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Hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens upplevelser av attvårda patienter med multiresistenta bakterier: En litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Healthcare staff’s experiences of caring for patients withmultiresistant bacteria : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:

Multiresistenta bakterier är ett globalt problem och ett hot mot

folkhälsan. Smittförebyggande åtgärder som basala hygienrutiner är en central del

i det preventiva arbetet mot multiresistenta bakterier. Patienter som är bärare av en

multiresistent bakterie kan uppleva känslor av otrygghet och skam, därför är det av

stor vikt att all hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal tillämpar en personcentrerad vård.

Syfte:

Att undersöka hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens upplevelser av att vårda

patienter med multiresistenta bakterier.

Metod:

Studien har genomförts som en litteraturöversikt baserad på 15 stycken

artiklar. Artiklarna var av både kvalitativ, kvantitativ samt kombinerad kvalitativ

och kvantitativ metod. Databaser som använts i sökningen är PubMed och

CINAHL. Analysen resulterade i tre teman.

Resultat:

Resultatet presenteras under tre olika teman: Upplevelser av rädsla och

osäkerhet, upplevd okunskap och behov av utbildning samt upplevelser av hinder

för utförandet av infektions-preventiva åtgärder.

Slutsats:

Rädsla och osäkerhet hos vårdpersonalen framkom tydligt och ledde till

brister i utförandet av omvårdnaden. Resultatet visade även en upplevd okunskap

om multiresistenta bakterier och ett behov av utbildning efterfrågades. Kunskap

genom utbildning skulle resultera i en större förståelse om multiresistenta bakterier

och minska rädslan hos vårdpersonalen.

Abstract [en]

Background:

Multiresistant bacteria is a global problem and a threat to public

health. Infection prevention such as basic hygiene routines are a key part of

preventive work against multiresistant bacteria. Patients who is a carrier of a

multiresistant bacteria can experience feelings of insecurity and shame, therefore it

is important that all healthcare professionals apply a person-centered care.

Aim:

To study the healthcare professionals' experience of caring for patients with

multiresistant bacteria.

Method:

The study has been conducted as a literature review based on 15 articles.

The articles were of both qualitative and quantitative method as well as mixed

method with combined qualitative and quantitative method. Databases used in the

search are PubMed and CINAHL. The analysis resulted in three themes.

Result:

The results are presented in three different themes: Experiences of fear

and insecurity, experienced lack of knowledge and need for education and

experiences of obstacles to the performance of infection prevention measures.

Conclusion:

Fear and insecurity in healthcare staff clearly emerged and led to

shortcomings in the performance of nursing care. The result also showed an

experienced ignorance of multiresistant bacteria and a need for education was

requested. Knowledge through education would result in a greater understanding

of multiresistant bacteria and reduce the fear among healthcare professionals

’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Antibiotic resistance, healthcare professionals’, multiresistant bacteria, nursing, person-centred care.
Keywords [sv]
Antibiotikaresistens, hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal, multiresistenta bakterier, omvårdnad, personcentrerad vård.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-27673OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-27673DiVA, id: diva2:1205999
Available from: 2018-05-15 Created: 2018-05-15

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