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Icke- farmakologiska metoder mot postoperativ smärta hos vuxna: en litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Non-pharmacological methods for postoperative pain on adults: a literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:

Postoperativ smärta är vanligt förkommande och påverkar patientens välbefinnande. Sjuksköterskor har en central roll i smärtbehandling, det finns flertalet icke-farmakologiska metoder som kan användas för postoperativ smärtlindring.

Syfte:

Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att identifiera icke-farmakologiska metoder som en grundutbildad sjuksköterska kan utföra eller erbjuda som komplement vid en postoperativ smärtbehandling hos vuxna, samt utvärdera dess effekt.

Metod:

En litteraturöversikt.

Resultat:

Fyra icke-farmakologiska metoder uppmärksammades: musikterapi, avslappningsövningar, beröringsmetoder och patientutbildning. Musikterapi i 30 minuter hade en signifikant smärtlindrande effekt. Beröringsmetoder och avslappningsövningar resulterade i en succesivt ökad smärtlindrande effekt. Patientutbildning gav en smärtlindrande effekt upp till 48 timmar efter operation.

Slutsats:

Icke-farmakologiska metoder kan användas som komplement till en farmakologisk behandling för att lindra postoperativ smärta.

Abstract [en]

Background:

Postoperative pain is common and affects the patients’ wellbeing. Nurses have a central role in pain management, there are many non-pharmacological methods that can be used as postoperative pain relief.

Aim:

The aim of this literature review was to identify non-pharmacological methods that the basic trained nurse can perform or provide as a complement to a postoperative pain relief for adults and to evaluate their effect.

Method:

A literature review

Results:

Four non-pharmacological methods were observed: music therapy, relaxation exercises, touching methods and patient education. Music therapy for 30 minutes showed a significant pain relieving effect. Massage therapies and relaxation exercises gave a gradually increased pain relieving effect. Patient education gave a pain relief up to 48 hours after surgery.

Conclusion:

Non- pharmacological methods can be used as a complement to a pharmacological treatment as to relieve postoperative pain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Non-pharmacological, Postoperative, Pain, Treatment
Keyword [sv]
Behandling, Icke-farmakologisk, Postoperativ, Smärta
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-25174OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-25174DiVA: diva2:1108866
Available from: 2017-06-13 Created: 2017-06-13

Open Access in DiVA

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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