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Design, fabrication and experimental study of a solar photovoltaic/loop-heat-pipe based heat pump system
University of Hull.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2369-0169
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2013 (English)In: Solar Energy, ISSN 0038-092X, E-ISSN 1471-1257, Vol. 97, 551-568 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, a novel solar photovoltaic/loop-heat-pipe (PV/LHP) module-based heat pump system was designed and fabricated for both electricity and hot water generation. A coated aluminium-alloy (Al-alloy) sheet was applied as the baseboard of PV cells for enhanced heat dissipation to the surroundings, which was characterised by a series of laboratory-controlled conditions over the conventional Tedlar–Polyester–Tedlar (TPT) baseboard. The whole prototype system was subsequently evaluated in outdoor weather conditions throughout a consecutive period for about one week. Impact of several external parameters to the PV panel with different baseboards was discussed and the results showed that weaker incident radiation, lower air temperature, higher wind speed, and ground mounting solution, were propitious to the PV electrical performance. Given the specific indoor testing conditions, temperature of the Al-alloy based PV cells was observed at about 62.4 °C, which was 5.2 °C lower than that of the TPT based PV cells, and its corresponding PV efficiency was about 9.18%, nearly 0.26% higher than the TPT based type. During the outdoor testing, the mean daily electrical, thermal and overall energetic and exergetic efficiencies of the PV/LHP module were measured at 9.13%, 39.25%, 48.37% and 15.02% respectively. The basic-thermal system performance coefficient (COPth) was found at 5.51 and the advanced system performance coefficient (COPPV/T) was nearly 8.71. A simple comparison was also conducted between the PV/LHP based heat-pump system and those conventional solar/air energy systems, which indicated that this advanced system harvests larger amount of solar energy and therefore enables enhanced solar efficiency and system performance. Basic analysis into the economic and environmental benefits of this prototype system further demonstrated such technology will be competitive in the future energy supply industry with a payback period of 16 (9) years and a life-cycle carbon reduction of 12.06 (2.94) tons in Shanghai (London).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 97, 551-568 p.
Keyword [en]
Photovoltaic/thermal, Loop heat pipe, Fabrication, Experiment
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-24893DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2013.09.022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-24893DiVA: diva2:1094638
Available from: 2017-05-10 Created: 2017-05-10 Last updated: 2017-05-10Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038092X13003848

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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Language
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