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Patienter med psykisk sjukdom som vårdas inom somatisk respektive psykiatrisk vård: Faktorer av betydelse för vårdpersonal och patienter: – en litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients with psychiatric disorders receiving care within somatic and psychiatric care respectively: factors of importance to healthcare personnel and patients : – a literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Forskning visar att personer med psykisk sjukdom löper ökad risk för fysisk ohälsa men erhåller inte likvärdig vårdkvalité som övriga patientgrupper. Syfte: Litteraturöversiktens syfte var att beskriva faktorer av betydelse för vårdpersonalens upplevelse av att vårda patienter med psykisk sjukdom inom somatisk respektive psykiatrisk vård samt att beskriva faktorer av betydelse för upplevelsen av att som patient med psykisk sjukdom vårdas inom somatisk respektive psykiatrisk vård. Metod: Litteratursökning utfördes i databaserna PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cinahl och PsycInfo. Efter urval utifrån inklusions- och exklusionskriterier samt kvalitetsgranskning återstod 22 artiklar som analyserades genom innehållsanalys. Resultat: Enligt litteraturöversiktens resultat var attityder och fördomar, yrkeserfarenhet, kunskap och kompetens samt arbetsmiljö faktorer av betydelse för upplevelsen av att vårda patienter med psykisk sjukdom inom somatisk vård. Inom psykiatrisk vård var attityder och fördomar, erfarenhet samt kön faktorer av betydelse. Enligt litteraturöversiktens resultat var vårdrelation och personcentrering faktorer av betydelse för upplevelsen av att som patient vårdas inom somatisk vård. Inom psykiatrisk vård var vårdrelation samt självbestämmande och delaktighet faktorer av betydelse. Konklusion: Resultatet talar för att det råder brist på personcentrering inom såväl somatisk som psykiatrisk vård och att personcentrerad vård är en förutsättning för att kravet om god hälsa och vård på lika villkor ska kunna uppnås.

Abstract [en]

Background: Research shows that individuals with mental illness have an increased risk of somatic diseases, yet won’t receive equal care as other patients. Aim: The aim was to describe factors relevant to nursing staff’s experience of caring for patients with psychiatric disorders within somatic and psychiatric care respectively, and to describe factors of importance for the experiences of patients with psychiatric disorders who receive care within somatic and psychiatric care respectively. Method: Literature search was conducted in PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cinahl and PsycInfo. After a selection using inclusion and exclusion criteras as well as a quality review 22 articles remained which were analysed using content analysis Results: According to the result of the literature review attitudes and prejudice, professional experience, knowledge and competence and work environment were factors relevant to the experience of caring for patients with psychiatric disorders within somatic care. Within psychiatric care attitudes and prejudice, experience and gender were relevant factors. According to the result of the literature review care relation and person-centered care were factors relevant to the experiences of patients with psychiatric disorders receiving treatment within somatic care. Within psychiatric care, care relation and self-determination and involvement were relevant factors. Conclusion: The results indicate a lack of person centered care in both somatic and psychiatric care and that person-centered care is a prerequisite for the achievement of good health on equal terms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Somatic care, Psychiatric care, Psychiatric disorder, Person-centred care, Nursepatient relationship
Keyword [sv]
Somatisk vård, psykiatrisk vård, psykisk sjukdom, personcentrerad vård, vårdrelation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-25250OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-25250DiVA: diva2:1112537
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-20

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CiteExportLink to record
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