the care had a positive effect in people with dementia and

the quality of life encouraged by animals, mainly dogs, improved various factors

in people with dementia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Animals, Animal Assisted therapy/ intervention, Dementia, Nursing, Quality of Life
Keyword [sv]
Demens, Djur, Djurassisterad terapi/intervention, Omvårdnad, Livskvalitet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-24208OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-24208DiVA: diva2:1071868
Note

Available from: 2017-02-06 Created: 2017-02-06

Open Access in DiVA

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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