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Långvarig smärta efter cancerbehandling - En litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Chronic pain after cancer treatment - A systematic review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Cancer ökar bland befolkningen och det i sin tur kan leda till ökade komplikationer av behandling och cancersjukdomen i sig såsom långvarig smärta. Patientens upplevelse är inte alltid att vårdpersonalen ser smärtproblematiken som kan uppstå. Sjuksköterskan ska arbeta för att lindra lidande, vilket smärta är del av. Lidande en unik upplevelse som ser olika ut för varje individ. Då lidande kan komma av den totala livssituationen behöver sjuksköterskan en ökad förståelse för att kunna uppfylla sitt ansvar. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att sammanställa forskning om långvarig smärta efter cancerbehandling. Metod: En integrativ litteraturöversikt med 11 artiklar. Resultat: Två huvudteman identifierades, dagligt liv och livskvalitet, samt sex underteman om hur långvarig smärta inverkar på följande; fysiska aktiviteter, dagliga aktiviteter, arbetslivet, läkemedelsanvändning, generell hälsa och sexlivet. Slutsats: Många patienter upplevde en negativ påverkan på det dagliga livet med både psykiska, fysiska och sociala dimensioner. Patienterna upplevde att arbete, fysisk aktivitet samt att dagliga sysslor blev begränsade på grund av den långvariga smärtan. Hur stor påverkan patienterna fick på de olika dimensionerna tycks ha en koppling till vilken cancerform och behandling patienterna fick.

Abstract [en]

Background: Cancer is increasing among the population, which can lead to an increased number of complications as chronic pain, not only from the cancer treatment but from the disease itself. Patients have also been found to feel that their pain problems are not taken seriously by the healthcare professionals. The nurses should work to relieve any suffering which is caused by pain. Suffering is a unique experience that is different for everyone. As suffering may be due to the overall life situation, the nurses need a greater understanding of the situation in order to fulfill their responsibilities. Aim: The aim of this literature review was to compile research on chronic pain after cancer treatment. Method: An integrative literature review with 11 included articles. Result: Two main themes were identified; daily life and quality of life, and six subthemes regarding how the chronic pain influences and impacts the following; physical activities, daily activities, the professional life, drug use, general wellbeing, and sex life. Conclusion: Many patients experienced a negative impact on their daily life in both mental, physical and social dimensions. Patients felt that work, physical activity and daily tasks were limited due to the chronic pain. This varied in all aspects depending on the type of cancer and which treatment the patients received.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Cancerbehandling, dagligt liv, litteraturöversikt, långvarig smärta, patient, påverkan., Cancer treatment, chronic pain, daily life, impact, patient, literature review.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-25245OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-25245DiVA: diva2:1112322
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-20

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 344 kBChecksum SHA-512
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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