Enki and the World Order: En ideologikritisk mytanalys
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
This essay researches and traces ideological thoughts and concepts in the ancient Sumerian myth “Enki and the World Order” regarding superiority, gender and royal symbolism. This is done through the theoretical framework of Bruce Lincoln which views myth as narrative ideology. The method used is a qualitative content analysis. I argue that the author of the myth applied the same symbolism for power (the crown and kingship) in the human world as in the world of the gods, and by doing so, the myth legitimizes and naturalizes the phenomenon of kingship in the ordinary world of Mesopotamia. I also argue that the myth portrays the Sumerian land and culture as superior, and grants the land a primeval, sacred origin. Gender roles in the myth, and whether or not these roles also applied for the ancient Sumerians are also discussed. I argue that the myth grants femininity and masculinity a “nature”, and that it describes women as passive, quiet and beautiful while men are described as active and aggressive.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Enki, mythology, ideology, Mesopotamia, gender
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:du-24503OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-24503DiVA: diva2:1078885