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Between Institutions and Personalities: Determinants of Trust in the Baltic Presidents
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0020-7151
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Political Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6594-5804
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In several political systems, presidents may benefit from the image of being disassociated from a single party and, in a slightly Gaullist manner, project themselves as above-party politics and remain somewhat elevated from the usual political mud-slinging (Sedelius 2004). In the Baltic states, there have been – 25 years after national independence –relatively few presidents and, hence, the institution represents greater continuity than parliamentary politics. For many years, the Baltic presidents enjoyed greater levels of trust than other political actors, such as parties, MPs and PMs (Duvold 2006). Still, the greater popularity of the presidents, as compared with prime ministers and parliamentarians, undoubtedly owes something to the very limits on their governmental powers: the presidents are not closely associated with unpopular economic decisions or with the day-to-day partisan squabbling in parliament (Duvold and Sedelius 2004). Some of them have, on the contrary, acted as mediators during potentially damaging conflicts. In fact, their position may allow them to act as spokesmen for popular discontent (Baylis, 1996, 304). 

Drawing on a collection of public opinion surveys conducted in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in 2001–2014, this paper deals with two main questions: 1) Has trust in the Baltic presidents increased or decreased over time and and to what extent does trust in the president follow trust in other institutions? 2) What are the determinants of trust in the presidents? To what extent can it be explained in terms of background variables, such as age, socio-economic position or ethnic belonging; by political performance and satisfaction; by attitudes towards the current political regimes; or by a sense of belonging to the country and its society?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Intercultural Studies, Semipresidentialism och regeringskapacitet i transitionsländer
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-26469OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-26469DiVA: diva2:1153042
Conference
NoPSA Conference, XVII Nordic Political Science Congress 2017, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, 8-11 August 2017
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1260
Available from: 2017-10-27 Created: 2017-10-27 Last updated: 2017-10-31Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • chicago-author-date
  • chicago-note-bibliography
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
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