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Faktorer som påverkar livskvaliteten hos personermed hjärtsvikt: En litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Factors that affects the of quality of life amongst people with heart failure : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

:

Hjärtsvikt anses idag vara en folksjukdom som årligen kostar många

människor livet. Ungefär 50 procent av de drabbade beräknas avlida inom fem år

efter insjuknandet. Att leva med hjärtsvikt medför inte enbart flera besvärande

fysiska symtom för den drabbade utan innebär även omfattande

livsstilsförändringar.

Syfte

:

Att beskriva faktorer som påverkar upplevelsen av livskvaliteten hos

personer med hjärtsvikt.

Metod

:

Examensarbetet har utformats som en litteraturöversikt där 16 artiklar

analyserats.

Resultat

:

Nedsatt psykiskt mående påvisades ha större inverkan på livskvaliteten

än nedsatt fysisk funktion. En tydlig korrelation mellan psykiskt mående och

livskvalitet återfanns samt det faktum att livskvalitet och god hälsa vägde tyngre

än lång livstid. Att ha en nära relation till familj och anhöriga vägde också tungt då

det uppfattades betryggande. Informationens betydelse visade sig dock ha mindre

inverkan än väntat.

Konklusion

:

Hjärtsvikt leder till såväl nedsatt fysisk som psykisk funktion och

inkräktar även på personernas sociala välbefinnande, vilket innebär att sjukdomen

även i stor grad påverkar deras livskvalitet. Litteraturöversikten visar att tidig

adressering av nedsatt psykiskt mående är av stor vikt för att kunna öka personers

välmående och livskvalitet.

Abstract [en]

Background

: Heart failure is viewed as a public health issue which costs many

people their life every year. Of those who are affected, approximately a 50 percent

mortality is estimated. Living with heart failure imply suffering from inconvenient

physical symptoms, but also having to extensively adapt ones lifestyle.

Aim

:

To examine different factors that affects the perception of quality of life in

people with heart failure.

Method

:

A literature review has been done where 16 scientific articles were

included.

Results

:

Reduced mental health showed a greater influence on the percepted

quality of life than reduced physical ability. An explicit correlation between

mental health and quality of life was found, as well as the fact that quality of life

being more important than a long lifetime. Having a close relationship with family

and relatives was of great importance to feel comfort. However, the meaning of

receiving information was shown to have less influence than expected.

Conclusion

:

Heart failure leads to reduced physical-, as well as mental function

and intrudes on the persons social wellbeing, which therefore also comes to affect

their quality of life. This review presents the importance of an early addressing of

persons with reduced mental health to enhance their well-being and quality of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Health related quality of life, heart failure, nursing, perception, quality of life
Keywords [sv]
Hjärtsvikt, hälsorelaterad livskvalitet, livskvalitet, omvårdnad, upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-27682OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-27682DiVA, id: diva2:1206640
Available from: 2018-05-17 Created: 2018-05-17

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bb72c920e88717017b68ff083f57b12d55c2b89e2bed92fe525dc1fa00f2371a1e9cce6ca703957faff6a92b8763fff4d3c0338c26d0dbc36aadc0a7882901f9
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