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Omvårdnadsdiagnoser hos militärpersonal i relation till militärt etos – En litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nursing diagnoses of military personnel in relation to military ethos – A Literature Review (English)
Abstract [en]

Background The International Council of Nurses (ICN) states in it’s ethical code that the nurse practitioner is responsible for giving each patient correct and culturally adapted care. Military culture is unique and comes with its own challenges and needs of nursing care. Aim The aim is to find the prominent nursing diagnoses in military personnel in relation to the military ethos. Method A literature review of twenty articles found through searches in PubMed, Cinhal and Summon. Results The prominent nursing diagnoses were risk-prone health behavior together with pain issues and sleep disturbances. Two thirds of military personnel consumed high amounts of alcohol, pain issues was the most prevalent, up to half of all personnel experienced sleep disturbances and willingness to seek care was low. Stress, depression, consequences of pain and effects on the family process was also found. Result of military duty could also be infections, wounds, dermatological problems, hearing impairment and diarrhea. Conclusion Military culture is unique and reports health differently than the civilian population. Because of this it is important to know the prominent diagnoses to be able to give this patient group appropriate nursing interventions and competent care.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund I enlighet med International Council of Nurses (ICN) etiska kod har sjuksköterskan ett ansvar för att varje person ska få en korrekt, tillfredsställande och kulturellt anpassad information som grund till sin vård och behandling. Militärkulturen ger upphov till en patientgrupp med unika behov och detta skall styra vården. Syfte Syftet är att genom en litteraturstudie förstå vilka omvårdnadsdiagnoser som är framträdande hos militärpersonal med relation till militärt etos. Metod En litteraturstudie av artiklar (n=20) genom sökningar i PubMed, Cinhal och Summon. Resultat Riskfyllt hälsobeteende var största temat följt av smärta och sömnproblematik. Hos militärpersonal var alkoholkonsumtion hög hos två tredjedelar, smärta hade högst prevalens, påverkan på sömnen återfanns i upp till hälften av personalen och viljan att söka vård var nedsatt. Stress, depression, smärtkonsekvenser samt påverkade familjerelationer och processer återfanns. Följder av tjänstgöringen var infektioner, hudskada, hudåkommor, hörselnedsättning och diarré. Slutsats Militärkulturen är unik och underrapporterar ohälsa, därför behövs det en förståelse för de framträdande omvårdnadsdiagnoserna för att kunna ge denna patientgrupp god vård.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
military personell, military nursing, military culture, nursing diagnoses, signs and sympom
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-25246OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-25246DiVA: diva2:1112355
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-20

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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