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Velferdsstatens problemlogikk i lys av en debatt om dysleksi
Universitetet i Bergen.
1998 (Norwegian)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 21-40Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Scandinavian welfare state represents a dilemma between problem identification and normalization. In the article, this dilemma is discussed through the case of learning disabilities in reading and writing. This issue is debated both internationally and in Scandinavia. A tradition based in biology makes the concept of dyslexia essential. As opposed to this, a tradition based in the humanities stresses social conditions as the cause of the problems. In Sweden, a highly visible controversy between these positions has emerged since the 1980s onwards. The debate in Sweden between 1975 and 1995 is analysed through documents produced by the debate and through interviews with people involved in it. During the first part of the period, normalization reforms were implemented on all levels of the educational system. Towards the end of the eighties, this process was challenged by the ”dyslexia movement” calling for a restoration of a special educational programme to which students are assigned on the basis of diagnoses. In analysing this development, a strong tendency to support the ”dyslexia movement” appears very clearly among both parents, grown-up clients, the educational system and the welfare state itself. The final conclusion identifies an inherent logic in the welfare state that structures the possibilities for developing permanent normalization practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sveriges Sociologförbund , 1998. Vol. 35, no 2, p. 21-40
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-25787OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-25787DiVA, id: diva2:1133850
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf