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Flickors berättelser om vaccination mot humantpapillomvirus under användning med och utan Guided Imagery: En kvalitativ studie
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Narratives from girls about the vaccination against humanpapillomvirus during the use with and without Guided Imagery : A Qualitative Study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Vaccination är idag den vanligaste formen av en behandling/åtgärd som kan upplevas som smärtsam inom hälso- och sjukvården. Forskning har påvisat att en negativ upplevelse kan uppstå hos barn om deras smärta, oro och rädsla inte lindras i samband med vaccinering.Syfte: Syftet med studien var att, utifrån berättelser, belysa skolflickors upplevelser av att vaccineras mot Humant papillomvirus med respektive utan distraktionsmetoden Guided Imagery.Metod: Denna empiriska studie genomfördes med en kvalitativ narrativ design. Data insamlades med hjälp av skrivna berättelser. Datamaterial hämtades från en interventionsstudie och bestod av 84 berättelser, om HPV-vaccinationen, skrivna av 35 skolflickor från årskurs 5 till 6. Datamaterialet analyserades utifrån en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Analysen resulterade i fyra domäner och 14 kategorier.Resultat: Skolflickor som erhöll GI under HPV-vaccinationen upplevde att smärta och distraktionen från sprutan varierade i olika grad. Deltagare tyckte vaccinationen kändes bra och att det var skönt att dagdrömma. Medan andra tyckte tvärtom och att standardvård föredrogs istället.Slutsats: Studien visar att smärta vid vaccination är centralt för många barn. Vid vaccinationer kunde distraktionsmetoden GI upplevas som lugnande och kunde lindra smärtupplevelsen, dock kunde även standardvård hjälpa barn vid vaccination. Hur vaccinationen upplevdes bland barnen verkade vara väldigt individuellt.

Abstract [en]

Background: Vaccination is today the most common form of treatment that can be perceivedas painful in health care. Research has shown that a negative experience can occur in childrenif their pain, anxiety, and fear are not alleviated during vaccination.Objective: The aim of the study was to describe, based on stories, schoolgirls’ experiences ofthe vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) both with and without the distractionmethod Guided Imagery (GI).Method: This empirical study was conducted with a qualitative narrative design. The datawas collected through written stories. The data was taken from an intervention study andconsisted of 84 stories about HPV vaccination, written by 35 schoolgirls from grade 5 to 6.The data was analyzed based on a qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in 4domains and 14 categories.Results: Schoolgirls who received GI during HPV vaccination felt that pain and distractionfrom the injection varied in different degrees. The participants felt that the vaccination feltgood and that it was pleasant to daydream. While others thought the opposite and thatstandardcare was preferred instead.Conclusion: The study shows that pain during vaccination is central to many children. Thedistraction method GI could during vaccination be perceived as calming and it could relievethe pain-experience. However, also standard care could help children during vaccination.How children experienced vaccinations seemed to be very individual.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
School health care, HPV- vaccination, Guided Imagery, pain, discomfort, anxiety
Keyword [sv]
Skolhälsovård, HPV-vaccination, Guided Imagery, smärta, obehag, oro
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-24266OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-24266DiVA: diva2:1073828
Available from: 2017-02-13 Created: 2017-02-13 Last updated: 2017-02-13

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
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More styles
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Output format
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