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Användning av instruktioner, feedbackfrågeställningsteknik och träningsövningar blandungdomsfotbollstränare.: En fallstudie utifrån teorierna Teaching Games for Understandingoch Enhanced Guided Discovery
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

There are different theories that implement teaching soccer in different ways. Enhance

Guided Discovery and Teaching Games for Understanding are two theories that have a more

playing approach than the traditional coaching model which is more isolated. Studies have

been showing that elite football players today have been doing less isolated exercises and

more competition specific training.

Aim

The aim of this study was to look at soccer coaches for the younger ages 15-17 years and

specifically look at their way to give instructions, feedback, question technique and how they

choose exercises to develop their players.

Method

For this study, we chose observation and interview as data collecting methods, and compared

the results to the different theories. Five coaches have been interviewed and observed once.

Three coaches were from soccer academies, and two were volunteer coaches.

Results

The results showed that it has been a difference between the academy coaches and volunteer

in the way they behaved during the observation, and how they answered the questions in the

interview. The academy coaches tended to be more aware of what they where doing in both

practical and verbal way.

Conclusion

The majority of coaches that was included in the study were implementing the theory TGfU

in their teaching. They chose to do more

competition specific exercises more than isolated

exercises

. The research did also show that the academy coaches were more aware of the

theories and had it easier on implementing them in their teaching. Therefore, the conclusion

of the study was that the coaches education is very important to develop soccer players, and

that the clubs should focus on educating the coaches.

Abstract [sv]

Syfte

Syftet med denna studie är att utifrån de teoretiska ramverken Enhanced Guided Discovery

(EGD), Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) och den traditionella tränarmodellen

undersöka skillnaden i beteende och val av övningar mellan olika ungdomsfotbollstränare

(15-17 år).

Metod

I denna studie har de kvalitativa metoderna observation och intervju använts för insamling av

data. Genom ostrukturerad observation och semistrukturerade intervjuer på 5

ungdomsfotbollstränare har datainsamlingen genomförts.

Resultat

Efter fem intervjuer och observationer av tränarna visade resultaten att 4 av 5 tränarna

använde sig mest av teorierna Enhanced Guided Discovery och Teaching Games for

Understanding. Endast en tränare använde sig av den traditionella tränarmodellen. Även valet

av övningar visade på att det flesta tränare använde sig av teorin Teaching Games for

Understanding medan endast en tränare använde sig av isolerade övningar.

Slutsatser

Träningsmetoden TGfU tenderar till att vara den mest förekommande bland olika

fotbollstränare då de väljer mer matchliknande övningar under träningarna. Det finns däremot

skillnader i utlärningssätt, där de utbildade akademitränarna tenderar till att ha mer teoretisk

förståelse för utlärning av fotboll. För att uppnå förändringar i utlärningen till

ungdomsfotbollsspelare bör klubbarna satsa på att utbilda tränarna i tränarskap, då det verkar

vara en avgörande faktor i valet av utlärningsmetod, vilket också kan ge spelarna en annan

upplevelse på planen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Youth Coaches, behavior, Teaching Games for Understanding, Enhanced Guided Discovery, football, soccer, instructions, feedback.
Keyword [sv]
Ungdomstränare, beteende, tränarbeteende, Teaching Games for Understanding, Enhanced Guided Discovery, traditionella tränarmodellen, sport, ungdomsfotboll, fotboll, instruktioner, feedback
National Category
Other Health Sciences Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-25620OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-25620DiVA: diva2:1128016
Available from: 2017-07-21 Created: 2017-07-21

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf