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Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av psykosocial arbetsmiljö i primärvården: En kvantitativ enkätstudie
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
District nurses' experiences of the psychosocial work environment in primary care : A quantitative survey (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

I begreppet arbetsmiljö ingår de fysiska, psykiska och sociala upplevelser som en individ har i sitt arbete. Distriktssköterskans arbetsplats kan vara stressig på flera sätt vilket kan påverka den psykosociala arbetsmiljön negativt. Tillfredsställelse och motivation i arbetslivet är grundläggande för god psykosocial arbetsmiljö och för en individs goda hälsa.

Syfte

Att undersöka distriktsköterskors erfarenheter av psykosocial arbetsmiljö i primärvården.

Metod

Föreliggande studie har genomförts som en kvantitativ enkätstudie med deskriptiv design.

Resultat

55,5 procent av informanterna upplevde stress i sitt arbete men ansåg ändå att de har rimligt med tid avsatt till patienterna. Informanterna hade övervägande goda erfarenheter av sociala relationer/samspel på arbetsplatserna, dock visade det sig att två informanter hade tydliga erfarenheter av utanförskap och hade känt sig utfrysta. Resultatet visade att informanterna sammantaget kände sig glada, förnöjda och att de är nöjda med sin arbetsmiljö över lag.

Konklusion

Författarna till föreliggande studie befarar att stressen som distriktssköterskor utsätts för i sitt yrke påverkar den psykosociala arbetsmiljön negativt. Effekten av detta torde vara att grunden i distriktssköterskans profession, det vill säga kärnkompetenserna och ICN:s etiska kod, blir svåra att bevara och detta kan i slutändan påverka patientsäkerheten negativt.

Abstract [en]

Background

The term work environment includes physical, mental and social experiences that an individual has in his work. The district nurse's workplace may be stressful in several ways, which may adversely affect the psychosocial work environment. Satisfaction and motivation in working life is fundamental to a good psychosocial work environment and for an individual's good health.

Aim

To investigate district nurses' experiences of psychosocial work environment in primary health care.

Method

The survey has been conducted as a quantitative survey with descriptive design.

Results

55.5 percent of the informants experienced stress in their work, they felt that they had reasonable time allocated to patients. The informants had predominantly good experiences of social relations / interaction at the workplace, however, it appeared that three informants had clear experiences of exclusion and had felt unfitted. The result showed that the informants overall felt happiness, satisfaction and were satisfied with their working environment overall.

Conclusion

The authors of the present study fear that the stress posed by district nurses in their occupation adversely affects the psychosocial work environment. The effect of this could be that the foundation of the district nurse's profession, core competencies and ICN's code of ethics, becomes difficult to preserve and this can ultimately affect patient safety.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Descriptive, district nurse, primary care, profession, psychosocial work environment, stress, team.
Keywords [sv]
Deskriptiv, distriktssköterska, primärvården, profession, psykosocial arbetsmiljö, stress, team.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-26976OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-26976DiVA, id: diva2:1177355
Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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