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Teori och typologi: Om förhållandet mellan makrosociologi, institutionella sfärer och social handling
Lunds universitet.
1994 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 3-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Theory and typology. Macrosociology, institutional spheres and social action

The conceptual triad ’state-market-civil society’ is taken as point of departure for a discussion of the broader issue of the uses of typologies in sociology. It is argued that in order to avoid being subordinated to politically loaded notions pervading public discourse, a genuine sociological typology should meet two demands; its dimensions should be derived from a macro-sociological theory, and it should be underpinned by a micro-sociological theory of action. In this way, a typology will serve as a pipeline between micro and macro theories, and also as a checking point for estimating the coherence between these two levels of analysis. As an illustration, Mary Douglas’ grid-group model is introduced. This typology is derivable from Durkheim’s macro-sociology, but it has a weak microfoundation. Two theories of action are discussed and compared; the theory of rational choice and the theory of interaction rituals. After demonstrating that the theory of rational choice is incommensurable with the ”multi-rational” premises of the grid-group model, itis indicated that an elaboration of the Goffmanian theory of interaction rituals would constitute a viable micro-foundation for the grid-group model. Finally, it is concluded that from the point of view of grid-group, ’civil society’ is a highly ambiguous category that should be replaced by the categories of ’community’ and ’isolate’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sveriges Sociologförbund , 1994. Vol. 31, no 2, p. 3-25
National Category
Sociology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:du-26679OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-26679DiVA, id: diva2:1162666
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
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